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D/S Ravnefjell
Updated May 11-2012

To Ravnefjell on the "Ships starting with R" page.

All of the above were received from Jean-Pierre Charest, Québec, who says they are from Mrs Sirois's collection. She was, like her father and gr-father, a photographer of Matane. The pictures were taken after Ravnefjell had stranded at low tide in the harbour of Matane, Québec. When going to Page 1 of the original documents received from the Norwegian National Archives, showing her war voyages, we learn that she had arrived Matane (from St. John's, N.F.) on Sept. 2-1940 and left for Montreal three days later.

From Tony Cooper's collection.

Another picture is available on this external page (click in it to enlarge).

Post War picture, when named Ringstein.
From Bjørn Milde's postcard collection.

Manager: Olsen & Ugelstad, Oslo
1339 gt

Built by Nyland's mek. Verksted, Oslo in 1938.

Captain: Peder Steinsvik - also, Nikolai Breivik Rød.

Some crew members have been named within the narrative below.

Related item on this website:
Guestbook message showing crew members, July 15-1941.

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4 | Page 5 | Page 6 | Page 7

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

  Voyage Record
From Nov.-1939 to May-1945:  

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Errors may exist, and some voyages are missing.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1939 Nov. 4 Port Alfred Boston Jan. 10-1940 Independent
1940 July 15 Halifax Methil July 31 HX 58 Earlier 1940 voyages:
Page 1
See also narrative below.
Aug. 1 Methil Tyne Aug. 1 MT 127 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Compare w/Page 1
Aug. 2 Tyne Southend Aug. 3 FS 239 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
Again, see also Page 1
Aug. 13 Southend Methil Aug. 15 FN 251 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Arrived Leith, Aug. 15, left Aug. 17
(Page 1)
Aug. 18 Methil OA 201 Dispersed Aug. 22.
Convoy available at OA 201
(external link)
Again, see also narrative.
Aug. 22 Dispersed from OA 201 St. John's, N.F. Aug. 30 Independent
Aug. 30 St. John's, N.F. Matane Sept. 2 Independent (See pictures above)
Sept. 5 Matane Montreal Sept. 6 Independent On to Quebec, Sept. 30
(Page 1).
Oct. 3 Quebec Sydney, C.B. Oct. 6 Independent
Oct. 9 Sydney, C.B. Clyde Oct. 22 HX 79 From Sydney, C.B.
See also Page 1
(and narrative)
1941 Jan. 11 Clyde OB 272 Dispersed Jan. 14.
Convoy available at OB 272
(external link)
Jan. 14 Dispersed from OB 272 Freetown Jan. 30 Independent
Febr. 11 Freetown Lagos Febr. 16 Independent
Febr. 21 Lagos Port Harcourt Febr. 23 Independent
Febr. 24 Port Harcourt Lagos Febr. 26 Independent
March 3 Lagos Abonnema March 8 Independent Arrived Port Harcourt, March 14
(Page 2).
March 16 Port Harcourt Lagos March 12* Independent *Should be March 18
March 23 Lagos Freetown March 29 Independent
Apr. 8 Freetown Oban May 3 SL 71 Convoy available at SL 71
(external link)
May 5 Oban Oban May 6 WN 123 Returned.
Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
May 6 Oban Methil May 8 WN 124 Convoy available at link above
May 12 Methil Hull May 13 FS 487 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
May 26 Hull Southend May 28 FS 499 Convoy available at link above
See also Page 2
June 1 Southend Methil June 3 FN 474 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Arrived Leith, June 3
(Page 2 - Also, missing movements).
June 11 Methil Loch Ewe June 13 EC 31 Convoy available at EC convoys
(external link)
June 18 Loch Ewe OB 336 A. Hague says:
For St. John, N.B.
Dispersed June 23.
Convoy available at OB 336
(external link)
