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M/T Norsol
Updated March 27-2012

To Norsol on the "Ships starting with N" page.

Source: Asbjørn Olsen Kårvik (from his father's photo album).

Manager: Nortraship
8236 gt

From Barbara Mumford I've received the following (her source: Mitchell & Sawyer's "Empire Ships"):
Ocean type tanker built by Harland & Wolff Ltd., Belfast. 8236 gt, 483 ft (oa), 465.6 ft x 59.5 ft. Engines: Oil. Launched July 10-1941, completed in Nov. as Empire Diamond.

Norsol was one of 19 ships transferred to Nortraship in 1942. See Empire Ships on my page "Ship Statistics & Misc." for the names of the other 18. Norsol was taken over at Newport on March 30-1942. She had arrived from Halifax earlier that month as Empire Diamond in Convoy HX 177.

Related items on this website:
Guestbook message from someone whose father, Gwilym Lindsey Thomas (from Wales) was a radio operator on Norsol. Here's another message from his daughter.
Another Guestbook message from the daughter of Kenneth Mannion, who was a gunner on Norsol (still around, Oct.-2009), and who knew the above radio operator. He also mentions 2nd Radio Operator Jacobs, and says there were 11 Brits on board, 7 DEMS; J. Mawson, L. Cultherson, J. Adamson, W. Jones, J. Wynn and a Geordie and a Killack. 2 Radio operators and 2 mess boys, ? Bird, name unknown.
Guestbook message naming 4 crew members, namely Frederick Thomas Humble, English age 21, James Albert Hutten, English/Canadian age 28, Edward Coxon, English age 22, William Stevenson, Scottish age 18. All 4 had previously been on board Thorshavet when sunk. It'll be noticed that there's also a John Cuthbertson mentioned in the crew list for that ship, as well as a gunner by the last name of Adamson.

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4 | Page 5

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

  Voyage Record
From March-1942 to Jan.-1946:  

