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M/S Karmt
Updated Nov. 25-2011

To Karmt on the "Ships starting with K" page.

Crew List

Picture received from Lillesand Sjømannsforening, Norway
(original source: Roy Kaasa, Porsgrunn).
The Australian War Memorial also has a picture of this ship, taken in Dec.-1941 (both are external links).

Owner: Skibs-A/S Corona
Manager: H. M. Wrangell & Co. A/S, Haugesund
4991 gt, 2964 net, 8990 tdwt.
Dimensions: 417.6' x 56.1' x 24.7'.
Machinery: 3 cyl. 2tev Barclay, Curle-Doxford, 1789 bhp, 10.5 knots.
Signal Letters: LJTB

Launched Dec.-1937, delivered in Febr.-1938 from Blythswood Shipbuilding & Co. Ltd., Glasgow as Karmt to Skibs-A/S Corona (H. M. Wrangell), Haugesund.

Captain: Arne Fjeldheim.

Related item on this website:
A forum posting regarding Karmt's radio operator (see crew list at the end of this page).

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From Jan.-1940 to Apr.-1945:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1940 Jan. 17 Los Angeles Yokohama Febr. 24 Independent
March 2 Yokohama Osaka March 5 Independent Notional sailing date
March 13 Osaka Vancouver Apr. 5 Independent
Apr. 8 Vancouver Port Alberni Independent See also Page 1
Apr. 23 Port Alberni Balboa May 11 Independent
May 12 Cristobal New York City May 21 Independent
June 3 New York City Baltimore June 5 Independent
June 6 Baltimore Cristobal June 14 Independent
* June 15 Balboa Valparaiso June 27 Independent
*The above voyage has been taken from listing below and date corrected.
July 7 Valparaiso Antofagasta Independent
July 11 Antofagasta Iquique July 12 Independent
July 17 Iquique Balboa July 26 Independent
July 26 Cristobal Mobile Aug. 1 Independent
Aug. 2 Mobile Pensacola Aug. 3 Independent
Aug. 4 Pensacola Tampa Aug. 7 Independent See also Page 1
Aug. 8 Tampa Port Arthur Aug. 11 Independent
Aug. 14 Port Arthur Cristobal Aug. 20 Independent
Aug. 21 Balboa Los Angeles Sept. 2 Independent
Sept. 2 Los Angeles Kobe Independent
* Sept. 15 Balboa Valparaiso June 27 Independent
*Departure date should be June 15, and voyage belongs further up on this page - inserted there (again, see also Page 1).
Oct. 2 Kobe Miri Oct. 12 Independent
Oct. 12 Miri Singapore Independent
Oct. 16 Singapore Vizag Dec. 21* Independent *Should be Oct. 21
Oct. 31 Vizag Durban Nov. 20 Independent
Nov. 20 Durban Trinidad Dec. 17 Independent
Dec. 18 Trinidad Baltimore Dec. 29 Independent
1941 Jan. 8 Baltimore Boca Grande Jan. 13 Independent
Jan. 14 Boca Grande Trinidad Jan. 22 Independent
Jan. 23 Trinidad Capetown Febr. 20 Independent
Febr. 21 Capetown Durban Febr. 26 Independent
March 1 Durban Koilthottam March 23 Independent Notional sailing date
March 31 Koilthottam Capetown Apr. 21 Independent
Apr. 23 Capetown Trinidad May 16 Independent
May 18 Trinidad Philadelphia May 27 Independent
May 31 Philadelphia New York City June 1 Independent
June 13 New York City Trinidad June 22 Independent
June 25 Trinidad Capetown July 20 Independent
July 22 Capetown Aden Aug. 10 Independent
Aug. 10 Aden Port Sudan Aug. 13 Independent
Aug. 28 Port Sudan Durban Oct. 11* Independent *Should be Sept. 15 - See Page 2
?* Nov. 14 Durban Singapore Nov. 22 Independent
*As mentioned, she had arrived Durban on Sept. 15. Left Durban on Oct. 11, arrived Calcutta Nov. 5. Left Sandheads Nov. 14 and arrived Singapore Nov. 22, as above.
Nov. 22 Singapore Miri Nov. 25 Independent
Nov. 25 Miri Manila Nov. 29 Independent
Dec. 1 Manila Fremantle Dec. 25 Independent Notional sailing date
Dec. 30 Fremantle Capetown Jan. 23-1942 Independent
1942 Jan. 24 Capetown Trinidad Febr. 16 Independent
Febr. 17 Trinidad New Orleans Febr. 27 Independent
Apr. 7 New Orleans Trinidad Apr. 18 Independent
May 7 Trinidad Capetown June 5 Independent
June 6 Capetown Aden June 27 Independent
June 27 Aden Suez July 8 Independent
July 26 Suez Aden July 31 Independent
Aug. 1 Aden Capetown Aug. 22 Independent
Sept. 26 Capetown Trinidad Oct. 25 Independent See also narrative below
Nov. 2 Trinidad Gitmo Nov. 8 TAG 18 Convoy available at TAG convoys
(external link)
Nov. 8 Gitmo New York City Nov. 17 GN 18 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
Dec. 10 New York City New York City Dec. 11 NG 328 Returned.
Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
Dec. 14 New York City Gitmo Dec. 21 NG 329 For Cristobal.
Convoy available at link above.
