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D/S Sneland I
Updated July 8-2012

To Sneland I on the "Ships starting with S" page.

Crew List

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Owner: D/S A/S Vestland
Manager: Rich. Amlie & Sverre Amlie, Haugesund
1791 gt, 1054 net, 2950 tdwt
Signal Letters: LCYE

Delivered in Sept.-1922 from Nüscke & Co. A/G, Stettin as Ingeborg to Reederei Stange & Dreyer GmbH, Stettin. 268' x 42.3' x 17', Triple exp. 200 nhp (Görlitzer Maschinenbau). Purchased by D/S A/S Vestland (Rich. Amlie) Haugesund in 1925 and renamed Sneland I. Managed by Rich. Amlie & Sverre Amlie, Haugesund from 1936.

Captain: Johannes Lægland

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4 | Page 5 | Page 6 | Page 7 | Page 8 | Page 9

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From Sept.-1940 to May-1945:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each (listings for some of the external convoys are incomplete). Where the "Convoy" column is left blank it means that convoy is not known.

Errors may exist, and some voyages are missing.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1940 Sept. 19 Hampton Roads Halifax Sept. 24 Independent A. Hague says:
Previously traded West Indies/E Coast USA in 1940
(earlier voyages, Page 1)
Oct. 3 Halifax Sydney, C.B. Oct. 5 Independent
Oct. 5 Sydney, C.B. Clyde Oct. 22 SC 7
Oct. 24 Clyde Milford Haven Oct. 26 Independent
Nov. 3 Milford Haven Newport Nov. 5 Independent
Dec. 14 Newport Swansea Dec. 14 Independent
Dec. 20 Swansea Milford Haven Dec. 20 Independent
Dec. 21 Milford Haven Clyde Dec. 23 Independent
Dec. 25 Clyde Halifax Jan. 8-1941 See also narrative below
1941 Jan. 16 Halifax Hantsport Jan. 22 Independent
Jan. 28 Hantsport Halifax Jan. 30 Independent
Jan. 31 Halifax Preston Febr. 19 SC 21
March 17 Preston OG 56 For British Guiana.
Detached March 25.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in OG convoys
March 25 Detached from OG 56 Halifax Apr. 5 Independent
Apr. 7 Halifax New York City Apr. 10 Independent
May 30 New York City Demerara June 10 Independent
June 19 Demerara Trinidad June 20 Independent
June 21 Trinidad Hampton Roads June 29 Independent
July 1 Hampton Roads Sydney, C.B. July 6 Independent
July 12 Sydney, C.B. Loch Ewe July 27 SC 37 Convoy will be added.
See ships in SC convoys
July 27 Loch Ewe Methil July 29 WN 158 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
Missing movements, Page 2
Aug. 4 Methil Roads Loch Ewe Aug. 6 EC 54 Convoy available at EC convoys
(external link)
Aug. 8 Loch Ewe ON 4 For Sydney, C.B.
Dispersed 52 40N 47 26W, Aug. 18.
Aug. 18 Dispersed from ON 4 Sydney, C.B. Aug. 23 Independent On to Halifax same day
(Page 2)
Sept. 7 Dartmouth, NS* Sydney, C.B. Sept. 8 Independent *From Halifax
Sept. 11 Sydney, C.B. Belfast Lough Sept. 29 SC 44 Convoy will be added.
See ships in SC convoys
Sept. 30 Belfast Lough Sharpness Oct. 2 BB 82 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
Oct. 12 Sharpness Barry Oct. 13 Independent
Oct. 15 Barry Milford Haven Oct. 16 Independent
Oct. 21 Milford Haven Liverpool Oct. 22 MH 35 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Oct. 28 Liverpool Holyhead Oct. 29 Independent
Nov. 1 Holyhead Cardiff Nov. 2 BB 95 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
Nov. 5 Cardiff Milford Haven Nov. 6 Independent
Nov. 7 Milford Haven Liverpool Nov. 8 MH 40 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Nov. 13 Liverpool Holyhead Nov. 13 Independent
Nov. 14 Holyhead Newport Nov. 15 Independent (Left Newport, Nov. 20)