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Errors may exist, and some voyages are missing.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1942 March 31 Newport Milford Haven Apr. 1 Independent
Apr. 3 Milford Haven Belfast Lough Apr. 4 ON 83 Returned.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Apr. 16 Belfast Lough ON 87 For Beaumont.
Dispersed 36 03N 46 15W, Apr. 26.
Convoy will be added.
See link above
Apr. 26 ON 87 dispersed Beaumont May 6 Independent
May 13 Beaumont Key West May 17 Independent See also narrative below
?* May 21 Key West New York City May 27 KN 102 A. Hague says:
"Probably this convoy".
Available at KN convoys
(external link)
May 29 Boston(?*) Halifax May 31 BX 21 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
*Compare these entries w/Page 1 (again, see also narrative below).
May 31 Halifax Belfast Lough June 10 HX 192
June 11 Belfast Lough Swansea June 12 BB 185 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
June 17 Swansea Milford Haven June 17 Independent
June 18 Milford Haven Belfast Lough June 19 ON 105 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
July 18 Belfast Lough ON 113 For NYC.
Detached July 31.
Convoy will be added.
See link above
July 31 Detached from ON 113 New York City Aug. 2 Independent Left for Hampton Roads Aug. 8
(Page 1).
Aug. 13 Hampton Roads KS 530 Detached Aug. 18.
Convoy available at KS convoys
(external link)
Aug. 18 Detached from KS 530 New Orleans Aug. 21 Independent
Aug. 21 Pilottown Corpus Christi Aug. 23 Independent
Aug. 26 Corpus Christi Galveston Aug. 26 Independent
Aug. 27 Galveston Pilottown Independent
Aug. 30 Pilottown Key West Sept. 3 Independent
Sept. 17 New York City Belfast Lough Oct. 1 HX 208
?* Oct. 1 Belfast Lough Swansea Oct. 2 BB 225 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
?* Oct. 2 Belfast Lough Swansea Oct. 3 BB 226 Convoy available at link above
*Again, compare w/Page 1.
Oct. 7 Swansea Swansea(?) Oct. 7 Independent
Oct. 8 Milford Haven New York City Oct. 29 ON 137 Via Belfast Lough
(Page 1).
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Oct. 31 New York City Gitmo Nov. 7 NG 318 For Curacao.
Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
Nov. 7 Gitmo Curacao Nov. 10 GAT 20 Gitmo to Curacao.
Convoy available at GAT convoys
(external link)
Nov. 16 Curacao Gitmo Nov. 19 TAG 21 Curacao to Gitmo.
Convoy available at TAG convoys
(external link)
Nov. 19 Gitmo New York City Nov. 25 GN 21 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
Nov. 27 New York City Liverpool Dec. 14 HX 217 Missing movements, Page 1
Dec. 19 Liverpool ON 155 For NYC.
Detached Jan. 1-1943
1943 Jan. 1 Detached from ON 155 Gitmo Jan. 8 Independent
Jan. 10 Gitmo Curacao Jan. 15 GAT 36 Gitmo to Curacao.
Convoy available at GAT convoys
(external link)
Jan. 17 Curacao Trinidad Jan. 20 GAT 37 Curacao to Trinidad.
Convoy available at link abaove
Jan. 23 Trinidad TB 3 Detached Jan. 26.
Convoy available at TB 3
(external link)
Jan. 26 Detached from TB 3 Takoradi Febr. 7 Independent
Febr. 11 Takoradi Lagos Febr. 12 Independent
Febr. 15 Lagos Accra Febr. 16 Independent
Febr. 21 Accra Takoradi Febr. 22 Independent
Febr. 26 Takoradi Trinidad March 12 Independent
March 15 Trinidad Curacao March 17 TAG 48 Convoy available at TAG convoys
(external link)
March 22 Curacao Gitmo March 24 TAG 49 Curacao to Gitmo.
Convoy available at link above
March 24 Gitmo New York City March 31 GN 49 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
Apr. 6 New York City Liverpool Apr. 21 HX 233 Missing movements, Page 2
Apr. 24 Liverpool New York City May 14 ON 180 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
May 31 New York City Belfast Lough June 15 HX 242
June 15 Belfast Lough Avonmouth June 16 BB 300 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
June 21 Avonmouth Milford Haven June 21 Independent
June 23 Milford Haven New York City July 8 ON 190 A. Hague says:
Collision Joseph Leidy July 2.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Aug. 27 New York City Clyde Sept. 10 HX 254 On to Bowling
(Page 2)
Sept. 13 Clyde* Ardrossan Sept. 13 Independent *From Bowling
Sept. 14 Ardrossan Clyde Sept. 14 Independent
Sept. 15 Clyde Philadelphia Oct. 1 ON 202
Oct. 4 Philadelphia New York City Oct. 5 Independent
Oct. 11 New York City Liverpool Oct. 26 HX 261 On to Stanlow
(Page 2).
Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
