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M/S Rio Branco
Updated May 17-2012

To Rio Branco on the "Ships starting with R" page.

A picture is available on this external page.

Owner: A/S Sobral
Manager: Øivind Lorentzen, Oslo
3210 gt

Built by Fried Krupp Germaniawerft AG, Kiel, Germany in 1925. Previous names: Marie Horn until 1935, Boca Raton until 1936.

In the Norwegian magazine "Krigsseileren", No. 1/1985 I found the names of 16 Norwegians who are buried at Pine Ridge Cemetery, Saranac Lake, NY. One of them was Otto Wilhelm Eriksen from Rio Branco, who died in Oct.-1942. Please go to Norwegian War Graves on my Memorials page for more information about this memorial in Saranac Lake and the names of Norwegians buried there.

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
(unfortunately, Page 1 has some information missing in the margin)
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4 | Page 5

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

  Voyage Record
From Dec.-1939 to Apr.-1945:  

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each (where the "Convoy" column is left blank, it means that convoy is not known).

Errors may exist, and as can be seen, her 1940 voyages are not included in this record.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1939 Dec. 29 Halifax Liverpool Jan. 12-1940 HX 14 1940 voyages:
See Page 1
1941 Jan. 2 Ceara New York City Febr. 19 Independent
Febr. 19 New York City Philadelphia Independent Page 1 gives arrival Febr. 20.
Febr. 22 Philadelphia Hampton Roads Febr. 23 Independent
Febr. 23 Hampton Roads St Thomas March 2 Independent
March 3 St Thomas Victoria, Bz Independent This stop at Victoria not mentioned, Page 1
March 25 Victoria, Bz Capetown Apr. 5 Independent
Apr. 6 Capetown Port Elizabeth Apr. 9 Independent
Apr. 13 Port Elizabeth Aden May 2 Independent
May 3 Aden Suez May 9 Independent From Suez, May 16
(Page 1).
May 24 Port Said Alexandria May 25 Independent
June 6 Alexandria Port Said June 7 Independent To Suez, June 8
(Page 1).
June 8 Suez Karachi June 20 Independent A. Hague says:
Sailing date notional
(agrees w/Page 1).
July 1 Karachi Cochin Independent Sailing date notional
July 6 Cochin Madras July 11 Independent
July 13 Madras Calcutta July 17 Independent
July 20 Calcutta Singapore July 29 Independent
July 30 Singapore Miri Aug. 2 Independent
Aug. 3 Miri Los Angeles Sept. 10 Independent
Sept. 13 Los Angeles Balboa Sept. 28 Independent
Sept. 30 Cristobal New York City Oct. 11 Independent
Nov. 22 New York City New York City Nov. 22 Independent Put back
Nov. 24 New York City Sydney, C.B. Nov. 29 Independent
Dec. 4 Sydney, C.B. Liverpool Dec. 21 SC 58 Page 2 gives arrival Dec. 19
(see also narrative below)
1942 Jan. 5 Liverpool OS 16 For Lagos.
A. Hague says:
Straggled Jan. 16.
Convoy available at OS 16
(external link)
Jan. 16 Straggled from OS 16 Freetown Jan. 25 Independent
Febr. 19 Freetown Lagos Febr. 25 Independent
Febr. 26 Lagos Forcados Febr. 27 Independent
March 12 Forcados Lagos March 13 Independent
March 16 Lagos Accra March 18 Independent
March 19 Accra Takoradi March 20 Independent
March 29 Takoradi Freetown Apr. 4 Independent
Apr. 9 Freetown Belfast Lough May 1 SL 106 2 Passengers.
Convoy available at SL 106
(external link)
May 2 Belfast Lough Holyhead May 3 BB 169 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
May 3 Holyhead Milford Haven May 3 BB 170 Convoy available at link above
May 4 Milford Haven Southampton May 6 WP 151 Convoy available at WP convoys
(external link)
From Southampton May 10
(Page 2).
May 11 Cowes Roads Barry May 13 PW 154 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
May 30 Barry Milford Haven May 31 Independent
June 1 Milford Haven Belfast Lough June 4* ON 100 Returned.
*Page 2 gives arrival June 2.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
June 9 Belfast Lough ON 102 For Hampton Roads.
Detached June 25.
Convoy will be added.
See link above
June 25 Detached from ON 102 New York City June 28 Independent
June 30 New York City Hampton Roads July 1 Independent
July 5 Hampton Roads New York City July 9* Independent *Page 2 gives arrival July 7.
July 9 New York City Cape Cod Bay Independent
July 15 Cape Cod Bay Halifax July 18 BX 29 To Sydney, C.B.
Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
July 22 Halifax Sydney, C.B. July 23 HS 33 Convoy available at HS convoys
(external link)
July 24 Sydney, C.B. Liverpool Aug. 7 SC 93
Aug. 15 Liverpool Halifax Sept. 1 ON 122 For Sydney, C.B.
Sept. 1 Halifax Sydney, C.B. Sept. 2 HS 46 Convoy available at link above
Sept. 3 Sydney, C.B. Father Point Sept. 8 SQ 34 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
