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D/S Erviken
Updated July 23-2011

To Erviken on the "Ships starting with E" page.

Crew List

Manager: Wallem & Co. A/S Bergen
6595 gt, 10 800 tdwt
Call Sign: LCIT

Built by William Doxford & Sons Ltd., Sunderland in 1921.

Captain: Paul Heesch

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From March-1940 to Oct.-1941:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each (some listings are incomplete).

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1940 March 15 Buenos Aires Cape Verdes Apr. 2 Independent
* Apr. 3 Cape Verdes Belfast Apr. 23 Independent
* The above voyage has been taken from 1941 entries below (see also Page 1).
June 10 Belfast OB 164 For Philadelphia.
Dispersed June 12
46 24N 19 58W.
Convoy available at OB 164
(external link)
June 12 Dispersed from OB 164 Philadelphia June 26 Independent
July 4 Philadelphia Halifax July 7 Independent A. Hague says:
Delayed at Halifax w/crew trouble
July 27 Halifax Swansea Aug. 12 HX 61 See also narrative below.
Aug. 28 Swansea Milford Haven Aug. 28 Independent
Aug. 29 Milford Haven OB 206 For Wabana.
Dispersed Sept. 5.
Convoy available at OB 206
(external link)
Sept. 5 Dispersed from OB 206 St. John's, N.F. Sept. 10 Independent
Oct. 5 St. John's, N.F. Wabana Independent
Oct. 7 Wabana Halifax Oct. 10 Independent See also narrative below
Oct. 20 Halifax Sydney, C.B. Oct. 22 HX 82 A. Hague says:
Returned, unable to make speed
Oct. 24 Sydney, C.B. Clyde Nov. 8 SC 9
Nov. 9 Clyde Cardiff Nov. 14 Independent
Dec. 6 Cardiff Swansea Dec. 7 Independent
Dec. 12 Swansea Milford Haven Dec. 13 Independent
Dec. 13 Milford Haven Liverpool Dec. 15 OB 259 Returned.
Convoy available at OB 259
(external link)
Dec. 19 Liverpool OB 261 Dispersed Dec. 22
Convoy available aat OB 261
(external link)
Dec. 22 Dispersed from OB 261 Kingston Jan. 9-1941 Independent
1941 Jan. 25 Kingston Tampa Jan. 30 Independent
Febr. 3 Tampa New Orleans Febr. 6 Independent
March 5 New Orleans Tampa March 10 Independent
March 12 Tampa Halifax March 23 Independent
March 31 Halifax Loch Ewe Apr. 17 HX 118 See also narrative.
* Apr. 3 Cape Verdes Belfast Apr. 23 Independent
* The above voyage probably belongs under 1940, and has been inserted there.
Apr. 19 Loch Ewe Methil Apr. 22 WN 116 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
Apr. 23 Methil Immingham Apr. 25 FS 471 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
Left Immingham May 15
(Page 1).
May 16 Spurn Loch Ewe May 19 EC 20 Convoy available at EC convoys
(external link)
May 20 Loch Ewe OB 324 Dispersed May 27
53N 29 30W
Convoy available at OB 324
(external link)
May 27 Dispersed from OB 324 Wabana June 1 Independent (See also Page 2).
June 5 Wabana Halifax June 8 Independent
June 16 Halifax Newport July 4 HX 133
July 21 Newport Milford Haven July 22 Independent
July 23 Milford Haven OS 1 Detached July 30.
Convoy available at OS 1
(external link)
July 30 Detached from OS 1 Tampa Aug. 13 Independent
Aug. 23 Tampa Hampton Roads Aug. 28 Independent
Sept. 29 Hampton Roads Sydney, C.B. Oct. 3 Independent
Oct. 5 Sydney, C.B. SC 48 Sunk - See "Final Fate" below

 Some Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those discussed here, please go to the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the convoy links provided for more details; the Commodore's notes and/or escorts' reports are also available for some them and several Norwegian ships took part.

When war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940, Erviken was on her way from Buenos Aires to Belfast - see Page 1 of the archive documents.

