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To Norden on the "Ships starting with N" page.
Another picture is available on this external page (click in it to enlarge).
Manager: H. Kuhnle, Bergen
Built in Hamburg in 1931.
Captain: Svend Borge Pedersen, until he died in Sept.-1941. He's commemorated at the Stavern Memorial (external link) - date and cause are not given, but he's listed in "Våre falne" (a series of 4 books naming Norwegians who lost their lives during the war) as having died on Norden when off Australia on Sept. 3-1941and was buried in Albany, Australia (from Page 2, we learn that Norden arrived Albany on Sept. 3-1941, having left Melbourne Aug. 27). According to this message in my Norwegian Guestbook, 1st Mate Nils S. Sætre subsequently took over as captain (for the rest of the war).
Hired by the Admiralty as Fleet Auxiliary?
Related item on this website:
Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.
(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).
Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.
Errors may exist, and as can be seen, this record is incomplete.
As will be seen when going to Page 1 of the archive documents, Norden departed Sydney for The East Indies on Apr. 8-1940, the day before the German invasion of Norway. She stopped at Brisbane on Apr. 11, proceeding to Thursday Island on the 13th.
After the fall of France in the summer of 1940 the sympathies in the overseas colonies to a great extent appeared to be for the Vichy government, but in some places active de Gaulle groups were attempting to swing the opinions towards the side of the allies (General de Gaulle had escaped to England with his forces, known as "The Free French"). In the French colonies in the Pacific opinions varied. On the New Hebrides the support was for de Gaulle, while the situation on New Caledonia further west was more unclear. At Noumea the French gunboat Dumont d'Urville was bringing pressure to bear for Vichy support, but a de Gaulle group in the city planned a coup de force on Sept. 19 and had called for assistance from Vila on the New Hebrides. M/T Norden played a part in this intermezzo, as follows:
She left Vila on Sept. 16 escorted by the Australian cruiser Adelaide. On board Norden was Vila's governor, M. Sautot who had been called upon to take power on New Caledonia, once the de Gaulle group at Noumea had cleared the way. The plan was for a boat with de Gaulle's markings to meet them on arrival off Noumea, but when they got there on Sept. 19, it was nowhere to be seen. Therefore, the cruiser approached the harbour to investigate, and the French gunboat sent a boat out to ask the purpose of Adelaide's arrival. It was then noted that de Gaulle's flag had been raised in the harbour, and the guns on the gunboat were in a lashed position. As it turned out Adelaide and Norden had showed up at a critical moment, as the coup attempt had been close to failing. The commandant at the land batteries had given the order to fire at the incoming ships, but the sergeant by the guns had at that moment decided to support de Gaulle and refused to follow order. M. Sautot could now march in triumph to the governor's house. The external website that I've linked to at the end of this page has more on this incident.
Going back to Page 1 of the archive documents, we see that Norden subsequently sailed to Sourabaya, where she arrived Oct. 4, and it looks like she stayed there for over a month before making voyages to Balik Papan, Melbourne, Adelaide, Port Pirie etc., remaining in that part of the world for quite some time. See also Page 2. It'll be noticed that there's quite a gap in her voyages for 1942. She had arrived Fremantle on May 8 and departure is given as July 26, when she headed to Bahrein.
This Guestbook message says the following:
Her 1943 voyages also start on Page 2 and continue on Page 3 (as will be seen, she had a long stay in Baltimore that year). On Aug. 9-1943, we find her in the slow Convoy SC 139 from Halifax to the U.K. She arrived her destination Heysham on Aug. 27, according to the archive document. Together with Biscaya, Bralanta, Buenos Aires, Emma Bakke, Fagerfjell, Haakon Hauan, Herbrand, Ivaran, Laurits Swenson, Norheim, O. B. Sørensen and Reinholt, as well as the Panamanian Norbris (Norwegian managers), she subsequently joined the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 200*, originating in Liverpool on Sept. 2, arriving New York on the 18th; Norden, however, arrived Shelburne, N.S. that day, having started out from Clyde on the 2nd.