Dec. 21 Gitmo Cristobal Dec. 25 Independent
Dec. 26 Balboa Durban Febr. 7-1943 Independent
1943 Febr. 10 Durban DN 16 Dispersed Febr. 12.
Convoy available at DN 16
(external link)
Febr. 12 Dispersed from DN 16 Aden Febr. 27 Independent
Febr. 27 Aden Port Sudan March 3 Independent
March 3 Port Sudan Suez March 7 Independent Missing movements, Page 2
March 18 Suez Aden Independent
March 24 Aden Mombasa Apr. 2 Independent
Apr. 3 Mombasa Tamatave Apr. 9 Independent
Apr. 11 Tamatave Beira Apr. 17 Independent See also narrative below
Apr. 24 Beira Durban Apr. 28 Independent
May 7 Durban Capetown May 11 DC 22 Convoy available at DC 22
(external link)
May 15 Capetown CN 20 Dispersed May 17.
Convoy available at CN 20
(external link)
May 17 Dispersed from CN 20 Walvis Bay May 19 Independent
May 20 Walvis Bay Takoradi May 29 Independent
June 3 Takoradi Freetown June 8 TS 43 Convoy available at TS 43
(external link)
June 13 Freetown SL 131 Rendezvoused w/MKS 15, June 24.
Convoy available at SL 131
(external link)
June 24 SL 131 & MKS 15 joined up Liverpool July 5 SL 131/MKS 15 Convoy available at SL 131/MKS 15
(external link)
July 26 Liverpool ONS 14 For NYC.
A. Hague says:
Joined XB 68*, Aug. 9.
(Page 3 gives arrival New York Aug. 12).
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ONS convoys
*Here's Convoy XB 68 (external link - Karmt not included).
Sept. 19 New York City Gitmo Sept. 25 NG 387 Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
Oct. 1 Gitmo Trinidad Oct. 7 GAT 90 Convoy available at GAT convoys
(external link)
Oct. 14 Trinidad TJ 11 Detached independent to Capetown, Nov. 2.
Convoy available at TJ convoys
(external link)
Nov. 2 Detached from TJ 11 Capetown Nov. 14 Independent
Nov. 30 Capetown Port Elizabeth Dec. 2 Independent
Dec. 9 Port Elizabeth Durban Dec. 11 Independent
Dec. 20 Durban Mombasa Dec. 29 Independent
1944 Jan. 16 Mombasa Tanga Jan. 16 Independent
Jan. 30 Tanga Mombasa Jan. 30 Independent
Jan. 31 Kilindini Aden Febr. 10 DKA 10 Convoy available at DKA 10
(external link)
See also Page 3
Febr. 13 Aden Suez Febr. 22 Independent On to Port Said, March 3
(Page 3).
March 5 Port Said Gibraltar March 17 GUS 33 Port Said to Gibraltar
March 25 Gibraltar OS 71 Gibraltar to Buenos Aires.
Detached Apr. 2.
Convoy available at OS 71
(external link)
Apr. 2 Detached from OS 71 Montevideo Apr. 21 Independent
Apr. 29 Montevideo Santa Fe May 1 Independent
May 7 Santa Fe Buenos Aires May 9 Independent
May 18 Buenos Aires Freetown June 7 Independent
June 11 Freetown SL 161 Rendezvoused w/MKS 52, June 21.
Convoy available at SL 161
(external link)
June 22(?) SL 161 & MKS 52 joined up Liverpool July 2 SL 161/MKS 52 Convoy available at SL 161/MKS 52
(external link)
July 23 Liverpool Cardiff July 24 Independent
July 30 Cardiff Belfast Lough July 31 Independent
Aug. 1 Belfast Lough OS 85/KMS 59 For Freetown.
Convoy split, Aug. 11.
Available at OS 85/KMS 59
(external link)
Aug. 11 Convoy split Freetown Aug. 21 OS 85 Convoy available at OS 85
(external link)
Sept. 17 Freetown Takoradi Sept. 22 STL 30 Convoy available at STL convoys
(external link)
Sept. 28 Takoradi Lagos Sept. 30 Independent
Oct. 4 Lagos Takoradi Oct. 24 Independent A. Hague says:
Via Kotonu, date unknown
(see also Page 3)
Oct. 25 Takoradi Freetown Oct. 30 Independent
Nov. 7 Freetown SL 176 2 Passengers.
Rendezvoused w/MKS 67, Nov. 18.
Convoy available at SL 176
(external link)
Nov. 18 SL 176 & MKS 67 joined up Liverpool Nov. 25 SL 176/MKS 67 Convoy available at SL 176/MKS 67
(external link)
1945 Jan. 2 Liverpool Passed Gibraltar Jan. 10 OS 102/KMS 76 For Taranto.
Convoy available at OS 102/KMS 76
(external link)
Jan. 10 Passed Gibraltar Augusta Jan. 14 Independent
Jan. 18 Augusta Taranto Jan. 19 Escorted
Jan. 21 Taranto Alexandria Jan. 25 Independent
Jan. 30 Alexandria Port Said Jan. 31 Independent
Febr. 2 Port Said Gibraltar Febr. 11 Independent
Febr. 11 Gibraltar GC 116 Detached Febr. 12.
Convoy available at GC 116
(external link)
Febr. 12 Detached from GC 116 Freetown Febr. 21 Independent
Febr. 21 Freetown Lagos Febr. 26 Independent
March 8 Lagos Port Harcourt March 10 Independent
March 15 Port Harcourt Lagos March 17 Independent
March 21 Lagos Casablanca Apr. 6 Independent
Apr. 10 Casablanca Downs Apr. 17 MKS 94G Convoy will be added.
See ships in MKS convoys
Apr. 18 Downs TAM 142 Convoy available at TAM 142
(external link)
Sunk - See "Final Fate" below.

