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D/S Roald Amundsen
Updated Nov. 17-2010

To Roald Amundsen on the "Ships starting with R" page.

A picture is available on this external page (click in it to enlarge).

Manager: Nortraship
7191 gt

Built by Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyards Inc., Baltimore (2120). Launched as William Strong on Apr. 13-1943 for the United States War Shipping Administration, delivered on Apr. 24, 7191 gt, 4379 net, 10 521 tdwt, 423.1' x 57.1' x 34.9', Triple exp. (Ellicott Machine Corp. Baltimore), 2500 ihp. One of 10 (11?) ships added to Nortraship's Fleet in 1943. See my page "Ship Statistics and Misc." for a list of the others under Gains 1943. Roald Amundsen was taken over in Baltimore on the day of delivery Apr. 24-1943. On bareboat charter from the United States War Shipping Administration.

Captain: Martin Tangerås.

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

  Voyage Record
From May-1943 to May-1945:  

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1943 May 6 Baltimore Hampton Roads May 7 Independent
May 11 Hampton Roads New York City May 12 Independent
May 19 New York City Liverpool June 4 HX 240 See also narrative below.
Fitted with AND
June 16 Liverpool New York City July 1 ON 189 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
July 15 New York City Liverpool July 29 HX 248
Aug. 8 Liverpool New York City Aug. 21 ON 196 Convoy will be added.
See link above
Sept. 22 New York City Barry Oct. 7 HX 258 Fitted with AND.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
Oct. 21 Barry Barry Roads Oct. 22 Independent Put back
Nov. 4 Barry OS 58/KMS 32 For Italy. Fitted AND.
Convoy split Nov. 18.
Available at OS 58/KMS 32
(external link)
See also Page 1
Nov. 18 Convoy split Gibraltar Nov. 19 KMS 32G For Italy.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in KMS convoys
Nov. 19 Gibraltar Augusta Nov. 25 KMS 32 For Augusta.
See link above
Nov. 25 Augusta Naples Nov. 27 VN 10 Convoy available at VN convoys
(external link)
Dec. 16 Naples Bizerta Dec. 18 Escorted
Dec. 23 Bizerta Hampton Roads Jan. 17-1944 GUS 25 Bizerta to USA.
Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
1944 Febr. 3 Hampton Roads Bizerta Febr. 23 UGS 32 For Bizerta.
Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
Febr. 23 Bizerta Bizerta March 9 A. Hague says:
Voyage data unknown.
Page 1 indicates Casablanca.
March 12 Bizerta Tunis Bay March 12 Independent
March 13 Tunis Oran March 16 GUS 33 Tunis to Oran
March 28 Oran Augusta Apr. 2 KMS 45 Oran to Augusta.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in KMS convoys
Apr. 2 Augusta Naples Apr. 4 VN 31 Convoy available at VN convoys
(external link)
Apr. 7 Naples Augusta Apr. 8 NV 31 Convoy available at NV convoys
(external link)
Apr. 9 Augusta Bizerta Apr. 12 GUS 36 Augusta to Bizerta.
Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
Apr. 16 Bizerta Oran Apr. 20 MKS 46 Bizerta to Oran.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in MKS convoys
May 4 Oran Hampton Roads May 21 GUS 38 Oran to USA.
Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
June 12 Hampton Roads Augusta July 3 UGS 45 For Augusta
July 5 Augusta Taranto July 6 AH 53 Convoy available at AH convoys
(external link)
July 6 Taranto Bari July 7
July 17 Bari Augusta July 18 HA 54A Convoy available at HA convoys
(external link)
July 18 Augusta Oran July 23(*) GUS 46 Augusta to Oran
(*see also Page 1)
July 22 Oran Oran Aug. 21 A. Hague says:
Sailing date notional, no VRC entry.
(Compare w/Page 1,
see also narrative below).
Aug. 28 S France Oran Aug. 31 ARM 3 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
See also Page 1
Sept. 1 Oran Hampton Roads Sept. 18 GUS 50 Oran to USA.
Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
Oct. 2 Hampton Roads Augusta Oct. 24 UGS 56 For Augusta.
Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
Oct. 24 Augusta Bari Oct. 26 AH 75 Convoy available at AH convoys
(external link)
Nov. 3 Bari Augusta Nov. 5 HA 76A Convoy available at HA convoys
(external link)
Nov. 5 Augusta New York City Nov. 30 GUS 57 Augusta to USA.
Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
Dec. 14 New York City Solent Dec. 27 HX 326 Fitted with AND
1945 Febr. 1 St. Helens Roads Havre Febr. 2 WVC 55 See also Page 2
Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Febr. 20 Havre Barry Febr. 23 TBC 75 A. Hague says:
Probably from Havre in VWC 72 to St Helens Rds.
(see link above).
Convoy available at TBC convoys
(external link)
Febr. 26 Barry New York City March 15* ON 287 *Page 2 gives arrival March 13
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
March 29 New York City Downs Apr. 14 HX 347 Fitted with AND.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
Apr. 15 Southend Antwerp Apr. 16 TAM 139 Convoy available at TAM convoys
(external link)
Again, see also Page 2
Apr. 20 Antwerp Downs Apr. 21 ATM 130 Convoy available at ATM convoys
(external link)
Apr. 21 Downs Milford Haven Apr. 24 TBC 135 Convoy available at TBC convoys
(external link)
Apr. 24 Milford Haven Liverpool Apr. 25 MH 93/2 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
May 7 Liverpool Clyde A. Hague says:
Possibly in MH 106.
Page 2 gives arrival Clyde May 9.
May 12 Clyde Kola Inlet* May 20 JW 67 *See narrative below.
Later voyages:
Page 2 & Page 3

