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M/S Toronto
Updated Oct. 5-2012

To Toronto on the "Ships starting with T" page.

Picture received from Wilh. Wilhelmsen.

The above 2 pictures were received from Jonathan Eno who says they are dated May 5/6-1938. She is unloading a deck cargo of International class sailboats in Great Harbor, Mount Desert Island, Maine, USA and are from the collection of Acadia National Park (an open source).

Manager: Wilh. Wilhelmsen, Tønsberg
5018 gt, 2883 net, 6608 dwt.
Dimensions: 381.8' x 52.2' x 27.7'.
Machinery: 2 x 6 cyl. 4 SCSA oil engines totalling 4000 ihp by shipbuilders, driving twin screws.
Service Speed: 12.5 knots.
Passenger cap.: 10

Launched on Aug. 17-1927 by Chantier et Ateliers de St. Nazaire (Penhoët) S.A., Grand Quevilly, Rouen (Yard No. V 5). Completed Jan. 30-1928.

Captain: Karl Waarøe.
3rd Mate: Erling Nakkestad

Related items on this website:
Guestbook message from Eric Byron, who served as radio operator on Toronto from June-1944 till July-1945 (I have now made him aware that her voyage record is available).
Another Guestbook message (in Norwegian) re some of Toronto's post war voyages.

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4 | Page 5

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

á Voyage Record
From March-1940 to Sept.-1945: á

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each (where the "Convoy" column is left blank, it means that convoy is not known).

