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M/T Pan Europe
Updated Apr. 23-2012

To Pan Europe on the "Ships starting with P" page.

Scanned from Leif Høegh & Co,'s fleet list and added to this website with the company's permission.
See also this external page.

Manager: Leif Høegh & Co. A/S, Oslo
9468 gt, 5719 net, 15 320 tdwt.
Dimensions: 484' 5" length x 65' 6" beam.
Machinery: 6-cyl. two-stroke cycle single acting oil engine by Wallsend Slipway & Engineering Co. Ltd., Newcastle.

Completed by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Newcastle in Aug-1931.

Captain: Wilhelm Jacobsen.

Pan Europe transported 46 cargoes of oil, 26 of which were for the American Navy, to various theatres of war.

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4 | Page 5

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

  Voyage Record
From Jan.-1942 to Aug.-1945:  

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Errors may exist, and as can be seen, her 1940 and 1941 voyages are not included.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1942 Jan. 3 Melbourne Fremantle Jan. 11 Independent A. Hague says:
Previously traded Pacific/I Ocean.
Earlier voyages:
Page 1 & Page 2
Jan. 19 Fremantle Pladjoe Febr. 1 MS 1 Convoy available at MS 1
(external link)
See also narrative below
Febr. 14 Oosthaven Tjilatap Febr. 18
Febr. 21 Tjilatap Fremantle Febr. 28
March 4 Fremantle Adelaide March 10 Independent
March 11 Adelaide Port Pirie March 12 Independent
March 17 Port Pirie Fremantle March 24 Independent
March 24 Fremantle Bahrein Independent
Apr. 16 Bahrein Abadan Apr. 18 Independent
Apr. 21 Abadan Melbourne May 24 Independent
July 28 Melbourne Abadan Aug. 30 Independent
Sept. 3 Abadan Melbourne Oct. 7 Independent
Oct. 14 Melbourne OC 35 Detached Oct. 17.
Convoy available at OC 35
(external link)
Oct. 17 Detached from OC 35 Los Angeles Nov. 16 Independent
1943 Jan. 5 Los Angeles Sydney, N.S.W. Febr. 2 Independent
Febr. 6 Sydney, N.S.W. Port Kembla Febr. 6 Independent
Febr. 8 Port Kembla Newcastle, N.S.W. Febr. 9 Independent
Febr. 16 Newcastle, N.S.W. Talara Independent
March 22 Talara Auckland Apr. 17 Independent
Apr. 26 Auckland Auckland Apr. 27 Independent Put back
May 2 Auckland Los Angeles May 27 Independent
June 10 Los Angeles Seattle Independent Page 2 gives arrival June 15.
June 18 Seattle San Francisco June 20 Independent
June 23 San Francisco Seattle Independent (See also Page 2).
June 28 Seattle San Francisco Independent Page 2 gives arrival July 1.
July 4 San Francisco Seattle July 8 Independent
July 10 Seattle Los Angeles July 13 Independent
July 17 Los Angeles Seattle July 22 Independent
July 24 Seattle Los Angeles July 29 Independent
Aug. 2 Los Angeles Seattle Aug. 7 Independent Notional sailing date
Aug. 9 Seattle Los Angeles Aug. 13 Independent
Aug. 18 Los Angeles Seattle Aug. 22 Independent
Aug. 24 Seattle San Francisco Aug. 27 Independent
Aug. 28 San Francisco Seattle Sept. 1 Independent
Sept. 3 Seattle San Francisco Sept. 6 Independent
Sept. 9 San Francisco Seattle Sept. 11 Independent
Sept. 14 Seattle Portland, Oreg Sept. 18 Independent
Oct. 3 Ria Vancouver Oct. 3 Independent See also Page 3
1944 Jan. 23 Victoria, BC Los Angeles Jan. 28 Independent
Jan. 29 Los Angeles Port Townsend Febr. 3 Independent
Febr. 4 Seattle Port Townsend Independent
Febr. 5 Port Townsend San Francisco Febr. 7 Independent
Febr. 9 San Francisco Seattle Febr. 14 Independent (See also Page 3).
Febr. 16 Seattle San Francisco Febr. 19 Independent
Febr. 20 San Francisco Seattle Febr. 24 Independent
Febr. 26 Seattle Los Angeles March 2 Independent (Again, see also Page 3).
March 5 Los Angeles Pearl Harbor March 14 Independent
March 16 Pearl Harbor Balboa Apr. 4 Independent
Apr. 5 Cristobal Aruba Apr. 8 Independent
Apr. 9 Aruba Cristobal Apr. 12 Independent
Apr. 13 Balboa Pearl Harbor May 2 Independent See also narrative below
May 5 Pearl Harbor Balboa May 24 Independent
May 25 Cristobal Aruba May 28 Independent
May 29 Aruba Cristobal June 1 Independent
June 6 Balboa Manus Independent
* ? 9 Manus Majuro Independent Via Eniwetok
*The above voyage has been taken from entries below - see also Page 3
July 12 Majuro Balboa Aug. 9 Independent
Aug. 14 Cristobal Curacao Aug. 17 Independent
Aug. 20 Curacao Cristobal Aug. 23 Independent
Aug. 24 Balboa Pearl Harbor Sept. 13 Independent
* Sept. 9 Manus Majuro Independent Via Eniwetok
*This voyage has ended up in the wrong place (erroneous departure date) - it belongs further up in this record and has been inserted there. See also Page 4
Sept. 16 Pearl Harbor Balboa Oct. 5 Independent
Oct. 6 Cristobal Puerto la Cruz Oct. 10 Independent
Oct. 13 Puerto la Cruz Philadelphia Oct. 22 Independent
Oct. 25 Philadelphia New York City Oct. 26 Independent
Oct. 28 New York City Baltimore Oct. 29 Independent
Dec. 21 Baltimore Aruba Independent Page 4 gives arrival Dec. 29.
Dec. 31 Aruba Cristobal Independent
1945 Jan. 4 Cristobal Cartagena, Col Jan. 6 Independent
Jan. 8 Cartagena, Col New York City Jan. 16 Independent
Jan. 19 New York City Corpus Christi Jan. 28 Independent
Jan. 28 Corpus Christi Baltimore Febr. 5 Independent
Febr. 9 Baltimore Aruba Febr. 16 Independent
Febr. 17 Aruba Puerto la Cruz Febr. 18 Independent Again, see Page 4
Febr. 19 Puerto la Cruz Curacao Febr. 20 Independent
Febr. 21 Curacao Delaware Capes March 1 Independent
March 6 Delaware Capes Puerto La Cruz March 15 Independent
March 16 Puerto La Cruz Baltimore March 25* Independent A. Hague says:
Possibly via Philadelphia.
See Page 4
(*gives arr. Baltimore March 30).
Apr. 7 Baltimore Curacao Apr. 16 Independent
Apr. 16 Curacao New York City Independent
Apr. 29 New York City Southend May 16 HX 353 Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
May 21 Southend New York City June 5 ON 304 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
June 7 New York City Philadelphia June 8 Independent
June 11 Philadelphia Milford Haven June 24 Independent
June 27 Milford Haven Baltimore July 12 Independent
Aug. 6 Baltimore Puerto la Cruz Aug. 14 Independent Subsequent voyages:
Page 5

