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M/T Pan Scandia
Updated Sept. 25-2010

To Pan Scandia on the "Ships starting with P" page.

Source: Scanned from Leif Høegh & Co,'s fleet list and added to this website with the company's permission.

Manager: Leif Høegh & Co. A/S, Oslo
9816 gt

Completed by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Newcastle in June-1931, 9816 gt, 5937 net, 15 820 tdwt, 491' 4" x 67', 6-cyl. two-stroke cycle single acting oil engine by Wallsend Slipway & Engineering Co. Ltd., Newcastle.

Captain: Edvard Jørgensen.

Related item on this website:
Guestbook message from the son of someone who served on board from 1938 until the fall of 1945, Arne Bjørnstad (and in fact wrote a book about it, entitled "Det ringer for siste gang").

Partly in service in the Pacific.

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4 | Page 5

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

  Voyage Record
From Nov.-1941 to Jan.-1946:  

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Errors may exist, and as can be seen, her 1940 and most of her 1941 voyages are not included.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1941 Nov. 29 Cairns Sourabaya Dec. 9 Independent A. Hague says:
Previously traded I Ocean & Pacific.
Earlier voyages:
Page 1 & Page 2
Dec. 30 Sourabaya Balikpapan Independent
1942 Jan. 5 Balikpapan Sydney, N.S.W. Jan. 25 Independent
Jan. 28 Sydney, N.S.W. Brisbane Jan. 30 Independent
Febr. 2 Brisbane Sydney, N.S.W. Febr. 4 Independent
March 4 Sydney, N.S.W. Wellington March 11 Independent
March 14 Wellington Los Angeles Apr. 10 Independent
Apr. 18 Los Angeles San Francisco Apr. 20 Independent
Apr. 23 San Francisco Sydney, N.S.W. May 22 Independent
May 26 Sydney, N.S.W. Brisbane May 29 Independent
June 1 Brisbane Cairns June 4 Independent
June 7 Cairns Talara July 10 Independent
July 12 Talara Wellington Aug. 13 Independent
Aug. 18 Wellington Lyttelton Aug. 18 Independent
Aug. 21 Lyttelton Los Angeles Sept. 17 Independent
Oct. 15 Los Angeles Brisbane Nov. 11 Independent
Nov. 16 Brisbane Gladstone Nov. 17 Independent
Nov. 20 Gladstone Talara Independent
Dec. 20 Talara Auckland Jan. 15-1943 Independent
1943 Jan. 21 Auckland Talara Febr. 12 Independent
Febr. 14 Talara Brisbane March 17 Independent
March 27 Brisbane Gladstone March 29 BT 48/1 Convoy available at BT 48
(external link)
March 30 Gladstone Townsville Apr. 2 Independent A. Hague says:
Notional sailing date
(agrees w/Page 3).
Apr. 4 Townsville Talara Independent
May 7 Talara Lyttelton June 4 Independent
June 10 Lyttelton Wellington June 11 Independent
June 21 Wellington Talara Independent
July 16 Talara Balboa July 20 Independent
July 23 Cristobal Gitmo July 27 ZG 38 Convoy available at ZG convoys
(external link)
July 28 Gitmo New York City Aug. 4 GN 74 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
Sept. 28 New York City St. John's, N.F. Oct. 9 HX 259 Returned.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
Oct. 15 St. John's, N.F. Clyde Oct. 26 HX 261 Convoy will be added.
See link above
Oct. 27 Clyde Avonmouth Oct. 29 Independent
Nov. 3 Avonmouth Milford Haven Nov. 4 Independent
Nov. 6 Milford Haven New York City Nov. 22 ON 210 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Nov. 26 New York City Belfast Lough Dec. 10 HX 268 Escort Oiler.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
Dec. 12 Belfast Lough Avonmouth Dec. 13 Independent (See also Page 3).
Dec. 21 Avonmouth Milford Haven Dec. 22 Independent
Dec. 23 Milford Haven Philadelphia Jan. 11-1944 ON 217 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
1944 Jan. 14 Philadelphia New York City Jan. 15 Independent
Jan. 22 New York City Clyde Febr. 7 HX 276 Escort Oiler
Febr. 8 Clyde Heysham Febr. 12 Independent
Febr. 14 Heysham New York City March 2 ON 224
March 2 New York City Philadelphia March 3 Independent
March 4 Philadelphia New York City March 5 Independent
March 6 New York City Belfast Lough March 20 HX 282
March 24 Belfast Lough Heysham March 25 Independent
March 27 Heysham Clyde March 28 Independent
March 31 Clyde New York City Apr. 16 ON 230 Escort Oiler.
Convoy will be added.
See link above
Apr. 19 New York City Philadelphia Apr. 19 Independent
Apr. 22 Philadelphia New York City Apr. 23 Independent
Apr. 27 New York City Swansea May 15 HX 289 Escort Oiler
(see also Page 4).
May 18 Swansea Belfast Lough May 19 Independent
May 19 Belfast Lough Baltimore June 5 ON 237 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
July 18 Baltimore Philadelphia July 18 Independent Notional sailing date
July 20 Philadelphia New York City July 20 Independent
July 25 New York City Loch Ewe Aug. 8 HX 301 See also narrative below.
Escort Oiler
Aug. 9 Loch Ewe Methil Aug. 11 WN 618A Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
Aug. 11 Methil Southend Aug. 13 FS 1541 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
Again, see also Page 4
Aug. 18 Southend Methil Aug. 20 FN 1453 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Aug. 22 Methil Loch Ewe Aug. 24 EN 425 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
Aug. 24 Loch Ewe New York City Sept. 7 ON 250 Escort Oiler.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Sept. 13 New York City Clyde Sept. 28 HX 308 Escort Oiler.
Missing movements, Page 4
Oct. 7 Clyde New York City Oct. 24 ON 258 Convoy will be added.
See link above
Oct. 26 New York City Philadelphia Oct. 27 Independent
Oct. 31 Philadelphia Hampton Roads Independent Page 4 gives arrival same day
Nov. 1 Hampton Roads Bizerta Nov. 21 UGS 59 For Bizerta.
Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
Nov. 24 Bizerta Gibraltar Nov. 27 Independent
Nov. 28 Gibraltar Casablanca Nov. 29 Independent
Dec. 4 Casablanca Philadelphia Dec. 22 GUS 60 Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
Dec. 24 Philadelphia Hampton Roads Dec. 25 Independent
Dec. 29 Hampton Roads Passed Gibraltar Jan. 15-1945 UGS 65 Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
1945 Jan. 15 Passed Gibraltar Augusta Jan. 19 Independent
Jan. 24 Augusta Oran Jan. 28 Independent
Febr. 1 Oran GUS 69 Detached Febr. 15.
Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
Febr. 15 Detached from GUS 69 Galveston Independent See Page 4
Febr. 25 Galveston Baltimore March 5 Independent
March 7 Baltimore Mobile March 14 Independent
Apr. 10 Mobile Houston Apr. 11 Independent Notional sailing date
Apr. 14 Houtson New York City Apr. 21 Independent
Apr. 23 New York City Liverpool May 8 HX 352 Escort Oiler.
On to Stanlow, May 9
(Page 5).
Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
May 12 Liverpool ON 302 Detached independent, May 19.
Escort Oiler.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
May 19 Detached from ON 302 Houston Independent
June 7 Houston New York City June 14 Independent
June 16 New York City Avonmouth June 29 Independent
July 1 Avonmouth Texas City Independent
July 22 Texas City Hull Aug. 13 Independent See also Page 5
Aug. 15 Hull New York City Independent
Sept. 11 New York City Aruba Sept. 18 Independent
Sept. 19 Aruba Marseilles Oct. 11 Independent
Oct. 14 Marseilles Port Arthur Independent Compare w/Page 5
Nov. 21 Port Arthur Antwerp Dec. 13 Independent
Dec. 18 Antwerp Lake Charles Jan. 11-1946 Independent Some 1946 voyages, Page 5

