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D/T Suderholm
Updated Aug. 2-2012

To Suderholm on the "Ships starting with S" page.

A picture (when Key West) is available on this external page (click in it to enlarge).

Manager: Knut Knutsen O. A. S., Haugesund
4908 gt

Delivered in June-1917 from Seattle Construction & Dry Dock Co., Seattle, WA, USA as cargo vessel D/S Key West to D/S A/S Key West (Knut Knutsen O.A.S.), Haugesund. Steel hull, 381.4’ x 53.2’ x 27.1’, 4787 gt., 7627 tdwt., Triple Expansion (Seattle C. & D.D. Co.) 472nhp 2200ihp. Used in the company's newly started "Den Skandinaviske Syd-Pacific Linje" along the U.S. west coast, between Vancouver and Valparaiso, Oct.-1927 (Key West, her sister ship Golden Gate and the company's cargo liner Vinland were the first ships in this line. Later on, John Bakke and Samuel Bakke were delivered and used in the line, at which time Key West and Golden Gate were taken out, 1929). Key West was laid up in Stavanger from Febr.-1930, then went to Kockums Mek. Verkstad, Malmö, Sweden in May that year. She was converted to tanker / supply vessel for the company's whale factory Suderøy, 4908 gt, 7060 tdwt., entering service as Suderholm in Oct.-1930, transporting fuel for the Suderøy whaling expeditions, and whale oil from the factory to the market.

Captain: Conrad Mørland.

Related item on this website:
Guestbook message from Abraham Luxembourg, who sailed on this ship, and who says that she was in service in the Eastern Mediterranean and Red Sea, supplying fuel oil to naval ships, battle cruisers, cruisers, etc. On June 12-2009, I received the following note from him:

"With great sorrow, I would like to advise you that Mr. Mordechai Limon ("Moka") has passed away two weeks ago, age 85. Mr. Limon was a seaman on board the “S.S. Suderholm” with the undersigned during the Second World War. Later he was a captain of many boats who transferred Jews from the concentration camps in Europe to Israel's shores. He was a brilliant seaman and scholar. He was appointed as the admiral of the Israeli Navy. He was beloved and respected by the public, and especially by seamen. Captain Morland was our captain on the Suderholm when Moka Limon and I sailed then. He always respected Mr. Limon, who was an extraordinary seaman and human being.
Abraham Luxembourg, Israel
(who also served on the Suderholm)"

Then on Aug. 8-2012, I received the following from David Luxembourg:
"Please be updated that Mr. Abraham Luxembourg passed away last week at age 88 in Tel Aviv Israel. Abraham served on D/T Suderholm during WW II in the Eastern Mediterranean, supplying fuel oil to naval ships".

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4 | Page 5 | Page 6 | Page 7 | Page 8

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

  Voyage Record
From March-1940 to Sept.-1944:  