Nov. 21 Barry Island Solent Nov. 23 WP 69 Compare w/Page 2
Convoy available at WP convoys
(external link)
Dec. 1 Yarmouth Roads Barry Roads Dec. 3 PW 74 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Dec. 10 Mumbles Solent Dec. 12 WP 79 Again, see also Page 2.
Convoy available at WP convoys
(external link)
Dec. 17 Yarmouth Roads Cardiff Dec. 19 PW 82 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Dec. 22 Cardiff Milford Haven Independent See also Page 3
Dec. 25 Milford Haven Liverpool Dec. 26 MH 56 Convoy available via link above
1942 Jan. 1 Liverpool Holyhead Jan. 2 Independent
Jan. 6 Holyhead Barry Jan. 7 BB 120 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
Jan. 10 Barry Milford Haven Jan. 11 Independent
Jan. 13 Milford Haven Liverpool Jan. 14
Jan. 19 Liverpool Holyhead Jan. 19 Independent
Jan. 20 Holyhead Barry Jan. 22 BB 126 Convoy available at link above
Jan. 29 Barry Milford Haven Jan. 30 Independent
Jan. 31 Milford Haven Liverpool Febr. 1
Febr. 5 Liverpool Holyhead Independent
Febr. 7 Holyhead Cardiff Febr. 9 BB 134 Convoy available at link above
Febr. 12 Cardiff Liverpool Febr. 13 Via Milford Haven
(Page 3)
Febr. 17 Liverpool Holyhead Febr. 17 Independent
Febr. 19 Holyhead Barry Febr. 21 BB 139 Convoy available at link above
Febr. 25 Barry Milford Haven Febr. 25 Independent
Febr. 27 Milford Haven Liverpool Febr. 28 MH 76 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Arr. Garston, March 1
(Page 3)
March 6 Liverpool* Holyhead March 6 Independent *From Garston, March 6
(Page 3)
March 7 Holyhead Mumbles March 8 BB 146 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
Again, see also Page 3
March 13 Mumbles Cardiff March 14 Independent
March 19 Cardiff Milford Haven March 20 Independent
March 22 Milford Haven Liverpool March 23 MH 84 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
March 28 Liverpool Holyhead March 29 Independent
March 30 Holyhead Barry March 31 BB 155 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
Apr. 2 Barry Milford Haven Apr. 3 Independent
Apr. 4 Milford Haven Liverpool Apr. 5 MH 89 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Apr. 14 Liverpool Halifax Apr. 29 ON 86 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Apr. 30 Halifax Boston May 3 XB 15 Convoy available at XB convoys
(external link)
May 21 Boston Halifax May 23 BX 19 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
May 24 Halifax Sydney, C.B. May 26 HS 5 Convoy available at HS convoys
(external link)
May 29 Sydney, C.B. Belfast Lough June 11 SC 85
June 13 Belfast Lough Swansea June 14 BB 186 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
See also Page 4
June 15 Swansea Southampton June 17 WP 172 Convoy available at WP convoys
(external link)
Left Southampton June 21
(Page 4)
June 22 Solent Port Talbot June 24 PW 175 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
June 28 Port Talbot Milford Haven June 28 Independent
June 29 Milford Haven Halifax July 15 ON 108 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Aug. 4 Halifax Clyde Aug. 18 SC 95
Sept. 4 Clyde Liverpool Sept. 5 Independent Missing movements, Page 4
Sept. 10 Liverpool* Oban Sept. 11 Independent *From Eastham, Sept. 10
Sept. 12 Oban Gibraltar Sept. 21
Oct. 2 Gibraltar Liverpool Oct. 14 XK 1 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Nov. 15 Liverpool Barry Nov. 17 Independent
Nov. 19 Milford Haven* Southampton Nov. 21 WP 251 *From Barry
(Page 5)
Convoy available at WP convoys
(external link)
Left Southampton Nov. 23
(Page 5)
