|Site Map | Search Warsailors.com |Merchant Fleet Main Page | Warsailors.com Home|
To Norheim on the "Ships starting with N" page.
Norwegian-type tanker, built as Empire Pearl by Sir J. Laing & Sons Ltd., Sunderland. 501.3' (oa), 484' x 68.3'. Engines: T3cyl. Launched July 29-1941, completed in Oct. The first attempt to launch Empire Pearl was made on July 10-1941, but she stuck when half way down the ways. Tugs and yard equipment failed to move her, and she was reblocked aft and made safe. The ship then settled firmly on both end ways and there was insufficient time to remove, regrease and replace the cradles in time for another launch attempt the following day. Therefore, the launching had to be postponed for over 14 days, to await the next suitable tide.
Norheim was one of 19 ships transferred to Nortraship in 1942 - see Empire Ships on my page "Ship Statistics & Misc." for names of the other 18. As Empire Pearl she had arrived Belfast Lough early in March in Convoy HX 176 from Halifax, then joined Convoy BB 146 (external link) on March 7 in order to proceed to Avonmouth, where she was taken over by Nortraship on March 26. As will be seen in the narrative below, she made her first westbound North Atlantic crossing shortly thereafter.
Related item on this website:
Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.
(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).
Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each (where the Convoy column is left blank, it means convoy is not known).
Errors may exist, and some voyages may be missing.
As mentioned further up on this page, she had arrived from Halifax as Empire Pearl early in March-1942 in Convoy HX 176. She had stopped at Belfast Lough, then proceeded to Avonmouth in Convoy BB 146 (external link) on March 7, where she was taken over by Nortraship on March 26 and renamed Norheim. According to Page 1 of the archive documents, she left Avonmouth for Milford Haven that same day and is listed in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 83*, which originated in Liverpool on Apr. 4 (Norheim sailed from Milford Haven, Apr. 3), however, she returned to port, arriving Belfast Lough Apr. 4, subsequently joining Convoy ON 87* from there. This convoy had started out in Liverpool on Apr. 16 and dispersed on the 26th, Norheim arriving Houston May 6. Both these convoys had several Norwegian ships, namely Emma Bakke, Katy (returned to port), Kong Haakon VII, Lynghaug, Norsol (returned), Olaf Bergh, Polartank (returned), Siljestad and Tabor in ON 83, and Albert L. Ellsworth, Atlantic, Bralanta, Glittre, Havprins, Herbrand, Katy, Norsol, Polartank, Skandinavia, Stiklestad and Vav in ON 87.
In June we find her in Convoy HX 194 from Halifax to the U.K., returning with Convoy ON 109*, which originated in Liverpool on July 3 and arrived Halifax on the 18th; Norheim, however was bound for New York on that occasion, arriving there on July 17, and it looks like she had joined from Belfast Lough (again, see Page 1). Heranger, Laurits Swenson, Marathon, Montevideo, Skiensfjord, Stiklestad and Thorshov are also named in this convoy. Having made some voyages around the U.S., Norheim proceeded to Halifax, joining Convoy HX 205 from there on Aug. 30, gas oil for Mersey, station 64. Acanthus, Eglantine, Montbretia and Potentilla are named among the escorts (see also the Commodore's suggestions for improvements of the convoy system). Together with Evanger (Commodore Vessel), Ferncliff, Harpefjell, Henrik Ibsen, Lista, Maloja (detached, sunk - follow link for details) and Petter II, Norheim went back across the Atlantic with Convoy ON 138*, departing Liverpool on Oct. 11, arriving New York on Nov. 3 (Norheim joined from Oban). Her last Trans-Atlantic voyage that year was made in Convoy HX 218, sailing from New York on Dec. 5, arriving Liverpool on the 21st. Norheim's destination is given as Manchester, and she had station 82 of the convoy - Manchester is not mentioned on Page 2, which says she arrived Clyde on Dec. 22, proceeding to Liverpool the next day.