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Errors may exist, and as can be seen, the record stops at Sept.-1944.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1940 March 17 New York City Halifax Independent
March 21 Halifax HX 29 Straggled March 23.
March 23 Straggled from HX 29 Liverpool Apr. 5 Independent Missing movements, Page 1
May 4 Liverpool OB 142 For Trinidad.
Dispersed 46 28N 30 29W, May 8.
Convoy available at OB 142
(external link)
May 8 Dispersed from OB 142 Trinidad May 21 Independent
May 24 Trinidad Aruba May 27 Independent
May 28 Aruba Bermuda June 5 Independent
June 8 Bermuda BHX 49 See link to HX 49
June 13 Bermuda portion joined main convoy Liverpool June 23 HX 49
July 21 Liverpool OB 187 Dispersed 53 43N 23 30W, July 25.
Convoy available at OB 187
(external link)
July 25 Dispersed from OB 187 Kingston Aug. 12 Independent
Aug. 20 Kingston Curacao Aug. 25 Independent
Aug. 28 Curacao Sydney, C.B. Sept. 8 Independent
Sept. 10 Sydney, C.B. Avonmouth Sept. 28 SC 4
Oct. 18 Avonmouth Cardiff Oct. 18 Independent
Nov. 9 Cardiff Swansea Nov. 10 Independent
Nov. 23 Swansea Southampton Nov. 27 Independent
Dec. 1 Southampton Milford Haven Dec. 8 A. Hague says:
Notional dates.
(See also Page 1)
Dec. 11 Milford Haven OB 258 (See also narrative below).
Dispersed Dec. 15.
Convoy available at OB 258
(external link)
Dec. 15 Dispersed from OB 258 Aruba Jan. 6-1941 Independent
1941 Jan. 6 Aruba Bermuda Jan. 15 Independent
Jan. 21 Bermuda Clyde Febr. 8 BHX 104
Febr. 12 Clyde Methil Febr. 15 WN 84 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
Febr. 19 Methil Southend Febr. 21 FS 417 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
See also Page 1
March 17 Southend Methil March 19 FN 433 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
March 21 Methil Oban March 23 EN 89/1 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
March 28 Oban OG 57 For Aruba.
Detached Apr. 6.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in OG convoys
Apr. 8(?) Detached from OG 57 Aruba Apr. 19 Independent
Apr. 21 Aruba Halifax May 7 Independent See also narrative below.
May 30 Halifax Sydney, C.B. June 1 Independent
June 1 Sydney, C.B. Liverpool June 21 SC 33 Missing movements, Page 2
July 6 Liverpool OB 343 For NYC.
Dispersed 46N 55W, July 21.
Convoy available at OB 343
(external link)
July 21 Dispersed from OB 343 New York City July 26 Independent
July 30 New York City Sydney, C.B. Aug. 4 Independent
Aug. 10 Sydney, C.B. Belfast Lough Aug. 30 SC 40 Convoy will be added.
See ships in SC convoys
Aug. 31 Belfast Lough Milford Haven Sept. 2* BB 70 *Page 2 gives arrival Aug. 31.
Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
Sept. 2 Milford Haven Falmouth Sept. 4 WP 29 Convoy available at WP convoys
(external link)
Oct. 1 Falmouth Milford Haven Oct. 2 PW 43 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Oct. 3 Milford Haven ON 23 For NYC.
Detached Oct. 13.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Oct. 13 Detached from ON 23 New York City Oct. 26 Independent
Nov. 1 New York City Curacao Nov. 10 Independent
Nov. 12 Curacao Capetown Dec. 15 Independent (See also narrative below).
Dec. 19 Capetown Abadan Jan. 16-1942 Independent
1942 Jan. 21 Abadan Karachi Jan. 28 Independent
Jan. 31 Karachi Abadan Febr. 5 Independent
Febr. 8 Abadan Bombay Febr. 16 Independent
Febr. 21 Bombay Abadan March 1 Independent
March 2 Abadan Mombasa March 17 Independent
March 20 Mombasa Abadan Apr. 3 Independent
Apr. 4 Abadan Bombay Apr. 12 Independent
Apr. 25 Bombay Abadan May 3 Independent
May 7 Abadan Bombay May 16 Independent
July 24 Bombay Colombo July 29 Independent
?* July 27 Bandar Abbas Abadan July 31 Independent
*The above entry has ended up in the wrong place - it belongs under 1943 and has been inserted there.
Aug. 4 Colombo Colombo Independent A. Hague says:
Voyage data unknown
See Page 2
(for anchorage).
Aug. 8 Colombo Abadan Aug. 24 Independent
Aug. 25 Abadan Colombo Sept. 8 Independent
Sept. 15 Colombo Abadan Sept. 30 Independent
Oct. 1 Abadan Bandar Abbas Independent
Oct. 7 Bandar Abbas Aden Oct. 16 PA 5 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Oct. 22 Aden Massawa Oct. 24 Independent
Nov. 6 Massawa Aden Nov. 9 Independent
Nov. 10 Aden Bombay Nov. 21 Independent
1943 March 21 Bombay Bandar Abbas March 26 BP 72B Convoy available via link above
March 26 Bandar Abbas Abadan March 30 Independent Stop at Bandar Abbas not mentioned, Page 3
Apr. 1 Abadan Bandar Abbas Independent
Apr. 4 Bandar Abbas Bombay Apr. 10 PB 34 Convoy available via link above