June 23 Dispersed from OB 336 St. John's, N.F. June 28 Independent
June 28* St. John's, N.F. Montreal July 6 Independent *Page 2 gives departure July 2
See also this Guestbook message
Aug. 1 Montreal Sydney, C.B. Aug. 4 Independent
Aug. 6 Sydney, C.B. HX 143 A. Hague says:
Straggled, Aug. 15.
Aug. 15 Straggled from HX 143 Liverpool Aug. 20 Independent Missing movements, Page 2
Aug. 31 Liverpool* Clyde Sept. 1 Independent *From Manchester
(Page 2).
Sept. 8 Clyde ON 14 For Botwood.
Dispersed 56 25N 24 50W, Sept. 14.
Sept. 14 Dispersed from ON 14 Botwood Sept. 21 Independent
Sept. 26 Botwood Montreal Sept. 30 Independent Again, see also Page 2
Oct. 31 Montreal Sydney, C.B. Nov. 4 Independent
Nov. 4 Sydney, C.B. St. John's, N.F. Nov. 8 SC 53 Returned
Nov. 12 St. John's, N.F. Liverpool Nov. 28 SC 54 Missing movements:
Page 2 & Page 3
Dec. 7 Liverpool Clyde Dec. 8 Independent See also Page 3
Dec. 21 Clyde ON 49 Dispersed Jan. 5-1942
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
1942 Jan. 5 Dispersed from ON 49 Sydney, C.B. Jan. 7 Independent
Jan. 12 Sydney, C.B. Boston Jan. 15 Independent
Febr. 21 Boston New York City Febr. 22 Independent
March 6 New York City New York City March 7 Independent A. Hague says;
Put back, engine defects
March 15 New York City Halifax March 18 Independent
March 21 Halifax Argentia March 23 HX 181 A. Hague says:
Detached to Argentia
March 28 Argentia Port aux Basques March 30 Independent
Apr. 2 Port aux Basques Halifax Apr. 5 Independent
Apr. 9 Halifax Cape Cod Canal Apr. 11 XB 8 Convoy available at XB convoys
(external link)
Apr. 11 Cape Cod Canal New York City Apr. 12 Independent
Apr. 13 New York City Hampton Roads Apr. 13 Independent
Apr. 15 Hampton Roads Miami Apr. 20 Independent
Apr. 22 Miami Tampa Apr. 24 Independent
Apr. 25 Tampa Fort Liberte Independent
May 4 Fort Liberte Cienfuegos May 7 Independent
May 15 Cienfuegos Key West May 17 Independent
May 20 Key West New Orleans May 24 Independent
May 27 New Orleans Progresso June 1 Independent
June 5 Progresso Kingston June 9 Independent
June 12 Bowden Key West June 20 Independent A. Hague says:
After grounding on Rebecca Shoal
June 27 Key West Hampton Roads July 2 KN 114 Convoy available at KN convoys
(external link)
Later arrived New York City, July 4
(Page 3).
July 6 New York City Cape Cod Bay Independent
July 9 Cape Cod Bay Halifax July 11 BX 28 For Sydney, C.B.
Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
July 13 Halifax Sydney, C.B. July 15 HS 27 Convoy available at HS convoys
(external link)
July 16 Sydney, C.B. Montreal July 21 Independent Left Montreal, Aug. 14
(Page 3).
Aug. 16 Father Point Sydney, C.B. Aug. 19 QS 27 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Aug. 19 Sydney, C.B. Halifax Aug. 22 SH 36 Convoy available at SH convoys
(external link)
Aug. 22 Halifax Clyde Sept. 6 SC 97 See also Page 4
Sept. 20 Clyde Halifax Oct. 7 ON 132 For Halifax.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Oct. 9 Halifax Sydney, C.B. Oct. 11 HS 58 Convoy available at HS convoys
(external link)
Oct. 17 Sydney, C.B. Halifax Oct. 20 SH 54A Convoy available at SH convoys
(external link)
Oct. 22 Halifax New York City Oct. 26 ON 136 Joined from Halifax.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Nov. 9 New York City Clyde Nov. 29 SC 109 (See also Page 4 & narrative below).
Convoy will be added.
See ships in SC convoys
Dec. 18 Clyde New York City Jan. 12-1943 ON 154 Again, see narrative
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
1943 Febr. 23 New York City Liverpool March 14 SC 121
March 28 Liverpool ONS 2 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ONS convoys
Apr. 19 From ONS 2 Cape Cod Canal Apr. 21 XB 46 Joined from ONS 2.
