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M/S Sophocles
Updated July 17-2012

To Sophocles on the "Ships starting with S" page.

This is a picture of Skauvann - see Post War details at the end of this page.
From Sverre Johansen's postcard collection.

Manager: I. M. Skaugen, Oslo
5184 gt

Built in Gothenburg in 1939.

Related item on this website:
My Norwegian Guestbook has a message from the daughter of someone who served on Sophocles, Kristian H. Buen. He also served on Elsa. If anyone knew him, I can provide her E-mail address via my contact address given at the bottom of this page.

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From March-1940 to Sept.-1945:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1940 March 29 Yokohama Los Angeles Apr. 15 Independent
Apr. 25 Los Angeles Balboa May 4 Independent
May 7 Cristobal New York City May 14 Independent
May 19 New York City Boston May 19 Independent
May 20 Boston Philadelphia May 23 Independent
May 26 Philadelphia Baltimore May 27 Independent
May 31 Baltimore Galveston June 7 Independent See also Page 1
June 15 Galveston New Orleans June 17 Independent
June 19 New Orleans New York City June 25 Independent
July 22 New York City Hampton Roads July 23 Independent
Sept. 12 Hampton Roads Halifax Sept. 16 Independent
Sept. 21 Halifax Liverpool Oct. 7 HX 75 See also narrative below
Oct. 23 Liverpool OB 233 Dispersed Oct. 27.
Convoy available at OB 233
(external link)
Oct. 27 Dispersed from OB 233 Montreal Nov. 4 Independent
Nov. 20 Montreal Sydney, C.B. Independent
Nov. 26 Sydney, C.B. Oban Dec. 9 HX 91
Dec. 10 Oban Methil Dec. 13 WN 52 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
Dec. 17 Methil Tyne Dec. 18 FS 362 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
Dec. 28 Tyne Methil Dec. 29 FN 368 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
On to Leith - See Page 1
1941 Jan. 17 Methil Oban Jan. 20 EN 58/1 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
Jan. 25 Oban St. John, N.B. Febr. 5 Independent
Febr. 11 St. John, N.B. New York City Febr. 12 Independent
Febr. 22 New York City Philadelphia Febr. 23 Independent
Febr. 26 Philadelphia New York City Febr. 26 Independent
March 5 New York City St Thomas March 10 Independent
March 10 St Thomas Antigua Independent
March 12 Antigua Capetown March 31 Independent
Apr. 1 Capetown Aden Apr. 16 Independent
Apr. 16 Aden Suez Apr. 21 Independent On to Port Said, Apr. 23
(Page 1)
Apr. 23 Port Said Alexandria Apr. 24 Independent
* May 5 Alexandria Port Said May 5 Independent
*Page 1 gives departure Alexandria May 7, arrival Port Said May 8.
May 29 Suez Aden June 3 Independent See also Page 2
June 6 Aden Bombay June 12 Independent
June 19 Bombay Karachi June 22 Independent
June 29 Karachi Capetown July 19 Independent
July 21 Capetown Boston Independent Page 2 gives arrival Aug. 16
Aug. 23 Boston New York City Aug. 24 Independent
Sept. 18 New York City Halifax Sept. 20 Independent
Sept. 22 Halifax Liverpool Oct. 8* HX 151 5 Passengers
(*Page 2 gives arrival Oct. 6,
see also narrative below)
Oct. 8 Liverpool Holyhead Oct. 8 Independent
Oct. 10 Holyhead Cardiff Oct. 11 BB 86 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
Oct. 23 Cardiff Milford Haven Oct. 24 Independent
Oct. 25 Milford Haven ON 30 For Montreal.
(Via Belfast Lough - Page 2)
Dispersed 43 10N 52 33W, Nov. 9.
Nov. 9 Dispersed from ON 30 Montreal Nov. 13 Independent
Nov. 24 Montreal Trinidad Dec. 3 Independent
Dec. 5 Trinidad Capetown Dec. 24 Independent
Dec. 25 Capetown Aden Jan. 8-1942 Independent