Apr. 17 Bombay Bandar Abbas Apr. 21 BP 76A Convoy available via link above
Apr. 21 Bandar Abbas Abadan Apr. 25 Independent Stop at Bandar Abbas not mentioned, Page 3
Apr. 28 Abadan Bandar Abbas Independent
May 4 Bandar Abbas Bombay May 10 PB 39 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
June 4 Bombay Bandar Abbas June 10 BP 82 Convoy available via link above
June 10 Bandar Abbas Abadan June 13 Independent Again, compare w/Page 3
June 14 Abadan Bandar Abbas Independent (See Page 3)
June 20 Bandar Abbas Bombay June 26 PB 45 Convoy available via link above
July 1 Bombay Colombo July 7 BM 56 Convoy available at BM convoys
(external link)
July 10 Colombo Bombay July 16 MB 41 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
July 21 Bombay Bandar Abbas July 27 BP 88 Convoy available via link above
* July 27 Bandar Abbas Abadan July 31 Independent
*The above voyage has been taken from 1942 entries above (but compare w/Page 3).
Aug. 1 Abadan Bandar Abbas Independent
Aug. 7 Bandar Abbas Bombay Aug. 13 PB 51 Convoy available via link above
Aug. 23 Bombay Bandar Abbas Aug. 29 BP 92 Convoy available via link above
Aug. 29 Bandar Abbas Abadan Aug. 31 Independent
Sept. 2 Abadan Bandar Abbas Independent
Sept. 8 Bandar Abbas Bombay Sept. 14 PB 55 Convoy available via link above
Sept. 18 Bombay Colombo Sept. 23 BM 66 Convoy available at BM convoys
(external link)
Sept. 25 Colombo Bombay Sept. 30 Independent
Nov. 25 Bombay Bandar Abbas Dec. 1 BP 104 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Dec. 1 Bandar Abbas Abadan Dec. 3 Independent Stop at Bandar Abbas not mentioned, Page 3
Dec. 5 Bandar Abbas* Masirah Dec. 6 PB 66 *From Abadan, Dec. 5.
Convoy available via link above
Dec. 8 Masirah Bombay Dec. 19 Independent A. Hague says:
Notional sailing date
(again, compare w/Page 3)
Dec. 21 Bombay Colombo Dec. 26 BM 79 Convoy available at BM convoys
(external link)
Dec. 27 Colombo Madras Jan. 1-1944 JC 31 Convoy available at JC convoys
(external link)
1944 Jan. 6 Madras Colombo Jan. 9 CJ 11 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Jan. 10 Colombo MB 61 Detached Jan. 15.
Convoy available via link above
Jan. 15 Detached from MB 61 Abadan Jan. 21 Independent
Jan. 24 Abadan Colombo Febr. 5 Independent
Febr. 13 Colombo MB 65 Detached Febr. 18.
Convoy available via link above
Febr. 18 Detached from MB 65 Abadan Febr. 25 Independent
Febr. 26 Abadan Bandar Abbas Independent
March 1 Bandar Abbas Aden March 9 PA 71 Convoy available via link above
March 9 Aden Aden March 12 Independent Put back
March 13 Aden Suez March 20 Independent See also Page 4
May 4 Port Said Haifa May 5 Independent
May 7 Haifa Alexandria May 9 Independent
May 10 Alexandria Tripoli, Libya May 16 XT 24 Convoy available via link above
May 16 Tripoli, Libya Augusta May 18
May 19 Augusta Bizerta May 21 GUS 40 Augusta to Bizerta.
Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
May 25 Bizerta Tripoli, Libya Page 4 gives arrival May 30
June 2 Tripoli, Libya Alexandria June 7 TX 25 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
June 19 Alexandria Port Said June 20 Independent
June 21 Port Said Haifa June 22 Independent
June 26 Haifa Port Said June 27 Independent
June 28 Port Said Bizerta July 5 MKS 54 Port Said to Palermo
(stop at Bizerta not mentioned, Page 4).
Convoy will be added.
See ships in MKS convoys
July 6 Bizerta Palermo July 8 Escorted
July 9 Palermo Bizerta July 10 Escorted
July 12* Bizerta Port Said July 20 UGS 46 Bizerta to Port Said.
*Page 4 gives departure July 14.
Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
July 20 Port Said Haifa July 21 Independent
July 22 Haifa Port Said July 23 Independent
July 28 Port Said Bizerta Aug. 4 MKS 57 Port Said to Bizerta.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in MKS convoys
Aug. 6 Bizerta Palermo Aug. 8 Escorted
Aug. 11 Palermo Augusta Aug. 11 Escorted
Aug. 14 Augusta Port Said Aug. 19 UGS 49 Augusta to Port Said.
Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
Aug. 19 Port Said Haifa Aug. 20 Independent
Aug. 22 Haifa Port Said Aug. 23 Independent
Aug. 27 Port Said Algiers Sept. 5 MKS 60 For Algiers.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in MKS convoys
Sept. 14 Algiers Port Said Sept. 22 KMS 62 Algiers to Port Said.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in KMS convoys
Sept. 22 Port Said Haifa Sept. 23 Independent A. Hague says:
Then Port Said/Haifa/Alexandria to end 1945.
Subsequent voyages:
Page 4, Page 5, Page 6, Page 7 & Page 8