See also Page 3
Sept. 23 Father Point Sydney, C.B. Sept. 27 QS 37 Convoy available via link above
Sept. 30 Sydney, C.B. Belfast Lough Oct. 14 SC 103 Convoy will be added.
See ships in SC convoys
Oct. 14 Belfast Lough Bristol Oct. 16 BB 229 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
Nov. 17 Bristol Port Talbot Nov. 18 Independent
Nov. 28 Port Talbot Milford Haven Nov. 29 Independent
Nov. 30 Milford Haven Halifax Dec. 22 ON 150 For St. John, N.B.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Dec. 25 Halifax St. John, N.B. Dec. 27 HF 24 Convoy available at HF convoys
(external link)
1943 Febr. 3 St. John, N.B. New York City Febr. 7 Independent
Febr. 22 New York City Gitmo March 1 NG 345 Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
March 1 Gitmo Trinidad March 8 GAT 47 Convoy available at GAT convoys
(external link)
March 14 Trinidad Para March 24 TB 8 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Apr. 12 Para Pernambuco Apr. 17 Independent Sailing date notional
?* Apr. 26 Pernambuco Trinidad May 5 BT 11 *Compare w/Page 3
Convoy available via link above
May 29 Trinidad Gitmo June 3 TAG 63 Convoy available at TAG convoys
(external link)
June 3 Gitmo New York City June 10 GN 63 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
July 1 New York City Gitmo July 8 NG 371 Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
July 8 Gitmo Trinidad July 13 GAT 73 Convoy available at GAT convoys
(external link)
July 14 Trinidad Belem July 23 TJ 2 For Belem.
Again, see also Page 3
Convoy available at TJ convoys
(external link)
Aug. 10 Para Pernambuco Aug. 13 A. Hague says:
Port & date of sailing notional
(did visit Para, had arr. July 23).
Aug. 24 Pernambuco Ceara Aug. 26 Later arr. Para, Sept. 4
(Page 3)
Sept. 18 Belem Trinidad Sept. 24 JT 7 A. Hague says:
Belem to Trinidad, departure date approx.
(again, see Page 3).
Convoy available at JT convoys
(external link)
Sept. 26 Trinidad Gitmo Oct. 1 TAG 87 Convoy available at TAG convoys
(external link)
Oct. 1 Gitmo New York City Oct. 9 GN 87 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
Oct. 29 New York City Gitmo Nov. 4 NG 395 Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
Nov. 4 Gitmo Trinidad Nov. 10 GAT 97 Convoy available at GAT convoys
(external link)
Nov. 12 Trinidad Belem Nov. 20 TJ 14 Trinidad to Belem.
See also Page 4
Convoy available at TJ convoys
(external link)
Dec. 7 Para Bahia Dec. 15
Dec. 21 Bahia Pernambuco Dec. 25
Dec. 28* Pernambuco Ceara Jan. 4-1944 A. Hague says:
Sailing port & date notional.
*Page 4 gives departure Jan. 2-1944
1944 Jan. 15 Ceara Para Jan. 20 A. Hague says:
Ports and dates notional*.
*Page 4 gives arrival Para Jan. 13, so she must have left Ceara earlier than the 15th.
Jan. 28 Para Trinidad Febr. 2
Febr. 8 Trinidad Gitmo Febr. 13 TAG 114 Convoy available at TAG convoys
(external link)
Febr. 13 Gitmo New York City Febr. 20 GN 114 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
Apr. 26 New York City Gitmo May 2 NG 431 Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
May 2 Gitmo Curacao May 6 GAT 133 Gitmo to Curacao.
Convoy available at GAT convoys
(external link)
May 15 Curacao Trinidad May 18 GAT 135 Curacao to Trinidad.
Convoy available at link above
May 20 Trinidad Pernambuco June 4 TJ 33 Trinidad to Recife.
Convoy available at TJ convoys
(external link)
Missing voyages, Page 4
? July 11 Trinidad Trinidad July 11 Arrived Trinidad from Ceara, July 11
(Page 4).
July 12 Trinidad Gitmo July 17 TAG 145 Convoy available at TAG convoys
(external link)
July 17 Gitmo New York City July 24 GN 145 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
Aug. 19 New York City Gitmo Aug. 25 NG 454 Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
Aug. 25 Gitmo Trinidad Aug. 31 GAT 156 Convoy available at GAT convoys
(external link)
Sept. 7 Trinidad Para Sept. 28* TJ 44 Trinidad to Para.
Convoy available at TJ convoys
(external link)
*Page 4 gives arrival Sept. 16.
Sept. 24 Para Pernambuco Sept. 30 Independent
Oct. 10 Pernambuco Para Oct. 15 Independent On to Salinas, Oct. 22
(Page 4).
Oct. 23 Salinas Trinidad Oct. 28 Independent
Nov. 27 Trinidad New York City Dec. 14 Independent
1945 Jan. 31 New York City Hampton Roads Febr. 5 NG 487 A. Hague says:
Lost part deck cargo, returned.
Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
Febr. 7 Hampton Roads Gitmo Independent
Febr. 20 Gitmo Trinidad Febr. 25 Independent
Febr. 28 Trinidad Pernambuco March 14 Independent
March 27 Pernambuco Pernambuco March 27 Independent Put back
Apr. 6 Pernambuco Bahia Apr. 9 Independent Subsequent voyages:
Page 4 & Page 5