 Misc. War Details & Some Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made prior to and in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the Norwegian archives and A. Hague's Voyage Record above.

From Page 1 of the archive documents, we learn that Karmt was on her way from Vancouver to Port Alberni when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940.

It'll be noticed, when going to Page 2, that she spent a long time in New Orleans in 1942. She had arrived there from Trinidad on Febr. 27 and departure is given as March 7, when she proceeded to Trinidad again. She also spent over a month at Table Bay later that year and similar long stays are shown all through her record.

"Nortraships flåte" has included a report from captain Fjeldheim about 2 attacks that occurred in Oct.-1942. In the afternoon of Oct. 20 they had passed a large oil slick which made the captain suspicious, and a couple of hours later they were suddenly shelled by an unknown attacker which appeared to be 1000-1500 yards away. One of the shells exploded about 50 yards off their port quarters, and a 4th shell went between Karmt's masts and landed about 1000 yards off her port bow. The gunners were ordered to return the fire, and after a while all was quiet. On Oct. 22, just as darkness was starting to fall an exploding "rocket" was observed ahead of them, estimated to be about 25 n. miles away, and Karmt altered course. Early the next morning, a white lifeboat sail was seen off the starboard bow and course altered for a while in order to determine whether it really was a lifeboat they had seen, but it disappeared before this could be established, so original course was resumed. 2 hours later, when in position 14 28N 55 30W, a torpedo was suddenly spotted coming towards them on the starboard side. The alarm was sounded while hard port wheel was given, and though it looked for a while as if they would not be able to avoid it, the torpedo ended up going parallel to them, about 10-15 meters off their starboard bow. Karmt eventually reached her destination unharmed. There is no information on where she was going at the time, but according to Page 2 of the archive documents, she arrived Trinidad on Oct. 25, having left Table Bay on Sept. 26.