In June that year, she's listed as bound for Philadelphia in Convoy OB 164 (originated in Liverpool on June 9 and dispersed on the 12th - Laurits Swenson and Leiesten are also listed). She arrived Philadelphia independently on June 26, having started out from Belfast on the 10th. She was scheduled to return with the Halifax-U.K. Convoys HX 56, HX 57, HX 58, HX 59 and HX 60 in July, but did not get away until HX 61 on July 27, bound for Swansea with a cargo of steel, arriving Aug. 12 (according to A. Hague, she had been delayed in Halifax due to crew trouble). With Einvik and Ferncastle, she subsequently joined Convoy OB 206, which originated in Liverpool on Aug. 31 and dispersed Sept. 5. Her destination is given as Wabana, cargo of coal. According to the archive document, she sailed from Milford Haven on Aug. 30 and arrived St. John's, N.F. on Sept. 10, remaining there for quite a long time. She later proceeded to Halifax, with arrival Oct. 10, and with a cargo of iron ore for Cardiff, she was scheduled for Convoy HX 80 on Oct. 12 but did not sail. She's also crossed out on the original document for Convoy HX 81 a few days later, and with a note saying "returned unable to make speed", A. Hague also has her in Convoy HX 82 from Halifax on Oct. 20. It'll be noticed, when following the link to my page about this convoy, that she's not mentioned there, but this agrees with the information found on Page 1, which states she left Halifax on Oct. 20 and put back to Sydney, C.B. on the 22nd. From there, she joined the slow Convoy SC 9 on Oct. 24, and arrived Cardiff on Nov. 14. (Direct links to the OB convoys mentioned here have been provided within the Voyage Record above).

The external website that I've linked to below has her scheduled for Convoy OB 257, leaving Liverpool on Dec. 10-1940, but she instead joined OB 259 a few days later, together with Belinda, Dalfonn, Helgøy, Hørda, Idefjord, Leiesten, Taranger and Thorshavet (ref. link provided in the table above - another section of the site has also included Høyanger, while A. Hague has this ship in the next convoy, OB 260). OB 259 originated in Liverpool on Dec. 14; Erviken started out from Milford Haven on Dec. 13 and was bound for Tampa via Kingston in ballast, however, A. Hague says she returned to port, arriving Liverpool on Dec. 15, later joining Convoy OB 261, which left Liverpool on Dec. 19 and dispersed on the 22nd (link above). Going back to Page 1, we learn that she arrived Kingston on Jan. 9-1941, Tampa on Jan. 30.

With a cargo of phosphates for Leith, she was sceduled for Convoy HX 116 from Halifax on March 21-1941, but did not sail, nor did she sail in the next convoy, HX 117, but eventually got away with HX 118 on March 31, station 22. Her destination is now given as Immingham, and she arrived there, via Loch Ewe and Methil Roads, on Apr. 25. In May we find her, with Kongsgaard and Thorshov, in Convoy OB 324 (originated in Liverpool May 18, dispersed May 27 - link in the table above). According to Page 2, Erviken sailed from Loch Ewe on May 20 and arrived St. John's, N.F. on June 1, heading back to the U.K. on June 16 in Convoy HX 133 from Halifax, in which Soløy and Vigrid were sunk, and Kongsgaard was torpedoed and damaged - follow the links for details. Erviken was bound for Newport, where she arrived on July 4, cargo of iron ore. She now joined Convoy OS 1, which originated in Liverpool on July 21 - again, see the external link provided in the table above for more convoy information; A. Hague has also included Anna Knudsen, Emma Bakke, G. C. Brøvig and Jernfjeld (the latter was only bound for Glasgow), and Kos IX is named among the escorts. This was a Freetown bound convoy, Erviken, however, was bound for Tampa, Florida, where she arrived on Aug. 13, having been detached from the convoy on July 30, according to A. Hague.

More information on the other Norwegian ships named on this page can be found via the alphabet index below, or go to the Master Ship Index.

Related external link:
OB convoys - As mentioned above, Erviken is listed as scheduled for Convoy OB 257.

 Final Fate - 1941: 

Erviken was on a voyage from Tampa to Liverpool with 9300 tons phosphate, when she was torpedoed by U-558* (Krech) in the evening of Oct. 16-1941. She was 1 of 4 Norwegian ships sunk in Convoy SC 48, which had left Sydney, C.B. on Oct. 5 (again, Page 2 shows her voyages in this period). A cruising order and the Commodore's notes, as well as misc. reports are also available for this convoy; Erviken is listed in station 104 (see also M/T Barfonn and the external links provided at the end of this page for much more information).