Oct. 31 Liverpool New York City Nov. 17 ON 209 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Nov. 21 New York City Hampton Roads Independent
Nov. 24 Hampton Roads Augusta Dec. 17 UGS 25 For Augusta.
Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
Dec. 22 Augusta Taranto Dec. 24 AH 14 Convoy available at AH convoys
(external link)
1944 Jan. 5 Taranto Augusta Jan. 7 HA 16 Convoy available at HA convoys
(external link)
Jan. 10 Augusta New York City Febr. 4 GUS 27 Augusta to USA.
Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
Febr. 10 New York City Hampton Roads Febr. 11 Independent
Febr. 13 Hampton Roads Augusta March 8 UGS 33 For Augusta.
Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
March 12 Augusta Bari March 14 AH 30 Convoy available at AH convoys
(external link)
March 20 Bari Brindisi March 20
March 22 Brindisi Augusta March 23 Escorted
March 25 Augusta Algiers March 29 MKS 44 Augusta to Algiers.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in MKS convoys
Apr. 4 Algiers New York City Apr. 22 GUS 35 Algiers to USA.
Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
Apr. 27 New York City Philadelphia Apr. 28 Independent
Apr. 30 Philadelphia Hampton Roads Independent
May 3 Hampton Roads Algiers May 22 UGS 41 For Algiers.
Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
June 2 Algiers New York City June 19 GUS 41 Algiers to USA.
Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
June 22 New York City Hampton Roads June 23 Independent
June 24 Hampton Roads Praia Bay July 6 UGS 46 For Azores, Praia Bay.
Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
July 8 Praia Bay Philadelphia July 18 GUS 44
July 20 Philadelphia Hampton Roads July 21 Independent
July 24 Hampton Roads Casablanca Aug. 9 UGS 49 For Casablanca.
Convoy available at link above
Aug. 12* Casablanca Philadelphia Aug. 28 GUS 48 Casablanca to USA.
*Page 3 gives departure Aug. 10.
Aug. 30 Philadelphia Hampton Roads Aug. 31 Independent
Sept. 2 Hampton Roads Algiers Sept. 20 UGS 53 For Algiers.
Convoy available at link above
Sept. 25 Algiers Oran Sept. 26 MKS 62 Algiers to Oran.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in MKS convoys
Oct. 1 Oran New York City Oct. 17 GUS 53 Oran to USA.
Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
Oct. 21 New York City Augusta Nov. 14 UGS 58 A. Hague says:
For Augusta via Oran
(Oran not mentioned, Page 3).
Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
Nov. 14 Augusta Bari Nov. 16 AH 79 Convoy available at AH convoys
(external link)
Nov. 19 Bari Malta Nov. 23 Independent
Nov. 23 Malta Port Said Nov. 27 UGS 59 Malta to Port Said.
Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
Nov. 27 Port Said Haifa Nov. 28 Independent
Dec. 2 Haifa Augusta Dec. 7 Independent
Dec. 9 Augusta Bari Dec. 12 Independent
Dec. 16 Bari Oran Dec. 21 Independent Via another port?
See Page 3
(looks like Port Lincoln)
Dec. 23 Oran New York City Jan. 10-1945 GUS 62 Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
1945 Jan. 23 New York City Liverpool Febr. 6 HX 334 Missing movements, Page 3
Febr. 11 Liverpool New York City March 1 ON 284 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
March 4 New York City Liverpool March 19 HX 342 Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
March 23 Liverpool Hampton Roads Apr. 9 ON 292 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Apr. 14 Hampton Roads Passed Gibraltar Apr. 28 UGS 86 Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
Apr. 28 Passed Gibraltar Augusta May 3 Independent
May 3 Augusta Bari May 4 Independent
May 10 Bari Oran May 14 Independent
May 17 Oran Delaware Capes June 2 GUS 90 Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
Page 4 gives departure D. Capes June 5, put back.
Left again June 9.
June 9 Delaware Capes Naples June 25 Independent
June 25 Naples Leghorn June 26 Independent
June 26 Leghorn Vado Independent
July 1 Vado Oran Independent
July 3 Oran New York City July 15 Independent
July 20 New York City Philadelphia July 21 Independent
July 26 Philadelphia Southend Aug. 8 Independent Again, see also Page 4.
Sept. 7 Southend Port Said Sept. 20 Independent (Also, Page 4).
Sept. 20 Suez Abadan Oct. 1 Independent
Oct. 3 Abadan Aden Oct. 10 Independent
Oct. 13 Aden Abadan Oct. 26 Independent Via other ports
(Page 4).
Oct. 28 Abadan Melbourne Nov. 23 Independent
Nov. 25 Melbourne Sydney, N.S.W. Nov. 27 Independent
Dec. 1 Sydney, N.S.W. Abadan Dec. 25 Independent
Dec. 28 Abadan Suez Jan. 8-1946 Independent Further voyages:
Page 5