 Some Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Please follow the links provided for further convoy information; several Norwegian ships took part.

Judging from the information found on Page 1 of the archive documents, Suderholm had arrived New York from the Antarctic in the spring of 1940, then headed to Manchester, joining the Halifax-U.K. Convoy HX 29 on March 21, but is said to have lost touch on the night after departure. She arrived Liverpool on Apr. 5, continuing to Manchester that same day, remaining there for quite some time. In May, she's listed in station 11 of Convoy OB 142, which left Liverpool on May 4 and dispersed on the 8th, Suderholm arriving Trinidad on May 21, proceeding to her destination Aruba a few days later. The Norwegian Eli Knudsen is also listed. Suderholm went back to the U.K. the following month in Convoy HX 49, in which Eli Knudsen and Randsfjord were sunk - follow the links for details. Suderholm had a cargo of fuel oil and she had joined with the Bermuda portion, sailing in station 86, initially right next to the Dutch Moordrecht which was also sunk, though this ship had straggled by then. Suderholm arrived Liverpool on June 23, and about a month later we find her, together with Caledonia, Carmelfjell, Heien, Ibis, Iris, John P. Pedersen, Lyra and Para, in Convoy OB 187, which left Liverpool on July 21 and dispersed on the 25th. No destination is given for Suderholm, but from the archive document we learn that she arrived Kingston, Jamaica on Aug. 12. Having made a voyage to Curacao and on to Sydney, C.B., she headed back to the U.K. again on Sept. 10 in the slow Convoy SC 4, and arrived Avonmouth Sept. 28/29. (I've linked directly to A. Hague's listing for the OB convoys mentioned here in the Voyage Record above).

At the the external website that I've linked to at the end of this page, she's listed as scheduled for Convoy OB 256, leaving Liverpool on Dec. 8, but she did not sail. She shows up again, with destination Curacao, in the next convoy, OB 257, which left on Dec. 10 and dispersed on the 13th. Arnold Hague, however, has instead included her, along with Torborg, in Convoy OB 258, originating in Liverpool on Dec. 12, dispersed Dec. 15. Suderholm had started out from Milford Haven on Dec. 11 and arrived Aruba on Jan. 6-1941 (according to A. Hague), continuing to Bermuda that same day in order to join a convoy back to the U.K.

With diesel oil for London, she's listed in Convoy BHX 104 from Bermuda on Jan. 21-1941 (scroll down to the second table on my page for HX 104 - Hilda Knudsen served as Commodore Vessel for the Clyde portion), again, see also Page 1. In March, she shows up in the Gibraltar bound Convoy OG 57, originating Liverpool on March 27, arriving Gibraltar Apr. 11 (will be added - see ships in all OG convoys) - Suderholm, however, was bound for Aruba on that occasion, arriving there on Apr. 19 (having started out from Oban March 28). According to A. Hague, she had been detached from the convoy on Apr. 6 (Apr. 8?). Loke, Ranella and Salamis are also named. Suderholm was scheduled for the Halifax-U.K. Convoy HX 125 on May 6, but did not sail, and was also cancelled from HX 126, which lost so many ships (including John P. Pedersen - follow the links for much more information on this convoy battle). She eventually got away with the slow Convoy SC 33 from Sydney, C.B. at the beginning of June, destination Manchester - her voyages in this period are shown on Page 2. The following month, she's listed as bound for New York in Convoy OB 343, leaving Liverpool on July 6, dispersed July 21, Suderholm arriving her destination on July 26. Arosa, Evviva, Fanefjeld, Ferncourt (bombed - returned, follow link for details), Grado, Henrik Ibsen, Idefjord, Måkefjell (for Iceland), Nesttun, Slemdal, Spurt, Star and Taborfjell are also listed (ref. link in Voyage Record).