1942 Jan. 8 Aden Suez Jan. 13 Independent Arr. Port Said next day
(Page 2)
Jan. 18 Port Said Alexandria Jan. 19 Independent
Jan. 31 Alexandria Port Said Febr. 1 Independent On to Suez, same day
(Page 2)
Febr. 5 Suez Cochin Febr. 15 Independent
Febr. 25 Cochin C 3 251 troops.
Dispersed 00 40N 78 10E, Febr. 27.
Convoy available at C 3
(external link)
Febr. 27 Dispersed from C 3 Fremantle March 10 Independent
March 12 Fremantle Adelaide March 17 Independent
March 26 Adelaide Port Pirie March 28 Independent
Apr. 3 Port Pirie Wallaroo Apr. 3 Independent
Apr. 8 Wallaroo Balboa May 8 Independent
May 10 Cristobal Key West May 15 Independent
May 15 Key West Hampton Roads KN 100 Convoy available at KN convoys
(external link)
Not included, Page 2
May 27 New York City Cape Cod Bay Independent
May 29 Cape Cod Bay Halifax May 31 BX 21 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
May 31 Halifax Belfast Lough June 10 HX 192
June 11 Belfast Lough Avonmouth June 12 BB 185 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
June 16 Avonmouth Swansea June 17 Independent
June 29 Swansea Milford Haven June 29 Independent
June 30 Milford Haven OS 33 For Capetown.
(Via Belfast Lough - Page 3).
Detached July 20.
Convoy available at OS 33
See also this page
(external links)
July 20 Detached from OS 33 Capetown July 27 Independent
July 29 Capetown Durban Aug. 2 Independent
Aug. 2 Durban Aden Aug. 13 Independent
Aug. 13 Aden Suez Aug. 18 Independent Compare w/Page 3
Aug. 29 Suez Port Sudan Aug. 31 Independent
Sept. 2 Port Sudan Kosseir Independent
Sept. 7 Kosseir Aden Sept. 11 Independent
Sept. 11 Aden Guardafui Sept. 25 Independent A. Hague says:
With broken crankshaft
Oct. 1 Guardafui Aden Oct. 4 In tow
1943 March 22 Aden Bombay Apr. 4 In tow
1944 June 17 Bombay Aden June 25 BA 73 After completion of crankshaft repairs.
Convoy available at BA 73
(external link)
June 27 Aden Rio July 30 Independent
Aug. 3 Rio Rio Grande Aug. 6 Independent Arr. Santos, Aug. 17
(Page 3)
Aug. 23 Santos Freetown Sept. 3 Independent
Sept. 8 Freetown SL 170 3 Passengers.
Rendezvoused w/MKS 61, Sept. 18.
Convoy available at SL 170
(external link)
Sept. 18 SL 170 & MKS 61 joined up Falmouth Sept. 24 SL 170/MKS 61 Convoy available at SL 170/MKS 61
(see also this page,
external links)
Sept. 25 Falmouth Solent Sept. 26 EBC 114 Convoy available at EBC convoys
(external link)
Compare w/Page 3
Sept. 26 Solent Southend Sept. 27 FTC 20A Convoy available at FTC convoys
(external link)
Oct. 20 Southend New York City Nov. 5 ON 261
Nov. 24 New York City Southend Dec. 8 HX 322 (Again, see also Page 3)
Dec. 23 Southend New York City Jan. 8-1945 ON 274 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
1945 Jan. 28 New York City Liverpool Febr. 11 HX 335
Febr. 26 Liverpool New York City March 13 ON 287 Convoy will be added.
See link above
March 29 New York City Downs Apr. 14 HX 347 Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
Apr. 26 Southend New York City May 12 ON 299 See also Page 3 & Page 4
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Apr. 29* New York City Liverpool June 8 Independent *Should be May 29
June 19 Liverpool New York City July 10 Independent Page 4 gives arrival NY July 1
July 18 New York City Liverpool July 29 Independent
Aug. 7 Liverpool New York City Aug. 18 Independent
Aug. 22 New York City Baltimore Aug. 24 Independent
Sept. 2 Baltimore Oslo Sept. 17 Independent Via Kirkwall, Sept. 14
(Page 4)
Sept. 15* Oslo Gothenburg Sept. 25 Independent *Should be Sept. 25
Subsequent voyages, Page 4

