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M/S Hermelin
Updated Oct. 18-2011

To Hermelin on the "Ships starting with H" page.

A picture is available on this external page (click in it to make it larger).

Manager: Bruusgaard, Kiøsterud & Co., Drammen
1683 gt

Built by Hong Kong & Whampoa Dock Co. Ltd., Kowloon, Hong Kong in 1940.

According to R. W. Jordan, she was managed by John Bruce & Co., Glasgow during the war.

The Memorial for Seamen in Stavern, Norway (external link) says that Captain John A. Pedersen died during an air attack while at Penang on Dec. 8-1942. Note, however, that according to Page 4, Hermelin was en route from Benghazi to Alexandria on that date. But I've received an E-mail from Jan Visser, who runs this website and who says: "December 1941 seems to me a more correct date, since I have the following information. During December 1941 (exact date unspecified), Hermelin entered port at Sabang (a small island with a harbor off Sumatra's northwestern tip) with about 300 holes in her superstructure, caused by bomb shrapnel. She was repaired locally by personnel of the Sabang Steenkolen Maatschappij. Source: F.C. Backer Dirks 'Zo maar een terugblik: de laatste dagen van Sabang onder Nederlandse driekleur', Marineblad 1970, pp. 128-132." "Våre falne", a series of 4 books naming Norwegian WW II casualties, also gives the date as Dec. 8-1941, adding that his wife died in the same air attack. (Hermelin's voyages in this period are also shown on Page 4).

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4 | Page 5 | Page 6

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From Jan.-1942 to May-1945:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each (where the "Convoy" column is left blank, it means that convoy is not known).