Erviken had stopped to rescue survivors from the British tanker W. C. Teagle when she was hit herself - in fact she almost collided with the Norwegian D/S Rym, which was out on the same errand. The torpedo struck right in front of the bridge in Hold No. 2 on the starboard side, and she sank within a minute, position 56 10N 24 30W. 1st Engineer A. Nielsen, who was on deck outside the engine room door on the port side when the torpedo hit, immediately ran to the starboard side and got into the lifeboat, but the ship sank so quickly that the seas washed him overboard. 3rd Engineer Kristian Berggren had been with him in the boat and he later saw him in the water but received no reply when calling to him (the latter was among the casualties).

The 14 survivors were picked up from rafts by two corvettes after about 4 hours.

* J. Rohwer gives the date as Oct. 17 at 01:49 German time (U-558) for the attack on Erviken. "Nortraships flåte" gives the time as shortly before 22:15 ship's time Oct. 16, and U-553 as the attacker, a claim also found on the website "Hyperwar" that I've linked to at the end of this page. (This U-boat also sank D/S Ila).

The 4th engineer's account:
The 4th engineer tells his story in the book "Menn uten medaljer" (his name is not mentioned, but the 4th engineer is named in the crew list as Sigvald Stornes). He says they had arrived Norfolk, Virginia in Sept.-1941 for degaussing, then proceeded to Tampa to load a cargo of phosphate for England (again, compare w/Page 2). They departed alone in order to join the convoy at sea. At 22:30 in the evening of Oct. 16 the alarm was sounded. The engineer was on duty, along with a donkeyman and a stoker, who all continued working until "the air almost exploded" around them when the "cigar" detonated in the ship. The other 2 had lifevests on and were immediately sent on deck, but his own vest was in his cabin, so after having turned off the steam to the engine he bolted up to get his vest but didn't make it that far before all the lights went out and the water started rushing in behind him in the passageway. He could literally "feel" how the ship broke in 2 and started to sink underneath him, but quickly found his vest and ran up on deck, where the sea was rushing in like "Niagara Falls". When he reached the boatdeck, the donkeymann was just standing there, saying "we haven't got a chance". The engineer dove overboard with his vest under his arm, and could feel the suction of the ship as she went down, but managed to get clear. He says 3 minutes had passed since the torpedo hit.

All around him people were crying for help, ships were sunk, people were killed. While trying to take stock of the situation there in the water he saw 2 little red lights in the distance and decided to swim towards them through debris and thick black oil, and before long he encountered Chief Engineer Nielsen. It appears the latter felt the red lights were too far away for them to reach, but the 4th engineer kept struggling on until he finally heard voices and found his shipmates drifting on 2 rafts. A corvette spotted them, and with the promise of returning it took off again. At 3 o'clock another British corvette appeared and picked them all up. The engineer had to be scrubbed from head to toe with kerosene before the layer of oil was finally off him. The corvette cruised around the area until daylight, but no more survivors were found, only a Norwegian ship floating on its cargo of lumber (identity is not given, but this was probably D/S Rym which did indeed have a cargo of lumber). The ship was sunk by the corvette before course was set for Londonderry, "packed" with survivors. He says they were landed on "Sunday night", which may have been Oct. 19. This leads me to believe that the corvette may have been HMS Veronica, which had also picked up the crew from Rym, see the text for that ship (a report by Rym's captain states they were landed at Londonderry on Sunday, Oct. 19).

I get the impression from a report presented at the subsequent maritime hearings, written by 1st Engineer Alf Nielsen, that he and the Swedish Stoker E. Hallgren and 2nd Engineer Kristian Heitmann were picked up by the corvette Abelia. Stoker Hallgren had told him that the 3rd mate and the cook had disappeared just by the side of the corvette. The commanding officer of the corvette had informed Nielsen that a further 8 men had been picked up by another corvette, but after they had been landed at Londonderry on Oct. 22 they found out that 10 had been saved. The numbers don't quite add up here because one of my sources mentions that 2 of Erviken's survivors had been picked up by the destroyer HMS Broadwater, formerly destroyer Mason (DD-191) and died when that ship was torpedoed by U-101 on Oct. 18. This claim was repeated on the website "HMS Broadwater" that I've linked to below (unfortunately, the website no longer seems to exist; Erviken was erroneously named "Ericson" on the site).

