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M/S Vinland
Updated Nov. 5-2012

To Vinland on the "Ships starting with V" page.

Kindly received from Historical Department, MAN B&W Diesel, Copenhagen.
I also received this picture from the launch (size and quality of these pics have been reduced to save space).
Their representative says that their museum (external link) has models of some ships.

From Bjørn Milde's postcard collection.

Manager: Knut Knutsen O. A. S., Haugesund
4436 gt

Delivered in Nov.-1924 from Burmeister & Wain's Maskin- og Skibsbyggeri, Copenhagen as Vinland to D/S A/S John Bakke (O. A. Knudsen), Haugesund. 4436 gt, 2664 net, 7525 tdwt, 381.3' x 53.7' x 24.9', 2 x 6 cyl. 4 tev B & W, 1780 bhp, 10.5 knots, 2 propellers. After Vinland had been delivered, Burmeister & Wain built 3 sister ships for the former Haugesund shipowner Ivar An. Christensen; Primero, Segundo and Tercero. Vinland was Haugesund's first new motor vessel in foreign trade and in 1928/29 she was put into regularly scheduled sailings to South America, but was later used for general tramping. From March-1938 she was managed by Knut Knutsen O. A. S.

Captain: Mathias Midbøe, until he died on board while in Halifax on Apr. 4-1942, buried there (see Norwegian War Graves in Nova Scotia - external page - Captain Midbøe is listed). He had previously survived the sinking of Eli Knudsen in 1940.