Errors may exist, and several voyages are missing.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1942 Jan. 14 Rangoon Independent Earlier voyages:
Page 1, Page 2, Page 3
& Page 4.
A. Hague says:
Joined BM 10, Jan. 22
Jan. 22 Joined at sea Singapore Jan. 25 BM 10 Joined at sea.
Convoy available at BM 10
(external link)
See also this external page
Febr. 4 Singapore Bombay Febr. 17 Independent
March 14 Bombay Karachi March 16 Independent
Apr. 21 Karachi Basra(?) Independent
Apr. 29 Bandar Abbas Karachi May 1 Independent
May 6 Karachi Basra May 15 Independent
May 20 Basra Bahrein May 21 Independent
June 1 Bahrein Basra June 3 Independent
June 8 Basra Aden June 18 Independent
June 19 Aden Suez June 24 Independent Missing voyages, Page 4
July 26 Port Said Haifa July 27 Independent
Aug. 2 Haifa Port Said Aug. 3 Independent
Aug. 3 Port Said Alexandria Aug. 4 Independent
Nov. 9 Alexandria Mersa Matruh Nov. 11 Independent
Nov. 14 Mersa Matruh Alexandria Nov. 17 Independent
Nov. 28 Alexandria Benghazi Dec. 3 Independent
Dec. 7 Benghazi Alexandria Dec. 11 Independent
Dec. 21 Alexandria Benghazi Dec. 25 Independent
Dec. 29 Benghazi Alexandria Jan. 3-1943 Independent Notional sailing date
1943 Jan. 21 Alexandria Benghazi Jan. 23 MH 3/M Alexandria to Benghazi.
Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Jan. 26 Benghazi Tobruk Jan. 29 Independent Notional dates
Febr. 6 Tobruk Benghazi Febr. 8 Independent See also Page 5
Febr. 22 Benghazi Alexandria Febr. 26 Independent
March 25 Alexandria Tripoli, Libya March 31 XT 7/1 Convoy available via link above
Apr. 2 Tripoli, Libya TX 6/1 Convoy available via link above.
Joined ME 22, Apr. 3
Apr. 3 Joined from TX 6 Alexandria Apr. 6 ME 22 Convoy available via link above
Apr. 17 Alexandria MW 26 Convoy available via link above.
A. Hague says:
Detached to XT 11, Apr. 22
Apr. 22 Detached from MW 26 Tripoli, Libya Apr. 22 XT 11/1 Convoy available via link above
Apr. 26 Tripoli, Libya TX 9/1 Convoy available via link above.
Joined ME 24, Apr. 27
Apr. 27 Joined from TX 9 Alexandria May 1 ME 24 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
May 15 Alexandria MW 28 Convoy available via link above.
Detached to XT 14, May 20
May 20 Detached from MW 28 Tripoli, Libya May 20 XT 14/1 Convoy available via link above
May 25 Tripoli, Libya TX 12/1 Convoy available via link above.
Joined ME 27, May 26
May 26 Joined from TX 12 Alexandria May 29 ME 27 Convoy available via link above
June 3 Alexandria Benghazi June 6 A. Hague says:
Probably XTG 1.
Convoy available at XTG 1
(external link - Hermelin not included)
June 16 Benghazi Alexandria June 19 Independent
July 6 Alexandria Acid North* July 13 MWS 37 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
*See also Page 5
July 18 Syracuse Tripoli, Libya July 20 Independent
July 21 Tripoli, Libya Port Said July 27 MES 37 Convoy available via link above.
On to Suez same day, back to Port Said
(Page 5).
Sept. 1 Port Said Alexandria Sept. 2 Independent
Sept. 5 Alexandria Malta Sept. 9 MKS 24 Alexandria to Malta
Sept. 9 Malta Malta Sept. 22 A. Hague says:
Voyage data unknown
(Page 5 indicates Sicily).
? Sept. 14 Reggio Crotone Sept. 15 Independent
? Sept. 19 Crotone Naples Oct. 11 A. Hague says:
Voyage data unknown.
The above 2 entries seem out of place, and I'm not sure where they belong. According to Page 5, she had left Malta for Sicily on Sept. 9, but arrival Sicily is not given. She later arrived Malta on Sept. 22, as also noted by A. Hague above, departing again on Sept. 23, as below, arriving Bizerta on Sept. 25. Having made a voyage to Tunis and back to Bizerta, she did arrive Naples on Oct. 11, having departed Bizerta on Oct. 7.
Sept. 23 Malta Bizerta Oct. 25* GUS 16 Malta to Bizerta.
*Arrival should be Sept. 25.
Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
Sept. 29 Bizerta Tunis Sept. 29 Independent
Oct. 6 Tunis Bizerta Oct. 6 Independent
Oct. 7 Bizerta Reggio* Independent *Arrived Naples, Oct. 11.
See also my note above and Page 5
Oct. 14* Naples Naples *Page 5 gives departure Oct. 16.
A. Hague says:
Voyage data unknown
(Page 5 indicates Torre Annunziata).
Oct. 25 Naples Augusta Oct. 26
Nov. 5 Augusta Alexandria Nov. 10 UGS 21 Augusta to Alexandria.
Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
Nov. 17 Alexandria Augusta Nov. 22 GUS 22 Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
Nov. 26 Augusta Bari Nov. 28 AH 10 See also narrative below.
Convoy available at AH convoys
(external link)
Dec. 8 Bari Augusta Dec. 10 HA 11 Convoy available at HA convoys
(external link)
Dec. 11 Augusta Bone Dec. 14 GUS 24 A. Hague says:
Augusta to Bone via Bizerta
(see also Page 5).
Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
1944 Jan. 6 Bone Augusta Jan. 9 KMS 36 Bone to Augusta.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in KMS convoys
Jan. 12 Augusta Bari Jan. 14 AH 18 Convoy available at AH convoys
(external link)
Jan. 19 Bari Augusta Jan. 21 HA 19 Convoy available at HA convoys
(external link)
Jan. 21 Augusta Bizerta Jan. 23 Special
Jan. 23 Bizerta Philippeville Jan. 25
Jan. 31 Philippeville Bizerta Febr. 1
Febr. 15 Bizerta Algiers Febr. 28 A. Hague says:
Voyage data unknown
(Page 6 indicates Ajaccio).
March 19 Algiers Augusta March 22 KMS 44 Algiers to Augusta.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in KMS convoys
March 23 Augusta Barletta March 26 AH 32A Convoy available at AH convoys
(external link)
Apr. 4 Barletta Augusta Apr. 6 HA 34 See also Page 6.
Convoy available at HA convoys
(external link)
Apr. 11 Augusta Port Said Apr. 16 KMS 46 Augusta to Port Said.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in KMS convoys
May 26 Port Said Alexandria May 27 Independent
June 9 Alexandria Augusta June 14 MKS 52 Alexandria to Augusta.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in MKS convoys
June 15 Augusta Bari June 17 AH 49 Convoy available at AH convoys
(external link)
June 23 Bari Barletta June 23
June 26 Barletta Brindisi
June 27 Brindisi Catania July 1 HA 51 Convoy available at HA convoys
(external link)
On to Augusta July 3
(Page 6).
July 3 Augusta Gibraltar July 10 MKS 54 Augusta to UK.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in MKS convoys
July 10 Gibraltar MKS 54G Rendezvoused w/ SL 163, July 11.
See link above
July 11 SL 163 & MKS 54 joined up Preston July 22 SL 163/MKS 54 Convoy available at SL 163/MKS 54
(external link)
Aug. 15 Preston Liverpool Aug. 15 Independent
Oct. 13 Liverpool Belfast Lough Oct. 14 Independent
Oct. 15 Belfast Lough OS 92/KMS 66 For Alexandria.
Convoy split, Oct. 25.
Available at OS 92/KMS 66
(external link)
Oct. 25 Convoy split Passed Gibraltar Oct. 26 KMS 66 For Alexandria.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in KMS convoys
Oct. 26 Passed Gibraltar Port Said Nov. 5 KMS 66 For Port Said.
See link above
On to Suez Nov. 19
(Page 6).
Nov. 24 Suez Massawa Nov. 28 Independent
Dec. 2 Massawa Aden Dec. 4 Independent
* Dec. 4 Aden Colombo Dec. 18 Independent *Compare w/Page 6 above
Dec. 27 Colombo Fremantle Jan. 11-1945 Independent
1945 Jan. 22 Fremantle Sydney, N.S.W. Jan. 31 Independent
March 2 Sydney, N.S.W. Manus March 13 Escorted
March 27 Ulithi Unknown port* Independent *Page 6 indicates Leyte
May 20 Leyte Manus May 28 Escorted Voyage not included, Page 6.
Further voyages, Page 6