She subsequently headed back to New York on Jan. 4-1943 in station 71 of Convoy ON 159, for which Laurits Swenson served as the Commodore Vessel, Norheim sailing right next to her (the Commodore's narrative is also available). Having made a voyage to Philadelphia and back to New York, she joined Convoy HX 225 on Jan. 30, bound for Milford Haven with aviation fuel in station 102. According to the Commodore's notes, she was detached for Belfast Lough (with several other ships) in the afternoon of Febr. 13 - she proceeded to Milford Haven the next day, arriving Febr. 15. Early in March she's listed in station 43 of the westbound Convoy ON 170, which originated in Liverpool on March 3 and arrived New York March 20. Norheim continued to Phildelphia the next day, then returned to New York, and according to Arnold Hague she now joined Convoy HX 231*, which left New York on March 25 and arrived Liverpool on Apr. 10 - Norheim stopped at Belfast Lough that day before continuing to Milford Haven. A. Hague has also included Athos, Katy, Mosdale, Ørnefjell, Reinholt, Scebeli, Slemmestad and the Panamanian Norvinn (Norwegian managers) in this convoy, which lost several ships - see the external link provided at the end of this page for more info. About a week later she joined the westbound Convoy ON 179*, together with Athos, Boreas (returned to port), Buenos Aires, Høyanger, Katy, Molda, Mosdale, President de Vogue and Tai Shan (departure Liverpool Apr. 18, arrival New York May 6 - Norheim started out from Milford Haven on Apr. 16).
From the U.S., she subsequently headed to Gibraltar - see Voyage Record.
In June that same year she made a voyage from Gibraltar to Clyde, cargo of Admiralty fuel (or was she in ballast?), Convoy SL 131/MKS 15. She was in the Gibraltar portion, MKS 15, which joined up with the Freetown Convoy SL 131 on June 24, the combined convoy arriving Liverpool on July 4 - Norheim stopped at Clyde that day, see Page 2. The external website that I've linked to in the table above has more information on the combined convoy. Anna Odland, Dagrun, Hallfried and Karmt are also listed.
Norheim then headed back to New York in Convoy ON 194*, which originated in Liverpool on July 24-1943 and arrived New York on Aug. 7, and also had Anna Odland, Belinda, Brimanger, Dagrun, Fernmoor, G. C. Brøvig, Germa, Heimvard, Kaia Knudsen, Lista, Morgenen, Noreg and Skandinavia in its ranks. Acanthus, Potentilla and Rose were among the escorts for a while (see ON convoy escorts). On Aug. 14 we find her in Convoy HX 252 from New York, bound for Avonmouth, station 23, arriving Aug. 29. Again, the Commodore's narrative is available, as are several reports, including these collision reports, and a report from the Flag Officer, Newfoundland - see also Santos. A few days later she joined the westbound Convoy ON 200*, which departed Liverpool on Sept. 2 and arrived New York on the 18th and included Bralanta, Fagerfjell, Herbrand, O. B. Sørensen, Biscaya, Buenos Aires, Emma Bakke, Haakon Hauan, Ivaran, Laurits Swenson, Norden, Reinholt and the Panamanian Norbris (Norwegian managers). Norheim's destination is not given, but going back to Page 2, we learn that she arrived Philadelphia on Sept. 18, having started out from Milford Haven on the 2nd.
From Philadelphia, she continued to New York 3 days later, and A. Hague now has her, along with Haakon Hauan, Idefjord, Molda, Roald Amundsen and San Andres, in Convoy HX 258*, departing New York on Sept. 22, arriving Liverpool on Oct. 6; Norheim, cargo of petrol, arrived Avonmouth, via Barry Roads, on Oct. 7, later proceeding to Cardiff, and it'll be noticed, when going back to the archive document that she had a long stay there. A. Hague says she had been involved in a serious collision on Oct. 10, and was repaired in Cardiff. Christmas and New Year's Eve of that year were celebrated while in the westbound Convoy ON 217*, together with Brimanger, Duala, Fagerfjell, John Bakke, Pan Scandia and Reinholt. ON 217 left Liverpool on Dec. 24 and arrived New York on Jan. 10-1944. See also Page 3.