 Some Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the convoy links provided for further details; the Commodore's notes are also available for some of them and several Norwegian ships took part.

Pan Scandia often acted as escort oiler.

According to Page 1 of the archive documents, she was on her way from Sourabaya to Yokohama when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940. Her 1941 voyages also start on this document and continue on Page 2, which also shows her 1942 voyages.

Skipping now to the fall of 1943, when Arnold Hague has included her, with a cargo of paraffin and 17 aircraft, in Convoy HX 259*, which departed New York for the U.K. on Sept. 28, but she returned to port. From Page 3 of the archive documents we learn that she arrived St. John's on Oct. 9, leaving again for the U.K. on Oct. 15, joining Convoy HX 261*, which had started out in New York on Oct. 11. She arrived Clyde on Oct. 26, later proceeding to Avonmouth, with arrival Oct. 29. Both these convoys had several Norwegian ships, namely Bañaderos, Cypria, Emma Bakke, Reinholt and Velma in HX 259, while Bajamar, Duala, Elisabeth Bakke, Norsol, Tai Shan and Vav (returned) are listed in HX 261. Together with Buenos Aires, California Express (Commodore Vessel), Duala, Gallia, Heranger, Marit II and Vinga, Pan Scandia headed back across the ocean with the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 210*, originating in Liverpool on Nov. 6, arriving New York on the 23rd.

