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To Morgenen on the "Ships starting with M" page.
Manager: Thorvald Berg, Tønsberg
Built by Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson, Wallsend in 1930.
Captain: S. Isaksen (according to Commodore's notes for Convoy HG 28).
Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.
(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).
Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.
From Page 1 of the archive documents we learn that Morgenen was on her way from Abadan to Norway when war broke out there on Apr. 9-1940, but was diverted to Southampton. Via Suez and Port Said, she proceeded to Gibraltar and from there she joined Convoy HG 28 on Apr. 29, cargo of gas oil, kerosene and benzine, station 73, and arrived Southampton on May 8; it'll be noticed that her captain's name is given as S. Isaksen (the only other Norwegian ship in this convoy was Sandar). Morgenen is subsequently listed in Convoy OA 152, which left Southend on May 20 and dispersed on the 22nd - see the external link provided in the Voyage Record. Her destination is not given, but according to the archive document, she arrived Port Arthur on June 8, having started out from Falmouth on May 21. From Port Arthur, she proceeded to Bermuda 2 days later, remaining there for a month. She was scheduled for the Bermuda portion of Convoy HX 52 on June 20, but did not sail. She shows up again in the Bermuda section of Convoy HX 59 on July 18, bound for Clyde with a cargo of aviation spirits (the original Advance Sailing Telegram says "Clyde to lay up"). She arrived Greenock on Aug. 3, and later appears to have spent quite a long time in Manchester, where she had arrived from Stanlow on Sept. 12; departure is given as Oct. 20. We now find her in Convoy OB 233, leaving Liverpool on Oct. 23, dispersed Oct. 27, Morgenen arriving Table Bay on Nov. 24, continuing to Abadan on the 26th. Carmelfjell, Leka and Sophocles are also listed in this convoy; again, ref. link in the table above.
With Belita, Belinda, Bur (damaged - follow link for info), Fernlane, Senta and Polartank, she went back to the U.K. again in Convoy SL 65, which left Freetown on Febr. 10-1941 and arrived Liverpool on March 8 (link in Voyage Record); Morgenen, however, stopped at Belfast Lough on March 5 (according to A. Hague, she had become a straggler), later proceeding to Avonmouth, with arrival there on March 9. A. Hague now has her, together with Emma Bakke, Garonne and Sveve, in Convoy OB 299, which originated in Liverpool on March 19 and dispersed on the 25th, Morgenen arriving New York on Apr. 7 (she had joined from Milford Haven). Having made a voyage to Baltimore and on to Halifax (Page 1), she headed back to the U.K. on May 10 in Convoy HX 126, in which M/T John P. Pedersen and several other ships were sunk. Follow the links for a lot more details; several reports are available. Morgenen, sailing in station 82, had a cargo of gasoline and her destination is given as Barry Roads, where she arrived on May 29, before proceeding to Avonmouth. The following month she's listed, with destination Curacao, in Convoy OB 334, which originated in Liverpool on June 11 and arrived Halifax on the 25th; Morgenen arrived Curacao on July 3, having started out from Milford Haven on June 10 - A. Hague says she had been detached from the convoy on June 20. He has also included Bur, Chr. Th. Boe, Nova, Petter, President de Vogue, Stigstad and Vardefjell (again, ref. link provided in the Voyage Record).
Tony Cooper, a visitor to my website (who has provided a lot of the convoy information on this site) has told me that Morgenen was in station 124 of Convoy HX 142* in Aug.-1941, together with the Norwegian Siljestad (76), Kristianiafjord (86) and Nyholt (56). A. Hague has also included Sama. Corvus was also initially in this convoy but was sent to join up with Convoy SC 39* because she was too slow for HX 142. The HX convoy departed Halifax on Aug. 1 and arrived Liverpool on the 18th (Morgenen stopped at Belfast Lough on the 17th, see Page 1, later arriving Barrow on Aug. 20 - Page 2). According to Tony's information 63 ships sailed from Halifax in this convoy, while 8 sailed from Sydney, C.B. Kirkpool and Scottish Musician had engine defects and were sent back to Halifax. Like Corvus, the Dutch Hercules was also sent to join SC 39 because of her slow speed. Rotterdam, Murena, Hjelmaren and Narragansett went missing in the fog (from HX 142). Empire Sailor did not join HX 142 till Aug. 6. Perth was the rescue ship for this convoy.