Convoy available at XB convoys
(external link)
Apr. 21 Cape Cod Canal New York City Apr. 22 Independent
Apr. 29 New York City Boston Independent
May 2 Boston Halifax May 5 BX 48 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
May 11 Halifax Liverpool May 26 SC 130 Missing movements, Page 4
June 8 Liverpool ONS 10 For NYC.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ONS convoys
June 27 From ONS 10 Cape Cod Canal June 29 XB 60 Convoy available at XB convoys
(external link)
June 29 Cape Cod Canal New York City June 30 Independent
July 10 New York City Boston Independent Page 4 gives arrival July 16
July 21 Boston Halifax July 24 BX 64 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
July 30 Halifax Reykjavik Aug. 10 SC 138 For Iceland
Aug. 20 Reykjavik ONS 16 Joined from Iceland Aug. 23.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ONS convoys
Sept. 1 From ONS 16 Boston Sept. 3 XB 72 Convoy available at XB convoys
(external link)
Sept. 19 Boston Halifax Sept. 21 BX 74 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
Sept. 22 Halifax Sydney, C.B. Sept. 23 HS 108 Convoy available at HS convoys
(external link)
Sept. 25 Sydney, C.B. St. John's, N.F. Sept. 28 BW 65 St. John's, N.F. for Greenland.
Convoy available at BW convoys
(external link)
Oct. 1 St. John's, N.F. Greenland Oct. 5 SG 31 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
See also Page 4
Dec. 25 Greenland St. John's, N.F. Jan. 1-1944 GS 39 Convoy available via link above
1944 *Jan. 2 St. John's, N.F. Sydney, C.B. Jan. 4 WB 83 Convoy available via link above
* Jan. 3 St. John's, N.F. Boston Jan. 7 YD 2 Convoy available via link above
* Jan. 5 Sydney, C.B. Halifax Jan. 6 SH 121 Convoy available at SH convoys
(external link)
* Jan. 7 Halifax Cape Cod Canal Jan. 8 HF 94 Cape Cod Canal.
Convoy available at HF convoys
(external link)
*Ravnefjell left St. John's on Jan. 3, arrived Cape Cod Canal Jan. 8, New York City Jan. 9 - See Page 5 (Sydney, C.B., Boston and Halifax not mentioned) - not sure which of the above convoys she would have sailed in, if any (A. Hague has named her in all of them, but this does not necessarily mean she sailed).
Febr. 16 New York City Nuevitas Febr. 23 NG 417 Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
Febr. 24 Nuevitas Banes Independent
March 1 Banes Key West March 3 Independent Again, see also Page 5
March 3 Key West Pilottown March 5 KH 497 Key West to Pilottown.
(Arrived New Orleans, March 6,
Page 5).
Convoy available at KH convoys
(external link)
March 11 Pilottown Havana March 14 HK 203 Pilottown to Havana.
Convoy available at HK convoys
(external link)
March 17 Havana Caibarien March 17 Independent
March 19 Caibarien New Orleans March 21 Independent
Apr. 4 Galveston Bar Key West Apr. 8 HK 213 Convoy available at link above
Apr. 8 Key West Gitmo Apr. 11 KG 699 Convoy available at KG convoys
(external link)
Apr. 14 Gitmo Cristobal Apr. 17 GZ 65 Convoy available at GZ convoys
(external link)
Apr. 23 Cristobal Barranquilla Apr. 25 Independent
Apr. 27 Barranquilla Cristobal Apr. 29 Independent
May 4 Cristobal Gitmo May 8 Independent
May 9 Gitmo Key West May 12 GK 805 Convoy available at GK convoys
(external link)
May 12 Key West Houston May 15 KH 525 Convoy available at KH convoys
(external link)
See also Page 5
May 24 Galveston Bar Key West May 28 HK 233 Convoy available at HK convoys
(external link)
May 28 Key West Gitmo May 31 KG 709 Convoy available at KG convoys
(external link)
June 3 Gitmo Cristobal June 7 GZ 70 Convoy available at GZ convoys
(external link)
June 9 Cristobal Barranquilla June 11 Independent
June 16 Barranquilla Cristobal June 18 Independent