 Misc. Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the Norwegian archives and A. Hague's Voyage Record above.

It looks like Hermelin was in Hong Kong when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940 - see Page 1 of the archive documents. She did not leave again until May 5, arriving Amoy 2 days later, then traded between Hong Kong and Bangkok until Aug.-1940.

Her 1941 voyages start on Page 2, continuing on Page 3 and Page 4, the latter document also showing her 1942 voyages.

Hermelin, carrying war materials, arrived Singapore in Convoy BM 10 on Jan 25-1942. This convoy, which had originated in Bombay on Jan. 8, is available via the external links provided within the table above. Hermelin had started out in Rangoon on Jan. 14, and is said to have joined the convoy at sea on Jan. 22. The 2nd external website that I've linked to within the Voyage Record adds that the convoy arrived Singapore with the 44th Indian Infantry brigade group (6000 men), vehicles and stores for the 18th division. Hermelin left Singapore again on Febr. 4, arriving Bombay Febr. 17, then spent almost a month there before proceeding to Karachi on March 14, with arrival March 16, not leaving until Apr. 21. She also appears to have spent a long time in Alexandria later that year, having arrived there from Port Said on Aug. 4; departure is given as Nov. 9. Again, see Page 4 of the archive documents.

On Jan. 3-1943, she arrived Alexandria from Benghazi, then joined Convoy MH 3 on Jan. 21 in order to return to Benghazi, arriving on Jan. 23. She subsequently travelled to Tobruk, then back to Benghazi and Alexandria, again spending quite a long time at the latter port, where she had arrived Febr. 26 - departure is given as March 25 (for Tripoli, Libya) - see Page 5. Convoy information for her subsequent voyages can be found in the Voyage Record.

She had arrived Alexandria from Port Said on Sept. 2-1943, then made a voyage to Malta with Convoy MKS 24. For info, this convoy arrived Gibraltar on Sept. 13, then continued to the U.K., after having joined up with Convoy SL 136 from Freetown the next day, the combined convoy arriving Liverpool on Sept. 25. Hermelin, however, being bound for Malta, where she arrived on Sept. 9, was not part of the Gibraltar-U.K. convoy. Follow the link for the names of other ships taking part.

A message in my Guestbook states that Hermelin was present at Bari when the big explosion occurred there on Dec. 2-1943, but quickly got away, spending the night just north of Bari, after having taken part in the defence with her Oerlikons. On board at the time, from Jan.-1943 to June/July-1944, was a 17 year old Danish messboy named Edmund Petersen, whose story has been included in a new book entitled "Krigssejler 1939-45" by Klaus Rydahl. Hermelin also had a British gunner, who received injuries to his knee from shrapnel. When she returned to Bari the following morning to continue unloading, dead seamen were floating around in the harbour. Hermelin received about 50 men from other ships, these were later landed at Syracuse. My page about Bollsta has further details on what happened at Bari that day. Note that Hermelin is listed among the ships in Convoy AH 10, which had left Augusta on Nov. 26-1943; Hermelin had arrived Bari on Nov. 28, according to A. Hauge. Some of the ships that were sunk at Bari are also listed in this convoy (John Harvey and John L. Motley). With Somerville, Hermelin left Bari again with Convoy HA 11 on Dec. 8, arriving Augusta Dec. 10, continuing to Bizerta and Bone the next day. Again, see the links to these convoys provided in the Voyage Record (see also Page 5).