I've received a copy of a memorandum based on statements made by survivors (dated Jan. 8-1943 and signed by U.S.N.R. Lieutenant H. V. Stebbins) which mentions both these incidents (but not the shelling on Oct. 20). The torpedo incident is mentioned only briefly, simply stating that Karmt was missed by torpedoes without warning at 13:15Z on Oct. 23-1942 in the position given above, but then goes on to say that previously, at 12:00Z on Oct. 22-1942 in position 14 06N 53 10W, a tanker had been sighted, which remained in sight until 20:00Z. The tanker ran parallel to Karmt and then crossed her bow, and 2 hours after losing touch, a white rocket was fired dead ahead of Karmt. The tanker is described as half loaded, 10 000 tons, 2 masts, 1 black funnel with white band and a star in the center of the band, 2 tall ventilators abaft bridge, 3 Spanish flags painted on her side, wooden flag on poop, and an illegible name between the bridge and ventilators. The memorandum adds that the description of this tanker "substantially compares" with a photograph of the Spanish tanker Campeche.

As for the torpedo attack, I checked with J. Rohwer to see if there were any U-boats in the general area of the attack mentioned by Karmt's captain around the dates given, and found that U-129 (Witt) was in position 14 33N 54 51W on Oct. 23-1942 (American Reuben Tipton was sunk).
I asked Rainer Kolbicz ( to investigate further for me, and he sent me some information that could coincide with the attacks mentioned by captain Fjeldheim. Rainer found that at 20:54 hours German time on Oct.-20-1942, U-514 (Auffermann) fired a torpedo at a steamer of 5000 tons (described as in ballast with course 290), which missed in approx. position 11 50N 46 30W. The U-boat then surfaced and attacked with the deck gun, but broke off the attack when the ship fired back. Also, on Oct. 23 at 14:36 hours (German time), U-129 fired a spread of two torpedoes at a steamer of approx. 5000 tons (described as in ballast with course 270) from a distance of 2000 metres and missed in approx. position 15 10N 52 50W. Rainer adds that from the description and positions it looks like Karmt (if it was indeed Karmt) was sailing a westerly course, probably from Freetown to the Caribbean in ballast (as already mentioned, she was on her way from Table Bay to Trinidad on the dates in question).

She's said to have rescued 29 men from 2 lifeboats from the Panamanian tanker Heinrich von Riedemann, captain Andrew Weiler, on Apr. 17-1943. This ship had been torpedoed the night before between Aruba and Trinidad. The survivors are said to have been landed in Trinidad on the 18th (note that according to Page 2, Karmt arrived Beira on Apr. 17, having left Tamatave on the 11th). A detailed account of the sinking of this ship, and names of all 44 survivors can be found in the book "Ships of the Esso Fleet in World War II" which is fairly easy to find on the Internet (try There were no casualties. See also the external links provided below.

In June-1943, Karmt is listed as sailing in Convoy SL 131/MKS 15, general cargo, voyage from Durban and Capetown for Mersey. The Norwegian Dagrun, Anna Odland, Hallfried and Norheim also took part in this convoy. Convoy SL 131 (in which Karmt sailed) had departed Freetown on June 13, joined up with MKS 15* from Gibraltar on the 24th, and arrived Liverpool on July 4. Follow the external link provided within the Voyage Record for more information - see also Page 3 of the archive documents.

Later that month, we find her in station 22 of the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ONS 14, departing Liverpool on July 26, arriving Halifax on Aug. 9; Karmt, however, was bound for New York, where she arrived on Aug. 12. This convoy will be added to an individual page in my Convoys section, in the meantime, see the page listing ships in all ONS convoys.

Skipping now to March-1944, when I have her Convoy GUS 33. This convoy, which had a number of Norwegian ships, departed Port Said on March 5 and arrived Hampton Roads on Apr. 4, but many ships had other destinations and left the convoy along the way, as will be seen when going to my page about GUS 33. Karmt was bound for Buenos Aires, where she arrived, via Gibraltar (joined Convoy OS 71, detached Apr. 2 - link in Voyage Record), Montevideo and Santa Fe, on May 9.