 Misc. Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the convoy links provided for further details; the Commodore's notes are also available for some of them and several Norwegian ships took part.

Shortly after delivery, on May 13-1943, she was scheduled for Convoy HX 239 from New York to the U.K., but instead joined the next convoy on May 19, HX 240. Her destination is given as Liverpool, general cargo, station 32. She returned with the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 189*, which left Liverpool on June 16 and arrived New York July 1. Gallia, Glarona, Kong Sverre, Solsten, Solør and Troubadour are also listed, while Acanthus, Potentilla and Rose are named among the escorts (see ON convoy escorts). A couple of weeks later, she can be found in Convoy HX 248 from New York, again bound for Liverpool with general cargo (see also the Commodore's report). The following month we find her, together with Athos, California Express, Fjordaas, Gefion, Hardanger, Montevideo (Commodore Vessel), Mosli, Oregon Express, Skotaas and Trondheim, in Convoy ON 196*, departing Liverpool on Aug. 8, arriving New York on the 21st, Roald Amundsen subsequently remaining there for a month. According to Arnold Hague, she headed back to the U.K. again in Convoy HX 258*, which left New York on Sept. 22 and arrived Liverpool Oct. 6. See also Page 1. She had again been in the company of other Norwegian ships, namely Haakon Hauan, Idefjord, Molda, Norheim and San Andres.

With Far, Hjalmar Wessel, Ledaal and Ragnhild, she later joined Convoy OS 58/KMS 32, on a voyage from Milford to Italy with stores in station 74. This convoy originated in Liverpool on Nov. 5-1943 and split up on the 18th, the KMS convoy arriving Gibraltar the next day, while the OS convoy proceeded to Freetown - follow the external link provided within the Voyage Record above for more convoy details. Roald Amundsen was in the KMS portion. The ships that were not bound for Gibraltar, including Roald Amundsen, continued from off Gibraltar on Nov. 19, still in Convoy KMS 32*, and she arrived Augusta on Nov. 25, continuing to Naples that same day. Her subsequent voyages are shown on Page 1 - convoy information for some of these can be found in the Voyage Record.