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1940 March 26 Santos New York City Apr. 13 Independent See also Page 1
Apr. 24 New York City Baltimore Apr. 25 Independent
Apr. 30 Baltimore New York City May 2 Independent
May 7 New York City Rio May 25 Independent A. Hague says:
Then traded E Coast N & S America
(missing voyages:
Page 1 & Page 2).
1941 July 16 Montevideo Boston Aug. 9 Independent
Aug. 14 Boston New York City Aug. 15 Independent
Sept. 24 New York City Halifax Sept. 27 Independent
Oct. 5 Halifax Halifax Oct. 6 HX 153 Returned
Oct. 10 Halifax Clyde Oct. 22 HX 154 (See also Page 2)
Nov. 8 Clyde ON 34 For NYC.
Dispersed 46 18N 52 40W, Nov. 21.
Nov. 21 Dispersed from ON 34 New York City Nov. 25 Independent
Dec. 17 New York City Halifax Dec. 19 Independent
Dec. 21 Halifax Belfast Lough Jan. 4-1942 HX 166
1942 Jan. 5 Belfast Lough Avonmouth Jan. 7 BB 120 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
Left Avonmouth May 8
(Page 2).
May 11 Milford Haven OS 28 For Capetown.
Detached May 30.
Convoy available at OS 28
(external link)
May 30 Detached from OS 28 Capetown June 13 Independent
July 1 Capetown Aden July 18 Independent
July 18 Aden Suez July 23 Independent Missing movements, Page 2
Aug. 2 Suez Aden Aug. 9 Independent Again, see also Page 2
Aug. 10 Aden Capetown Aug. 26 Independent
Aug. 28 Capetown Trinidad Sept. 19 Independent
Sept. 22 Trinidad Gitmo Sept. 27 TAG 8 Convoy available at TAG convoys
(external link)
Sept. 29 Gitmo New York City Oct. 7 GN 8 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
Oct. 10 New York City Baltimore Oct. 11 Independent
Nov. 25 Baltimore New York City Nov. 26 Independent
Dec. 6 New York City Gitmo Dec. 13 NG 327 For Cristobal.
Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
Dec. 18 Gitmo Cristobal Dec. 21 GZ 16 Convoy available at GZ convoys
(external link)
Dec. 24 Balboa Capetown Jan. 27-1943 Independent
1943 Jan. 30 Capetown CA 8 For Aden.
Dispersed Febr. 1.
Convoy available at CA 8
(external link)
Febr. 1 Dispersed from CA 8 Aden Febr. 19 Independent
Febr. 20 Aden Suez Febr. 25 Independent Missing movements, Page 3
March 21 Port Said Alexandria March 23 Independent
March 25 Alexandria Tripoli, Libya March 31 XT 7/1 Convoy available at XT 7
(external link)
Apr. 15 Tripoli, Libya TX 7/1 Convoy available at TX 7
(external link)
Apr. 16 From TX 7 Alexandria Apr. 19 ME 23 Convoy available at ME 23
(external link)
Apr. 29 Alexandria MW 27 A. Hague says:
Detached to XT 12, May 3.
Convoy available at MW 27
(external link).
See also narrative below
May 3 Detached from MW 27 Tripoli, Libya May 3 XT 12/1 Convoy available at XT 12
(external link)
May 18 Tripoli, Libya TX 11/1 Convoy available at TX 11
(external link)
May 19 From TX 11 Alexandria May 22 ME 26 Convoy available at ME 26
(external link)
May 22 Alexandria Port Said May 23 Independent
June 14 Port Said Alexandria June 15 Independent See also narrative
July 6 Alexandria Acid South July 13 MWS 37 See also Page 3
Convoy available at MWS 37
(external link)
July 16 Syracuse Tripoli, Libya July 18
July 21 Tripoli, Libya Port Said July 27 MES 37 Convoy available at MES 37
(external link)
Aug. 11 Port Said Beirut Aug. 12 Independent See also narrative
Aug. 24 Beirut Port Said Aug. 26 Independent
Aug. 30 Port Said Haifa Aug. 31 Independent
Sept. 11 Haifa Alexandria Sept. 13 Independent
Sept. 22 Alexandria Tripoli, Libya Sept. 26 XT 3 Convoy available at XT 3
(external link)
Sept. 28 Tripoli, Libya Bizerta Sept. 30 MKS 26 Tripoli, Libya to Bizerta
Oct. 4 Bizerta Bone Oct. 5
Oct. 5 Bone Bizerta Oct. 6
Oct. 10 Bizerta* Gibraltar Oct. 14 MKS 27 A. Hague says:
Bizerta to Gibraltar for UK,
*Page 3 gives departure Bone Oct. 10
Oct. 14 Gibraltar Loch Ewe Oct. 27 MKS 27G
(link above)
Oct. 28 Loch Ewe Dundee Oct. 30 WN 498A Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
Nov. 9 Dundee Tyne Nov. 11 A. Hague says:
Fire in engine room Dec. 14.
1944 July 20 Tyne Methil July 21 FN 1423 (Out for trials July 17 - Page 3).
Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
July 22 Methil Loch Ewe July 24 EN 411 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
July 25 Loch Ewe New York City Aug. 9 ON 246 For Baltimore.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Aug. 30 New York City Hampton Roads Independent Page 3 gives arrival Aug. 31
Sept. 2 Hampton Roads Alexandria Sept. 27 UGS 53 For Alexandria.
Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
Oct. 9 Alexandria Port Said Oct. 10 Independent On to Suez Oct. 10
(Page 4).
Oct. 11 Suez Aden Oct. 16 Independent
Oct. 16 Aden Lourenšo Marques Oct. 28 Independent
Nov. 6 Lourenšo Marques Capetown Nov. 10 Independent
Nov. 11 Capetown Montevideo Nov. 27 Independent
Dec. 2 Montevideo Buenos Aires Dec. 3 Independent
Dec. 15 Buenos Aires Casablanca Jan. 6-1945 Independent
1945 Jan. 10 Casablanca Downs Jan. 19 MKS 76G Convoy will be added.
See ships in MKS convoys
Febr. 10 Southend New York City March 1 ON 284 See also Page 4
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
March 23 New York City Passed Gibraltar Apr. 7 UGS 82 Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
Apr. 7 Passed Gibraltar Naples Apr. 12 Independent
Apr. 19 Naples Gibraltar Independent
Apr. 23 Gibraltar Casablanca Apr. 24 Independent
Apr. 28 Casablanca Hampton Roads May 14 GUS 86 Casablanca to USA.
Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
See also Page 4
May 26 Hampton Roads Havana May 31 Independent
May 31 Havana Puerto Plata June 2 Independent (Again, see Page 4)
June 10 Puerto Plata Downs Independent (See Page 4)
June 25 Downs Dundee June 27 Independent
July 19 Dundee Port Arthur Aug. 6 Independent
Aug. 8 Port Arthur Kristiansand Sept. 6 Independent Notional sailing date
(via Kirkwall - Page 4)
Sept. 8 Kristiansand Oslo Sept. 11 Independent Subsequent voyages:
Page 4 & Page 5

 Misc. Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the links provided for more convoy information; the Commodore's notes are also available for some of them, and several Norwegian ships took part.