Nov. 24 Solent Barry Nov. 26 PW 253 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Nov. 29 Barry Southampton Dec. 1 WP 256 Convoy available at WP convoys
(external link)
Left Southampton Dec. 3
(Page 5)
Dec. 3 St Helens Roads Southend Dec. 4 CE 136 Convoy available at CE convoys
(external link)
See also Page 5
Dec. 15 Southend Blyth Dec. 17 FN 892 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Dec. 21 Blyth Methil Dec. 21 FN 895 Convoy available at link above
Dec. 22 Methil Loch Ewe Dec. 24 EN 176 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
Dec. 30 Loch Ewe Reykjavik Jan. 4-1943 UR 56 A. Hague says:
After collision Jan. 1-1943
(no further info).
Convoy available at UR convoys
(external link)
1943 Jan. 19 Reykjavik Loch Ewe Jan. 25 RU 58 Convoy available at RU convoys
(external link)
Jan. 26 Loch Ewe Methil Jan. 28 WN 388 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
Febr. 9 Methil Belfast Lough Febr. 12 EN 194 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
See also Page 5
Febr. 17 Belfast Lough Swansea Febr. 19
Febr. 25 Swansea Loch Ewe
March 1 Loch Ewe Reykjavik March 5 UR 65 Convoy available at UR convoys
(external link)
March 22 Reykjavik Belfast Lough March 27 RU 67 Convoy available at RU convoys
(external link)
March 27 Belfast Lough Swansea March 28 BB 274 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
Apr. 11 Swansea Milford Haven Apr. 11 Independent
Apr. 12 Milford Haven Halifax May 4 ONS 4 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ONS convoys
May 13 Halifax Sheet Harbour May 13
May 18 Sheet Harbour Halifax May 18
May 26 Halifax Loch Ewe June 11 SC 132
June 12 Loch Ewe Methil June 14 WN 440 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
June 14 Methil Rochester June 17 FS 1142 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
June 21 Rochester Southend June 21 Independent
June 22 Southend Methil June 24 FN 1054 Arrived Leith, June 24
(Page 6)
Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Missing movements, Page 6
July 2 Methil Oban July 4 EN 250 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
July 5 Oban OS 51/KMS 20 For Aguilas.
Convoy split, July 13.
Available at OS 51/KMS 20
(external link)
July 13 Convoy split Gibraltar July 14 KMS 20G Convoy will be added.
See ships in KMS convoys
July 20 Gibraltar Aguilas July 21 Independent
Aug. 4 Aguilas Gibraltar Aug. 5 Independent
Aug. 14 Gibraltar Barrow Aug. 26 MKS 21 Gibraltar to UK.
Aug. 29 Barrow Clyde Aug. 30 Independent Again, see also Page 6
Sept. 7 Clyde Gibraltar Sept. 18 KMS 26G Convoy will be added.
See link above
Sept. 28 Gibraltar Seville Sept. 29 Independent
Oct. 5 Seville Gibraltar Oct. 9 Independent
Oct. 14 Gibraltar Ardrossan Oct. 28 MKS 27 Missing movements, Page 6
1944 Jan. 31 Clyde Milford Haven Febr. 2 Independent
Febr. 5 Milford Haven Gibraltar Febr. 13 KX 14 Convoy available at KX convoys
(external link)
March 4 Gibraltar Oran March 5
March 7 Oran Algiers March 8
March 19 Algiers Gibraltar March 22 MKS 43 Algiers to UK.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in MKS convoys
Apr. 2 Gibraltar Liverpool Apr. 12 XK 15 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Apr. 21 Liverpool Barry Apr. 22 Independent
May 10 Milford Haven St. Helens Roads May 12 WP 520 Compare w/Page 7
Convoy available at WP convoys
(external link)
May 14 St Helens Roads Southend May 15 CE 267 Convoy available at CE convoys
(external link)
May 30 Southend Hull May 31 FN 1373 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
July 13 Hull Southend July 15 FS 1512 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
See also Page 7