 Misc. War Details: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above.

As will be seen when going to Page 1 of the archive documents, Pan Europe was on her way from Dunedin to Brisbane when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940. Her 1941 voyages also start on this document.

In Nov.-1941, she was one of the Norwegian ships that helped search for survivors of HMAS Sydney, but none were found (Herstein and Hermion were also involved, and according to this posting on my Ship Forum, Nordnes and the Panamanian Ohio also took part - not sure if the latter is correct). Sydney had sunk, and had herself been sunk (with the loss of all her men) by the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran on Nov. 19 (survivors from the German ship had been rescued from rafts and lifeboats southwest of Carnarvon, West Australia by allied ships on Nov. 24). My page about Hermion has some links to more details on Sydney's loss (incl. link to complete crew list). According to Page 2, Pan Europe had sailed from Singapore on Nov. 19 and arrived Melbourne Dec. 5.

A few days later, three days after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the loss of the battle ships Prince of Wales and Repulse stunned the world. (The Norwegian Hai Lee transported 150 survivors from those ships from Singapore to Batavia). By the end of the month the Allies had suffered one military defeat after another, due to the rapidly advancing Japanese forces. As the new year of 1942 dawned, supplies and reinforcements had to be shipped to new theaters of operations. Singapore, the Dutch East Indies, the Pacific Islands and even Australia were threatened, and in the course of January, February and March 1942 a steady stream of important military convoys crossed The Indian Ocean to the war zone in the Far East, as well as from Australia and north to the vulnerable areas.