 Misc. Convoy Voyages – 1940-1945: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the links provided for more convoy information; the Commodore's notes and/or narratives are also available for some of them and several Norwegian ships took part.

From Page 1 of the archive documents, we learn that Sophocles was on her way from Yokohama to Los Angeles when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940. It'll also be noticed that she had quite a long stay in New York that summer, before proceeding to Hampton Roads, where she also stayed for a long time. With steel, lumber and general for Liverpool, she had been scheduled for Convoy HX 64 as well as for HX 65 from Halifax to the U.K. in Aug.-1940, but did not sail (she was still at Hampton Roads when these convoys sailed). She eventually joined Convoy HX 75 on Sept. 21, and the following month she shows up, together with Carmelfjell, Leka and Morgenen, in Convoy OB 233, which left Liverpool on Oct. 23 and dispersed on the 27th; see the external link provided within the Voyage Record. No destination is given for Sophocles, but according to the archive document, she arrived Montreal on Nov. 4, and later that month she joined the Sydney, C.B. portion of Convoy HX 91, bound for Newcastle with general cargo. Cruising order/Commodore's notes are also available.

Skipping now to Sept. 22-1941, when she's listed in Convoy HX 151 from Halifax. She left port at 12:41 that day according to a document received from T. Agar, England, and was initially given station 103, but she must have had some kind of a problem because she's said to have left the convoy at 14:50, anchored south of St. George's, then later sailed on independently - Page 2 shows her voyages in this period. Other Norwegian ships in this convoy were Sama, San Andres, Meline, Morgenen, Belinda, Dagrun, Thorshøvdi, Tigre, Hardanger, Leiv Eiriksson and Laurits Swenson. The following month we find her in station 35 of the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 30, which originated in Liverpool on Oct. 26 and dispersed Nov. 9 - see also the Commodore's narrative. Sophocles was bound for Montreal on that occasion, and according to the archive document she arrived there on Nov. 13, having sailed from Belfast Lough on Oct. 27.

At the end of May-1942 she can be found in Convoy HX 192 from Halifax to the U.K. She arrived Avonmouth (via Belfast Lough) on June 12, later proceeding to Swansea (Page 2). She subsequently made a voyage to Capetown, having sailed in Convoy OS 33 (station 84), which left Liverpool on July 1. Please go to the external website that I've linked to in the table above for a lot more information on the passage of this convoy, which lost several ships. Ingria, Jenny and Maloja are also listed. It looks like Sophocles, carrying military stores, joined from Belfast Lough; she arrived Table Bay on July 27, continuing to Durban 2 days later - see Page 3.

A story written by an able seaman says that when he joined Sophocles in Bombay in Apr.-1944, she had been there for a couple of years* waiting for replacement parts so that she could be repaired (according to A. Hague, she had a broken crankshaft). She could then finally head back to sea with first stop Aden, then around South Africa to Brazil, going by Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande du Sul and Santos. He says she left Santos on Aug. 23, arriving London at the end of Sept.-1944. This voyage had been made, with a cargo of canned goods, linters, rice, coffee, salted hides, pine, cotton, leather, cotton waste, hair, and 3 passengers, in Convoy SL 170 / MKS 61. The SL portion of this convoy, in which Sophocles sailed, had left Freetown on Sept. 8 and joined up with the MKS portion from Gibraltar on Sept. 18, the combined convoy arriving Liverpool on Sept. 26 - according to Page 3, Sophocles arrived Falmouth on Sept. 24. Belnor, Novasli and Somerville also took part, Belnor having joined with the MKS portion, while the others were in the SL convoy. More convoy information is available via the external links in the Voyage Record. MKS 61 will also be added to my own site; in the meantime, see the section listing ships in all MKS convoys.