July 19 Southend Sunderland July 20 FN 1423 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
July 22 Sunderland Southend July 24 FS 1521 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
July 27 Southend Tyne July 28 FN 1431 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Aug. 19 Tyne Blyth Aug. 19
Aug. 23 Blyth Southend Aug. 25 FS 1553 Again, see also Page 7
Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
Aug. 29 Southend Hull Aug. 30 FN 1464 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Sept. 1 Hull Southend Sept. 3 FS 1562 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
Sept. 5 Southend Southampton Sept. 6* ETC 89 *See also Page 7
Convoy available at ETC convoys
(external link)
Sept. 17 Solent FBC 85 Detached, Sept. 19.
Convoy available at FBC convoys
(external link)
See also Page 7
Sept. 19 Detached from FBC 85 Clyde Sept. 20 Independent
Sept. 27 Clyde Loch Ewe Sept. 29 Independent
Sept. 30 Loch Ewe Methil Oct. 2 WN 640 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
Oct. 5 Methil Belfast Lough Oct. 8 EN 443 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
See also Page 8
Oct. 14 Belfast Lough Cardiff Oct. 16 Independent
Oct. 20 Cardiff Belfast Oct. 22 Independent
Oct. 26 Belfast Newport Oct. 28 Independent
Oct. 29 Newport Liverpool Oct. 30 Independent Missing movements, Page 8
Nov. 17 Liverpool* Milford Haven Nov. 18 Independent *From Eastham, Nov. 17
Nov. 19 Barry* Solent Nov. 21 BEC 42 *From Milford Haven.
Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Nov. 21 Solent Southend Nov. 22 MTC 43 Convoy available via link above.
Compare w/Page 8
Nov. 29 Southend Hull Nov. 30 FN 1556 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Dec. 21 Hull Grimsby Dec. 21 Independent
Dec. 29 Grimsby Downs Dec. 30 FS 1680 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
Dec. 30 Southend* Newport Jan. 2-1945 TBC 23 *From Downs.
Convoy available at TBC convoys
(external link)
1945 Jan. 11 Newport Liverpool Jan. 13 Independent
Jan. 17 Liverpool Barry Jan. 22 Independent
Febr. 2 Barry Southend Febr. 6 BTC 58 Convoy available at BTC convoys
(external link)
See also Page 8
Febr. 11 Southend Blyth Febr. 13 FN 1630 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Febr. 19 Blyth Methil Febr. 20 FN 1637 Convoy available at link above
Febr. 23 Methil Belfast Lough Febr. 25 EN 477 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
Page 9 gives arrival Belfast Febr. 27
March 2 Belfast Lough Barry March 4 BB 40/2 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
March 8 Barry Island Southend March 11 BTC 91 Convoy available at BTC convoys
(external link)
See also Page 9
March 16 Southend Hull March 18 FN 1663 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
March 21 Hull Southend March 23 FS 1763 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
March 23 Southend Southampton March 24 TBC 106 Convoy available at TBC convoys
(external link)
March 28 St. Helens Roads Barry March 30 TBC 110 Convoy available at link above
Apr. 2 Barry Southend Apr. 5 BTC 116 Convoy available at BTC convoys
(external link)
See also Page 9
Apr. 15 Southend Hartlepool Apr. 16 FN 1689 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Apr. 19 Hartlepool Southend Apr. 21 FS 1786 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
Apr. 26 Southend Blyth Apr. 27 FN 1697 Again, see aslo Page 9
Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
May 5 Blyth Methil Roads May 5
May 7 Methil EN 491 Sunk - See "Final Fate" below.
Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)

