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D/S Spero
Updated July 20-2012

To Spero on the "Ships starting with S" page.

A picture is available on this external page (click in it to enlarge).

Owner: Skibs-A/S Mirva
Manager: Eivind Kile, Kristiansand (Simonsen & Astrup, Oslo?)
3619 gt

Built by Asaki Shipbuilding Co. Ltd., Osaka, Japan in 1919. Previous names: Taigi Maru until 1920, Pacifico until 1934.
According to the external page that I've linked to above, she was delivered as Taigi Maru to Uchida Kisen K.K., Yokohama in 1919. Sailed as Pacifico for Arth. H. Mathiesen, Kristiania from 1921. From 1922, Bjarne Eriksen, Kristiania, no name change. From 1925, owned by Arth. Smith, Oslo and from 1927 by E. B. Aaby, Oslo. Renamed Spero in 1934. From 1937, E. B. Aabys Rederi A/S (E. B. Aaby), Oslo. Owned from Nov.-1938 by Skibs A/S Mirva (Simonsen & Astrup), Oslo and from Sept.-1939 by Skibs A/S Avant (Eivind Kile), Kristiansand. From 1941, Skibs A/S Avant (Einar Rasmussen), Kristiansand (in other words, this info differs from what I have above).

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
(as can be seen, the voyages stop in Jan.-1943)
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

  Voyage Record
From Febr.-1940 to Jan.-1943:  

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each (it'll be noticed that some of the external listings are incomplete).