June 22 Cristobal Gitmo June 26 ZG 74 Convoy available at ZG convoys
(external link)
June 28 Gitmo Houston July 5 Independent
July 9 Houston Havana July 12 Independent
July 20 Havana Caibarien July 21 Independent
July 25 Caibarien Key West July 26 Independent
July 27 Key West New York City* Aug. 1 KN 328 *To Boston, arrived Aug. 2.
(Page 5).
Convoy available at KN convoys
(external link)
Aug. 4 Boston New York City Aug. 5 Independent
Aug. 9 New York City Gitmo Aug. 16 NG 452 Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
Aug. 17 Gitmo Cartagena, Col Aug. 21 GZ 85 For Cartagena.
Convoy available at GZ convoys
(external link)
Aug. 23 Cartagena, Col Barranquilla Aug. 24 Independent
Aug. 28 Barranquilla Cartagena, Col Aug. 29 Independent
Aug. 30 Cartagena, Col Cristobal Aug. 31 Independent
Sept. 5 Cristobal Gitmo Sept. 8 ZG 89 Convoy available at ZG convoys
(external link)
Sept. 10 Gitmo Charleston, SC Sept. 17 GN 156 For Charleston.
Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
Sept. 22 Charleston, SC New York City Sept. 25 KN 339 Charleston to NYC.
Convoy available at KN convoys
(external link)
Oct. 3 New York City Gitmo Oct. 10 NG 463 Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
Oct. 11 Gitmo Cartagena, Col Oct. 14 GZ 96 For Cartagena.
Convoy available at GZ convoys
(external link)
Oct. 21 Barranquilla Cristobal Oct. 23 Independent
Oct. 25 Cristobal Gitmo Oct. 29 ZG 99 Convoy available at ZG convoys
(external link)
Oct. 30 Gitmo New York City Nov. 7 GN 166 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
Nov. 21 New York City Havana Nov. 27 NK 652 For Havana.
Convoy available at NK convoys
(external link)
Nov. 29 Havana Cardenas Independent Page 6 gives arrival Nov. 30
Dec. 3 Cardenas Key West Dec. 4 Independent
Dec. 4 Key West New York City Dec. 9 KN 354 Convoy available at KN convoys
(external link)
Dec. 17 New York City Gitmo Dec. 24 NG 478 Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
Dec. 24 Gitmo Cartagena, Col Dec. 28 GZ 111 For Cartagena.
Convoy available at GZ convoys
(external link)
Dec. 31 Cartagena, Col Cristobal Jan. 1-1945 Independent
1945 Jan. 3 Cristobal Gitmo Jan. 7 ZG 113 Convoy available at ZG convoys
(external link)
Jan. 8 Gitmo New York City Jan. 15 GN 180 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
Jan. 31 New York City Gitmo Febr. 7 NG 487 Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
Febr. 9 Gitmo Cartagena, Col Febr. 12 GZ 120 For Cartagena.
Convoy available at GZ convoys
(external link)
Febr. 15 Cartagena, Col Barranquilla Febr. 15 Independent
Febr. 20 Barranquilla Cartagena, Col Febr. 20 Independent
Febr. 23 Cartagena, Col Cristobal Febr. 24 Independent
Febr. 27 Cristobal Gitmo March 3 ZG 124 Convoy available at ZG convoys
(external link)
March 4 Gitmo New York City March 11 GN 191 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
March 22 New York City Gitmo March 29 NG 497 Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
March 30 Gitmo Cartagena, Col Apr. 3 GZ 130 For Cartagena.
Convoy available at GZ convoys
(external link)
Apr. 4 Cartagena, Col Barranquilla Apr. 5 Independent
Apr. 8 Barranquilla Cartagena, Col Apr. 9 Independent
Apr. 11 Cartagena, Col Cristobal Apr. 13 Independent
Apr. 13 Cristobal Gitmo Apr. 17 ZG 133 Convoy available at ZG convoys
(external link)
Apr. 18 Gitmo New York City Apr. 24 GN 200 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
May 6 New York City Gitmo May 13 NG 506 Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
May 14 Gitmo Cartagena, Col May 17 GZ 139 A. Hague says:
For Cartagena.
Convoy available at GZ convoys
(external link)
May 17 Cartagena, Col Barranquilla May 18 Independent Subsequent voyages:
Page 6 & Page 7