 Some Convoy Voyages: 
Please follow the links provided for more details on the convoys mentioned here; several Norwegian ships took part. For information on voyages made in between those noted below, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above.

As will be seen when going to Page 1 of the archive documents, Sneland I was on her way from Newport News to Trinidad when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940. It'll also be noticed that she spent about a month at Hampton Roads that fall, before proceeding to Halifax, then on to Sydney, C.B., and from there she joined Convoy SC 7 on Oct. 5, which lost so many ships, including the Norwegian Snefjeld. Follow the links for more details, Local Escort HMS Leith's report is also available. Sneland I had a cargo of sulphur for Newport, where she arrived on Nov. 5, subsequently spending several weeks there.

At the external website that I've linked to further down on this page she's listed as scheduled for Convoy OB 263, leaving Liverpool on Dec. 23-1940, dispersed Dec. 27, but there's a note saying she did not sail. Her destination is given as Halifax. According to the archive document she did, however, make a voyage from Greenock to Halifax in this period, departing Greenock on Dec. 25, arriving Halifax Jan. 8-1941. I have no convoy information for this voyage; had she sailed independently all the way, or perhaps she had started out in OB 263 afterall?

Sneland I returned to the U.K. at the end of Jan.-1941 in the slow Halifax-U.K. Convoy SC 21, cargo of pit props for Preston, where she arrived Febr. 19, again spending quite a long time in port (Page 1). In March, we find her in Convoy OG 56, which left Liverpool on March 17 and had Gibraltar as its final destination, arriving there on Apr. 2. Her destination is given as British Guiana; when going back to the archive document, we see that she arrived Halifax on Apr. 5 (having started out from Preston on March 17). According to A. Hague, she had detached from the convoy on March 25. OG 56, which also included Atle Jarl, Hørda, Rym and Vigsnes, will be added to an individual page in my Convoys section, but for now, please see the page naming ships in all OG convoys. From Halifax, she proceeded to New York 2 days later, and it looks like she remained there for several weeks before heading to Demerara and Trinidad, then back to the U.S. and on to Sydney, C.B. From there, she now joined Convoy SC 37* to the U.K., departing on July 12. She had a cargo of bauxite and pitch, sailing in station 44. The Norwegian Acasta, Berto, Borgholm, Ingerfem, Ingertre, Mathilda and Veni are also listed.

The following month, she was one of several Norwegian ships in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 4, which originated in Liverpool on Aug. 6-1941. Her destination is given as Sydney, C. B., where she arrived on Aug. 23, the convoy having been dispersed on the 18th (she had started out from Loch Ewe on Aug. 8). Having made a voyage to Halifax and back to Sydney, C.B. (possibly also to Dartmouth, NS? - see Page 2), Arnold Hague has her returning in Convoy SC 44*, in which the Norwegian Barbro and others were sunk - follow the link for details (see also the external link provided further down on this page). The convoy left Sydney on Sept. 11 and arrived Liverpool on the 30th and also had Ada, Bollsta, Borgfred, Carrier, Cetus, Gudvin, Hjalmar Wessel, Iron Baron, Lago, Marita, Rolf Jarl, Sirehei, South Africa and Spero in its ranks. Sneland I (cargo of lumber, station 116) stopped at Belfast Lough Sept. 29, later proceeding to Sharpness, with arrival there on Oct. 2.

Her subsequent voyages are listed on Page 2 and Page 3 (mostly around the U.K.); convoy information for some of these can be found in A. Hague's Voyage Record above.

Skipping now to Apr. 14-1942, when we find her, together with the Norwegian Bonde, Bur, Drammensfjord, Harpefjell, Maud, Norhauk and Trolla, in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 86*. Sneland I was bound for Halifax, where she arrived Apr. 29, according to Page 4. Acanthus, Eglantine, Potentilla and Rose are named among the escorts; see ON convoy escorts. From Halifax, she continued to Boston, remaining there for over 2 weeks, before returning to Halifax and Sydney, C.B., heading back to the U.K. on May 29 in Convoy SC 85, cargo of lumber for Swansea and Southampton. She stopped at Belfast Lough on June 12, then proceeded to Swansea, where she arrived June 14, continuing to Southampton the next day. At the end of that month, she joined the westbound Convoy ON 108*, which originated in Liverpool on June 30, Sneland I arriving Halifax July 15. Don, Inger Lise, Senta, Star, Far, Grado, Iron Baron, Lido, Ramø and Selbo are also listed. On Aug. 4, she joined Convoy SC 95 from Halifax, cargo of lumber for Glasgow, where she arrived Aug. 19.

Page 4 and Page 5 now shows her subsequent voyages; convoy information for some of them can be found in the Voyage Record. (As will be seen, she had a month's stay in Liverpool in the late fall of 1942).

