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M/T Pan Scandia
To Pan Scandia on the "Ships starting with P" page.
Manager: Leif Høegh & Co. A/S, Oslo
Completed by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Newcastle in June-1931, 9816 gt, 5937 net, 15 820 tdwt, 491' 4" x 67', 6-cyl. two-stroke cycle single acting oil engine by Wallsend Slipway & Engineering Co. Ltd., Newcastle.
Captain: Edvard Jørgensen.
Related item on this website:
Partly in service in the Pacific.
Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.
(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).
Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.
Errors may exist, and as can be seen, her 1940 and most of her 1941 voyages are not included.
Pan Scandia often acted as escort oiler.
According to Page 1 of the archive documents, she was on her way from Sourabaya to Yokohama when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940. Her 1941 voyages also start on this document and continue on Page 2, which also shows her 1942 voyages.
Skipping now to the fall of 1943, when Arnold Hague has included her, with a cargo of paraffin and 17 aircraft, in Convoy HX 259*, which departed New York for the U.K. on Sept. 28, but she returned to port. From Page 3 of the archive documents we learn that she arrived St. John's on Oct. 9, leaving again for the U.K. on Oct. 15, joining Convoy HX 261*, which had started out in New York on Oct. 11. She arrived Clyde on Oct. 26, later proceeding to Avonmouth, with arrival Oct. 29. Both these convoys had several Norwegian ships, namely Bañaderos, Cypria, Emma Bakke, Reinholt and Velma in HX 259, while Bajamar, Duala, Elisabeth Bakke, Norsol, Tai Shan and Vav (returned) are listed in HX 261. Together with Buenos Aires, California Express (Commodore Vessel), Duala, Gallia, Heranger, Marit II and Vinga, Pan Scandia headed back across the ocean with the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 210*, originating in Liverpool on Nov. 6, arriving New York on the 23rd.
A. Hague now has her, with gas oil and aircraft, in station 53 of Convoy HX 268*, which left New York on Nov. 26 and arrived Liverpool Dec. 11; Pan Scandia, however, stopped at Belfast and later arrived Avonmouth on Dec. 13 - again, see Page 3 above. Duala, John Bakke, Reinholt (Commodore Vessel) and Strinda are also listed in this convoy, for which Pan Scandia served as Escort Oiler (according to A. Hague). With Brimanger, Duala, Fagerfjell, John Bakke, Norheim and Reinholt, she subsequently returned in Convoy ON 217*, originating in Liverpool on Christmas Eve, arriving New York Jan. 10-1944; Pan Scandia arrived Philadelphia Jan. 11, having started out from Milford Haven on Dec. 23.
From Philadelphia, she proceeded to New York on Jan. 14-1944, and on Jan. 22 we find her in the New York-U.K. Convoy HX 276 (Escort Oiler), for which Abraham Lincoln served as the Commodore Vessel. Pan Scandia was bound for Clyde and Heysham, arriving Clyde on Febr. 7, Heysham on Febr. 12, subsequently returning to the U.S. with Convoy ON 224, which started out Liverpool on Febr. 15 and arrived New York on March 2; Pan Scandia's destination is given as Wilmington on that occasion. The Norwegian Fernmoor, Molda, Skaraas, Samuel Bakke and Vanja are also listed (see also Bralanta). A few days later Pan Scandia joined Convoy HX 282 from New York (Page 3). She was again bound for Heysham, where she arrived (via Belfast Lough) on March 25, and together with Duala, Morgenen and Villanger she now sailed back across the Atlantic with Convoy ON 230* (Escort Oiler), which originated in Liverpool on March 30 and arrived New York Apr. 17. Later that month she's listed, with destination Swansea, in Convoy HX 289 (Escort Oiler), and in May she's included, with Brimanger (Commodore Vessel), Emma Bakke, Ferncourt, Glarona, Herbrand, Laurits Swenson (Vice Commodore), Maud, Mosli, Norefjord, Noreg, Norma, Skaraas and Velma, in Convoy ON 237* (from Liverpool May 19, to New York June 3). According to Page 4, she arrived Baltimore June 5, remaining there for several weeks.
She was scheduled for Convoy HX 299 from New York on July 11 (she was still in Baltimore on that date), but instead joined HX 301 on the 25th (Escort Oiler), for which Reinholt again served as Commodore Vessel, while the Vice Commodore was in Samuel Bakke. Pan Scandia stopped at Loch Ewe on Aug. 8 (destination London and Hole Haven - see Page 4) and later that month she's listed, along with Fridtjof Nansen, Haakon Hauan, Havkong, Molda, Samuel Bakke (Commodore Vessel) and Thorshov as well as the Panamanian Norlys (Norwegian managers) in Convoy ON 250* (Escort Oiler), which originated in Liverpool on Aug. 24 and arrived New York Sept. 7. She headed back to the U.K. on Sept. 13 in Convoy HX 308 (Escort Oiler - Vice Commodore in Villanger) and the following month, she appears in the westbound Convoy ON 258* (from Southend Oct. 6, to New York Oct. 24). Havkong, Idefjord, Morgenen, Vanja and the Panamanian Norlys are also named in this convoy.
From the U.S. she now travelled to Bizerta, Gibraltar and Casablanca, then back to the U.S., making another similar voyage at the end of that year, returning to the U.S. in Febr.-1945. Again, see Page 4 (convoy info can be found in the Voyage Record above).
In the spring of 1945, she headed to the U.K. again, having joined Convoy HX 352* (Escort Oiler), together with Anna Knudsen, Havkong, Havprins, Høegh Hood, Ivaran and Troubadour. HX 352 sailed from New York on Apr. 23 and arrived Liverpool on VE Day. Her voyages in this period are shown on Page 5 (to Apr.-1946). Her last convoy voyage was made with Convoy ON 302*, which left Liverpool on May 12 and dispersed on the 27th. According to A. Hague, Pan Scandia (bound for Houston, serving as Escort Oiler) had already detached from the convoy by then (May 19). Havkong and Havprins again took part, as did Norbryn.
Sold in Febr.-1952 to Vandoma Compania Naviera SA, Panama, and renamed Jubilant. Arrived Osaka in Febr.-1954 to be broken up by Kawatetsu Shoji KK. (R. W. Jordan and Company fleet list).
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