According to Page 1 of the archive documents, Toronto was on her way from Santos to New York when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940. Her 1941 voyages also start on this document and continue on Page 2. It'll be noticed that she occasionally had long stays in port.

She's said to have joined Convoy HX 153 from Halifax on Oct. 5-1941, but returned to port, later joining Convoy HX 154 on Oct. 10, together with the Norwegian Hilda Knudsen, Kaia Knudsen, Ranja, Tai Shan, Samuel Bakke, Emma Bakke, Polarsol, Skiensfjord, N. T. Nielsen-Alonso, Noreg and Svenør. Some of these ships, including Toronto, subsequently returned with Convoy ON 34, which originated in Liverpool on Nov. 7 and dispersed Nov. 21, Toronto arriving New York Nov. 25, remaining there for over 3 weeks (she had joined from Clyde). Acanthus is named among the escorts for this convoy. Toronto headed back to the U.K. on Dec. 21 with Convoy HX 166 from Halifax, and arrived Avonmouth, via Belfast Lough and Barry Roads, on Jan. 7/8-1942.

As can be seen when going back to Page 2, she subsequently had a long stay in Avonmouth; departure is given as May 8-1942, when she proceeded to Milford Haven, and a few days later we find her in Convoy OS 28, which originated in Liverpool on May 12 and arrived Freetown May 30 (3 ships sunk - ref. external link at the end of this page). Toronto, however, was bound for Capetown, where she arrived June 13, having sailed from Milford Haven on May 11. Astrell, Hallanger (returned), Santos and Spinanger are also named in this convoy; ref. external link provided in the Voyage Record. (Another section of the same site says that Fernbank was scheduled but did not sail and has also added Leiv Eiriksson, but this ship sailed in OS 30).

Toronto's subsequent voyages are listed on Page 2 above (showing a long stay in Baltimore in the fall of 1942) and Page 3; convoy information for some of these can be found in the Voyage Record.

On May 1-1943, she was attacked by aircraft when in a convoy near Benghazi, with a cargo of bombs and petrol, position 32 40N 19 50 E - A. Hague has her in Convoy MW 27 from Alexandria at this time (external link - Pronto and Stirlingville are also listed). Two British ships were hit (troop transport D/S Erinpura, and the tanker British Trust), but Toronto escaped with just temporary engine trouble. The convoy is said to have shot down 5 planes that day. Her cargo was unloaded in Tripoli, Libya, then for her return voyage to Port Said on May 18 she took on board about 400 Italian prisoners. According to Page 3, she arrived Port Said, via Alexandria on May 23.

After 3 weeks in Port Said being equipped for invasion, she went to Alexandria, took on board a cargo of petrol, tanks and large trucks, as well as 150 British soldiers, and was Vice Commodore ship for a convoy which departed on June 29-1943, bound for Sicily (compare w/Page 3, voyage not included? - it'll be noticed in A. Hague's record above, that she's listed with a similar cargo in Convoy MWS 37 [external], departing Alexandria on July 6 - Hermelin, Marit and Strix are also named). After having unloaded at Avola for 3 days, she left with 4 other ships for Syracuse, which had just been taken by the allied forces, then 3 days later she again left (for Tripoli) with 350 Italian prisoners on board, among them the General for the Napoli divison and his staff. She headed back to Alexandria and Port Said a few days later, this time as Commodore Vessel (possibly Convoy MES 37? External link; Belpareil, Hermelin and Strix are also included). She arrived Port Said on July 27, according to the archive document.

