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Norwegian Merchant Fleet 1939 - 1945
Ships starting with So

Ships in Foreign Trade (allied service)

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= the ship was in Nortraship's Fleet
= the ship was sunk (or otherwise lost)

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Sof - Solh

Name of Ship
Managed By
  • M/S Sofie Bakke NS *
Knut Knutsen O. A. S., Haugesund
5461 gt
Built in Gothenburg, Sweden 1938.

My page about M/S Sofie Bakke has some details on her loss and a crew list at the time.

  • M/S Sofie Bakke (II)
Knut Knutsen O. A. S., Haugesund
5868 gt
Built in Gothenburg, Sweden, launched in 1941 (ordered 1938).

Laid up in Gothenburg for the duration of the war (sister ship of Knut Bakke and Olav Bakke). When the war was over and she was finally delivered, her captain was Einar Hetland, who had served on another of the company's ships from the time of deliverey and all through the war, namely Martin Bakke.

POST WAR: Delivered on Aug. 7-1945 from A/B Götaverken, Gothenburg as Sofie Bakke to Skibs-A/S Pacific, Haugesund (Knut Knutsen O.A.S.). 5868 gt, 8570 tdwt, 456.8' x 58.7' x 26.5', 7 cyl. 2 tdv Götaverken-B&W, 8000 bhp, 16.75 knots. In Knutsen's line Scandinavia/North Europe-South America. Renamed Ogeka in July-1950, then Ogeka Bakke in Sept.-1954. Aground on Febr.7-1957 in thick fog near Rocas Santos Domingo, south of the Maipo river on the coast of Chile. Took on a cargo in Chile in Aug.-1970 for Europe as the last ship in the Knutsen Line in South America trade. Laid up at Bøvågen on Apr. 16-1971 for sale. Sold in Nov. "as is" to Sameiet Bigra (Birger Gran A/S), Oslo. Renamed Otegra, but still laid up. Sold to Spain in 1973 fro breaking up and arrived Aviles in tow on Febr. 20. ("Våre motorskip", Leif M. Bjørkelund & E. H. Kongshavn).

  • D/S Solaas * neutral
J. Wilson & Søn, Arendal
1368 gt
Built in Fredrikshavn, Denmark 1917.

For details surrounding her final fate, please continue to D/S Solaas.

  • D/S Solferino NS *
Fred. Olsen & Co., Oslo
2580 gt
Built in Oslo 1918, purchased 1921.

Please see D/S Solferino which has details on her fate, incl. a summary of statements given at the maritime hearings and a survivors/casualty list.

  • M/T Solfonn NS
Sigval Bergesen d. y., Stavanger
9925 gt
Built in Hamburg, Germany 1939.

Read about some of her convoy voyages on my page M/T Solfonn.

  • Solglimt NS *
A/S Thor Dahl, Sandefjord
12 246 gt
Built in Hamburg 1900. Previous names: Potsdam until 1915, Stockholm 1929.

Built by Blohm & Voss, Hamburg as Potsdam for the Holland Amerika Line, Holland. Later sold to Sweden and renamed Stockholm. Sold in 1928 to A/S Atlas, converted from passenger/general cargo to whale factory in Gothenburg in 1929, renamed Solglimt. Purchased by A/S Odd (Thor Dahl), Sandefjord that same year.

WW II: Captain Norman Andersen. Captured by the German raider Pinguin on Jan. 14-1941. Please go to Norwegian Victims of Pinguin for further details on what happened on the herding grounds that day, includes a picture of Solglimt and a crew list. There's also info on the capture of other Norwegian ships by this raider, as well as more facts about Pinguin.

Her voyages prior to being captured are listed on this original document received from the National Archives of Norway.

Related external link:
More history - A section of The Great Ocean Liners.

Other ships by this name: Norway (Jacobsen & Thon) had lost a sailing ship by the name Solglimt to WW I, built 1883, 1037 gt - sunk by a German U-boat in the North Sea on Aug. 10-1917. An earlier Solglimt was built as Harbinger in Sunderland 1881, 1805 gt, later named Macfarlane for Chr. Hannevig, Horten in 1906. Became Solglimt for Fangstselskapet Haabet A/S (Storm Bull & Co.) 1908. Lost Ot.-1908.

