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M/S Temeraire
Updated Aug. 23-2012

To Temeraire on the "Ships starting with T" page.

Source for both pictures: Bjørn Pedersen's collection.

Another picture is available at Lillesand Sjømannsforening's website - see this page.
The Australian War Memorial also has a picture.

Manager: Wilh. Wilhelmsen, Tønsberg
6465 gt, 3926 net, 9488 tdwt.
Dimensions: 452.8' x 60.2' x 28.0'
Machinery: Two 8 cyl. 4 scsa oil engines totalling 7740 ihp by the shipbuilders, driving twin screws. Service speed 14.5 knots, 12 passengers.

Launched on May 28-1927 by Chantier et Ateliers de St. Nazaire (Penhoët) S.A., St. Nazaire (Yard No. U 5), completed Dec. 17-1927.

Captain: Albert Toft (previously Talabot's captain).

Related items on this website:
Guestbook message - From the son of Haakon Werner Hofsten, who sailed on Temeraire, as well as Mosfruit, Somerville, Gausdal, Evanger and Belinda.
Another Guestbook message from someone whose father, Bruce Gamble, served on Temeraire as well as Troja.

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

  Voyage Record
From Febr.-1940 to May-1945:  

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Errors may exist, and some voyages may be missing.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1940 Febr. 6 Gibraltar Swansea Febr. 14 HG 18F
March 3 Swansea Milford Haven March 4 Independent
March 4 Milford Haven OB 103 For Massawa.
With OA 103, formed OG 21F March 5.
Convoy available at OB 103
(external link)
March 5 Formed at sea Gibraltar March 8 OG 21F For Massawa.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in OG convoys
March 9 Gibraltar Port Said March 15 Independent
March 16 Suez Aden March 28 Independent Voyage data unknown
March 28 Aden Miri Independent See also Page 1
Apr. 25 Miri Moji May 4 Independent
May 5 Moji Osaka May 7 Independent
May 17 Osaka Sydney, N.S.W. June 1 Independent
June 15 Sydney, N.S.W. Fremantle Independent
June 24 Fremantle Capetown July 12 Independent
July 13 Capetown Freetown July 24 Independent
July 28 Freetown Methil Roads Aug. 14 SL 41F Convoy available at SL 41F
(external link)
Aug. 15 Methil Southend Aug. 17 FS 253 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
Aug. 29 Southend Methil Aug. 31 FN 266 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Sept. 2 Methil OA 208 Dispersed Sept. 6.
Convoy available at OA 208
(external link)
Sept. 6 Dispersed from OA 208 Trinidad Sept. 17 Independent
Sept. 20 Trinidad Galveston Sept. 26 Independent
Sept. 29 Galveston Cristobal Oct. 4 Independent
Oct. 6 Balboa Melbourne Nov. 1 Independent
Nov. 6 Melbourne Bunbury Nov. 12 Independent
Nov. 20 Bunbury Sydney, N.S.W. Nov. 30* Independent *Page 1 gives arrival Nov. 26.
Dec. 10 Sydney, N.S.W. Melbourne Dec. 12 Independent Notional sailing date
Dec. 19 Melbourne Aden Jan. 15-1941 Independent
1941 Jan. 17 Aden Suez Jan. 24 BN 13 Convoy available at BN convoys
(external link)
Left Suez Febr. 10
(Page 1).
Febr. 15 Safaga Port Sudan Febr. 19 Independent
Febr. 20 Port Sudan BSF 2 Dispersed Febr. 22.
Convoy available at BSF 2
(external link)
Febr. 22 Dispersed from BSF 2 Colombo March 2 Independent
March 3 Colombo Auckland March 27 Independent Via Thursday Island
(Page 1).
Apr. 5 Auckland Sydney, N.S.W. Apr. 9 Independent
Apr. 26 Sydney, N.S.W. Aden May 26 Independent
May 31 Aden Suez June 4 Independent Missing movements, Page 2
?* June 20 Safaga Aden July 4 Independent *Compare w/Page 2
July 4 Aden Colombo July 12 Independent
July 12 Colombo Fremantle July 25 Independent
July 25 Fremantle Melbourne July 31 Independent
Aug. 16 Melbourne Port Pirie Aug. 19 Independent
Aug. 21 Port Pirie Melbourne Aug. 24 Independent
Aug. 28 Melbourne Balboa Sept. 23 Independent
Sept. 25 Cristobal Halifax Oct. 3 Independent
Oct. 5 Halifax Liverpool Oct. 20 HX 153
Oct. 29 Liverpool Avonmouth Oct. 30 Independent
Nov. 13 Avonmouth Milford Haven Nov. 14 Independent Stop at Milford Haven not mentioned Page 2