 Some Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the convoy links provided for further details; the Commodore's notes are also available for some of them and several Norwegian ships took part.

According to Page 1 of the archive documents, Ravnefjell was on her way from St. Thomas to Para when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940. A French visitor to my website has told me that she was stopped for examination in the Caribbean sea by the French auxiliary cruiser Esterel on Apr. 14 and ordered to Fort-de-France (French West Indies). Released on Apr. 23 on condition she comply with orders from London-based operating office. From the archive document, we learn that she had left Para on Apr. 13 and arrived Fort de France on the 18th. From there, she proceeded to Ceara on the 23rd, with arrival May 2, continuing to Pernambuco that same day.

In July that same year she can be found among the ships in the Halifax-U.K. Convoy HX 58, bound for London with general cargo (she had previously been cancelled from HX 57). In the middle of the following month she's mentioned as bound for St. John's with Convoy OA 199 (ref. external link at the end of this page), but instead joined OA 201 a few days later, together with Fanefjeld (convoy departed Methil Aug. 18, dispersed Aug. 22). Ravnefjell arrived St. John's on Aug. 30, proceeding to Matane that same day, with arrival Sept. 2 - according to the caption for the pictures posted at the top of this page, she stranded at low tide in the harbour of Matane, Québec (she left for Montreal on Sept. 5, remaining there until Sept. 30 - see Page 1).

She was run into and damaged by the Swedish Axel Johnson when in Convoy HX 79 on Oct. 19-1940. Ravnefjell was 1 of 7 Norwegian ships in this convoy, the others were Benwood, Sandanger, Egda, Triton, Høyanger and Thyra. HX 79 had departed Halifax on Oct. 8 and arrived Liverpool on Oct 23 having lost 12 ships - follow the link to my page about HX 79, as well as the external link provided at the end of this page for more info. Ravnefjell, bound for Mersey with a general cargo, joined this convoy from Sydney C.B., as did Axel Johnson, sailing right behind her. It'll be noticed, when going back to Page 1, that Ravnefjell subsequently remained at Clyde for quite some time, so it's possible repairs were made there.

In Jan.-1941 she's listed, together with Brask (sunk - follow link for details), Don, Ferncastle, Gezina, Kongsgaard, Marita and Victo, in Convoy OB 272, originating in Liverpool on Jan. 10, dispersed on the 14th (see link provided within the Voyage Record). Ravnefjell arrived Freetown on Jan. 30, having started out from Clyde on Jan. 12. Together with Dagfred, Gudvin, Lisbeth, Lise and Thorshov, she later went back to the U.K. again in Convoy SL 71, departing Freetown on Apr. 8 (the external website that I've linked to at the end of this page has also included her in SL 70 on March 29, but she probably did not sail - she had arrived Freetown from Lagos that same day and may have arrived too late to join). Her voyages in this period are shown on Page 2.

In June that year we find her, with Helgøy and Topdalsfjord, in Convoy OB 336, which originated in Liverpool June 15 and dispersed on the 25th (23rd?). Her destination is given as St. John, N.B., however, she arrived St. John's, N.F. on June 28 (having started out from Loch Ewe on the 18th). Having made a voyage to Montreal (where she had quite a long stay), she proceeded to Sydney, C.B. in order to join the Sydney portion of Convoy HX 143 back to the U.K. on Aug. 6. The Norwegian Thorshavn, Belinda, Mosli, Andrea Brøvig, Petter, Katy, Carmelfjell, Primero, Benwood and Salamis are also named. The archive document gives Ravnefjell's destination as Manchester, and she arrived there on Aug. 22/23 - A. Hague says she had become a straggler from this convoy on the 15th. The following month she's listed in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 14; destination is given as Botwood, N.F., where she arrived on Sept. 21, the convoy having been dispersed on Sept. 14 - the Commodore's narrative is also available for this convoy.

Ravnefjell now made another voyage to Montreal, before proceeding to Sydney, C.B., joining the slow Convoy SC 53 on Nov. 4, but returned to port, arriving St. John's on Nov. 8, and from there, she subsequently joined Convoy SC 54, general cargo for Manchester, where she arrived Nov. 29 (Page 2). Eglantine and Monbretia are named among the escorts for this convoy. Christmas that year was celebrated while in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 49*, which originated in Liverpool on Dec. 21-1941 and dispersed Jan. 5-1942. Her destination is not given, but according to Page 3 of the archive documents, she arrived Sydney, C.B. on Jan. 7, having started out from Clyde on Dec. 21. (There's a note on the document saying she returned to Clyde on the 27th, but it looks like an attempt has been made to erase this entry). Blink, Bur, Titanian and Veni are also named in this convoy.