  • D/S Solgry NS
Holger Fischer, Oslo
559 gt
Built in Gothenborg 1919.

In Sweden at the outbreak of war in Norway. Laid up for the duration under Nortraship control. My page Ships in Sweden has a list of, and information on the Norwegian ships there in 1940.

Picture of Solgry - From Sverre Johansen's postcard collection.

  • D/S Solhavn NS
Thomas Haaland, Haugesund
1630 gt
Built in Bergen 1918. Previous name: Kapland until 1927.

See D/S Solhavn.

  • M/T Solheim NS *
Chr. Nielsen & Co. A/S, Larvik
8070 gt
Built in Nakskov, Denmark 1934.

Please follow this link to M/T Solheim for more details on this ship and her final fate, w/crew list.

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Soli - So
  • D/T Soli NS *
Victor Jenssen, Oslo
5834 gt
Built in Wilmington, Delaware 1915. Previous name: Silver Shell until 1930.

Please continue to D/T Soli.

  • M/T Solitaire NS
The Texas Company (Norway) A/S, Oslo
3160 gt
Built in Maine, U.S.A. 1920.

See M/T Solitaire.

  • D/S Sollund NS
Thomas Haaland, Haugesund
941 gt
Built in Christiania 1908. Previous name: Agnella.

My page about D/S Sollund has more.

  • D/S Solna
H. Rich. Aass, Oslo (until 1939)
5550 gt
Built in Sunderland 1918. Previous names: War Ranee until 1920, Corbis until 1928, Granlund until 1930.

SOLD in 1939 to the Greek Navy and renamed Argo.

  • M/T Solstad NS
A. F. Klaveness & Co., A/S Oslo
5952 gt
Built in Odense, Denmark 1927.

Please see M/T Solstad for more details (incl. 2 pictures).

  • M/T Solsten NS
Rafen & Loennechen, Tønsberg
5379 gt
Built in Glasgow 1929.

Further info is available at M/T Solsten.

  • D/S Solviken * (as Capella)
Haakon J. Wallem, Bergen
2398 gt
Built Copenhagen 1910. Previous names: Launched as Aleut, St. Lucia until 1910, Aleut until 1912, Toula until 1923.

Pre war history: Laid down for Russian owners as Aleut, completed for East Asiatic Co. Denmark as St. Lucia. Transferred to Russia 1910 and renamed Aleut, then Toula in 1912. Under the control of the White Russian adm. in the Crimea in March 1920, but with the fall of the Crimea in Nov. she was transferred to Russian interests based in Paris. Sold to Wallem in Febr. 1923 and renamed Solviken.

Picture of D/S Solviken - Source: Roger W. Jordan collection.

WW II: This original document from the National Archives of Norway shows some of her voyages.

Renamed Capella (Panamanian flag) in 1940 following a change of beneficial owner (a new Solviken was built for Haakon J. Wallem. that year, ended up in the Homefleet). Capella was seized by the Japanese off Saigon on Dec. 8-1941, renamed Minami Maru in Aug.-1942. Torpedoed and sunk on Apr. 1-1944 by the US submarine Flying Fish when moored off Kita(Kaito?) Daito-Jima, 25 59N 131 19E (Roger W. Jordan, "The World's Merchant Fleets 1939").

Related external link:
Flying Fish (SS-229) - from DANFS - Submarines, The Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.

Norway had a Solviken in more recent years, originally built in 1971 as Team Pollux for Det Bergenske D/S, but sold in 1980 to Wallem, Steckmest & Co., Bergen and renamed Solviken. Later names: Team Solviken 1982, Gogo Regent 1984 (Monrovia), B.A Regent 1989 (Bahamas), Marathon Key 1990, Athos 1991 (Piræus). Broken up around 2000, having had an explosion on board the previous year.

  • M/T Solør NS *
S. Ugelstad, Oslo
8262 gt
Built in Gothenburg 1938.