In June that same year, she's listed, together with Cetus, in Convoy SL 161/MKS 52, the SL portion (in which Karmt sailed) having departed Freetown on June 11, arriving Liverpool on July 2, having joined up with the MKS convoy* from Gibraltar on the way. Early the following month, she joined Convoy OS 85/KMS 59*, voyage from Belfast to Freetown with coal, the OS portion arriving Freetown on Aug. 21, the convoy having split up on the 11th. A couple of months later she appears in Convoy SL 177/MKS 68* (ref. external link below), but note that she's also mentioned in the previous convoy, SL 176/MKS 67*, and the departure and arrival dates for that convoy match those given on Page 3 of the archive documents, which says she left Freetown on Nov. 7 and arrived Liverpool on the 25th. This would indicate she sailed in SL 176/MKS 67 (which also included Gabon), and not the next convoy (the SL portion of the latter convoy departed Freetown on Nov. 15 and joined up with the MKS portion from Gibraltar on the 26th, arriving Liverpool on Dec. 5). Karmt was on a voyage from Takoradi to Mersey, having departed Takoradi on Oct. 25, and had a cargo of palm kernels, manganese ore, cotton seed, copra, logs, rubber, ground nuts, coffee and sundries, and was also carrying 2 passengers.

Early in 1945 we find her in Convoy OS 102/KMS 76*, voyage to Augusta for Taranto area with general cargo, station 21. This convoy departed Liverpool on Jan. 2, Karmt arriving Augusta on Jan. 14, Taranto on the 19th. In Apr.-1945, she made a voyage from Casablanca to The Downs, having joined Convoy MKS 94*, in which Evviva and Jenny are also listed. Karmt arrived Downs on Apr. 17.

* The KMS and MKS convoys will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section; in the meantime, the ships sailing in them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all KMS convoys and ships in all MKS convoys.

Related external links:
Panamanian & Honduran Ships - This page has details on the sinking of Heinrich von Riedemann, along with the names of the survivors.

The attack on Heinrich von Riedemann -'s information on the attack.

SL convoys - As can be seen Karmt is included in SL 177/MKS 68, but had probably sailed in the previous convoy, as noted in the above narrative.

 Final Fate - 1945: 

Karmt was on a voyage from Port Harcourt to Antwerp, and was in Convoy TAM 142 when she was torpedoed by U-245 (Schumann-Hindenberg) off Dover on April 18-1945 - as mentioned above, she had previously arrived Downs from Casablanca on Apr. 17 (having sailed from Port Harcourt on March 15 and arrived Casablanca, via Lagos, on Apr. 6 - see also Page 4 of the archive documents). Karmt left Downs again on Apr. 18, joining the convoy for Antwerp (see the external link provided within the Voyage Record; Jernfjeld is also listed). She had a cargo of 7539 tons of West African produce; groundnuts, palmoil and general. A visitor to my website has told me that "Shipwreck Index of the British Isles" says she also carried valuable minerals, including gold and tin concentrate which was salvaged after the war by Risdon Beazley.

The explosion occurred on the starboard side in the aftermost part of the ship, causing considerable damages, killing 4 mechanics, whose cabins were right above the explosion area, and severely injuring Gunner Øivind Rosvold, while 5 other crew members were less severely wounded. 2 of the lifeboats were destroyed, but the survivors were ordered to the remaining 3 boats. The British? armed trawler Sir Lancelot came up to them and took 3 injured men on board (Gunner Rosvold, Mechanic Sollied, and Able Seaman Kvalvik), and after having given them first aid they were transferred to another Navy vessel and taken ashore.

The others later rowed back towards Karmt, but before they reached her she turned over to port and slowly went under. An MTB then towed the lifeboats back to Sir Lancelot where the survivors were fed, while towing the boats towards shore. The survivors sailed the last 2 miles into Ramsgate in the lifeboats. Among the survivors was the Belgian pilot, who had embarked at The Downs that morning, though one of my books on Haugesund ships, "Våre Motorskip" states that the Belgian pilot was among the casualties.