Nov. 15 Milford Haven CT 6 Detached Nov. 24.
Convoy available at CT 6
(external link)
Nov. 24 Detached from CT 6 New York City Nov. 27 Independent
1942 March 27 New York City Cristobal Apr. 10 Independent
Apr. 13 Balboa Auckland May 7 Independent
May 11 Auckland Wellington May 14 Independent
May 28 Wellington Sydney, N.S.W. June 1 Independent
June 5 Sydney, N.S.W. Whyalla June 11 Independent
June 14 Whyalla Sydney, N.S.W. June 18 Independent
July 22 Sydney, N.S.W. Balboa Aug. 18 Independent
Aug. 20 Cristobal Gitmo Aug. 23 PG 7 Convoy available at PG 7
(external link)
Aug. 28* Guantanamo Key West Aug. 31 TAW 15G Joined from Gitmo.
*Page 2 gives departure Aug. 26.
Convoy available at TAW convoys
(external link)
Sept. 2 Key West New York City Sept. 7 KN 136 Convoy available at KN convoys
(external link)
Sept. 17 New York City Liverpool Oct. 2 HX 208
Oct. 30 Liverpool ON 142 For Bombay, 8 Passengers.
Detached Nov. 11
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Nov. 11 Detached from ON 142 Capetown Dec. 6 Independent See also narrative below
Dec. 8 Capetown Karachi Dec. 26 Independent
Dec. 30 Karachi Bombay Jan. 1-1943 Independent
1943 Jan. 19 Bombay Cochin Jan. 22 Independent
Jan. 23 Cochin Melbourne Febr. 11 Independent
Febr. 17 Melbourne Sydney, N.S.W. Febr. 20 Independent
Apr. 12 Sydney, N.S.W. Fremantle Apr. 24 Independent
Apr. 25 Fremantle Mauritius May 7 Independent
May 15 Mauritius Mauritius May 18 Independent Put back
May 26 Mauritius Seychelles May 30 Independent
June 3 Mauritius* Colombo June 9 Independent *From Mahe, Seychelles
(Page 3).
June 17 Colombo Vizag June 21 Independent
June 25 Vizag Whyalla July 19 Independent See also Page 3
July 20 Whyalla Adelaide July 25 Independent Notional sailing date
(via Port Pirie - See Page 3).
July 27 Adelaide Sydney, N.S.W. Aug. 1 Independent
Aug. 9 Sydney, N.S.W. Newcastle, N.S.W. Aug. 9 Independent
Aug. 13 Newcastle, N.S.W. Melbourne Aug. 16 Independent
Oct. 28 Melbourne Aden Nov. 20 Independent
Nov. 24 Aden Suez Nov. 30 Independent Left Suez Dec. 21
(Page 3).
Dec. 27 Safaga Aden Dec. 31 Independent
1944 Jan. 1 Aden Port Kembla Jan. 26 Independent
Febr. 1 Port Kembla Newcastle, N.S.W. Febr. 1 Independent
Febr. 10 Newcastle, N.S.W. Sydney, N.S.W. Febr. 11 Independent
Febr. 11 Sydney, N.S.W. Melbourne Febr. 13 Independent
Febr. 29 Melbourne Adelaide March 1 Independent
Apr. 7 Adelaide Mauritius Apr. 23 Independent
May 7 Mauritius Tamatave May 9 Independent
May 10 Tamatave Beira May 15 Independent
May 27 Beira Dar-es-Salaam June 1 Independent
June 2 Dar-es-Salaam Mombasa June 3 Independent
June 10 Mombasa Melbourne July 2 Independent
July 6 Melbourne Sydney, N.S.W. Independent Page 3 gives arrival July 8.
July 19 Sydney, N.S.W. Newcastle, N.S.W. July 19 Independent Missing voyage to Sydney & back?
(see Page 3)
July 21 Newcastle, N.S.W. Sydney, N.S.W. July 21 Independent
Aug. 3 Sydney, N.S.W. Melbourne Aug. 6 Independent
Aug. 11 Melbourne Balboa Independent
Sept. 7 Cristobal Gitmo Sept. 10 Independent
Sept. 10 Gitmo New York City Sept. 17 GN 156 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
Sept. 21 New York City Avonmouth Oct. 2* HX 310 *Page 3 gives arrival Oct. 5.
Oct. 18 Avonmouth Barry Oct. 19 Independent
Oct. 30 Barry Liverpool Nov. 1 Independent
Nov. 14 Liverpool Mumbles Nov. 15 Independent
Nov. 15 Barry St. Helens Roads Nov. 18 BEC 38 Convoy available at BEC 38
(external link)
Compare w/Page 4
Nov. 18 St. Helens Roads Southend Nov. 19 MTM 18 Convoy available at MTM 18
(external link)
Nov. 21 Southend Tyne Nov. 22 FN 1548 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
1945 Apr. 9 Tyne Tyne Apr. 9 Trials
May 2 Tyne Southend May 4 FS 1795 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
May 6 Southend ON 301 Detached independent May 18.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
May 18 Detached from ON 301 Cristobal May 26 Independent Subsequent voyages, Page 4