 Some Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the convoy links provided for further details; the Commodore's notes are also available for some of them and several Norwegian ships took part.

As mentioned further up on this page, Norsol was taken over by Nortraship in Newport on March 30-1942, having previously arrived from Halifax earlier that month as Empire Diamond in Convoy HX 177. Just a few days later, we find her in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 83*, which originated in Liverpool on Apr. 4 and arrived Halifax on the 17th. However, Norsol returned to port (Belfast Lough), later joining Convoy ON 87*, which had started out in Liverpool on Apr. 16 and dispersed on the 26th, Norsol arriving Beaumont on May 6. See also Page 1 of the archive documents. Both these convoys had several Norwegian ships, namely Emma Bakke, Katy (returned to port), Kong Haakon VII, Lynghaug, Norheim (returned), Olaf Bergh, Polartank (returned), Siljestad and Tabor in ON 83, and Albert L. Ellsworth, Atlantic, Bralanta, Glittre, Havprins, Herbrand, Katy, Norheim, Polartank, Skandinavia, Stiklestad and Vav in ON 87.

On May 14 (May 15?)-1942, she rescued 2 survivors from the American freighter David McKelvy*, torpedoed by U-506 - ref. external links at the end of this page for more info. 1 of the survivors was Finnish, the other American. At the time, Norsol was on her way from Beaumont to Halifax to join a convoy back to the U.K. (cargo of aviation fuel) and was sailing alone when smoke was spotted on the horizon on the port side. They decided to investigate, though regulations said to move away as quickly as possible, in case such sightings originated from a U-boat trying to lure a lone ship close enough for attack. When they approached, they saw 2 men in the stern of the smoldering ship. After the torpedo had hit the American ship it had erupted in flames, and the 2 survivors, the chief engineer and pumpman, had sought refuge in the fresh water tank overnight until the fire subsided somewhat. The sea was still burning here and there around them, but the rescuers were able to get a line on board for the men to tie around their waists, whereupon the 2 jumped into the water and were pulled into Norsol's lifeboat. Her radio operator got in touch with the pilot station at Key West and a Coast Guard vessel came out to take the 2 ashore. Norsol then continued to Halifax where she joined Convoy HX 192 for the U.K. on May 31, arriving Swansea (via Belfast Lough), on June 12.

*According to Robert J. Cressman the crew of David McKelvy abandoned ship and the Coast Guard cutter Boutwell (WPC-130) rescued the survivors. Roger W. Jordan, "The World's Merchant Fleets 1939" says 23 survived, 17 died. Arthur Moore ("A Careless Word, A Needless Sinking") adds that she had a crew of 36 and 6 Naval Armed Guard; 15 crew, including the captain and all the deck officers were lost in the explosion and fire, as were 2 of the Navy men. 4 of the survivors were badly burnt, 1 of whom later died at the Marine Hospital in New Orleans where the 4 had been taken. The remaining survivors were taken to the Naval Section Base at Burrwood, Louisiana by Boutwell. (David McKelvy was later beached on the Louisiana coast according to R. W. Jordan, but found to be a total constructive loss).

Later that month, Norsol is listed, together with Marit II, Polarsol, Sandanger, Skandinavia and Velma, in the westbound Convoy ON 105*, originating in Liverpool on June 19, arriving Halifax June 30. This is not mentioned, but it looks like she returned to port; according to Page 1 of the archive documents she was bound for New York, and had sailed from Milford Haven on June 18, arrived Belfast Lough on June 19, Belfast on June 23. She shows up again, with destination New York, in Convoy ON 113*, which had originated in Liverpool on July 17 and arrived Halifax on the 31st (having lost 3 ships - ref. external link at the end of this page); Norsol arrived New York Aug. 2, having sailed from Belfast Lough July 17/18. Abraham Lincoln, Evita, Harpefjell, Pan Aruba, Salamis, Solsten, Thorhild and Vav are also listed in this convoy. Having made some voyages around the U.S., she joined Convoy HX 208 from New York on Sept. 17 (the Commodore's report is also available - Norsol is mentioned under Oct. 1, among the ships noted for good station keeping and signalling). Her destination is given as Swansea and she arrived there on Oct. 3, subsequently joining the westbound Convoy ON 137*, along with Corneville, Iris (joined from Halifax), Norholm, President de Vogue, Stiklestad, Tai Shan, Velma and the Panamanian Norvinn (Norwegian managers). This convoy originated in Liverpool on Oct. 9 and arrived New York Oct. 29; Norsol had left Milford Haven for Belfast Lough on Oct. 8 and it looks like she joined the convoy from there.