Errors may exist - this could mean that she may not have sailed in all the convoys noted here.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1940 Febr. 12 Norwegian Waters Methil Febr. 15 HN 11
March 2 Norwegian Waters Methil March 5 HN 16
March 8 Methil Tyne March 9 MT 26 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
March 9 Tyne Southend March 11 FS 117 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
March 21 London Newport March 25 Independent
Apr. 3 Newport Freetown Independent Page 1 gives arrival Apr. 19
May 10* Freetown Bathurst May 12 Independent *Page 1 gives departure May 8
May 19 Bathurst Dakar May 21 Independent
May 21 Dakar Downs June 4 SL 32 Convoy available at SL 32
(external link)
June 6 Downs Weymouth Bay June 7 Independent Missing movements, Page 1
June 15 Weymouth Bay Southend June 16 Independent See also Page 1
June 17 Southend Hull June 19 Independent
Nov. 29* Hull Methil Nov. 30 FN 345 *Page 1 gives departure Nov. 24.
A. Hague says:
Collision Auchmacoy in Humber Nov. 28.
Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
* Dec. 2 Methil Oban Dec. 6 EN 35/1 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
*Did not sail?
(See Page 1).
Dec. 6 Methil Oban Dec. 11 EN 37/1 Convoy available at link above
Dec. 9 Methil Oban Dec. 11 EN 38/1 A. Hague says:
Possibly this convoy
(available at link above),
but compare w/Page 1
?* Dec. 30 Southend Blyth Jan. 1-1941 FN 371A Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
*According to the archive document, she left Oban on Dec. 27 and arrived Ayr Dec. 28.
1941 Febr. 19 Ayr Clyde Febr. 19 Independent
Febr. 26 Clyde OG 54 Detached March 3.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in OG convoys
March 3 Detached from OG 54 Halifax March 18 Independent
Apr. 19 Halifax Halifax Apr. 21* SC 29 See also narrative below.
*Page 1 gives arrival Apr. 19
Apr. 29 Halifax Loch Ewe May 19 SC 30
May 20 Loch Ewe Methil May 21 WN 129 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
May 23 Methil Southend May 25 FS 497 See also Page 1.
Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
June 1 Southend Tyne June 3 FN 474 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
?* June 20 Southend Tyne June 21 FN 482 *Compare w/Page 1
Convoy available at link above
July 15 Tyne Methil July 16 EC 45 Convoy available at EC convoys
(external link)
July 17 Methil Roads Loch Ewe July 19 EC 46 Convoy available at link above
July 28 Loch Ewe ON 1 For Botwood.
Dispersed 42 29N 45 45W, Aug. 9.
Aug. 9 Dispersed from ON 1 Botwood Aug. 10 Independent
Aug. 18 Botwood St. John's, N.F. Aug. 20 Independent
Sept. 12 St. John's, N.F. Belfast Lough Sept. 29 SC 44 Convoy will be added.
See ships in SC convoys
Sept. 30 Belfast Lough Avonmouth Oct. 2 BB 82 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
Oct. 19 Avonmouth Milford Haven Oct. 21 Independent Compare w/Page 2
* Oct. 21 Milford Haven Holyhead Oct. 21 ON 29 Returned.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
* Oct. 22 Holyhead Liverpool Oct. 23 Independent
*The above 2 voyages are not included on the archive document.
Nov. 3 Liverpool ON 33 For NYC.
Dispersed 43 30N 55 20W, Nov. 23.
Nov. 23 Dispersed from ON 33 New York City Nov. 28 Independent
Dec. 20 New York City Sydney, C.B. Dec. 25 Independent
Dec. 27 Sydney, C.B. St. John's, N.F. Jan. 3-1942 SC 62 Returned
1942 Jan. 6 St. John's, N.F. Bay Bulls Jan. 6 Independent Not included, Page 2
Jan. 21 Bay Bulls St. John's, N.F. Jan. 21 Independent (Again, see Page 2)
Jan. 29 St. John's, N.F. Wabana Jan. 29 Independent
Febr. 3 Wabana Wabana Febr. 5 SC 67 Returned
(see also narrative below)
Febr. 7 Wabana Belfast Lough Febr. 20 SC 68
Febr. 27 Belfast Lough Bristol March 1 BB 143 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
On to Avonmouth
(Page 2).
March 18 Bristol Newport Independent Page 2 gives arrival March 19
March 30 Newport Milford Haven March 31 Independent
Apr. 7 Milford Haven Halifax Apr. 25 ON 84 For Halifax
(via Belfast Lough - See Page 2).
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Apr. 27 Halifax St. John, N.B. Apr. 29 XB 14 For St. John, N.B.
Convoy available at XB convoys
(external link)
May 10 St. John, N.B. Halifax May 11 Independent
May 14 Halifax Liverpool* May 28 SC 84 *Belfast Lough
(Page 2)
May 28 Belfast Lough Milford Haven May 29 BB 179 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
May 30 Milford Haven Southampton June 1 WP 164 Convoy available at WP convoys
(external link)
June 12 Solent Portland June 13 PW 170 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
June 18 Weymouth Bay Weymouth Bay June 18 PW 173 Put back.
Convoy available via link above
June 20 Weymouth Bay Falmouth June 21 PW 174 Convoy available via link above
July 25 Falmouth Swansea July 26 PW 191 Convoy available via link above
July 30 Swansea Milford Haven July 30 Independent
July 31 Milford Haven St. John's, N.F. Aug. 15 ON 118 For St. John's, N.F.
(via Belfast Lough - Page 2)
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Oct. 14 St. John's, N.F. Sydney, C.B. Oct. 16 WB 7 From St. John's.
Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Oct. 17 Sydney, C.B. Sydney, C.B. Oct. 19 SH 54A Put back.
Convoy available at SH convoys
(external link)
Oct. 26 Sydney, C.B. Halifax Oct. 27 SH 56 Convoy available at link above
(agrees w/Page 3)
Dec. 27 Halifax New York City Jan. 2-1943 ON 152
1943 Jan. 3 New York City Boston Jan. 5 Independent A. Hague says:
R/N "China Coaster" during 1943

 Some Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the links provided for more convoy information; the Commodore's narrative and/or escorts' reports are also available for some of them and several Norwegian ships took part.

