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Owner: A/S Sama
Built at A/B Lindholmens Varv, Gothenburg in 1937.
Captain: Ingolf Just (from Oct.-1939).
Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.
(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).
Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.
As will be seen when going to Page 1 of the archive documents, Sama was en route from Santa Marta to Gothenburg, Sweden and Oslo, Norway when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940, but was diverted to Garston. She arrived Kirkwall on Apr. 10, Garston Apr. 13, remaining there for several weeks.
The following month, she's listed, together with the Norwgeian Katy, in Convoy OB 153, departing Liverpool on May 22. This convoy joined up with Convoy OA 153 on May 25, the combined convoy forming the Gibraltar bound Convoy OG 31F, which arrived there on May 30 (see ships in all OG convoys - will later be added to its own individual page). Sama, however, was bound for Duala, where she arrived on June 9, having stopped at Dakar on June 3. A few days later she proceeded to Freetown, then headed back to the U.K. with a cargo of bananas in Convoy SL 37 on June 25 (the Norwegian Salta is also included, joining from Dakar). Sama arrived Garston on July 13, and again had a long stay there.
We later find her, together with Heina, Idefjord, Nea, Ringstad, Thalatta and Thorshavn, in Convoy OB 203, which left Liverpool on Aug. 24 and dispersed on the 28th - ref. link provided in the table above. Her destination is not given, but going back to Page 1 of the archive documents, we learn that she arrived Victoria, Nigeria on Sept. 17 (according to A. Hague, she had stopped at Freetown from Sept. 9 to Sept. 12; this is not mentioned on the document). From Victoria, she proceeded to Freetown 3 days later, then left for the U.K. on Sept. 27, arriving Liverpool, via Garston, on Oct. 14. At the end of that month, she appears in station 14 of Convoy OB 237, which originated in Liverpool on Oct. 31 and dispersed on Nov. 2, Sama arriving Kingston, Jamaica on Nov. 15 (she had started out from Garston on Oct. 30). Bur, Hardanger and Senta are also named. See the external links provided within the Voyage Record for more on the OB convoys mentioned here, as well as SL 37.
Sama had returned to the U.K. in Nov./Dec.-1940, and had made another voyage to Kingston and back in Jan.-1941, as well as a voyage from the U.K. to St. John, N.B. and back in Febr./March-1941 (according to A. Hague, all these voyages were made independently) - again, see Page 1. She had left Liverpool on March 26 and was on her way back to St. John, N.B. alone when she on March 28 encountered the British troopship M/S Staffordshire in a critical situation after having been damaged in an attack by German aircraft from I/KG 40 that same day (position 59 30N 10 18W). Sama took on board 234 (254?) survivors as well as 4 (6?) bodies and returned immediately to Stornoway, arriving the next day. Lillesand Sjømannsforening (external link) has a detailed description of this incident by Karsten Karlsen, who was Sama's 1st mate at the time (text in Norwegian only).
Sama left Stornoway again on Apr. 1 to resume her voyage to St. John, N.B., where she arrived on Apr. 10, heading back to the U.K. on Apr. 20 with Convoy HX 122 from Halifax, cargo of bacon, station 12. Cruising order/Commodore's notes are also available. The Advance Sailing Telegram for this convoy gives her destination as Avonmouth; the archive document says she arrived Bristol on May 9. She's now listed, along with Grena, Lise, Orwell and Salamis, in Convoy OB 323, originating in Liverpool on May 17, dispersed May 25. Again, no destination is given for Sama, but from Page 1, we learn that she arrived Montreal on May 31, having started out from Milford Haven May 16. A few days later she proceeded to Sydney, C.B. in order to join the Sydney portion of Convoy HX 132 on June 10, bound for Liverpool with general cargo and refrigerated goods, station 73 - as will be seen when following the link to my page about this convoy, Sama is included in the Commodore's comments, saying "Station keeping and signalling exceptionally good."
With a general cargo and 8 passengers, she later joined Convoy OB 344, which departed Liverpool on July 7 and dispersed on July 16, Sama arriving Montreal on July 19 (Belinda, Laurits Swenson and Samuel Bakke are also listed). According to Arnold Hague, she subsequently went back across the Atlantic with Convoy HX 142, which sailed from Halifax on Aug. 1 and arrived Liverpool on the 18th; Sama, carrying a general cargo, 6519 mails and 6 passengers, joined from Sydney, C.B., taking station 86. This convoy is not yet available among the HX convoys included on my website, but will be added - see ships in all HX convoys (other Norwegian ships also took part). She now joined the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 10, leaving Liverpool on Aug. 27. Her destination was again Montreal, where she arrived Sept. 13, the convoy having been dispersed 2 days before. See also Page 2.