A. Hague now has her, with gas oil and aircraft, in station 53 of Convoy HX 268*, which left New York on Nov. 26 and arrived Liverpool Dec. 11; Pan Scandia, however, stopped at Belfast and later arrived Avonmouth on Dec. 13 - again, see Page 3 above. Duala, John Bakke, Reinholt (Commodore Vessel) and Strinda are also listed in this convoy, for which Pan Scandia served as Escort Oiler (according to A. Hague). With Brimanger, Duala, Fagerfjell, John Bakke, Norheim and Reinholt, she subsequently returned in Convoy ON 217*, originating in Liverpool on Christmas Eve, arriving New York Jan. 10-1944; Pan Scandia arrived Philadelphia Jan. 11, having started out from Milford Haven on Dec. 23.

From Philadelphia, she proceeded to New York on Jan. 14-1944, and on Jan. 22 we find her in the New York-U.K. Convoy HX 276 (Escort Oiler), for which Abraham Lincoln served as the Commodore Vessel. Pan Scandia was bound for Clyde and Heysham, arriving Clyde on Febr. 7, Heysham on Febr. 12, subsequently returning to the U.S. with Convoy ON 224, which started out Liverpool on Febr. 15 and arrived New York on March 2; Pan Scandia's destination is given as Wilmington on that occasion. The Norwegian Fernmoor, Molda, Skaraas, Samuel Bakke and Vanja are also listed (see also Bralanta). A few days later Pan Scandia joined Convoy HX 282 from New York (Page 3). She was again bound for Heysham, where she arrived (via Belfast Lough) on March 25, and together with Duala, Morgenen and Villanger she now sailed back across the Atlantic with Convoy ON 230* (Escort Oiler), which originated in Liverpool on March 30 and arrived New York Apr. 17. Later that month she's listed, with destination Swansea, in Convoy HX 289 (Escort Oiler), and in May she's included, with Brimanger (Commodore Vessel), Emma Bakke, Ferncourt, Glarona, Herbrand, Laurits Swenson (Vice Commodore), Maud, Mosli, Norefjord, Noreg, Norma, Skaraas and Velma, in Convoy ON 237* (from Liverpool May 19, to New York June 3). According to Page 4, she arrived Baltimore June 5, remaining there for several weeks.

She was scheduled for Convoy HX 299 from New York on July 11 (she was still in Baltimore on that date), but instead joined HX 301 on the 25th (Escort Oiler), for which Reinholt again served as Commodore Vessel, while the Vice Commodore was in Samuel Bakke. Pan Scandia stopped at Loch Ewe on Aug. 8 (destination London and Hole Haven - see Page 4) and later that month she's listed, along with Fridtjof Nansen, Haakon Hauan, Havkong, Molda, Samuel Bakke (Commodore Vessel) and Thorshov as well as the Panamanian Norlys (Norwegian managers) in Convoy ON 250* (Escort Oiler), which originated in Liverpool on Aug. 24 and arrived New York Sept. 7. She headed back to the U.K. on Sept. 13 in Convoy HX 308 (Escort Oiler - Vice Commodore in Villanger) and the following month, she appears in the westbound Convoy ON 258* (from Southend Oct. 6, to New York Oct. 24). Havkong, Idefjord, Morgenen, Vanja and the Panamanian Norlys are also named in this convoy.

From the U.S. she now travelled to Bizerta, Gibraltar and Casablanca, then back to the U.S., making another similar voyage at the end of that year, returning to the U.S. in Febr.-1945. Again, see Page 4 (convoy info can be found in the Voyage Record above).

In the spring of 1945, she headed to the U.K. again, having joined Convoy HX 352* (Escort Oiler), together with Anna Knudsen, Havkong, Havprins, Høegh Hood, Ivaran and Troubadour. HX 352 sailed from New York on Apr. 23 and arrived Liverpool on VE Day. Her voyages in this period are shown on Page 5 (to Apr.-1946). Her last convoy voyage was made with Convoy ON 302*, which left Liverpool on May 12 and dispersed on the 27th. According to A. Hague, Pan Scandia (bound for Houston, serving as Escort Oiler) had already detached from the convoy by then (May 19). Havkong and Havprins again took part, as did Norbryn.

* The ON convoys will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section in due course, along with further details on each. In the meantime, the ships sailing in them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys. Note also that the entire HX series will eventually be updated and completed, including the already existing convoys (some have already been updated); but for now, see ships in all HX convoys.

More info on the other Norwegian ships named on this page is available via the alphabet index below, or go to the Master Ship Index.


Sold in Febr.-1952 to Vandoma Compania Naviera SA, Panama, and renamed Jubilant. Arrived Osaka in Febr.-1954 to be broken up by Kawatetsu Shoji KK. (R. W. Jordan and Company fleet list).

Back to Pan Scandia on the "Ships starting with P" page.


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