With a cargo of pulp for Thames, Spero is listed in Convoy HN 11 from Norway to the U.K. in Febr.-1940. She must have gone back to Norway, because at the beginning of March she can be found in Convoy HN 16, cargo of pulp for London. (There's also a Spero listed as sailing in Convoy HGF 22 from Gibraltar to the U.K., bound for London, station 54. Unfortunately, no tonnage is given, but I believe this must have been the British ship by the same name, because Convoy HN 16 from Norway had arrived Methil on March 5, HGF 22 left Gibraltar on March 9).

According to Page 1 of the archive documents, she was on her way from Newport to Freetown when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940. She arrived Freetown on Apr. 19, having sailed from Newport on the 3rd. In May that same year A. Hague has included her, along with Chr. Knudsen and Strombus, in Convoy SL 32. This convoy originated in Freetown on May 17 and arrived Liverpool June 3; going back to the archive document, we learn that Spero left Dakar on May 21 and arrived The Downs June 4. It'll also be noticed that she later spent a long time in Hull, where she had arrived June 19; departure is given as Nov. 24. The document also shows a long stay at Ayr. She had arrived there from Oban on Dec. 28-1940 and did not leave again until Febr. 18-1941, when she proceeded to Clyde.

She's subsequently listed, together with Bollsta, Polarsol and Rolf Jarl, in Convoy OG 54, which originated in Liverpool on Febr. 25-1941 and arrived Gibraltar March 14. Her destination is not given, but according to Page 1, she arrived Halifax on March 18 (having started out from Clyde Febr. 25); A. Hague says she had been detached from the convoy on March 3. OG 54 will be added to an individual page in my Convoys section, in the meantime, please see my page naming ships in all OG convoys. Spero now remained in Halifax for over a month. With a cargo of steel and dry pulp for London she had been scheduled for the slow Halifax-U.K. Convoy SC 28 on Apr. 9 but instead joined the next convoy on Apr. 19, SC 29. However, she returned to port, later joining SC 30, which left Halifax on Apr. 29 and arrived Liverpool on May 20; Spero stopped at Loch Ewe the day before. She's said to have lost touch with the convoy when it was ordered by the Admiralty to turn 150° to port in thick fog at 05:00 on May 11, but rejoined the next day. The Commodore's narrative is also available.

That summer she appears to have had a long stay at Tyne, where she had arrived on June 3; departure is given as July 14, when she proceeded to Methil Roads, then on to Loch Ewe, and from there she joined the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 1, originating in Liverpool on July 26. Her destination is given as Botwood, where she arrived on Aug. 10, having sailed from Loch Ewe on July 28. According to Arnold Hague she returned to the U.K., with a cargo of zinc concentrates, in station 96 of Convoy SC 44, departing Sydney, C.B. on Sept. 11-1941, arriving Liverpool on the 30th. From Page 1, we learn that she started out from St. John's, N.F. on Sept. 12 and stopped at Belfast Lough on the 29th, continuing the next day to Avonmouth, where she arrived Oct. 2. This convoy is not yet available among the SC convoys included on my website, but will be added - see ships in all SC convoys (the Norwegian Barbro was sunk; follow the link for more info - Ada, Carrier, Bollsta, Borgfred, Cetus, Gudvin, Hjalmar Wessel, Iron Baron, Lago, Marita, Rolf Jarl, Sirehei, Sneland I and South Africa are also named).

Later that month, she's said to have joined the westbound Convoy ON 29*, which departed Liverpool on Oct. 22, but she returned to port - this is not noted on Page 2 of the archive documents. She shows up again, with destination New York, in station 42 of Convoy ON 33, departing Liverpool on Nov. 3, dispersed Nov. 23, Spero arriving New York on the 28th. With a general cargo for Bristol, she joined Convoy SC 62 from Sydney, C.B. on Dec. 27, but detached for St. John's, N.F. where she arrived Jan. 3-1942; reason is not given, but she may have had some sort of a problem in this time period, because as will be seen below she was cancelled from several subsequent convoys.