Sama returned to the U.K. with Convoy HX 151 from Halifax, together with the Norwegian Dagrun (station 54), San Andres (105), Meline (43), Morgenen (93), Belinda, Thorshøvdi (53), Sophocles (left the convoy and sailed independently), Tigre (44), Hardanger (94), Leiv Eiriksson (24) and Laurits Swenson. This convoy left Halifax on Sept. 22-1941 and arrived Liverpool on Oct. 7; Sama, however, stopped at Belfast Lough on Oct. 5, before proceeding to Cardiff, with arrival there Oct. 11. At the beginning of the following month, she's listed in station 14 of the westbound Convoy ON 32, again bound for Montreal, where she arrived, via Sydney, C.B., on Nov. 18, then headed back in the other direction on Nov. 27 with Convoy HX 162 from Halifax, together with the Norwegian Astrell, Brant County, Katy, Bello, Skandinavia, Beth (returned) and Høegh Scout. Norvinn (Panamanian flag, Norwegian managers and, therefore, listed on this website) was also scheduled for this convoy but did not sail. Sama's last voyage that year was made in the westbound Convoy ON 50, departing Liverpool on Dec. 24-1941 - please scroll down to ON 50 on this page (will later be added to its own, individual page, along with further info - several Norwegian ships took part). Her destination is given as St. John's, N.F., but according to Page 2, she was bound for St. John, N.B., where she arrived on Jan. 6-1942, the convoy having been dispersed on Jan. 3.
With a cargo of bacon, she headed back to the U.K. again on Jan. 20-1942 in Convoy HX 171 from Halifax, and arrived Cardiff, via Belfast Lough, on Febr. 3. Acanthus and Rose are named among the escorts.
As mentioned above, Sama had arrived Cardiff from Halifax on Febr. 3-1942. From Cardiff, she later proceeded to Milford Haven and Belfast Lough, arriving the latter on Febr. 14 (again, see Page 2), departing again on Febr. 15, joining Convoy ON 67, which had sailed from Liverpool on Febr. 14 (will be added to my Convoys section, in the meantime, the ships sailing in it, and escorts, are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys). She had a cargo of 1040 tons of china clay for St. John, N.B. and in addition to her crew she had 8 passengers on board, sailing in station 13. The weather was stormy all along, and her starboard lifeboat was damaged by the heavy seas, but was pulled on board and temporarily repaired by the carpenter.
In the early morning hours of Febr. 22, a powerful explosion occurred in the stern section of the ship; she had been torpedoed by U-155 (Piening), position 49 30N 38 30W, and started to sink very quickly. The engine stopped and the lights went out, which meant that the alarms were rendered inoperable, but those who had heard the explosion and came on deck quickly launched the port lifeboat. However, they couldn't get away before the ship sank because the davits got caught in it, causing it to capsize so that those who were in the boat had to throw themselves into the water. Others, who had been seen on deck, went under with the suction. Several had to jump overboard from the stern part, as they were unable get amidships owing to the fact that the after deck was already under water. It was assumed that many crew members had gotten trapped in their cabins and passageways when the bulkheads collapsed (this according to the 3rd engineer, who was in the mess room when the explosion occurred - the bulkheads there also collapsed).
After the ship had sunk, both rafts, the ship's dinghies and the port lifeboat floated up, and the 24 who were in the water clung to these until 20(*) of them were rescued a couple of hours later by the escorting American destroyer USS Nicholson (DD 442)**. The captain, the 3rd mate and the carpenter had been among those on one of the rafts which had capsized several times, and they were not seen again, while 1 was crushed to death between the raft and the side of the destroyer. Due to the darkness it was impossible to tell who he was.
The survivors were landed in Halifax on March 1.
Related external links:
ON 67 is discussed in detail at the end of
Back to Sama on the "Ships starting with S" page.
The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, "The allied Convoy System", Arnold Hague, "Sjøforklaringer fra 2. verdenskrig", Norwegian Maritime Museum, Volume II, and misc. as named within text (ref. My sources).