It'll be noticed, when going back to the archive document referred to above, that she had a long stay in Boston, where she had arrived from Sydney, C.B. on Jan. 15-1942. Departure is given as Febr. 21, when she proceeded to New York City then on to Halifax, and on March 21 she shows up in Convoy HX 181. Eglantine is again named among the escors, as are Acanthus and Potentilla. According to A. Hague, Ravnefjell detached from this convoy and headed to Argentia, N.F. where she arrived on March 24, so she did not sail to the U.K. on that occasion (her subsequent voyages are shown on Page 3, with convoy info for some of them in the table above). In fact, she did not head to the U.K. again until Aug. 22, when she joined Convoy SC 97 from Halifax, in which Bronxville was sunk; follow the link for details (Vice Commodore was in Bonneville). Ravnefjell then returned across the Atlantic with Convoy ON 132*, which originated in Liverpool on Sept. 19 and arrived New York Oct. 8. Ravnefjell, however, went to Halifax, where she arrived Oct. 7, having started out from Clyde Sept. 20 - see Page 4. Askeladden, Borgholm, Gezina, Loke, Pollux (from Halifax) and Snar are also listed, and Acanthus, Eglantine, Montbretia and Potentilla are named among the escorts - see ON convoy escorts.

Later that month, Ravnefjell joined Convoy ON 136* in order to sail from Halifax to New York, where she arrived Oct. 26, having sailed from Halifax on the 22nd. This convoy had started out in Liverpool on Oct. 3 and also included Astrid, Fana, Glarona (also from Halifax), Iron Baron, Lisbeth and Novasli. Ravnefjell is also mentioned in connection with Convoy HX 213 from New York on Oct. 26, but is crossed out on the original convoy form, which probably means she did not join. In fact, Arnold Hague has instead included her, along with Astrid, Atlantic, Grado, Hjalmar Wessel, Iron Baron, James Hawson, Mathilda, Norse Lady, Ragnhild, Thalatta and Veni, in the slow Convoy SC 109*, which left New York on Nov. 9 and arrived Liverpool on the 30th - Ravnefjell stopped at Glasgow the day before.

She's also crossed out on the original form for the westbound Convoy ON 152 in Dec.-1942 (Commodore in Bonneville). For several years I have suspected that Ravnefjell instead joined Convoy ON 154* later that month. In an article in "Krigsseileren", Issue 4/1989 Captain Knudsen of Fana describes a voyage that ship took part in. He mentions the disappearance of Norse King, and also says Ravnefjell was in the convoy. Knudsen's story, coupled with what can be found in the book "Ravnefjell", written by 1st Mate/Radio Operator Peder Kr. Nilsen lead me to this tentative speculation, and A. Hague has indeed included her in this convoy, along with Fana, James Hawson, Norhauk, Norse King (sunk, as mentioned - follow link above for details), Ramø, Veni and Vest - please scroll down to the list of ships in Convoy ON 154 posted on this page. I will add this convoy to its own individual page in due course, with the ships in their proper stations. Arnold Hague says it departed Liverpool on Dec. 18 and arrived New York on Jan. 12-1943; Ravnefjell joined from Clyde - again, see Page 4.

In his book P. Nilsen (previously of Beaulieu) says they left the U.K. for the U.S. on Dec. 19-1942. Some of the ships were bound for the Mediterranean and Africa and were to leave the convoy at a point north of the Azores. Others, including Ravnefjell, had the U.S. as their destination. Captain Knudsen of Fana and Peder Kr. Nilsen both say the convoy was attacked on Christmas Eve, but other sources indicate the first attack took place on Dec. 27. Nilsen says they approached the position in which the Africa bound ships were intended to leave the convoy on Dec. 27, but according to Fana's captain their departure from the convoy was delayed due to the U-boat attacks. Rescue ship was initially Toward, but when she had picked up 164 survivors from the various torpedoed ships, she was ordered by the Commodore to refrain from further rescue work, whereupon other ships in the rear of the convoy were ordered to take over as rescue vessels, Norse King being one of them. Ravnefjell was moved from her original station of No. 31 to a new station in the rear that evening, also for rescue purposes.