She later headed to Algiers, having joined Convoy UGS 23, which departed Hampton Roads on Nov. 4-1943 - ref. external link provided in the table above. She arrived Algiers on Nov. 23, then made a voyage from there to Port Said with Convoy KMS 33*, which left Gibraltar on Nov. 29 (Norden sailed from Algiers on Dec. 1) and arrived Port Said Dec. 9. Grena, Lago, Ledaal, Loke, Norelg and Skotaas are also listed. (For info, this convoy had originally started out in the U.K. on Nov. 16 as the combined Convoy OS 59/KMS 33 and split up on the 28th, the OS convoy continuing to Freetown, while the KMS portion arrived Gibraltar on Nov. 29 - ships not bound for Gibraltar would then proceed to their respective destinations, still in KMS 33; some ships also joined along the way).
She returned to the U.S. again in Febr.-1944, having sailed in Convoy GUS 31, which originated in Port Said Febr. 14 and arrived Hampton Roads March 18 - Norden, however, joined this convoy from Gibraltar, having sailed from there on Febr. 26, and arrived Baltimore March 18 (she had previously arrived Gibraltar from Port Said with Convoy GUS 30). In May that year, she's said to have made a voyage from the U.S. to Fayal, having joined Convoy UGS 41, which left Hampton Roads on May 3 and had Port Said as its final destination. Her arrival Fayal is not given on Page 3, which says she arrived Bermuda on May 6, leaving again for Baltimore on the 10th (these 3 convoys are also available at the external site that I've linked to in the Voyage Record).
She was scheduled for the New York-U.K. Convoy HX 294 at the beginning of June-1944 (Commodore in Abraham Lincoln, Vice Commodore in Geisha), but instead joined the next convoy on June 10, HX 295, for which Elisabeth Bakke served as the Commodore Vessel. According to A. Hague, Norden carried 56 depth charges on this voyage; she arrived Bowling (via Clyde) on June 25. With Geisha, Grey County, Kaia Knudsen, Mosli, Noreg, Norse Lady, Reinholt (Commodore Vessel), Rutenfjell, Skaraas, Sommerstad, Sørvard and Velma, she returned across the Atlantic with the westbound Convoy ON 243*, serving as Escort Oiler. This convoy left Liverpool July 3 and arrived New York on the 18th, and a week later we find her in Convoy HX 301 from New York; Reinholt again served as the Commodore Vessel, while the Vice Commodore was in Samuel Bakke. Norden again acted as Escort Oiler; her destination is given as Mersey, Milford Haven, Falmouth and Devonport (her voyages in this period are shown on Page 4).
She went back to the U.S. again in Convoy ON 249*, departing Liverpool Aug. 18, arriving New York Sept. 2 (Norden had joined from Belfast Lough). She had again been in the company of several other Norwegian ships, namely Frontenac, Gylfe, Høyanger, Høegh Hood, Kaia Knudsen, Laurits Swenson, Lista, Maud, Minerva, Norma (Vice Commodore), Skaraas, Skiensfjord, Torborg and Velma. Later that month, we find her named among the ships in Convoy HX 309, bound for Clyde and Scapa. Vice Commodore for this convoy was in Laurits Swenson. Norden is also listed as Escort Oiler for Convoy ON 259*, which left Liverpool on Oct. 12 and arrived New York on the 29th. John Bakke, Laurits Swenson (whose captain served as Vice Commodore), Thorshov and Villanger (Commodore Vessel) are also listed.
From New York, Norden later headed to Baltimore, where she remained for several weeks. The rest of her voyages are shown on Page 4, Page 5 and Page 6 (to Apr.-1946). Further convoy information is not available.
According to this external page, she was owned from Nov.-1951 by Valparaiso Comp. Maritime S.A., Panama, renamed Victorius. Sold to the U.K. in 1954 for breaking up.
Related external link:
Back to Norden on the "Ships starting with N" page.
The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, and misc. - (ref. My sources).