The survivors continued from Londonderry to Glasgow on Oct. 24 where the maritime hearings were held (date unknown).

For info, U-558 was also responsible for the attacks on Eidanger and Vilja the following year - follow the links for details.

Crew List:


Hans Sundby

Able Seaman
Johannes Saaler

Able Seaman
Kenneth H. Hatcher
Able Seaman/Gunner
Robert S. Dalstrøm*
Jr. Ordinary Seaman
? Holmkvist
Deck Boy
Lawrence Helliker

1st Engineer
Alf Nielsen

2nd engineer
Kristian Heitmann

4th Engineer
Sigvald Stornes
William Starkey
E. Hallgren
Ingvard Ellertsen

Engine Boy
Albert Tompkins

Galley Boy
John Harrison

Viva also had an Able Seaman/Gunner Robert Dalstrøm* - same person?
Those who died were:

Paul Heesch

1st Mate
Egil Gordon Larsen

2nd Mate
Trygve Hofstun

3rd Mate
Olaf Brataas

4th Mate
Ove Kristiansen

Anker Andersen

Able Seaman
Hjarand Ellefsen

Able Seaman
Sigurd Hansen

Able Seaman
Thorvald Meyer

Able Seaman
Anders Molandstø

Ordinary Seaman
Kåre Andersen

Ordinary Seaman
Jørgen Børresen

Deck Boy
Angus McKinnon*

3rd Engineer
Kristian Berggren

Lars Berg

Hjalmar Jakobsen

Peder Isaksen

Erling Tverdal

Alf Hegland

Engine Boy
Guthro Simon*

Edvard Olsvik

Øivind Ottesen

Mess Boy
Edward Sullivan

Mess Boy
Fonwick Hannam

* The Canadians are included in the Canadian Merchant Navy War Dead database (enter "Erviken" in the search field for ship and they will both show up in the results). A. McKinnon is also listed on the Commonwealth War Graves Comm. website. Both are external links.

External websites with information related to the text on this page:
Stavern Memorial commemorations - Norwegians only are commemorated at this memorial for seamen in Stavern, Norway - some of the names are spelt a little differently here.

Convoy SC 48- 15 - 17 Oct 1941

U-558 | Günther Krech

Operations information for U-558

HMS Broadwater - A thoroughly researched website about the history and fate of this ship, one of the escorts of the convoy. Unfortunately, the site can no longer be reached as linked, but I'm leaving it up for now, in case I can find it again, because it had so much information. The link used to go directly to the first page of the section describing the battle of SC 48. The subsequent pages went on to list the ships lost, their destinations and cargoes, as well as the names of all the escort vessels and the attacking U-boats. It also had a description of the events surrounding the loss of the ship (2 survivors from Erviken had been rescued by Broadwater and were lost when she was torpedoed, though the Norwegian ship was referred to as Ericson). The website included a report on the rescue of survivors, along with several other interesting reports, and a list of names of those who died.

Hyperwar - Robert Cressmans book "The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II", linked directly to 1941. Entries for the dates Oct. 14 through 18 have details on SC 48.

Convoy SC 48 is also discussed towards the end of
Chapter 3 of "Joining the War at Sea". Other convoys are also included.

U.S.S. Kearny - Interesting account of the attack on the Kearny, torpedoed by U-568 when on escort duties in Convoy SC 48, Oct. 17-1941.

The Kearney and Convoy SC 48 - The ships involved on all sides (from Encyclopedia of WW II Naval Battles).

Back to Erviken on the "Ships starting with E" page.

Wallem & Co. also had a D/S Erviken in WW I, built 1895, 2134 gt - torpedoed and sunk by a sub in the Mediterranean on Oct. 25-1917.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, "Menn uten medaljer", A. H. Rasmussen, "Sjøforklaringer fra 2. verdenskrig", Volume I (Norwegian Maritime Museum), and misc. - ref. My sources.


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