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M/T Morgenen
Updated Febr. 25-2012

To Morgenen on the "Ships starting with M" page.

From Bjørn Milde's postcard collection.

From the webmaster of Riversea International (George Robinson), who has also provided some of the Post War info. The website no longer appears to exist.
Another picture is available on this external page (click in the thumbnail).

Manager: Thorvald Berg, Tønsberg
7093 gt

Built by Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson, Wallsend in 1930.

Captain: S. Isaksen (according to Commodore's notes for Convoy HG 28).

Related item on this website:
Guestbook message from the grandson of Aksel Studsrød, who served on this ship. He had previously experienced the attack on Kosmos II. He also served on Para.

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4 | Page 5 | Page 6

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

  Voyage Record
From Apr.-1940 to July-1945:  

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1940 Apr. 20 Port Said Gibraltar Apr. 28 Independent See also Page 1
Apr. 29 Gibraltar Southampton May 8 HG 28
May 13 Southampton Falmouth May 14 Independent
May 21 Falmouth OA 152 Dispersed May 22.
Convoy available at OA 152
(external link)
May 22 Dispersed from OA 152 Port Arthur June 8 Independent
June 10 Port Arthur Bermuda June 18 Independent
July 18 Bermuda BHX 59 See link to HX 59
as well as narrative below
July 23 Bermuda portion joined main convoy Clyde Aug. 3 HX 59
Aug. 28 Clyde Liverpool Aug. 30 Independent Missing movements, Page 1
Oct. 23 Liverpool OB 233 Dispersed Oct. 27.
Convoy available at OB 233
(external link)
Oct. 27 Dispersed from OB 233 Capetown Nov. 24 Independent
Nov. 26 Capetown Abadan Dec. 17 Independent
Dec. 20 Abadan Capetown Jan. 14-1941 Independent
1941 Jan. 15 Capetown Freetown Jan. 29 Independent
Febr. 10 Freetown Clyde* March 5 SL 65 A. Hague says:
After straggling.
*Arrived Belfast Lough
(Page 1).
Convoy available at SL 65
(external link)
March 6 Belfast Lough Avonmouth March 9 Independent
March 17 Avonmouth Milford Haven Independent
March 18 Milford Haven OB 299 For NYC.
Dispersed March 25.
Convoy available at OB 299
(external link)
March 25 Dispersed from OB 299 New York City Apr. 7 Independent
Apr. 28 New York City Baltimore Apr. 30 Independent
May 3 Baltimore Halifax May 7 Independent
May 10 Halifax Belfast Lough May 27 HX 126 Belfast Lough not mentioned, Page 1
May 27 Belfast Lough Avonmouth May 30 BB 26 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
June 7 Avonmouth Milford Haven June 9 Independent (Again, see also Page 1)
June 10 Milford Haven OB 334 For Curacao.
Detached June 20.
Convoy available at OB 334
(external link)
June 20 Detached from OB 334 Curacao July 3 Independent
July 17 Curacao Halifax July 26 Independent
Aug. 1 Halifax Belfast Lough Aug. 17 HX 142 Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
Aug. 19 Belfast Lough Barrow Aug. 20 Independent
Aug. 27 Barrow ON 10 For Halifax.
Dispersed Sept. 11.
Sept. 11 Dispersed from ON 10 Halifax Sept. 13 Independent
Sept. 22 Halifax Belfast Lough Oct. 5 HX 151
Oct. 7 Belfast Lough Avonmouth Oct. 9 BB 85 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
Oct. 18 Avonmouth Milford Haven Independent
Oct. 19 Milford Haven ON 28 Dispersed 42 23N 58 44W, Nov. 3.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Nov. 3 Dispersed from ON 28 New York City Nov. 6 Independent
Nov. 12 New York City Halifax Nov. 15 Independent
Nov. 21 Halifax Loch Ewe Dec. 6 HX 161
Dec. 7 Loch Ewe Methil Dec. 9 WN 215 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
Dec. 10 Methil Southend Dec. 12 FS 669 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
See also Page 2
Dec. 24 Southend Methil Dec. 26 FN 587 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Dec. 28 Methil Loch Ewe Dec. 30 EN 25 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
Dec. 31 Loch Ewe ON 52 Dispersed Jan. 11-1942.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
1942 Jan. 11 Dispersed from ON 52 New York City Jan. 21 Independent
March 20 New York City Halifax March 23 Independent
Apr. 2 Halifax Liverpool Apr. 15 HX 183 See also narrative below.
Missing movements, Page 2
May 15 Liverpool Cape Cod Canal* May 29 ON 95 For Port Arthur.
*Arrived New York, May 30 - left June 3
(Page 2)
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
June 7 Hampton Roads KS 508 Detached June 12.
Convoy available at KS convoys
(external link)
June 12 Detached from KS 508 Port Arthur June 17 Independent
June 20 Port Arthur New Orleans June 21 Independent
June 27 New Orleans Key West June 30 Independent
July 3 Key West Hampton Roads July 7 KN 116 Convoy available at KN convoys
(external link)
July 8 Hampton Roads New York City July 10 Independent
July 13 New York City Cape Cod Bay Independent See also Page 2
July 15 Cape Cod Bay Halifax July 18 BX 29 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
July 27 Halifax Liverpool Aug. 7 HX 200 Missing movements:
Page 2 & Page 3
Aug. 21 Liverpool Cape Cod Bay Sept. 3 ON 123 For NYC.
Sept. 3 Cape Cod Bay New York City Sept. 6 Independent (See also Page 3).
Sept. 11 New York City Key West Sept. 17 NK 502 Convoy available at NK convoys