 Misc. Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the links provided for more convoy information; escorts' reports and/or the Commodore's notes are also available for some of them and several Norwegian ships took part.

In Febr.-1940, Temeraire is listed, along with Garonne and Bruse Jarl, in Convoy HGF 18 from Gibraltar, bound for Swansea, station 34. The following month, we find her in the Gibraltar bound convoy OGF 21, a combination of Convoys OB 103 and OA 103, which joined up on March 5, both having departed U.K. on March 3. Bruse Jarl is again listed, as is Einar Jarl. Temeraire's destination is given as Massawa - according to Page 1 of the archive documents, she was bound for Miri and Osaka. She had started out in Milford Haven on March 4, joining Convoy OB 103 (ref. link provided within the Voyage Record). The OG convoy will be added to an individual page in my Convoys section, but for now, the ships sailing in it are named on the page listing ships in all OG convoys.

With a cargo of wheat, steel and wool, she's also listed in Convoy SLF 41, which left Freetown on July 28-1940 and arrived Liverpool on Aug. 14 (having joined up with Convoy SL 41 on Aug. 8). The company's Tancred (from SL 41) and Tricolor are also included. The following month we find Temeraire, together with Inger Lise, Tarifa and Victo, in Convoy OA 208, departing Methil on Sept. 2, dispersed Sept. 6. Her destination is not given (see link in the Voyage Record), but from the archive document, we learn that she arrived Trinidad on Sept. 17, later proceeding to Galveston and on to Australia.

According to J. R. Hegland's "Nortraships flåte", Temeraire was in Liverpool during the 5 day air attacks there at the beginning of May-1941 (see Sollund), but escaped with minor damages. Note, however, that this can't be correct - she was in another part of the world at this time; again, see Page 1 (Hegland also claims Tai Yin was there, but she was also in a different part of the world; follow the link for voyage details).

Skipping now to Oct. 5-1941, when Temeraire is listed in Convoy HX 153 from Halifax to the U.K., together with the Norwegian Katy, Haakon Hauan, Sveve, Ferncastle, Bonneville (returned), Lista, Santos, Andrea Brøvig and Toronto (returned). Her subsequent voyages are shown on Page 2 (convoy information for some of these can be found in the Voyage Record above). It'll be noticed that she later spent a long time in New York. She had arrived there from the U.K. on Nov. 27-1941; departure is given as March 27-1942 - the reason for this long stay is not known (similar gaps, though not quite as long, are shown elsewhere in her record as well).

On Sept. 17-1942, she can be found in Convoy HX 208 from New York, bound for Liverpool; she's mentioned among the ships in the Halifax portion, but she did join from New York. The Commodore's report is also available for this convoy (Temeraire is noted for good station keeping in the text under Oct. 1 in the report). She later joined the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 142, which left Liverpool on Oct. 30 and arrived New York Nov. 21. Temeraire, however, headed to Capetown, where she arrived Dec. 6, later continuing to Karachi and Bombay (Page 2) - A. Hague says she had been detached from the convoy on Nov. 11. This convoy will also be added to my Convoys section; in the meantime, the ships sailing in it are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys. Bestik (returned to port), Carmelfjell, Fjordheim, Jenny, Kirsten B (joined from Halifax), Norvarg, Primo (also from Halifax), Rio Verde, Sevilla (from Halifax), Solitaire and Vinland are also listed.