* Although she had not been in Bombay for as long as "a couple of years" at that time, this corresponds with the information found on Page 3 of the archive documents, where the last voyage mentioned for 1942 is when she left Aden on Sept. 11 for Fremantle. There seems to be a voyage missing from the document, because she's said to have put back to Aden on Oct. 4-1942 (but see A. Hague's Voyage Record). The next entry shows her leaving Aden in tow for Bombay on March 22-1943, arriving Bombay on Apr. 4, and she did not leave again until June 17-1944, with arrival Aden on June 25 (convoy info in Voyage Record above). The subsequent entries agree on the whole with what the able seaman recalls.

In Oct.-1944 she's listed as bound for New York in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 261, heading back across the Atlantic on Nov. 24 with Convoy HX 322 from New York, general cargo for London. Together with Høyanger, Kristianiafjord, Kronprinsessen, Laurits Swenson, Marathon, Molda, Samuel Bakke (Commodore Vessel), Solør and Velma, she later joined the westbound Convoy ON 274*, departing Southend on Dec. 23-1944, arriving New York on Jan. 8-1945.

On Jan. 28-1945 we find her, with a general cargo and explosives for Liverpool, in Convoy HX 335 from New York, returning with Convoy ON 287* (station 111), which left Southend on Febr. 25 and arrived New York on March 14 and also had Buenos Aires, Norsktank, Østhav, Roald Amundsen, Solfonn, Strix, Thorshov and Tiradentes among its ranks. Some of these ships, including Sophocles, which served as Commodore Vessel (Commodore R.G. Bruusgaard, Royal Norwegian Navy), went back to the U.K. in Convoy HX 347*, which left New York on March 29 and arrived Liverpool on Apr. 14 (again, see also Page 3). Buenos Aires, Brasil, Dalfonn, Fenris, Lektor Garbo, Marit II, Roald Amundsen, Sverre Helmersen and Thorsholm are listed, as is the Panamanian Norlys, which is included under the N's of this website because she had Norwegian managers. Sophocles had a general cargo and locomotives, sailing in station 61. VE Day was celebrated at sea while in the westbound Convoy ON 299*, which left Southend on Apr. 26 and arrived New York May 13 and included Buenos Aires, Fagerfjell, Glarona, Kaldfonn and Lektor Garbo. When she headed back to Liverpool at the end of that month, no convoy was necessary.

Her subsequent voyages (to Apr.-1946) are shown on Page 4. As can be seen, she got to go home to Norway in Sept.-1945.

* The ON convoys will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section in due course, along with further details on each - in the meantime, the ships sailing in them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys. Note also that the entire HX series will be updated and completed, including the already existing convoys (some have already been updated), but for now, other ships in Convoy HX 347 are listed in the section for ships in all HX convoys. Escorts can be found on this page.

More info on the other Norwegian ships mentioned here can be found via the alphabet index below, or go to the Master Ship Index


According to this external page, she was renamed Skauvann in 1947. From 1959, owned by Rederi A/B Petra (Claes Manne), Gothenburg, renamed Carla. From 1962, Rederi A/B Petra (J. E. Manne & Co.), Gothenburg, no name change. From 1963, sailed as Timios Stavros for Derpa Cia. S.A (J. Livanos), Piræus. From 1963, Drive Shipping Transport Org. Co.,Valetta, Malta, same name. From 1969, Levantine Sea Transport Co. (J. Livanos & Sons Sh), Valetta. Sold in Apr.-1972 for breaking up, arriving Istanbul that same month.

Back to Sophocles on the "Ships starting with S" page.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "The World's Merchant Fleets 1939", R. W. Jordan, the Norwegian magazine "Krigsseileren", the late A. Hague's listing for ON and HX convoys, and misc. other (ref. My sources).


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