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4 | Page 5

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From March-1940 to June-1945:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Errors may exist, and several voyages are missing.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1940 March 31 Cristobal Halifax Independent See also Page 1
Apr. 18 Halifax Falmouth May 1 HX 36
May 2 Falmouth Weymouth Bay May 3 Independent Arr. Portland, May 4
(Page 1)
May 7 Weymouth Bay London May 8 Independent Left London June 16
(Page 1).
June 17 Southend OA 169 Dispersed June 19.
Convoy available at OA 169
See also this page
(external links)
June 19 Dispersed from OA 169 Cristobal July 10 Independent A. Hague says:
Traded W Coast N & S America to July-1941.
See Page 1, Page 2 & Page 3
1941 July 1* Belfast Liverpool July 1* Independent
*A. Hague probably means Sept. 1? Inserted at * below
July 29 Cristobal Halifax Aug. 9 Independent
Aug. 10 Halifax Belfast Lough Aug. 29 HX 144
* Sept. 1 Belfast Liverpool Sept. 1 Independent
Inserted from above and date changed. See also Page 3 (which gives departure Belfast as Aug. 31).
Sept. 17 Liverpool ON 17 Dispersed 47 28N 40 57W, Sept. 29
Sept. 29 Dispersed from ON 17 Cristobal Oct. 12 Independent A. Hague says:
(missing voyages, Page 3)
Dec. 20 Cristobal Halifax Jan. 2-1942 Independent
1942 Jan. 23 Halifax Liverpool Febr. 9 SC 66
March 17 Liverpool ON 77 Dispersed 43 41N 59 12W, March 28.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
March 28 Dispersed from ON 77 Halifax March 29 Independent
Apr. 6 Halifax Cape Cod Canal Apr. 8 XB 7 Convoy available at XB convoys
(external link)
Apr. 8 Cape Cod Canal Hampton Roads* Apr. 9 Independent *New York? - See Page 3
Apr. 11 Hampton Roads Cristobal Apr. 20 Independent
Apr. 30 Balboa Los Angeles May 13 Independent
May 16 Los Angeles Vancouver May 22 Independent
June 25 Vancouver New Westminster June 25 Independent
July 1 New Westminster Seattle July 1 Independent
July 4 Seattle Los Angeles July 10 Independent
July 15 Los Angeles Balboa July 28 Independent
July 30 Cristobal Gitmo Aug. 3 PG 4 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Aug. 4 Guantanamo Key West Aug. 9 TAW 10G Joined from Gitmo.
Convoy available at TAW convoys
(external link)
Aug. 11 Key West New York City Aug. 19 KN 129 Via Hampton Roads Aug. 16
(Page 3).
Convoy available at KN convoys
(external link)
Sept. 26 New York City Liverpool Oct. 16 SC 103 Convoy will be added.
See ships in SC convoys
Oct. 30 Liverpool New York City Nov. 21 ON 142 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
1943 Jan. 13 New York City Casablanca Febr. 2 UGS 4 For Casablanca.
Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
Febr. 22 Casablanca New York City March 12 GUS 4 Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
Apr. 14 New York City Oran May 6 UGS 7A For Oran, 1 Passenger.
Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
May 17 Oran Gibraltar May 19 MKS 13 Oran to Gibraltar.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in MKS convoys
May 23 Gibraltar New York City June 8 GUS 7A Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
June 29 New York City Boston Independent
July 4 Boston Halifax July 6 BX 61 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
July 8 Halifax Liverpool July 23 SC 136
Aug. 6 Liverpool ONS 15 For NYC.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ONS convoys
Aug. 20 From ONS 15 New York City Aug. 23 XB 70 Convoy available at XB convoys
(external link)
See also Page 4
Sept. 4 New York City Boston Independent
Sept. 11 Boston Halifax Sept. 13 BX 73 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
Sept. 15 Halifax Liverpool Sept. 30 SC 142
Oct. 9 Liverpool ONS 20 For NYC.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ONS convoys
Oct. 26 From ONS 20 Cape Cod Canal Oct. 29 XB 80 Convoy available at XB convoys
(external link)
Oct. 29 Cape Cod Canal New York City Oct. 30 Independent
Dec. 9 New York City Boston Independent
Dec. 12 Boston Halifax Dec. 14 BX 87 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
Dec. 15 Halifax Liverpool Dec. 31 SC 149
1944 Jan. 13 Liverpool ONS 27 For NYC.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ONS convoys
Jan. 31 *Halifax Cape Cod Canal Febr. 2 XB 94 Convoy available at XB convoys
(external link)
*Convoy XB 94 did start out in Halifax on Jan. 31, but Vinland probably joined from Convoy ONS 27?
Febr. 2 Cape Cod Canal New York City Febr. 3 Independent
Febr. 17 New York City Boston Febr. 18 Independent
March 10 Boston Halifax March 12 BX 99 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
March 14 Halifax Loch Ewe March 29 SC 155
Apr. 3 Loch Ewe Reykjavik Apr. 7 UR 115 Convoy available at UR convoys
(external link)
Apr. 19 Reykjavik Loch Ewe Apr. 22 RU 116
Apr. 26 Loch Ewe Boston May 10 ON 234 A. Hague says:
Stores, toxic stores.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
July 1 Boston Halifax July 3 BX 114 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
July 5 Halifax Liverpool July 19 HX 298
Aug. 4 Liverpool Belfast Lough Aug. 5 Independent
Aug. 11 Belfast Lough New York City Aug. 28 ON 248S Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Sept. 16 New York City Southend Oct. 3 HX 309
Oct. 4 Southend Methil Oct. 6 FN 1500 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Nov. 26 Methil Southend Nov. 28 FS 1648 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
Nov. 30 Southend Antwerp Dec. 1 TACA 61 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
1945 Jan. 5 Antwerp Downs Jan. 7 ATM 30 Convoy available at ATM convoys
(external link)
See also Page 5
Jan. 7 Southend Milford Haven Jan. 10 TBC 31 Convoy available at TBC convoys
(external link)
Again, compare w/Page 5
Jan. 10 Milford Haven Belfast Lough Jan. 11 Independent
Jan. 30 Belfast Lough Halifax Febr. 20 ONS 41 A. Hague says:
Straggled, steering defects, arr. Halifax Febr. 20.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ONS convoys
Febr. 27 Halifax Cape Cod Canal March 1 XB 148 Convoy available at XB convoys
(external link)
March 1 Cape Cod Canal New York City March 2 Independent
Apr. 8 New York City Trinidad Apr. 19 Independent
Apr. 20 Trinidad Demerara Apr. 22 Independent
Apr. 23 Demerara Trinidad Apr. 24 Independent
Apr. 28 Trinidad Gitmo May 3 TAG 203 Convoy available at TAG convoys
(external link)
May 3 Gitmo New York City May 10 GN 203 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
May 27 New York City Cartagena, Col June 4 Independent
June 8 Cartagena, Col Barranquilla June 9 Independent Subsequent voyages, Page 5

 Misc. Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the convoy links provided for more details on them; several Norwegian ships took part.