It must have been while on this voyage that she rescued 42 survivors from the British liner Dunedin Star, north of Walvis Bay, coast of West Africa, in Nov.-1942 (this ship had previously left the U.K. with Convoy ON 145, wrecked on November 29). Temeraire's motor lifeboat, under the command of 1st Mate Jacob Brochmann was launched and 10 men were taken off Dunedin Star, but the boat took in a lot of water, causing the motor to stop, so that they had to row for an hour and a half before the rescued could be handed over to Manchester Division, which had also come to. The lifeboat crew was now too exhausted to continue, so the boat was hauled back on board Temeraire. The following morning a tug arrived from Walvis Bay (Sir Charles Elliott), but in the end Temeraire's lifeboat had to be lowered again and the remaining 32 still on board Dunedin Star were taken off in 4 trips. Over 60 people (incl. women and children) from the ship had previously managed to get ashore, and had a trying time before they were rescued after 2 weeks. Captain Toft had considered it perfectly possible to rescue those as well, but was told by Dunedin Star's captain that a seperate rescue team from land would take care of them and Temeraire was sent on her way. When Toft later heard of their ordeal, he was quite upset. A book has been written about this event, see link to "Skeleton Coast" below.

Page 2 also has some of her 1943 voyages and as can be seen she had quite a long stay in Sydney that year. Page 3, which lists the rest of her 1943 voyages as well as most of her 1944 voyages, also shows some long stays in port.

In Sept.-1944, she's listed in Convoy HX 310 from New York, bound for Avonmouth with a general cargo and mail, arriving that destination on Oct. 5, according to Page 3. The Norwegian Reinholt had acted as Commodore Vessel for this convoy, while Høyanger had the Vice Commodore on board (named on my page about this convoy). Acanthus, Rose and Tunsberg Castle are named among the escorts (see HX convoy escorts) - see also Buttercup.

As will be seen when going to Page 4 of the archive documents, Temeraire spent a long time in North Shields, where she had arrived on Nov. 22-1944. The next departure date shown is Apr. 9-1945 "for trials", returning to North Shields that same day. On May 2, she sailed to Southend and according to this posting to my Ship Forum by Temeraire's 2nd radio operator, Dave Jeanes, she departed her anchorage off Southend on May 7 in order to sail independently to Melbourne, via the English Channel and then Panama. She is, however, included (by A. Hague) among the ships in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 301, which departed Southend on May 6 and arrived New York May 22, but Temeraire is said to have detached from the convoy on May 18. She arrived Cristobal on the 26th, then proceeded to Melbourne, where she arrived June 23. Dave Jeanes names the 1st radio operator as Edwin Mortensen. His posting stemmed from some notes in my text for Havfru. The ships in ON 301 are named on this page, Egda, Haakon Hauan, Havfru, Høyanger (Commodore Vessel), Norvarg, Skaraas and Thorshov are among them.

Page 4 indicates that Temeraire headed home to Norway at the end of Dec.-1945, but arrival Norway is not given.

More information on the other Norwegian ships mentioned here can be found via the alphabet index at the bottom of this page, or go to the Master Ship Index.


Sold on Jan. 28-1955 to H. Vogemann, Germany and renamed Vogesen. Arrived Hamburg on Nov. 13-1958 to be scrapped by Eisen & Metall K.G., Lehr & Co.

Related external links:
Stavern Memorial commemoration - Motorman Martin Anker Bjelkevik is said to have died following a "war related act" against the ship. "Våre falne", which names Norwegians who died during the war, gives the date as July 4-1941, when Temeraire was in the Pacific; he was buried at sea. Cause of death is not given. Note that according to Page 2 of the archive documents, Temeraire arrived Aden from Suez on that date.

Skeleton Coast

MV Dunedin Star

Back to Temeraire on the "Ships starting with T" page.

Wilhelmsen had 3 ships by this name through the years, this was the 2nd one.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: Wilh. Wilhelmsen fleet list, "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, "Skip og menn", Birger Dannevig, and misc. - (ref. My sources).


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