 Misc. Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the convoy links provided for further details; several Norwegian ships took part.

Rio Branco is listed among the ships in Convoy HX 14 from Halifax to the U.K. at the end of Dec.-1939. Her destination is given as Liverpool, cargo of wallboard, and she had station 42 of the convoy.

A French visitor to my website has told me that Rio Branco was seized in Antigua Isl. after Apr. 9-1940 (Norway was invaded that day). Taken over by the French submarine Vénus and arrived Fort de France (French West Indies) on Apr. 21, released on Apr. 23, provided she complied with orders from London-based operating office. Note that according to Page 1 of the archive documents, she arrived Fort de France on Apr. 18, leaving again for Casablanca on the 20th, with arrival Casablanca May 7. She subsequently remained there for a long time (I find it strange that she was not interned when France capitulated, like so many other Norwegian ships); departure is given as July 13, when she proceeded to Madeira. As can be seen, she also spent several weeks in Rio de Janeiro that fall. Her 1941 voyages also start on this document and continue on Page 2, which shows that she had a long stay in New York towards the end of that year.

With a general cargo for Liverpool, she was scheduled for the slow Sydney (C.B.)-U.K. Convoy SC 57 on Nov. 28-1941, but instead joined the next convoy on Dec. 4, SC 58, (Nidardal was lost). Montbretia is named among the escorts for this convoy.