All available information on this ship has been added to M/T Solør. It includes some convoy info, details on her loss and a crew list at the time.

  • M/S Soløy NS *
Erling H. Samuelsen, Oslo
4402 gt
Built in Malmö, Sweden 1929.

See M/S Soløy for further details (w/crew list).

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Som - Sou
  • M/S Somerville NS
A. F. Klaveness & Co. A/S, Oslo
4265 gt
Built in Copenhagen 1929.

See M/S Somerville for more.

  • M/T Sommerstad NS
A. F. Klaveness & Co. A/S, Oslo
5923 gt
Built in Gothenburg, Sweden 1926.

A separate page about M/T Sommerstad has a picture and some details on misc. convoy voyages.

  • D/S Songa * neutral
2589 gt
Built Papendrecht, Holland 1921 or 1922. Previous names: Witte Zee until 1927, Heinrich Podeus until 1934, Ada until 1940 (Panamanian).

Torpedoed and sunk by U-25 (Schütze) on Jan. 22-1940, 220 n. miles west of Scilly Islands. Jan-Olof, Sweden has told me that "Lloyd's War Losses, Vol I British, Allied and Neutral Merchant Vessels Sunk or Destroyed by War Causes", 1989 reprint says she was on a voyage from Philadelphia to Rotterdam and Antwerp with a cargo of empty barrels, sponges, motor tyres, copper, beans, coffee, cotton and tin. No casualties.

I've received an E-mail from Marck McShane, a visitor to my website, saying the following:
"I have come across some additional information relating to the Norwegian ship Songa. I am researching merchant ships whose survivors landed in Ireland during the war, the Songa was one of these vessels. The information I have come across relates to the crew landing in Ireland. The crew had abandoned ship in two lifeboats, the following morning both lifeboats parted company. One lifeboat with eleven crew members onboard was picked up by the British trawler Lodden and landed at Kinsale on 27/01/1940. The second lifeboat with ten crew members (newspaper aticle states eleven crew onboard) landed at Crookhaven, County Cork on 26/01/1940.

The sources for this information is a note from the Irish National Archives, Department of Foreign Affairs file on Shipwrecked seamen landed in Ireland & a newspaper article from The Irish Times dated 27/01/40. The newspaper article has also a good description of the sinking and the subsequent time spent in one lifeboat that was provided by the Cheif Engineer in an interview."

Another article, received from Jan-Olof Hendig, Sweden, says that according to "News Chronicle" dated Jan 27-1940, the U-boat Commander had asked Songa's captain to sign a document stating that he was transporting war materials to the U.K. but the captain had refused. This claim was not confirmed. This article adds that Songa had just been purchased as a replacement for Lorentz W. Hansen, and had belonged to an American company.

For info, U-25 had also sunk Enid a few days earlier. The U-boat was lost with all hands later that year.

Related external links:

The sinking of Songa -'s account.

  • D/S Songdal
Joh. Gerrard jr., Kristiansand
1868 gt
Built in Gothenburg 1917. Previous names: Anten until 1919, Mongolia until 1927.

SOLD IN 1939 to Finland (Höyrylaiva O/Y Usko (manager J. Nurminen O/Y) and renamed Usko.

  • M/S Sophocles NS
I. M. Skaugen, Oslo
5184 gt
Built in Gothenburg 1939.

Some of her convoy voyages are listed on my page about M/S Sophocles - also has a post war picture of the ship.

  • M/T South Africa NS *
Leif Høegh & Co. A/S, Oslo
9234 gt
Built in Newcastle 1930.

Read more about this ship. The page also has a picture (not very good quality), details on her loss and a crew list.

  • M/T South America NS *
The Texas Company (Norway) A/S, Oslo
6246 gt
Built in Nakskov, Denmark 1931. Previous names: Henrik Ameln until 1931, Borneo until 1933.

Further info is available at M/T South America (w/crew list).

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D/S Ringulv's Story:
O. C. Holm | Odd's letters | D/S Ringulv | Evacuation from Le Havre | Labor Camps In Africa | Rudzin's Diary | Messel's Diary

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