Nilsen describes the sinking of several ships, and also mentions seeing James Hawson at the rear, as well as another Norwegian ship which they at the time simply referred to as "Merry Christmas" because she had come alongside on Christmas Eve to wish them a merry Christmas in Norwegian (No. 2 in the column). He mentions the Commodore ship going down, then the Vice Commodore ship, as well as all the other ships in the front, including "Merry Christmas". Not sure which ship this could be; as far as I can tell no Norwegian ship was lost from this convoy other than Norse King. It's possible that the ship was actually British, but had some Norwegian crew members on board. By this time, James Hawson had advanced to the very front, one position at a time, replacing the ships in front of her as they were hit and sunk. Only 2 ships were now left in the 3rd column, namely Ravnefjell and one of the Cunard Line ships. He says all the ships in the port column (Africa bound) were still intact at that time, but not for long, as one after the other got its final blow, and being as most of them had ammunition in their holds there wasn't much need for rescue operations. Fana was eventually the only ship left in that column. By the time the remnants of the convoy reached New York only 10 ships were left (Fana had gone on to Bathurst).

The websites that I've linked to at the end of this page describe this convoy battle and also give the names of all the ships sunk, so I won't go further into that here.

I posted a query to my Ship Forum with regard to Fana and Ravnefjell a while back, which produced several responses, one of which said the following (compare with the archive documents posted to my pages about Norse King and Fana):
Norse King left Swansea Dec. 14-1942, arrived Milford Haven the next day, departed on the 17th for Belfast Lough where she arrived the following day, then left that same day for Boston.
Ravnefjell arrived Glasgow on Nov. 29-1942, left on Dec. 7, arrived Clyde Anchorage the next day, then departed on the 18th for New York, arriving on Jan. 12-1943 (again, see also Page 4).
Fana left Liverpool on Dec. 17-1942, arrived Bathurst on Jan. 14-1943 (conflicts with the captain's story). Left Bathurst on the 22nd to arrive Freetown on the 25th, then departed on the 30th, arrived Sherbro but date not known, departed at an unknown date for Freetown arriving there on Febr. 3-1943. Left again on Febr. 10 for Bathurst where she arrived on the 13th. It appears she departed Bathurst for a local voyage that same day, the poster says she arrived up river at an unknown date, departure date not known, but arrived Bathurst again on Febr. 19, to depart for her return voyage to the UK on Febr. 26. He adds "this vessel was not in the same convoy as the Norse King or Ravnefjell, it's just a coincidence that all three vessels sailed around the same date", however, they are both indeed listed in Convoy ON 154.

Many sources (including J. Rohwer) also list Ingerfem as being in Convoy ON 154, but this is incorrect; she left Loch Ewe in ballast for Halifax on Christmas Eve-1942 and could, therefore, not have been in this convoy - she was in ON 156*.

Some of Ravnefjell's crew (she had a complement of 20):
Captain at this time was Nikolai Breivik Rød (while Captain Peder Steinsvik was on leave)
Chief Engineer Ola Johannessen
2nd Engineer Bertrand Larsen
2nd Mate Andreas Semb
3rd Mate Lars Hopland
Boatswain Magnar Andreassen
Able Seaman Backman.

As mentioned, Ravnefjell had arrived New York on Jan. 12-1943. After this voyage, she had to go into Bethlehem Steel Drydock in Brooklyn for various repairs, and wasn't ready to sail again for 3 weeks, so the crew got a rest from the terrifying Atlantic crossings for a while, before again heading out on Febr. 23-1943, with TNT in her holds, joining Convoy SC 121, in which the Commodore Vessel Bonneville and several others were sunk. Ravnefjell's sistership Harpefjell was also in this convoy, also with ammunition. Nilsen wrote a several pages long report to the authorities about this voyage in 1943 and this is included in the book in its entirety. I will try to write up a summary of it and post it here. In the meantime, follow the link to this convoy, as well as to my page about Bonneville for a detailed description of events. An analysis of attacks is also available. Ravnefjell arrived Liverpool safely on March 14.

I might add here that in my opinion the book "Ravnefjell" is a marvellous little book, and highly recommended (if you understand Norwegian), ISBN 82-05-05940-3 or 82-05-05941-1. Ref. my Books page for links to antiquarian bookstores on the Internet where it might be available.