Just 3 days later she's listed as bound for Avonmouth in Convoy HX 275, departing New York on Jan. 13-1944, arriving Liverpool on the 28th (Samuel Bakke's captain served as Vice Commodore). Norheim is listed with the ships in the Halifax portion, but as can be seen on Page 3 of the archive documents, she sailed from New York on the 13th and arrived Avonmouth on the 29th. She subsequently returned with Convoy ON 223*, which started out in Liverpool on Febr. 7 and arrived New York Febr. 24. Duala, Fagerfjell, Fridtjof Nansen, Idefjord and Tigre are also listed.
From the U.S. she made a voyage to Augusta the following month, arriving there on March 27 (convoy information in Voyage Record), and in Apr.-1944 she's listed in Convoy MKS 46*, which arrived Gibraltar on Apr. 21. Norheim, however, was bound for Algiers, where she arrived on the 19th, having started this voyage from Augusta on the 14th. (For info, MKS 46 joined up with the Freetown Convoy SL 155 on Apr. 23, the combined convoy arriving Liverpool on May 3, but Norheim was not present in this convoy). From Algiers, she subsequently travelled back to the U.S. with Convoy GUS 37 (convoy arrived Hampton Roads on May 11; Norheim arrived New York that day, having left Algiers on Apr. 23 - more convoy info is available via link in the table above). In June we find her among the ships in the U.S.-Port Said Convoy UGS 45, together with Norholm, Hjalmar Wessel and Roald Amundsen. The Norwegian ships parted company with this convoy at Augusta, then on July 19 Norholm, Norheim and Roald Amundsen joined Convoy GUS 46, going in the other direction. This convoy had originated in Port Said on July 14 and arrived Hampton Roads on Aug. 8; Norheim arrived New York that day. Her subsequent voyages are shown on Page 3, convoy information for some of these can be found in the Voyage Record.
Later that year, on Oct. 10-1944, she's listed in Convoy HX 313 from New York to the U.K., for which the Norwegian Troubadour served as the Commodore Vessel. This convoy arrived Liverpool on Oct. 24; Norheim's destination was Avonmouth, where she arrived Oct. 25, and about a week later we find her, with Dageid, Fjordaas, Helgøy, Samuel Bakke (Commodore Vessel) and Tai Shan, in the westbound Convoy ON 263*, which arrived New York on Nov. 15. From New York, Norheim now travelled back to Augusta, returning to the U.S. in Jan.-1945 - again, see Page 3 of the archive documents and the Voyage Record above.
She was scheduled for the New York-U.K. Convoy HX 339 in the middle of Febr.-1945, but did not sail. Instead, she made a voyage to Casablanca (Convoy UGS 75), where she arrived on March 5, heading back to the U.S. later that month in Convoy GUS 79, which arrived Hampton Roads on Apr. 9. Page 4 has the rest of her voyages (to Apr.-1946) - convoy details for a couple of these can be found in the table above.
Named Kollgrim (O. Berg, Oslo) in 1946. Converted to motor ship in 1950 (see Post War details for Vega). Sailed as Walton, Dingwall Shipping Co. Ltd., Halifax N.S. (Nordstrom & Thulin A/B, Sweden) in 1955. Converted to an ore carrier (10 080 gr. 14 350 rdw). Renamed James Hamel (United Shipping and Trading Co. Ltd.) in 1963, then Paget Trader, Paget Traders Inc., Liberia (Ship Services Ltd., Bermuda) that same year. In 1968 she was owned by Pecos SS Co. Inc., Liberia (Elkan Ltd., Bermuda). Scrapped at Vinaroz, Spain in Jan.-1969.
Back to Norheim on the "Ships starting with N" page.
The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, and misc., including information received from Barbara Mumford, her source Mitchell & Sawyer's "Empire Ships".