The first convoy from Australia to Singapore, Convoy MS 1, left Melbourne on Jan. 10-1942, reaching the Sunda Straits on the 28th (arrived Singapore Jan. 31 - see link within the Voyage Record above, as well as at the end of this page). Pan Europe was in this convoy, but while the rest of the ships continued on, she was held back due to the fact that Singapore was under serious threat of the advancing Japanese forces at the time, and also under continuous air attacks. Note that Page 2 of the archive documents states that Pan Europe had departed Melbourne on Jan. 3, not Jan. 10; her destination is given as Fremantle. Her arrival there is not shown on the document but A. Hague gives Jan. 11. She left Fremantle again on Jan. 19 and arrived Palembang Febr. 1. Did she join Convoy MS 1 from Fremantle, several days after it had left Melbourne? (The battle of Palembang started just a couple of weeks later - ref. external link at the end of this page).

One Norwegian ship after another found itself right in the middle of this new threat, Hermion, Hindanger, Hellas, Herborg, Herstein, Prominent, Eidsvoll, Erling Brøvig, Elsa, Seirstad, Tunni, Bordvik, Proteus - some survived, others were less fortunate. More details on all of them can be found with the help of the alphabet index at the end of this page, or go to the Master Ship Index.

It looks like Pan Europe spent quite a long time in Melbourne that spring. She had arrived there from Abadan on May 24, and A. Hague gives departure as July 28, when she returned to Abadan, with arrival Aug. 30. She left Abadan again on Sept. 3, arriving Melbourne Oct. 7, and is subsequently listed, together with the Norwegian Fingal, in Convoy OC 35, which left Melbourne on Oct. 14 and arrived Newcastle, N.S.W. on the 18th (Pan Europe is said to have been detached the day before) - also available via link in the table above. Her destination is not given, but going back to Page 2, we learn that she arrived Los Angeles on Nov. 16, remaining there for several weeks, before returning to Australia in Jan.-1943.

The archive document mentioned above also shows some 1943 voyages, while the rest are listed on Page 3. It'll be noticed that she appears to have had a long stay in Vancouver at the end of that year (unless some movements are missing from the record).

Just a little snippet of information - on my Ship forum there's a message stating the following:
"Challenged by HMS Queen in the vicinity of the Panama Canal (Pacific side) on 14th April 1944.
1351 Sighted tanker Brg 3150. - 12'. Co 240.
1355 a/c 1000. Z/Z 10.
1408 Challenged.
1414 Identified vessel as Norg. S.S. Pan Europe".
According to Page 3, she was on her way from Balboa to Pearl Harbor on that date, arriving her destination on May 2, having left Balboa on Apr. 13.

She also had a long stay in Baltimore at the end of 1944. She had arrived there from New York City on Oct. 29 and departure is given as Dec. 21, when she proceeded to Aruba - see Page 4. Her 1945 voyages also start on this document.

In the spring of 1945, Arnold Hague has included her in Convoy HX 353, which departed New York on Apr. 29 and arrived Liverpool May 15 (in other words, VE Day was celebrated at sea - the archive document gives Pan Europe's destination as London). This convoy is not yet available among the HX convoys included on my website, but will be added - see Ships in all HX convoys; the Norwegian Kaia Knudsen, Samuel Bakke (Commodore Vessel), Skotaas, Solfonn, Stiklestad and Vardefjell are also named. Most of them, including Pan Europe, returned with the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 304, departing Southend on May 21, arriving New York on June 5. This convoy will also be added to an individual page in my Convoys section, but for now, the ships sailing in it are named on this page. Kaia Knudsen, Solfonn, Stiklestad and Vardefjell are again listed.

Pan Europe's subsequent voyages are shown on Page 5 (to Apr.-1946).


Sold in May-1950 to Norddeutsche Reederei GmbH, Hamburg (of which J. A. Reinecke later became manager), West Germany and renamed Europa. Arrived Hamburg in July-1954 to be broken up by Eckhardt & Co.

External links related to the text on this page:
The Singapore Convoys - Convoy MS 1 is included. This is a part of Jan Visser's website Royal Netherlands Navy Warships of World War II.

Force Z Survivors Association - Has info on the sinking of Prince of Wales and Repulse, includes HMS Prince of Wales crew members and HMS Repulse crew members.

Battle of Palembang

Back to Pan Europe on the "Ships starting with P" page.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, Leif Høegh & Co. fleet list and misc.


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