Skipping now to March-1944, when I have her, with several other Norwegian ships, in Convoy GUS 33, which originated in Port Said on March 5 and arrived Hampton Roads on Apr. 4, but many ships had other destinations and left the convoy, while others joined along the way. In fact, Roald Amundsen was not present from Port Said, but is said to have joined from Tunis on March 12. Her destination is given as Casablanca on the convoy document, but she parted company for Oran on the 15th, arriving there March 16. From Oran, she later travelled to Augusta, having joined Convoy KMS 45*, which had left Gibraltar on March 27; Roald Amundsen started out from Oran on March 28 and arrived Augusta on Apr. 2. Having made voyages to Naples and back to Augusta, then on to Bizerta, she shows up in Convoy MKS 46*, voyage Bizerta to Oran. The convoy had originated in Port Said on Apr. 9 and arrived Gibraltar on the 21st; Roald Amundsen, however, had sailed from Bizerta on Apr. 16 and arrived Oran on the 20th. From there, she returned to the U.S. the following month (Convoy GUS 38 - link in Voyage Record).

On June 12-1944, we find her in Convoy UGS 45 from Hampton Roads (Norholm, Norheim, Hjalmar Wessel and Høegh Silverstar also took part at various times). She was bound for Augusta, where she arrived July 3. Having made voyages to Taranto and Bari, then back to Augusta (Page 1), she joined Convoy GUS 46 on July 19 and arrived Oran on July 22 (the convoy had originated in Port Said on July 14 and had Hampton Roads as its final destination; again, other Norwegian ships took part, follow the link for their names).

She subsequently took part in the landings on the coast between Cannes and Toulon on Aug. 15-1944; there's no indication of this voyage to France on the archive document, but note that Arnold Hague has included her in Convoy ARM 3 from Southern France to Oran, Aug. 28-Aug. 31 (link in the table above). About 881 ships took part in this operation, 4 were Norwegian. D/S Audun, D/S Star and M/T Elise (fleet oiler) were the others. From Oran, Roald Amundsen now returned to the U.S. again, as can be seen on Page 1 (convoy info for this and subsequent voyages can be found in the Voyage Record).

Christmas that year was celebrated while in Convoy HX 326 from New York (left Dec. 14). Acanthus escorted this convoy for a while - see HX convoy escorts. Roald Amundsen's destination is given as Solent, where she arrived on Dec. 28, according to Page 2. With Buenos Aires, Norsktank, Østhav, Solfonn, Sophocles, Strix, Thorshov and Tiradentes, she later returned across the Atlantic with Convoy ON 287*, which left Southend on Febr. 25-1945 and arrived New York March 14 - her arrival is given as March 13, having started out from Barry on Febr. 26.

In "Krigsseileren" No. 3 for 1989 I've found a story written by someone who was on board Roald Amundsen, Ragnvald Hommen. He describes the last convoy voyage Roald Amundsen had from New York before VE day. I've been trying to determine which convoy this might have been. One of his statements has to do with receiving the news that Franklin D. Roosevelt had died, and he says the Amerian ships in the convoy had their flags on half mast for the rest of the voyage. Roosevelt died on Apr. 12, and my guess that it might have been Convoy HX 347* has since been confirmed. This convoy, which also included Brasil, Buenos Aires, Dalfonn, Fenris, Lektor Garbo, Marit II, Sophocles (Commodore Vessel), Sverre Helmersen and Thorsholm, as well as the Panamanian Norlys (Norwegian managers), departed New York on March 29-1945 and arrived Liverpool on Apr. 14. Again, see also Page 2.

I get the understanding that on arrival U.K. waters, Roald Amundsen and 6 other ships anchored in The Downs for a day or so, while the rest of the ships in the convoy had other destinations. She subsequently proceeded to Antwerp (A. Hague has her, together with Sverre Helmersen, in Convoy TAM 139 for this voyage - ref. link in the table above). After cargo had been unloaded in Antwerp she returned to The Downs (Convoy ATM 130), then on to Liverpool in a 5 ship convoy, arriving there on Apr. 26 (with Balduin, she's listed in Convoy TBC 135, as well as in the 6 ships Convoy MH 93). Hommen says that one of the ships in the convoy blew up en route, shortly after they had passed Isle of Wight, possibly by a mine (he might be referring to the British Riverton, which was torpedoed and damaged by U-1023 on Apr. 23 while in Convoy TBC 135; there's more on this attack at the last external link below. This ship had also previously been in Convoy ATM 130 from Antwerp. A. Hague blames U-1203 for this attack, though this might be a simple misprint).