At the beginning of 1942 we find her, on a voyage from Liverpool to Lagos, in station 52 of Convoy OS 16, which departed Liverpool on Jan. 5 and arrived Freetown on the 23rd and also included Bernhard, Brønnøy, Kattegat, L. A. Christensen and Slemmestad, as well as the Panamanian Norvinn (Norwegian managers - Solstad and Vinga are said to have been scheduled, but did not sail). Rio Branco, however, became a straggler from this convoy on Jan. 16 and did not arrive Freetown until Jan. 25, proceeding to Lagos almost a month later, with arrival Febr. 25. With a cargo of lumber and palm kernels, she's later listed in station 72 of Convoy SL 106/SLF 106, which left Freetown on Apr. 9 and arrived Liverpool on May 2. She also had 2 passengers on board, and according to Page 2, she stopped at Belfast Lough on May 1. (The fast section, SLF 106, detached on Apr. 22 and arrived Liverpool Apr. 29, but Rio Branco sailed in the slow portion - the Norwegian Tijuca was in the fast portion).

In June that same year, she joined the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 100*, which originated in Liverpool on June 2 (she had sailed from Milford Haven on June 1), but she returned to port, arriving Belfast Lough, later joining Convoy ON 102* from there. This convoy originated in Liverpool on June 9 and arrived Halifax on the 25th; Rio Branco, however, was bound for Hampton Roads, where she arrived, via New York, on July 1. Both these convoys also had other Norwegian ships, namely Borgfred, Kirsten B (joined from Halifax) and Tore Jarl in ON 100, while Ada, Bernhard, Boreas, Grey County, Inger Elisabeth, Ingerfire, Norse King, Para, Rena, Solitaire, Trolla and Vest took part in ON 102 (ON 100 lost several ships; see the external link at the end of this page for more info). With general cargo for Liverpool, Rio Branco headed back to the U.K. on July 24 in the slow Convoy SC 93 from Sydney, C.B., and the following month we find her in station 44 of the westbound Convoy ON 122 in which Trolla and others were sunk (follow the links for details), and for which Acanthus, Montbretia, Potentilla and Eglantine acted as escorts for a while. See also the Commodore's report. Rio Branco arrived Halifax on Sept. 1, continuing to Sydney, C.B. that same day, then on to Montreal - see Page 3.

According to Arnold Hague, she returned to the U.K. with Convoy SC 103, which started out from New York on Sept. 26-1942 and arrived Liverpool Oct. 14 - Rio Branco joined from Sydney, C.B. and stopped at Belfast Lough on Oct. 13/14, before proceeding to Bristol, where she arrived on Oct. 16. This convoy is not yet available among the SC convoys included in my Convoys section, but will be added - see Ships in all SC convoys. Ada, Boreas, Carmelfjell, Ingerfire, Jan, Norfalk, Rolf Jarl, Pan Aruba, Solhavn, Solitaire, Solstad and Vinland are also listed. Rio Branco had a cargo of lumber and steel, sailing in station 13. She subsequently remained in Bristol for a month, and together with Bernhard, Carrier, Sirehei and Snar, she later joined the westbound Convoy ON 150*, originating in Liverpool on Dec. 1, arriving New York on the 25th. Rio Branco, however, was bound for St. John, N.B., where she arrived, via Halifax, on Dec. 27, having started out from Milford Haven on Nov. 30.

She did not leave St. John again until Febr. 3, when she proceeded to New York, then started making voyages to Guantanamo, Trinidad and Pernambuco etc. Her 1943 voyages start on Page 3 and continue on Page 4, which also shows her 1944 and some 1945 voyages (it'll be noticed that she often had fairly long stays in port, with a particularly long stay in New York City from Febr.-1944). Convoy information for some of these can be found within the table above. See also Page 5, showing voyages to Apr.-1946.

* The ON convoys will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section in due course, along with further details on each. In the meantime, the ships sailing in them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys.

More info on the other Norwegian ships mentioned here can be found via the alphabet index below, or go to the Master Ship Index.

Related external link:
Ships hit from convoy ON 100

Back to Rio Branco on the "Ships starting with R" page.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: Roger W. Jordan - and misc.


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