Having made a voyage to Curacao and back to New York (convoy details in Voyage Record above), she returned to the U.K. again in Nov.-1942 in Convoy HX 217, cargo of aviation fuel (see also the Commodore's narrative). Eglantine, Potentilla and Rose are named among the escorts. Norsol 's last Trans-Atlantic voyage that year was made with the westbound Convoy ON 155 (from Liverpool Dec. 19). Eglantine is again named among the escorts as is Acanthus (again, see also the Commodore's narrative - Norsol is mentined twice under Jan. 1). This convoy arrived New York on Jan. 6-1943, but Norsol is said to have parted company for Guantanamo in the evening Jan. 1. From Page 2 of the archive documents, we learn that she arrived Curacao (via Guantanamo Bay) on Jan. 15, continuing to Trinidad 2 days later.

In Apr.-1943 she can be found in Convoy HX 233 from New York, again with a cargo of aviation fuel, returning with Convoy ON 180*, which left Liverpool on Apr. 24 and arrived New York on May 14 and also had Belinda, California Express, Norsktank, Reinholt (Commodore Vessel), Skandinavia, Skjelbred, Thorhild and Velma in its ranks. At the end of that month she's listed in station 104 of Convoy HX 242. On this occasion her destination is given as Avonmouth, where she arrived June 16. About a week later we find her, along with Brajara, California Express, Dageid, Fjordaas, Gefion, Høyanger, Lynghaug, Mosli, Norefjord, Orwell, Polartank, Skiensfjord and Tarifa, in the westbound Convoy ON 190*, which originated in Liverpool on June 24 and arrived New York July 9. According to A. Hague, she was involved in a collision with the American Joseph Leidy while in this convoy on July 2 - I have no further details on this (Polartank was also involved in a collision). Norsol may have required repairs, because she remained in New York for several weeks (Page 2), before she on Aug. 27 joined Convoy HX 254, bound for Bowling and Ardrossan, station 52. She arrived Bowling on Sept. 12, Ardrossan the next day, then joined the westbound Convoy ON 202 (ONS 18) a couple of days later, in which Oregon Express and Skjelbred were sunk. Follow the links for much more info on this convoy battle, including the Commodore's narrative and several reports. Norsol arrived Philadelphia safely on Oct. 1.

With a cargo of petrol and aviation gas, Arnold Hague now has her in station 82 of Convoy HX 261*, togther with Bajamar, Duala, Elisabeth Bakke, Pan Scandia, Tai Shan and Vav (returned). This convoy left New York on Oct. 11-1943 and arrived Liverpool on the 26th (again, see also this Guestbook message). Just a few days later she joined the westbound Convoy ON 209*, which also included Cypria, Haakon Hauan, Ivaran and Laurits Swenson, the latter serving as Commodore Vessel (convoy left Liverpool Oct. 31, arrived New York Nov. 17). From New York, Norsol proceeded to Hampton Roads, and from there she joined Convoy UGS 25 on Nov. 24 in order sail to Augusta, arriving there on Dec. 17. On Dec. 22 she headed to Taranto, with arrival Christmas Eve, leaving again on Jan. 5-1944, arriving Augusta Jan. 7, departing Jan. 10 for New York, where she arrived Febr. 4, having made this voyage in Convoy GUS 27. Ref. external links provided in the Voyage Record for more info on these 2 convoys and other convoys she sailed in during this period - other Norwegian ships are also named in them. Also, see Page 2 and Page 3. As can be seen, she subsequently went back to Augusta.