Again, compare the details in Hommen's account with the info found on Page 2.

Once in Liverpool (Birkenhead), Roald Amundsen started loading 3000 tons coal, and was still there when the news of the German capitulation came. In the evening of May 8 she left for Glasgow, with arrival May 10, then departed on May 12 in Convoy JW 67 (this was the last convoy to Russia, consisting of 26 ships, arriving the Kola Inlet on May 20). In addition to the 3000 tons coal they had misc. war materials, cars and 25 sled dogs - these had come on board in New York. Egerø* and Ivaran were also in this convoy. Roald Amundsen and Ivaran did not go all the way to Murmansk, but left the convoy to proceed to Kirkenes. Hommen doesn't give a date, but simply says "2. pinsedag" which means "2nd Day of Whitsun". He mentions that Ivaran almost hit a mine on approaching Kirkenes that same afternoon. Kirkenes by then had been literally burnt to the ground by the Germans so this first meeting with their own country in many years was rather a sad one.

*Egerø is listed in the last convoy out from Murmansk, Convoy RA 67 which departed the Kola Inlet with 25 ships on May 23-1945 (Kronprinsen was also in this convoy).

They stayed in Kirkenes for quite some time before continuing to Tromsø, where the coal was unloaded. Ragnvald Hommen says that D/S Spes was also there at the time - the steward of that ship later became his father-in-law. Additionally, Kong Haakon VII was in Tromsø, and as mentioned in my text for that ship she was set to transport Russian prisoners of war to Murmansk. Roald Amundsen was initially ordered into the same transport, but following an inspection this did not come to pass. Instead, her next voyage took her back across the Atlantic, this time alone and with all her lights on, arriving New York in the middle of July-1945, at the same time as Queen Mary, which came in with thousands of soldiers from Europe.

According to Page 3, she went home to Norway again a few times in 1946.

* The ON convoys will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section in due course, along with further details on each. In the meantime, the ships sailing in them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys. Note also that the entire HX series will eventually be updated and completed, including the already existing convoys (some have already been updated); see ships in all HX convoys. The MKS and KMS convoys will also be added, see ships in all MKS convoys and ships in all KMS convoys.

For more details on all the other Norwegian ships named on this page, please see the alphabet index below, or go to the Master Ship Index.


Sold to Ringdals Rederi A/S (Olav Ringdal), Oslo in Oct.-1946. Ran aground off Skudesneshavn on Nov. 20-1947, voyage in ballast Antwerp-Narvik, broke in 2. Total loss. No casualties.

Related external links:
Liberty Ships - Unfortunately, the list no longer appears to be included at this site (unfortunate, because I have 100's of links to it from my Convoys section). If I remember correctly, that particular section was hosted by Peter Thompson, who has now moved to a different site, but I cannot find his list of Liberty Ships. I'll leave the link up for now until I can find out whether it's still available somewhere. I did find an identical page here, but as will be seen, the alphabetical links receive an error.

See also:
List of Liberty Ships - Includes info on the men and women for whom the ships were named (from Wikipedia). William Strong can be found on this page.

The attack on Riverton

Back to Roald Amundsen on the "Ships starting with R" page.

Norway had a whale factory by the name Roald Amundsen in the early 1900's, built in Newcastle 1891, 4390 gt, ex Sandhurst, ex Toronto, ex St. Enoch. Damaged by a mine on June 17-1917 laid by UC-6 the day before off Tongue Lightvessel (in cargo service at the time). Belonged to A/S Ørnen in 1921 under the name Falk (mentioned in a footnote under my text to Falk on the F-list). Sold to Germany for breaking up in 1936 ("Damp - Dampskipets æra i Vestfold" and "Lloyd's War Losses").

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Convoys to Russia", Bob Ruegg/Arnold Hague, "Liberty Ships in Peacetime, and their Contribution to World Shipping History" I. G. Steward - 1992, and misc. sources, most of which are named within the narrative above - (ref. My sources).


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