Judging from the information found on Page 1 of the archive documents, Vinland was on her way from Talcahuano to Copenhagen and Aarhus, Denmark when war broke out there in Apr.-1940, but was diverted to London. With a general cargo for Falmouth, she's listed as sailing in Convoy HX 36 from Halifax on Apr. 18. She arrived Falmouth on May 1, London on May 8, remaining there for several weeks. The following month, we find her in Convoy OA 169, which left Southend on June 17 and was dispersed 2 days later. Her destination is given as Colon, cargo of cement - note that according to the archive document, she arrived Cristobal on July 10 (voyage information is given as London for Talcahuano). This convoy was composed of 2 parts, OA 169(1) and OA 169(2), Vinland being in station 13 of Part 1, and was the only Norwegian ship, while Part 2 had several (ref. external links provided in the Voyage Record). Her subsequent voyages are shown on the archive document already mentioned; 1941 voyages start on Page 2 and continue on Page 3.

In Aug.-1941, she was in Convoy HX 144 from Halifax, along with the Norwegian Polartank, Orwell, Hallanger, Eidanger, Havprins, Grena, Evanger, Norse King, Suderøy, Ranja and Sommerstad. Vinland arrived Liverpool, via Belfast Lough, on Sept. 1. Later that month, she joined the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 17, and arrived Cristobal on Oct. 12, the convoy having been dispersed on Sept. 29. She subsequently proceeded to Los Angeles, then Vancouver, where she remained for quite a long time; again, see Page 3 above.

She's mentioned in connection with Convoy HX 171 from Halifax on Jan. 20-1942, but there's a notation on the form that says "She is signalling as she comes along and leaves the convoy and anchors in stream off the Federal Tower", which probably means she did not sail (Acanthus and Rose are named among the escorts). In fact, she's listed, with a general cargo for Liverpool, in the slow Convoy SC 66, which departed Halifax on Jan. 23 and arrived Liverpool on Febr. 9. She now remained in Liverpool for several weeks (Page 3), before joining the westbound Convoy ON 77*, departing Liverpool on March 17, dispersed March 28, Vinland arriving Halifax the next day. It'll be noticed, when going back to the archive document, that she later had another long stay in Vancouver and also in New York. Convoy info for some of her voyages in this period can be found in the Voyage Record above.

In Sept. 26-1942, A. Hague has included her in Convoy SC 103* from New York, arriving Liverpool Oct. 16. She returned to the U.S. at the end of that month with Convoy ON 142*, which left Liverpool on Oct. 30 and arrived New York Nov. 21.

Vinland was now used as military transport for the Torch operations which had commenced in Nov.-1942. From New York (where she had stayed for several weeks), she headed to Casablanca on Jan. 13-1943, having joined Convoy UGS 4 - see link in Voyage Record. Page 4 shows her voyages in this period. As will be seen, she headed back to New York again 3 weeks later, remaining there for a month, before making a voyage to Oran, and in May she made a voyage from Oran to Gibraltar in Convoy MKS 13*, then went back to New York, where she again stayed for 3 weeks. The Voyage Record has some convoy information. In July, she headed to Liverpool again, having joined Convoy SC 136 from Halifax on July 8 (Commodore was in Titanian), and the following month, we find her in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ONS 15*, which left Liverpool on Aug. 6 and arrived Halifax on the 21st; Vinland, however, was bound for New York, and arrived there on Aug. 23. On Sept. 15, she's listed in Convoy SC 142 from Halifax to Liverpool, later returning across the Atlantic in Convoy ONS 20*. This convoy left Liverpool on Oct. 9 and arrived Halifax on the 26th, but Vinland was again bound for New York, where she arrived on Oct. 30. Her last Trans-Atlantic voyage that year was made in Convoy SC 149 from Halifax on Dec. 15, with arrival Liverpool Dec. 31.