She was now fitted out for invasion again, then took on a cargo in Port Said, with further loading of cargo in Beirut, where 300 Indian soldiers embarked. However, the next voyage was cancelled, whereupon the soldiers disembarked, and Toronto returned to Port Said to unload all the war materials. This turned out to be the last of her invasion duties, and she now proceeded to Haifa to load a general cargo for the U.K. Going back to Page 3, we see that she made a voyage from Haifa to Alexandria and Tripoli. She's later said to have made a voyage from Tripoli to Bizerta with Convoy MKS 26 on Sept. 28-1943, arriving Bizerta Sept. 30. Having made a stop at Bone, she returned to Bizerta then back to Bone again, proceeding to Gibraltar with Convoy MKS 27, before continuing to the U.K. with the Gibraltar-U.K. portion of Convoy MKS 27 on Oct. 14, together with the Norwegian Brønnøy and Sneland I (follow the link to MKS 27). Toronto's destination is given as Dundee and she arrived there (via Loch Ewe) on Oct. 30, continuing to Tyne on Nov. 9. The archive document now shows a big gap in her voyages, from Nov. 11-1943, when she arrived North Shields, to July 17-1944, when she left "for trials". A. Hague says she had an engine room fire on Dec. 14 - see also the note below.

I found 2 pictures of Toronto at The National Maritime Museum, Greenwich website (external link). They have an extensive collection of ships' photographs and I found several of my father's ships here (my father served as radio operator on Toronto from Oct.-1951 till Dec.-1951). They're quite expensive and I only mention this because of the info provided in the caption for each picture. The first one says: "Nov. 1943, lying alongside another vessel at Smith's Dock Co quay, North Shields. Negative dated 22 Nov. 1943. The Toronto arrived on the Tyne on 11 Nov. 1943 and, after suffering a fire, did not leave until at least the end of Jun. 1944". The caption for the other picture says: "A/S D/S Fjeld, (Anton Meidell, manager), June 1952 in Cape Town harbour, still wearing the colours of Wilh. Wilhelmsen by whom she was owned until Oct. 1951".

Following the trials, she proceeded to Methil and Loch Ewe, and we now find her, along with Abraham Lincoln, Alaska, Atlantic, Brimanger (Commodore Vessel), Dageid, Dalfonn, Danio, Fernwood, Ivaran, James Hawson, Kaldfonn, Leiv Eiriksson, Petter, Skotaas, Strinda, Thorhild, Tiradentes, Vardefjell, Velox and Ørnefjell, in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 246*, which originated in Liverpool on July 25-1944 and arrived New York Aug. 9; Toronto was bound for Baltimore, but it looks like this was cancelled - arrival there is not given on Page 3. Having spent 3 weeks in New York, she continued to Hampton Roads, then headed to Alexandria and Port Said.

Skipping now to Jan.-1945, when she made a voyage from Casablanca to the U.K. in Convoy MKS 76* (Ragnhild and Tigre are also listed). The following month she's listed, together with Abraham Lincoln (Commodore Vessel), Fernwood, Noreg, Norsol, Sverre Helmersen, Troubadour and Velma, in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 284*, departing Southend on Febr. 10, arriving New York March 1, spending another 3 weeks there. Her subsequent voyages are shown on Page 4 (with convoy info in Voyage Record). From this document, we also learn that she went home to Norway in Sept.-1945, and again in Dec.-1945 (it looks like Christmas was celebrated in Norway that year). Some of her early 1946 voyages are listed on Page 5.

* The ON convoys will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section in due course, along with further details on each. In the meantime, the ships sailing in them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys. The MKS convoys will also be added, but for now, see ships in all MKS convoys.

More info on the other Norwegian ships mentioned here is available via the alphabet index at the end of this page, or go to the Master Ship Index.


Sold to A/S D/S Fjeld, (Anton Meidell), Bergen on Oct. 3-1951, and renamed Hordnes in 1952. (My father served as radio operator from Oct.-1951 till Dec.-1951). Sank off Swinoujscie on May 22-1956 after striking the wreck of S/S Orion while on a voyage from Murmansk to Stettin with a cargo of apatite (see also this Guestbook message). Refloated on Sept. 21-1956 and later towed to Kiel, arriving Febr. 6-1957. Condemned and sold to Eckhardt & Co. on March 19-1957 for scrapping. Arrived Hamburg on March 23, demolition commenced Sept. 30.

Related external link:
Ships hit from convoy OS 38

Back to Toronto on the "Ships starting with T" page.

Wilh. Wilhelmsen later had two more ships by this name, 1956-1973, and1983-1990 (had several other names).

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, Wilh. Wilhelmsen's fleet list, and misc. issues of the magazine "Krigsseileren" (ref. My sources).


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