In the spring of 1943, she's listed, together with Hjalmar Wessel, Para and Borgholm, in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ONS 4*, originating in Liverpool on Apr. 13, arriving Halifax May 5, and later that month, she was among several Norwegian ships in Convoy SC 132 from Halifax. In July that year, she made a voyage from Oban to Aguilas in Convoy OS 51/KMS 20 (station 14), which started out in Liverpool on July 4 and split up on the 13th, the KMS portion arriving Gibraltar on July 14, while the OS convoy proceeded to Freetown, with arrival there on July 23 - see the external link provided in the Voyage Record; Astra and Bosphorus are also included. Sneland I had been part of KMS 20*, and she later arrived Aguilas on July 21, having continued from Gibraltar on July 20 - see Page 6. With a cargo of phosphates, she headed back to the U.K. on Aug. 14 in station 53 of Convoy MKS 21 from Gibraltar, together with the Norwegian Norfalk. Sneland I's destination is given as Barrow-in-Furness, where she arrived on Aug. 26. Along with Atle Jarl and Frithjof Nansen, she's also listed in Convoy KMS 26*, originating in Liverpool on Sept. 5, arriving Gibraltar on the 18th, and on Oct. 14 we find her, carrying iron ore for Ardrossan, in Convoy MKS 27 from Gibraltar, together with Brønnøy and Toronto. Sneland I arrived her destination on Oct. 28.

She headed to Gibraltar again on Febr. 5-1944, having sailed in Convoy KX 14, which arrived Gibraltar on Febr. 13 (ref. link in the table above). In March that year, she made a voyage from Algiers to Gibraltar in Convoy MKS 43*. Her final destination was the U.K., and with Lysaker V, Måkefjell and Selvik she later joined Convoy XK 15 from Gibraltar on Apr. 2, arriving Liverpool on Apr. 12, cargo of iron ore.

Page 7, Page 8 and Page 9 has the rest of her voyages, with convoy details in the table above. It'll be noticed that she occasionally had long stays in port.

* The ON and ONS convoys will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section in due course, with further info on each, in the meantime, the ships sailing them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys and on the page for ships in all ONS convoys. Also, the entire SC series will be updated and completed (including the already existing convoys - some have already been updated), but for now, see ships in all SC convoys. Additionally, all the MKS and KMS convoys will be added, see ships in MKS convoys and ships in KMS convoys.

More details on the other Norwegian ships named here can be found with the help of the alphabet index at the end of this page, or go to the Master Ship Index.

Related external links:
OB (& OA) convoys - As can be seen, Sneland I is mentioned in Convoy OB 263

Ships hit from convoy SC 44

 Final Fate - 1945: 

The narrative that follows has been compiled with the help of several different sources, including quite a bit of information received in E-mails from a number of visitors to my site, who have sources that I don't own myself.

Sneland I was sailing as No. 2 in the starboard column of an outward bound convoy* from Methil when she in the evening of May 7-1945 was torpedoed by U-2336 and sunk 56 09 36N 02 31 24W (Klusmeier had just taken over the command of this U-boat on Apr. 1). This position is according to Lloyd's War Losses; Hocking simply says "about 160 miles east of the Firth of Forth" (incorrect). The convoy consisted of 5 ships escorted by the armed trawlers Angle, Wolves and Leicester City, having departed Methil shortly after 8 o'clock that night. Sneland I's voyage had started out in Blyth on May 5 (Page 9), and she was bound for Belfast with a cargo of about 2800 tons coal (some sources say she was headed in the other direction, from Belfast to Blyth, but this is incorrect).

*According to Arnold Hague, she was in Convoy EN 491 at the time (external link - incomplete listing?). Other ships listed in this convoy, in addition to Sneland I and Avondale Park, are the Norwegian Rolf Jarl and Selvik and the British Weybank. There has been quite a bit of confusion over the convoy designation, which in most sources is given as EN 91. A convoy with this designation (EN 91 - Series 1) had sailed on March 25-1941, another in May-1942 (EN 91 - Series 2). There were 597 EN convoys altogether, and it has been suggested that the designation EN 91 for the convoy in which Sneland I was sunk several years later should perhaps be EN 591 ( also gives EN 591, but as far as I can tell, there was no convoy with this designation. adds that Sneland I served as the Commodore Vessel). Again, she's listed in EN 491. As already indicated (according to Arnold Hague's "The Allied Convoy System") there were 2 series of EN convoys (Methil to Oban via Loch Ewe), interrupted by EC convoys which travelled from Southend to Oban via Firth of Forth in 1941 (see also this external page). Jürgen Rohwer lists convoy as unknown and position as 56 10N 02 31W for Sneland I, 56 05N 02 32W for Avondale Park, listing Sneland I first.