Maritime hearings were held in London on May(?) 4-1945 with the captain, the 1st and 2nd mates, Able Seaman Johansen (lookout at the time) and the 1st engineer appearing. The captain's report presented at the hearings states they were torpedoed at 05:40, giving the position as "207° North Goodwin Lightvessel 2 n. miles", sank at 08:30, "212° North Goodwin Lightvessel 5 n. miles". J. Rohwer gives the attack time as 05:55, position 51 27N 01 43E

The British D/S Filleigh was also sunk in this attack.

Crew List:
The radio operator had previously served on Lisbeth - see this posting to one of my forums.
Kasper Skjerve had previously survived the attack on Hindanger. (This external page shows his other ships).
The 3rd engineer had previously served on Thelma.
Torleiv Torkildsen had previously been on board Kong Haakon VII.

Arne Fjeldheim
1st Mate
Paul Pedersen
2nd Mate
Karl Magnus P. Ulla
3rd Mate
Johnny V. Rohde
Radio Operator
Ambrose Tai
Radio Operator
George Dotzenroth
Johan Pedersen
Rolf Berntsen
Able Seaman
Johan Stålsmo
Able Seaman
Henry A. Hansen
Able Seaman
Anker Ellingsen
Able Seaman
Kolbjørn Johansen
Able Seaman
Nils Hansen
Able Seaman
Olav Kvalvik
Able Seaman
Oskar Pedersen
Able Seaman/Gunner
Kasper Skjerve
Able Seaman/Gunner
Øivind Rosvold
Able Seaman/Gunner
Kjell R. Dalbak
Able Seaman/Gunner
Reidar O. A. Andresen
1st Engineer
Brynjulf Bjelland
2nd Engineer
Petrus Westerlund
3rd Engineer
Ole Andreassen
Olav Eikeskog
Anton Kaasa
Karsten Sollied
Gunnery Officer
Torleiv Torkildsen
Kristian Michelsen
Jan Pedersen
Galley Boy
James A. Sunney
(W. African)
Mess Boy
Bazyli Kowalewski
Mess Boy
Jorge P. de Sousa
Mess Boy
Irving Moore
Saloon Boy
Christian Holm
(W. African)
Camillo Lafare
+ 1 more survivor?

Arne R. Andersen

Ludvik Slettene*

Per Skaug

Leif Arne Borgen

* There's also a Ludvik Slettene listed in the crew list for O. A. Knudsen - same person?

Related external links:
Stavern Memorial commemorations
- 5 mechanics appear to be commemorated at this memorial in Stavern, Norway. However, upon closer inspection of birthdates, it becomes clear that Ludvik Slettene and Ludvig Simonsen are one and the same. The text here says the Belgian pilot was among the casualties.

Operations Information for U-245 - This site says Karmt had a total crew of 41.


Back to Karmt on the "Ships starting with K" page.

Other ships by this name: H. M. Wrangell had previously had another ship by this name, originally delivered in Febr.-1919 as Urter to D/S A/S John K. Haaland, Haugesund, 1602 gt. Sold in Oct.-1926 to D/S A/S Corona (H. M. Wrangell & Co. A/S) and renamed Karmt. Lost in a hurricane on Jan. 23-1937, 70 n. miles northeast of Shetland on a voyage Port Talbot-Bergen. 1 died, the rest of the crew were rescued by D/S Leda (Bergenske Dampskibsselskab - listed under L on this site) and taken to Bergen. One of the survivors, Paul Ellefsen wrote a book about his war experiences which includes this incident (entitled "En krigsseilers dagbok", A Warsailor's Diary). He was 16 when he was on board. The company also had a ship by the name Karmt (tanker) later on, 1955-1965. Additionally, Haugesund had a D/S Karmt as far back as 1872, when she was delivered for John Valentinsen, Haugesund, 400 gt. This was Haugesund's first ocean going steamship. Lost near Great Yarmouth on her first voyage on Dec. 11-1872, in heavy snow when en route Ålesund-Portugal with a cargo of dried fish. Captain was Michael Sunde.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, "Våre motorskip", Leif M. Bjørkelund and E. H. Kongshavn, "Sjøforklaringer fra 2. verdenskrig", Norwegian Maritime Museum, Volume I, and misc. others for cross checking facts as named within the above text (see my sources). The memorandum mentioned in my text was received from Tony Cooper, England.


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