A couple of weeks later, she joined the westbound Convoy ONS 27*, departing Liverpool Jan. 13-1944 (Commodore was initially in Suderøy, but she returned to port). Vinland arrived New York on Febr. 3, later proceeding to Boston, where she had quite a long stay, before heading to Halifax in order to join Convoy SC 155 on March 14. Her destination on that occasion is given as Iceland; she arrived Reykjavik, via Loch Ewe, on Apr. 7 - again see Page 4 and Voyage Record above. Later that month, we find her in the Iceland-U.K. Convoy RU 116, together with Marques de Estella. Via Loch Ewe, Vinland now proceeded to Boston, having joined Convoy ON 234*, which originated in Liverpool on Apr. 26 and arrived New York May 12; Vinland sailed from Loch Ewe on the 26th and arrived Boston May 10 (according to A. Hague, she had carried toxic stores on this voyage).

Having remained in Boston until July 1, she proceeded to Halifax, joining the Halifax portion of Convoy HX 298 on July 5 (convoy originated in New York, July 3), general cargo for Liverpool, where she arrived July 19. The following month, she's listed in the westbound Convoy ON 248S*, which sailed from Liverpool on Aug. 10 and arrived New York on the 27th; Vinland had started out from Belfast Lough on the 11th. On Sept. 16, she left New York in Convoy HX 309 back to the U.K., for which Laurits Swenson served as the Vice Commodore's ship. Via Southend, Vinland arrived Methil Roads on Oct. 6 (Page 4), and did not leave again until Nov. 26, subsequently proceeding to Antwerp, where she also appears to have spent over a month - again, see Voyage Record as well as Page 5. As can be seen, she also spent almost 3 weeks at Belfast Lough.

At the end of Jan.-1945, she joined the westbound Convoy ONS 41*, which left Liverpool on Jan. 29 and arrived Halifax Febr. 20. Vinland had sailed from Belfast Lough on Jan. 30, and according to Arnold Hague she became a straggler, having had some problems with her steering - judging from the info on the archive document, she was bound for New York, later arriving there on March 2, remaining for over a month.

Her subsequent voyages are shown on Page 5, where we also learn that she went home to Norway in Oct.-1945. The document lists her voyages to March-1946.

* The ON and ONS convoys will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section in due course, with more information on each. In the meantime, the ships sailing in them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys and on the page for ships in all ONS convoys. The entire SC series and HX series will also be updated and completed (including the already existing convoys - some have already been updated), but for now, please see ships in all SC convoys and ships in all HX convoys. As will be seen, they all had several Norwegian ships. Other ships in Convoy MKS 13 are named on this page.

More information on all the Norwegian ships named on this page is available via the alphabet index below, or go to the Master Ship Index.


Went to D/S A/S Lisbeth in 1948, sold in Sept.-1954 to Einar M. Gaard A/S & Sigurd Haavik A/S (also Haugesund) and renamed Gardhavn (general tramping and seasonal lumber trade). Sold to Greece in Jan.-1962, Spyridon Xatapodis, Itache and renamed Captain John, under Liberian flag. Went to Geo N. Petrianides, Piræus in 1962. Arrived Bombay on Dec. 3-1962, laid up under arrest. Went to Societa Maritima Aurora S.A., Duisburg/Panama on Dec. 3-1963 and reported broken up in India around the spring of 1965.

Back to Vinland on the "Ships starting with V" page.

Other ships by this name: Norway (O. & A. Irgens) had lost a steamship named Vinland in WW I, built 1906, 1143 gt - sunk by a German U-boat in the Western Atlantic on June 7-1918. Also, there was a Vinland in 1966 (Arne Dybvig, Flekkefjord), originally built as Portia for Svenska Lloyd, Gothenburg in 1955, 493 gt. Vinland became Skaansund of Haugesund in 1969, Nano K of Cyprus in 1972, Palmgirl in 1976. Sold for breaking up in Greece 1979.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Våre motorskip", Leif M. Bjørkelund & E. H. Kongshavn, and misc. (ref. My sources).


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