The following comes from the Commodore's notes:
After having unloaded her cargo, Morgenen joined the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 10, which left Liverpool on Aug. 27-1941 and dispersed on Sept. 11, Morgenen arriving Halifax on the 13th (see Page 2), returning to the U.K. with Convoy HX 151 (station 93) along with the Norwegian Sama, San Andres, Meline, Dagrun, Belinda, Thorshøvdi, Sophocles, Tigre, Hardanger, Leiv Eiriksson and Laurits Swenson. This convoy left Halifax on Sept. 22 and arrived Liverpool on Oct. 7; Morgenen stopped at Belfast Lough on Oct. 5, later proceeding to Avonmouth, where she arrrived Oct. 9. Later that month she joined the westbound Convoy ON 28*, which originated in Liverpool Oct. 20 and dispersed Nov. 3 and also included Beth, Brant County, Grena, Laurits Swenson, Polartank and Ringstad. Morgenen arrived New York Nov. 6, having started out from Milford Haven on Oct. 19. She headed back in the other direction again on Nov. 21 in Convoy HX 161 from Halifax, and together with Bello, Brasil, Kaia Knudsen, Katy, Mosli, Nyholt, Solsten, Stigstad, Thorshøvdi, Tungsha and Vanja, she later joined the westbound Convoy ON 52* (originated in Liverpool Dec. 31, dispersed Jan. 11-1942). Morgenen arrived New York Jan. 21-1942, having started out from Loch Ewe on Dec. 31. Montbretia and Rose are named among the escorts (see ON convoy escorts).
She now had a long stay in New York, before proceeding to Halifax on March 20-1942, with arrival March 23. She was scheduled for Convoy HX 182 on March 27, but instead joined the next convoy on Apr. 2, HX 183, and arrived Liverpool on the 15th, proceeding to Manchester a few days later. In May she's listed, along with Abraham Lincoln, Daghild, Fernwood, Hardanger, Helgøy, N.T. Nielsen Alonso, Norbryn, Solstad, Stigstad and Trondheim, in the westbound Convoy ON 95*, departing Liverpool May 15. Morgenen was bound for Port Arthur, where she arrived, via New York and Hampton Roads, on June 17. She now made some voyages around the U.S. (Page 2), before proceeding to Halifax in order to join Convoy HX 200 from there on July 27, arriving Liverpool on Aug. 7, later continuing to Eastham and Manchester; Acanthus, Montbretia and Potentilla are named among the escorts. Morgenen went back across the Atlantic again on Aug. 21 in Convoy ON 123, and arrived New York Sept. 6. According to the Commodore's notes for this convoy (follow link), she experienced problems with smoke on this voyage. Page 3 shows her subsequent voyages; convoy information for some of these can be found in the Voyage Record above.
She was scheduled for Convoy HX 212 from New York on Oct. 18-1942, in which Kosmos II was sunk and Frontenac damaged (follow the links for details), but joined the next convoy on Oct. 26, HX 213, cargo of gasoline for Grangemouth, station 21, arriving her destination on Nov. 12. Later that month we find her, together with Evita, Høyanger, N. T. Nielsen Alonso, Vanja and Vinga, as well as the Panamanian Norlys (Norwegian managers and included under the N's of this website), in the westbound Convoy ON 149*, which originated in Liverpool on Nov. 26 and arrived New York on Dec. 12; Morgenen, however, was bound for Curacao, where she arrived, via Guantanamo Bay, on Dec. 22. According to A. Hague, she had been detached from the ON convoy on Dec. 2 and arrived Guantanamo Bay on the 16th. From there, he has included her in Convoy GAT 30 on Dec. 18 for her last leg on her voyage to Curacao. She left Curacao again on Dec. 26, and A. Hague has her, voyage Curacao to Gitmo, in Convoy TAG 31, which had started out in Trinidad on Christmas Eve and arrived Guantanamo on the 28th. From Guantanamo, she now continued to New York that same day in Convoy GN 31, and arrived New York on Jan. 4-1943 - all 3 links are external (it'll be noticed that other Norwegian ships are also named). Again, see also Page 3.