With Brisk, Henrik Ibsen, Ingerfire, Nesttun, Novasli, Selvik and Spurt, A. Hague now has her in Convoy SC 40*, departing Sydney, C.B. on Aug. 10-1941, arriving Liverpool on the 29th; Suderholm, cargo of fuel oil, stopped at Belfast Lough that day, later proceeding to Milford Haven and Falmouth, where she remained for almost a month. She's subsequently listed as bound for New York in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 23* (departure Liverpool Oct. 4, arrival Halifax Oct. 19). Suderholm arrived New York on Oct. 26, having sailed from Milford Haven on the 3rd; according to A. Hague she had been detached from the convoy on Oct. 13. She had again been in the company of other Norwegian ships, namely Astrell, Jan Mayen (for Iceland), Lancing and Nyholt (from Iceland).

She's said to have rescued some Greek seamen in the Atlantic in 1941 (name of their ship and exact date not known).

According to an article in the very last issue of "Krigsseileren" (2000) Suderholm, on a voyage alone from Aruba(?) to Cape Town, narrowly missed an encounter with the German raider Atlantis. Suderholm had to alter course in order to avoid running into the lifeboats from Atlantis being towed by U-126 after having been attacked by Devonshire on Nov. 22-1941 while replenishing the U-boat. See the newspaper articles under the heading Silvaplana at the end of this page, as well as the external links provided there for more information on these events. Going back to Page 2 of the archive documents, we learn that Suderholm had left Curacao on Nov. 12 and arrived Cape Town Dec. 15.

Some of her 1942 voyages are listed on the archive document referred to above (as can be seen, she had a long stay in Bombay that spring/summer), while the rest of her 1942 voyages and 1943 voyages are shown on Page 3 (it'll be noticed that she had another long stay in Bombay, where she had arrived from Aden on Nov. 21-1942; departure is given as March 21-1943. She also spent almost 2 months there that fall). Page 3 also has a few 1944 voyages, with the rest listed on Page 4 (showing that she spent several weeks at Port Said that spring). Convoy information can be found in the Voyage Record above.

In June-1944, she made a voyage from Port Said to Palermo in Convoy MKS 54*, which departed Port Said on June 28 - again, see Page 4 above. The following month, she shows up in Convoy MKS 57* (departure Port Said July 28), voyage Port Said to Bizerta. She arrived Bizerta on Aug. 4, and later that month, she's listed as bound for Algiers in Convoy MKS 60*, arriving her destination on Sept. 5, according to A. Hague (convoy left Port Said Aug. 27). She later made a voyage from Algiers to Port Said with Convoy KMS 62*, which left Gibraltar on Sept. 12 and arrived Port Said on the 22nd; Suderholm had started out from Algiers on Sept. 14.

Her subsequent voyages are available on Page 4, Page 5 (1945, from which we learn that she was in Port Said on VE Day), Page 6 (more 1945), Page 7 (1945-1946) and Page 8 (more 1946).

* The SC series will be updated and completed (including the already existing convoys - some have already been updated), but for now, see ships in all SC convoys. The ON convoys will also be added to individual pages in my Convoys section in due course, along with further details on each. In the meantime, the ships sailing in them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys. Additionally, the MKS and KMS convoys will be added - see ships in all MKS convoys and ships in all KMS convoys.

More details on the other Norwegian ships mentioned here can be found with the help of the alphabet index at the end of this page, or go to the Master Ship Index.


Suderholm is said to have been in the Suderøy expedition during the 1945/'46 season (but I can't see that this agrees with the details found on Page 7 of the archive documents? - see also Suderøy) and in the 1946/'47 season, then the company's tanker Anna Knudsen took over. Sold in July-1947 to S.A. Hellenic Transpetrol, Piræus and renamed Rodos. Broken up in Holland in 1953.

Related external links:
OB convoys - OB 256 and OB 257 are included (as mentioned in the narrative above, A. Hague instead has her in OB 258).

See also this chronological list of
OA and OB convoys 1940

Back to Suderholm on the "Ships starting with S" page.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: Misc. sources. Pre war details (and some of the post war info) received from T. Eriksen, Norway - His sources: Article about Hvalfanger-AS Suderøy by Dag Bakka Jr. in "Skipet" 1.89, "Knut Knutsen O.A.S., -Høvdingen av Haugesund", Tor Inge Vormedal 2002, and "Hvalfangsten, -Eventyret tar slutt", Dag Bakka Jr. 1992.


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