The initial attack took place just before 11 o'clock when the convoy was about 1.5- 2 miles south of the Isle of May. The first victim was the ship sailing in front of Sneland I, the Canadian S/S Avondale Park which lost 2 men out of a crew of 28 and 4 gunners, namely Chief Engineer Anderson and Donkeyman William Harvey who were in the engine room ( gives 2 dead, 36 survivors - external link). In order to get clear of the sinking ship, Sneland I had to alter course to port, but just a few minutes later she was struck on the starboard side near No. 2 hatch (the journal excerpt gives the attack time as 22:45, Page 9 of the archive docs gives 22:40) and within 2 minutes she was gone.

The 1st mate and the 3rd mate had attempted to launch the port lifeboat but before they could get it on the water the ship capsized to starboard and the survivors ended up in the sea, clinging to a raft and debris until they were picked up by HM Trawlers Valse (T-151) and Leicester City (FY-223), later transferred to D/S Selvik and landed in Methil on May 8. Out of Sneland I's crew of 26 and 3 gunners 7 died, including the captain. An attempt to revive the 3rd engineer was unsuccessful.

Leicester City dropped depth charges before proceeding to pick up survivors from the torpedoed ships with George Ritchie in charge of the lifeboat launched to pick up survivors from Sneland I. He had already saved several when he thought he heard a cry, which turned out to be from Sneland I's stewardess* who was trapped in the debris, and he was able to swim across and rescue her. Leicester City at this time had gone in search of the U-boat, so the rescuers and the survivors were picked up by an escorting destroyer and taken to Methil, with the boat in tow (55 were landed at Methil). That morning, before leaving the ship, the stewardess sought out George Ritchie and gave him a brooch to remember her by. The Norwegian destroyer Stord, coming in from the ocean just as the attack had happened had also immediately gone in search of the U-boat, and had dropped a series of depth charges, but U-2336 arrived Kiel unharmed on May 14.

* The details in the above paragraph were received from a visitor to my website - there is no female included in the crew list below, so I can't quite get this to fit with Sneland I.

An inquiry was held in London on May 15-1945 with the 1st mate, the 1st engineer, Able Seaman Hagen (lookout) and Able Seaman Tuvnes (helmsman) appearing.

These were the last ships to be sunk by U-boat before VE Day. The attacks happened 3 days after Dönitz had given the U-boats the order to stop all enemy action and return to port. Klusmeier later claimed he knew nothing about the order to surrender. (The attack took place after the German surrender documents had been signed, but before the time of their effect at midnight on the 7th). The general belief according to (old) Norwegian sources appears to be that Klusmeier intentionally ignored Dönitz' May 4 order and that since this wast his first patrol as commander, he wanted something to show for it. But I've been told that one of the advantages of the type of boat that U 2336 was (Type XXIII) was the ability to remain submerged for up to three days before having to surface to recharge batteries. However, while submerged, they were not able to transmit or receive radio messages, and this may have been the reason why U 2336 did not know about the surrender order.

It didn't become clear until Oct.-1945 that U-2336 was, in fact, responsible for the sinkings. Klusmeier revealed that he had been in the vicinity of the Isle of May between 20:00 on the 7th and 06:00 on the 8th and that he circled the Isle of May after the attack. His approach appears to have gone undetected by the indicator loops, which were controlled from Canty Bay, North Berwick (loops to the south) and the Fixed Defence Station on the Isle of May (loops to the north). The records for Canty Bay had been destroyed by then, but those for the Isle of May revealed that U-2336 had indeed been detected passing eastwards over No. 4 Loop at 04:52 on the 8th and No.13 Loop at 05:16 that day, but her passage had been ignored, or had gone unnoticed because of the news that the war was over.