Together with the Norwegian Fernbank and Pan Aruba, she's later listed in Convoy KMS 36*. For info, this convoy had started out from the U.K. on Dec. 15-1943 as the combined Convoy OS 62/KMS 36 which split up off Gibraltar on Jan. 2-1944, the OS portion proceeding to Freetown, while the KMS portion went to Gibraltar. Hermelin, however, joined from Bone (left Jan. 6-1944), so she was not present from the U.K., and her destination is given as Augusta, where she arrived on Jan. 9. In March that same year, she shows up in Convoy KMS 44*, which left Gibraltar on March 17 and arrived Port Said on the 27th, but Hermelin was again bound for Augusta, where she arrived on March 22, having started out from Algiers on the 19th. Bruse Jarl, Egerø, Elise, Meline and Topdalsfjord are also named (convoy originally started out from the U.K. on March 3 as the combined Convoy OS 70/KMS 44, and split up off Gibraltar on March 15). The following month, she's listed, together with Belpareil, Borgholm, Hai Lee, Solør and Troubadour, in Convoy KMS 46*, departing Gibraltar on Apr. 6, arriving Port Said, her destination at the time, on the 16th; Hermelin had started out from Augusta on Apr. 11; see Page 6 (this convoy had also originally been part of a combined convoy from the U.K. which split up off Gibraltar, namely OS 72/KMS 46).

Hermelin did not leave Port Said again until May 26, when she proceeded to Alexandria, and is subsequently listed, with Facto, Gylfe, Høegh Hood and Tore Jarl, in Convoy MKS 52* (from Port Said June 8-1944, to Gibraltar June 20). Hermelin's voyage information is given as "Alexandria to Augusta"; she had left Alexandria on June 9, and arrived her destination on the 14th. (For info, MKS 52 joined up with the Freetown Convoy SL 161 on June 20, the combined convoy arriving Liverpool on July 2, but as already noted, Hermelin was not bound for the U.K.).

In July, we find her in Convoy SL 163/MKS 54 - MKS 54* departed Port Said June 28 and arrived Gibraltar July 10, but Hermelin had started out in Augusta on July 3. Jan joined from Algiers, Norelg is listed, but was bound for Augusta, Suderholm joined at Port Said, bound for Palermo, Vigsnes joined from Algiers, arrived Gibraltar with defects, according to A. Hague. Off Gibraltar, MKS 54 joined up with the SL 163 (from Freetown) on July 11, the combined convoy arriving Liverpool on July 22; Hermelin arrived Preston that day (Page 6). Lago and Snar are also listed in the combined convoy. Follow the link provided in the table above for more info. From Preston, Hermelin proceeded to Liverpool on Aug. 15, with arrival that same day and according to the archive document, she did not leave again until Oct. 13, arriving Port Said, via Belfast Lough, on Nov. 5, having sailed in Convoy OS 92/KMS 66*, which had split up off Gibraltar on Oct. 25, having originated in Liverpool on the 15th. Bosphorus, Fernbank, Hardanger and Ragnhild are also listed.

It'll be noticed, when going back to Page 6, that no 1945 voyages are listed from March 27 and onwards (it looks like she headed to Leyte that day), except for a stop at Hong Kong, Sept. 11-18. Departure Hong Kong is given as March 3-1946.

* The KMS convoys mentioned here will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section in due course. In the meantime, see the section listing ships in all KMS convoys. The MKS convoys will also be added; but for now, the ships sailing in them are named at ships in all MKS convoys.

From more info on the other Norwegian ships named here, please see the alphabet index below, or go to the Master Ship Index.


As mentioned, Hermelin arrived Hong Kong for the first time after war's end sometime between Sept. 11 and Sept. 18-1945.

On March 2-1953 she was in a collision with the French passenger liner La Marseillaise at Yokohama and sustained some damage. Sold in 1972 to Kwok Wah Shipping Co., Panama, and renamed Treasure Country. Sold to Fuji Marden & Co. for scrap and in Apr.-1977 breaking up commenced in Hong Kong.

Back to Hermelin on the "Ships starting with H" page.

This company also had a ship named Hermelin post war, originally built in 1955 as Bow Plate for Rederiet Odfjell, Bergen, 4621 gt. From 1964 she sailed as Sunndalsfjord for Den Norske Amerikalinje, then managed by Bruusgaard Kiøsterud & Co. from July-1973, renamed Hermelin. Later names: Arafura Dua (Panama) 1979, Fullwind Lucky 1980, sold for breaking up that same year.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, E-mails from Roger W. Jordan - and misc.


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