She was scheduled for the Newfoundland portion of the slow Halifax-U.K. Convoy SC 65 in Jan.-1942, but did not sail, and was also cancelled from SC 66 and SC 67 (according to A. Hague, she did join the latter convoy from Wabana but returned to port - Heina was sunk, follow the link for details). Page 2 says she sailed from St. John's on Jan. 21 and was "in port Newfoundland" Jan. 27, leaving St. John's for Wabana on Jan. 29, with arrival that same day, departing again on Febr. 3 and this is when A. Hague has her as returning to port from Convoy SC 67 - see Voyage Record. The archive document also indicates that she returned to Wabana, because she's said to have left Wabana on Febr. 7, finally getting away with Convoy SC 68, which had originated in Halifax on Febr. 4. Her destination is still given as Bristol, where she arrived (via Belfast Lough Febr. 21/27) on March 1. She's later listed, along with Grado, Skottland, Sommerstad and Veni, in Convoy ON 84*, which left Liverpool on Apr. 8 and arrived Halifax on the 25th. In May she can be found in Convoy SC 84, departing Halifax for the U.K. on May 14, Spero arriving Milford Haven on May 29, Southampton June 1, cargo of flour.

She later spent over a month in Falmouth, where she had arrived on June 21 (Page 2). A. Hague gives departure as July 25, when she proceeded to Swansea, then on to Milford Haven. She now shows up, with a cargo of coal for St. John's, in the westbound Convoy ON 118*, originating in Liverpool on Aug. 1-1942. Dux, Evanger (Commodore Vessel), Nea, Norvarg, Rio Verde and Tore Jarl are also named. Spero arrived her destination on Aug. 15, remaining there for 2 months.

Arnold Hague has also included Spero in the westbound Convoy ON 152, originating in Liverpool on Dec. 9-1942 (Commodore in Bonneville). If she was in this convoy, it looks like she must have joined from Halifax, rather than from the U.K. The Commodore does not mention her among the ships in the Halifax portion, but there's a Sweo; perhaps a misspelling of Spero? According to Page 3 she sailed from Halifax on Dec. 27 and arrived New York Jan. 2-1943, proceeding to Boston the next day, with arrival Jan. 5. This is the last voyage shown in the archive documents; A. Hague says she was subsequently used as "R/N China Coaster during 1943".

* The unlinked ON convoys mentioned here will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section in due course, with more information on each; in the meantime, the ships sailing in them are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys.

For more information on all the other Norwegian ships named on this page, please see the alphabet index below, or go to the Master Ship Index.


According to this external page, she sailed as China Coaster for W.C.T. Hwang, Shanghai from July-1946. From 1947, owned by China Trad. Corp. (W.C.T. Hwang), Shanghai, no name change. Seized by Chinese Nationalist Authorities in 1950, then sold in 1952 for breaking up.

Back to Spero on the "Ships starting with S" page.

Other ships by this name: Haugesund lost a steamer by this name in the early 1900's, built in Christiania (Oslo) in 1891, 968 gt (987?). Ran aground and sank on March 4-1912 off Rauna near Lista on a voyage Larsnes-Porsgrunn. This ship had previously belonged to Arendal Dampskibsselskap, sold to Haugesund in 1908. Also, E. B. Aabys Rederi A/S, Oslo managed a more recent ship by this name, originally delivered to that company in May-1992 as Saga Ocean, built in Japan, 29 369 gt, renamed Spero in 1995. Managed by A/S Borgestad from Dec.-1997. Renamed Westwood Borg in 1998, Borg Arrow in 2004. (A British steamship named Spero was wrecked at Blyrev, near Larvik, Norway on Dec. 24-1917, built 1899, 1199 gt.)

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, "The World's Merchant Fleets 1939", R. W. Jordan - and misc.


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