In March-1944, she made a voyage from Augusta to Algiers, having joined Convoy MKS 44*,which also included Boreas, Europe, Lidvard, Star and Toulouse. The convoy originated in Port Said on March 20; Norsol had left Augusta on March 25 and arrived Algiers on the 29th, heading back to the U.S. from there on Apr. 4, arriving New York on Apr. 22 - convoy information for this voyage and subsequent voyages listed on Page 3 of the archive documents can be found in the table above.

A. Hague has also included her in Convoy GUS 44 to the U.S. in July-1944, joining from Praia Bay, arriving Philadelphia July 18 (see also Page 3) - she's not mentioned on the document I have for this convoy, but this does not necessarily mean she did not take part. Shortly thereafter, she made a voyage to Casablanca and in Aug.-1944, I have her in Convoy GUS 48; she arrived Philadelphia on Aug. 28, having sailed from Casablanca on Aug. 10, according to the archive document. She subsequently returned to Algiers, and later made a voyage from Algiers to Oran in Convoy MKS 62*, which had started out in Port Said on Sept. 16; Norsol sailed from Algiers on Sept. 25, but arrival Oran is not given on Page 3 (A. Hague says she arrived on Sept. 26 - Norelg and Regin are also named in this convoy). Norsol left Oran again on Oct. 1 in order to head back to the U.S., arriving New York on Oct. 17, returning to Augusta a few days later, and did not go back to the U.S. again until the beginning of 1945 (arrived New York from Oran on Jan. 10-1945).

On Jan. 23-1945 she joined the New York-U.K. Convoy HX 334, for which Samuel Bakke served as the Commodore Vessel. Acanthus is named among the escorts. Norsol was bound for Stanlow, where she arrived on Febr. 7, and with Abraham Lincoln (Commodore Vessel), Fernwood, Noreg, Sverre Helmersen, Toronto, Troubadour and Velma, she returned across the Atlantic with Convoy ON 284*, departing Liverpool on Febr. 11, arriving New York March 1 (Troubadour is said to have joined from Convoy OS 110 on Febr. 12 and detached from the convoy on the 19th). Already on March 4, she's listed, along with Egerø, Havfru and President de Vogue, in Convoy HX 342*, which arrived Liverpool on the 19th. Her last North Atlantic convoy voyage of the war was made in Convoy ON 292*, departing Southend on March 22, arriving New York Apr. 8; Norsol arrived Hampton Roads the next day, according to Page 4. As usual she had been in the company of several Norwegian ships, namely Egerø, Fjordaas, Fosna, Gefion, Havfru, Ivaran (Commodore Vessel), Lista and President de Vogue. From the U.S., she now headed to Augusta again.

Page 5 shows her voyages to Apr.-1946.

* The ON convoys will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section in due course, along with further details on each. In the meantime, the ships sailing in them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys. Note also that the entire HX series will eventually be updated and completed, including the already existing convoys (some have already been updated), but for now, see ships in all HX convoys. The MKS convoys will also be added, see ships in all MKS convoys.

More info on the other Norwegian ships mentioned here is available via the alphabet index below, or go to the Master Ship Index.


Sold in 1946, renamed Kollbjørg, A/S Kollbjørg (O. Berg), Oslo. Sold in 1956 to Rederi Norland (Odmark & Andersson), Sweden, and renamed Storo (Storö?). Sold in 1959 to Skjelbreds Rederi A/S, Norway, resold to O. Kees & Co (Hong Kong) Ltd. and arrived Hong Kong Nov. 20-1959 to be broken up.

Related external Links:
The Empire Ships - On the "Mariners" website. Empire Diamond can be found on this page.

Hyperwar - The rescue is mentioned under the entry for May 14-1942 (The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II by Robert J. Cressman). Havprins' rescue of survivors from Esso Houston is also mentioned.

The attack on David McKelvy (

Ships hit from Convoy ON 113

Back to Norsol on the "Ships starting with N" page.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, and misc. as named within the text - (ref. My sources).


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