On May 28-1945 the British Admiralty and United States Navy jointly announced that as from 00:01 GMT on May 29 the convoys would no longer exist. At night merchant ships were to have their navigation lights on at full strength, and no longer needed to be blacked out. What a glorious and moving sight that must have been on that first night with all the brightly lit ships on the ocean!

As mentioned, the position given for Sneland I's sinking in Lloyds War Losses, Vol 1 is 56 09 36N, 02 31 24W. The charted position for the wreck today is 56 09 40N, 0 30 48W. According to Lloyd's the Avondale Park was sunk 1 mile southeast of May Island while en route from Hull to Belfast. The wreck was located by HMS Scott in 1959 (56 09 17N 02 30 07W). When dived in 1992, she was found to be lying with a list to starboard.

Crew List:
* Nils A. Konradsen (Harkestad) had escaped from Norway with M/B Fred / Fri in Sept.-1941. (Possibly the brother of Vilhelm Harkestad who survived the loss of Ruth I?).

1st Mate
Nils Ingvald Nilsen
2nd Mate
Kaare Duedahl
Radio Operator
Eivind Jensen
Able Seaman
Oddvar Lunde
Able Seaman
Andreas Hagland
Able Seaman
Karsten Johansen
Able Seaman
Harry Ferdinand
Able Seaman
Kaare Tuvnes
1st Engineer
Olaus Kverneland
2nd Engineer
Kristian Heitmann
Antonio Martinsen
Alfred Svendsen
Arvid Olsen
Johan Lysgård
Hjalmar Brattebø
Patrick Dougherty
Ingebrikt K. Antonsen
Bernhard Bang
2nd Cook
Trygve Olsen
C. C. Hall
Thomas Barnes
Douglas Harwood

Johannes Lægland

3rd Mate
Alf Berentsen

Able Seaman
Thormod Ringstad

3rd Engineer
Otto Skaugen

Simon Johan Johansen

Nils A. Konradsen*

William Henry Ellis*
(age 17, from Hull)

* William H. Ellis is commemorated at Tower Hill, Panel 99 - see this page on The Commonwealth War Graves Comm. website (external link).

Related external links:
Stavern Memorial commemorations - Norwegians only are commemorated here.

Operations information for U-2336


VE Day

Back to Sneland I on the "Ships starting with S" page.

Other ships by this name: D/S A/S Vestland (Rich. Amlie & Co.), Haugesund had another ship by the name Sneland I after the war. This ship had been delivered in Sept.-1944 as Raymond V. Ingersoll (Liberty ship) to U.S. War Shipping Administration, 7254 gt (I've also seen 7176 gt listed for this ship). Purchased by D/S A/S Vestland in Febr.-1947 and renamed Sneland I, put into world-wide tramping service. Sold in 1959 to Polish S.S. Co., Szczecin and renamed Kopalnia Zabrze. Went to Zarzad Portu, Gdynia in 1975, renamed MP-ZP-GDY-8. Converted to floating warehouse for Gdynia Port Authority (conversion commenced Sept. 17-1976). Marek Twardowski has told me that she from 1984 had the number MP-MPH GDY-8. Broken up in 1994. Marek says this was the last one of the Liberty class ships used by the Polish Merchant Navy. A 3rd Sneland I was built in France in 1962 for D/S A/S Vestland (Rich. Amlie & Co.), Haugesund, 11 434 gt. Later became Lita of Helsinki 1972, Timur Endurance 1974 (Singapore), Greek Alkor 1980. Broken up in 1985. The company also had a Sneland, built in Haugesund, delivered as such in June-1972, 14 137 gt. Renamed Southland in 1982, then Sneland again in 1983. Became Panamanian Island in 1983, Anadolu Guney same year (Turkish owners), Panmanian Youming in 1991, Yan Fa in 1996, broken up in 2003.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Våre gamle skip", Leif M. Bjørkelund & E. H. Kongshavn, "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, "Sjøforklaringer fra 2. verdenskrig", Volume II, Norwegian Maritime Museum, and misc. others as mentioned within text - (ref. My sources).


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