2 days later (Jan. 6-1943) she was scheduled for Convoy HX 222 from New York, but did not sail (Vestfold was sunk - follow the link for details). She was also cancelled from HX 223, in which Kollbjørg and Nortind were lost, but eventually got away with HX 224 on Jan. 22. Via Liverpool and Eastham, she arrived Manchester on Febr. 10/11, subsequently heading back to New York with Convoy ON 168*, which left Liverpool on Febr. 21 and dispersed on March 12, Morgenen arriving New York on the 15th. She had again been in the company of several other Norwegian ships, namely Brajara, Brimanger, Egda, Gallia, Heranger, Lynghaug, Maud (returned), Meline, Reinholt, Slemmestad and Tigre. Having made voyages to Baltimore (where she stayed for several weeks) and Philadelphia, she returned to New York, and on May 7 she can be found in station 41 of Convoy HX 238, bound for Manchester with lub. oil, arriving there on May 24 (Page 3). About a week later she joined Convoy ON 187*, which left Liverpool on June 1 and arrived New York on the 15th; Morgenen arrived Philadelphia the next day (Page 4). Annik, Athos, Braga, Bralanta, Elisabeth Bakke, Fagerfjell, Frontenac, Helgøy, Kronprinsen, Lista, Norbryn, Norefjord, O. B. Sørensen, President de Vogue, Toledo and Vanja are also named in this convoy, as is the Panamanian Norvinn (Norwegian managers). Some of these ships, including Morgenen, headed back across the Atlantic in Convoy HX 245 from New York on June 23. Morgenen's destination is given as Stanlow, cargo of oil; according to the archive document, she arrived Manchester on July 8/9. A. Hague says she carried 60 depth charges on this voyage (and on several other eastbound voyages, as can be seen in his record above).
She later joined Convoy ON 194*, bound for Philadelphia. This convoy, which also included Anna Odland, Belinda, Brimanger, Dagrun, Fernmoor, G. C. Brøvig, Germa, Heimvard, Kaia Knudsen, Lista, Noreg, Norheim and Skandinavia, left Liverpool on July 24 and arrived New York on Aug. 7 and had Acanthus, Potentilla and Rose as escorts for a while (again, see ON convoy escorts). Morgenen proceeded from New York to her destination on Aug. 9, with arrival the next day, returning to New York a few days later (Page 4), and was scheduled for Convoy HX 252 on Aug. 14 (in which Santos was lost, follow the links for more info), but instead joined the next convoy on Aug. 20, HX 253 (station 44). She arrived Manchester, via Liverpool and Eastham, on Sept. 7, then headed back to the U.S. on Sept. 15 with Convoy ON 202 (ONS 18), in which Oregon Express and Skjelbred and several others were sunk - please follow the links for much more info on these events; the Commodore's report and several other reports are included. Morgenen arrived Baltimore on Oct. 2, remaining there for over a month before proceeding to Philadelphia then on to New York, and according to Arnold Hague, she subsequently joined Convoy HX 266*, which left New York on Nov. 13 and arrived Liverpool on the 27th; Morgenen, cargo of lub. oil (also, spare depth charges), station 113, arrived Avonmouth the next day. Brimanger (Commodore Vessel), Fernwood, Idefjord, Mosli and Thorhild are also listed. Just a few days later Morgenen appears, along with Geisha, Kristianiafjord, Montevideo, Sørvard and Thorhild, in the westbound Convoy ON 214* (originated in Liverpool Dec. 2, arrived New York Dec. 20), and rounded off that year by sailing to the U.K. with Convoy HX 273 from New York on Dec. 29, spending the last day of 1943 at sea. She arrived Liverpool on Jan. 14-1944, continuing to Eastham and Manchester, arriving Jan. 17.
She's now listed, together with Kaldfonn, Spinanger (returned) and Villanger, in the westbound Convoy ON 221*, which left Liverpool on Jan. 24-1944 and arrived New York on Febr. 11 (Acanthus is again named among the escorts). Early in March we find her in Convoy HX 282 from New York (Page 4), returning at the end of that month with Convoy ON 230* which also had Duala, Pan Scandia and Villanger in its ranks (convoy left Liverpool March 30, arrived New York Apr. 17; Morgenen arrived Philadelphia that day). On Apr. 27 she joined Convoy HX 289 in order to go back to the U.K. Her voyages in this period are shown on Page 5; she arrived her destination Manchester on May 16/17. With Bralanta (Commodore Vessel), Fernwood, Jotunfjell, Skotaas and Thorsholm, she now joined the westbound Convoy ON 238*, which left Liverpool on May 26 and arrived New York on June 9; Morgenen arrived Philadelphia June 10, proceeding to New York 2 days later. On June 19 she can be found among the ships in Convoy HX 296, bound for Avonmouth and Mersey, returning across the Atlantic in July with Convoy ON 244*, together with Buenos Aires, Herbrand and Thorsholm (departure Liverpool July 10, arrival New York July 23; Morgenen arrived Philadelphia that day).