With Askepot, Astrid, Harpefjell, Ingerfire (sunk - follow link for more info), Norhauk and Suderøy, Ravnefjell subsequently joined the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ONS 2*, which departed Liverpool on March 28 and arrived Halifax Apr. 19; Ravnefjell, however, was bound for New York, where she arrived on Apr. 22. She headed back to the U.K. on May 11 in Convoy SC 130 from Halifax, later returning to the U.S. again with Convoy ONS 10*, departing Liverpool on June 8, arriving Halifax on the 27th; she was again bound for New York, arriving there June 30 (Page 4). Acasta, Cetus, Fjordheim, Grey County, James Hawson, Mathilda, Novasli, Sirehei and Titanian are also listed. A month later, she can be found in Convoy SC 138 from Halifax. This time, she was bound for Reykjavik, where she arrived Aug. 10, later joining the westbound Convoy ONS 16* from there on Aug. 23. She arrived Boston on Sept. 3, remaining there until Sept. 19 (convoy had originated in Liverpool Aug. 19 and arrived Halifax Sept. 1). She had again been in the company of several other Norwgian ships, namely Ferncliff, Fjordheim, Heimgar, Henrik Ibsen, Lago and Sommerstad.

Her subsequent voyages are listed on Page 4; as will be seen, she now made a voyage to Greenland, and did not go back to the U.K. for the rest of the war. See also Page 5 (which shows a long stay in New York at the beginning of 1944), Page 6 and Page 7 - convoy information is available in the Voyage Record above.

* The ON and ONS convoys will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section in due course, along with further details on each. In the meantime, the ships sailing in them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys and on the page for ships in all ONS convoys. The SC series will also be updated and completed, but for now, please go to ships in all SC convoys for the names of other ships sailing in SC 109.

More info on all the other Norwegian ships named on this page is available via the alphabet index below, or go to the Master Ship Index.


Ravnefjell collided with the American passenger vessel S/S City of Cleveland III in thick fog off Harbor Beach, Michigan, in Lake Huron on June 25-1950, resulting in the loss of 5 lives and extensive damage to the American ship, and minor hull and equipment damage to Ravnefjell. She was on a voyage from Sarnia, Ontario to Milwaukee, Wisconsin at the time. The captain's name was Thorsen. Ravnefjell was temporarily repaired in Chicago. There's an 11 page, downloadable report from the court hearings in Pdf format at this (external) website. Enter "Marine Board of Investigation Marine Casualty Reports" in the "Search" field, click on the link to "MARINE BOARD OF INVESTIGATION MARINE CASUALTY REPORTS", then on the page that comes up, scroll down almost to the end of the page to "Collision involving the SS CITY OF CLEVELAND III and SS RAVNEFJELL (Norwegian) off Harbor Beach, Michigan on 25 June 1950 with loss of life" and click on the link to download the collision report.
Ravnefjell was sold in 1954 to Birger Ekerholt, Oslo and renamed Ringstein. Sold to Panama in 1959. According to this external page, she was renamed Altair for Talamanca Cia. (Cia. Marittima Italiana, Genova), Panama. Ran aground on Sept. 11- 1966 near Achowa Point, Ghana, when on a voyage from Messina, Italy to Nigeria. See also this external page.

Related external links:
OB & OA convoys - As mentioned, Ravnefjell is said to have been scheduled for Convoy OA 199 (but sailed in OA 201). There's also a section for SL convoys, and Ravnefjell is named in Convoy SL 70 (as well as SL 71).

HX 79, 19 Oct, 1940 - 20 Oct, 1940

Battle of the Atlantic - Convoy ONS 154 - Barbara & Gordon Mumford's website which describes the battle in great detail. There's also a section for ONS 154 Memorials, listing the names of casualties from the ships in this convoy, including Norse King (on this page). Again, see also my own page about Norse King.

ONS-154, 26-30 Dec 1942 -'s account of the battle, with names of ships sunk.

Other Olsen & Ugelstad ships (including 3 by the name Ravnefjell).

Back to Ravnefjell on the "Ships starting with R" page.

Norway had previously had another Ravnefjell, which became D/S Far in 1937.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, and misc. others as named within the above narrative.


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