On Aug. 4 she's listed in Convoy HX 302 from New York, her destination is given as Mersey and Manchester. According to Page 5, she arrived Manchester on Aug. 21, remaining there until Oct. 5. Tony has told me that she on Oct. 7 that year sustained damage during heavy weather while on passage from Liverpool to Philadelphia; 7 shell plates were damaged. This must have been while in Convoy ON 258*, in which she's listed, together with Havkong, Idefjord, Pan Scandia, Vanja and the Panamanian Norlys (convoy left Liverpool Oct. 6, arrived New York Oct. 24 - Morgenen arrived Philadelphia Oct. 25). In the middle of the following month she shows up in the slow Halifax-U.K. Convoy SC 161. Her destination is again given as Manchester, where she arrived Dec. 9, returning with Convoy ON 273*, which left Liverpool on Dec. 18 and arrived New York on Jan. 4-1945 - Morgenen arrived Philadelphia the next day. Fridtjof Nansen, Glarona, Kaia Knudsen, Reinholt (returned), Skotaas and Sverre Helmersen are also listed in this convoy.
On the night of Jan. 21/22-1945, Morgenen was in collision with the American steamer M. J. Tracy (should this be M. & J. Tracy?) in New York harbour and grounded on Liberty Flats. At the time of the collision she was leaving Pier 54 North River harbour on passage from Philadelphia and New York to the U.K., loaded - going back to Page 5, we see that she had arrived New York from Philadelphia on Jan. 14. It appears her damages were not very serious, because on Jan. 31 we find her, with destination Mersey and Stanlow, in the slow Convoy SC 166 from Halifax - she had arrived there from New York, via Boston, on Jan. 29. According to Page 6, she arrived Stanlow on Febr. 18, and just 3 days later she's listed in the westbound Convoy ON 286*, which left Liverpool on Febr. 21, arrived New York on March 9 and also included Anna Knudsen, Anna Odland, Reinholt and Strinda.
From New York, she later sailed to Boston then on to Halifax, and with Arosa (returned), Evanger, Grey County, Henrik Ibsen, Ima, Norsktank, Norvarg and Vinga, A. Hague now has her in station 63 of Convoy SC 171*, carrying lub. oil and aircraft, as well as 60 depth charges. This convoy left Halifax March 27 and arrived Liverpool Apr. 10. Morgenen proceeded to Eastham and Manchester, with arrival Apr. 13. Her last Trans-Atlantic convoy voyage was made in the westbound Convoy ON 298*, together with Dalfonn, Fenris, Marit II, Reinholt (Commodore Vessel), Thorsholm and the Panamanian Norlys (departure Liverpool Apr. 21, arrival New York May 7). On May 16 a survey was done in Brooklyn N.Y. in respect to the damages from the above mentioned incidents. The port and starboard bilge keels for 50 to 100 ft respectively were renewed as well as 9 plates. Morgenen headed back to Liverpool on June 17, but this time, no convoy was necessary.
As can be seen when going back to Page 6, she got to go home to Norway in the fall of 1945.
Morgenen left Harstad, Norway in ballast for New York for orders on Aug. 27-1945. On the 30th she lost the propeller and tailshaft in position 60 57N 5 19W, and was taken in tow by a British tug on Sept. 1, arriving Longhope "Lyness" Orkney Islands the following day, continuing in tow to Greenock for repairs on Sept. 3, arriving the Clyde Anchorage on Sept. 5. Arrived Greenock on Sept. 12 (again, see also Page 6).
She was renamed Esperance in 1951 (Bjarne Ruud-Pedersen, Oslo), Titanian in 1955 (Hilmar Reksten, Bergen). Bow and cargo section incorporated into Fabian in 1961, converted to dry cargo. Stern/machinery broken up at Burcht in Nov.-1961.
Related external link:
Back to Morgenen on the "Ships starting with M" page.
Norway had a barque (seal catcher) by this name back in the late 1800's, built Norway 1871, 292 gt - became British S/S Morning in 1900.