(external link)
Sept. 17 Key West Pilottown Sept. 20 KH 404 A. Hague says:
Key West to Pilottown.
Convoy available at KH convoys
(external link)
Again, see also Page 3
Sept. 26 S W Passage Galveston Bar Sept. 28 KH 406 S W Passage Galveston.
Convoy available at link above
Oct. 2 Galveston Bar Key West Oct. 6 HK 108 Convoy available at HK convoys
(external link)
Oct. 6 Key West New York City Oct. 12 KN 204 Convoy available at KN convoys
(external link)
Oct. 26 New York City Loch Ewe Nov. 9 HX 213 See also narrative below
Nov. 10 Loch Ewe Methil* Nov. 12 WN 359 *Arrived Grangemouth,
on to Methil Roads, Nov. 21
(Page 3).
Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
Nov. 22 Methil Loch Ewe Nov. 24 EN 165 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
Nov. 26 Loch Ewe ON 149 Detached Dec. 2.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Dec. 2 Detached from ON 149 Gitmo Dec. 16 Independent
Dec. 18 Gitmo Curacao Dec. 22 GAT 30 Gitmo to Curacao.
Convoy available at GAT convoys
(external link)
Dec. 26 Curacao Gitmo Dec. 28 TAG 31 Curacao to Gitmo.
Convoy available at TAG convoys
(external link)
Dec. 28 Gitmo New York City Jan. 4-1943 GN 31 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
1943 Jan. 22 New York City Liverpool Febr. 7 HX 224 See also narrative below.
Missing movements, Page 3
Febr. 21 Liverpool ON 168 For NYC.
Dispersed off Cape Cod, March 12.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
March 12 Dispersed from ON 168 New York City March 15 Independent
March 18 New York City Baltimore March 19 Independent
Apr. 30 Baltimore Philadelphia Apr. 30 Independent
May 2 Philadelphia New York City May 3 Independent
May 7 New York City Liverpool May 22 HX 238 Missing movements, Page 3
June 1 Liverpool Philadelphia June 16 ON 187 Convoy will be added.
See link above
June 20 Philadelphia New York City June 20 Independent
June 23 New York City Liverpool July 7 HX 245 60 spare depth charges.
Missing movements, Page 4
July 24 Liverpool New York City Aug. 7 ON 194 For Philadelphia.
Convoy will be added.
See link above
Aug. 9 New York City Philadelphia Aug. 10 Independent
Aug. 13 Philadelphia New York City Aug. 14 Independent
Aug. 20 New York City Liverpool Sept. 4 HX 253 See also narrative below.
Missing movements, Page 4
Sept. 15 Liverpool Baltimore Oct. 2 ON 202
Nov. 5 Baltimore Philadelphia Nov. 5 Independent
Nov. 12 Philadelphia New York City Nov. 12 Independent
Nov. 13 New York City Avonmouth Nov. 29 HX 266 Spare depth charges.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
Dec. 1 Avonmouth Milford Haven Dec. 1 Independent (Compare w/Page 4)
Dec. 2 Milford Haven New York City Dec. 20 ON 214 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Dec. 29 New York City Liverpool Jan. 14-1944 HX 273 60 depth charges.
Missing movements, Page 4
1944 Jan. 24 Liverpool New York City Febr. 11 ON 221 Convoy will be added.
See link above
March 6 New York City Liverpool March 21 HX 282 60 depth charges.
More missing movements, Page 4
March 30 Liverpool Philadelphia Apr. 17 ON 230 Convoy will be added.
See link above
Apr. 22 Philadelphia New York City Apr. 22 Independent
Apr. 27 New York City Liverpool May 15 HX 289 Missing movements, Page 5
May 26 Liverpool Philadelphia June 10 ON 238 Convoy will be added.
See link above
June 12 Philadelphia New York City June 12 Independent
June 19 New York City Avonmouth July 4 HX 296 60 depth charges
July 8 Avonmouth Liverpool July 9 Independent
July 10 Liverpool Philadelphia July 23 ON 244 Convoy will be added.
See link above
July 28 Philadelphia New York City July 29 Independent
Aug. 4 New York City Liverpool Aug. 19 HX 302 Spare depth charges.
Missing movements, Page 5
Oct. 7 Liverpool Philadelphia Oct. 25 ON 258 Convoy will be added.
See link above
(see also narrative)
Nov. 2 Philadelphia New York City Nov. 3 Independent
Nov. 9 New York City Boston Independent Page 5 gives arrival Nov. 10.
Nov. 13 Boston Halifax Nov. 15 BX 133 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
Nov. 17 Halifax Liverpool Dec. 6 SC 161 Missing movements, Page 5
Dec. 19 Liverpool Philadelphia Jan. 5-1945 ON 273 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
1945 Jan. 13 Philadelphia New York City Jan. 14 Independent See also narrative below
Jan. 24 New York City Boston Independent Page 5 gives arrival Jan. 25.
Jan. 27 Boston Halifax Jan. 29 BX 143 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
Jan. 31 Halifax Liverpool Febr. 14 SC 166 60 depth charges.
Missing movements, Page 6
Febr. 21 Liverpool New York City March 9 ON 286 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
March 20 New York City Boston Independent
March 23 Boston Halifax March 25 BX 152 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
March 27 Halifax Liverpool Apr. 11 SC 171 60 depth charges.
Missing movements, Page 6
Convoy will be added.
See ships in SC convoys
Apr. 22 Liverpool New York City May 7 ON 298 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
June 18 New York City Liverpool July 1 Independent Further voyages, Page 6

 Misc. Convoy Voyages – 1940-1945: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above (as can be seen, she often carried depth charges for the escorts). Follow the convoy links provided for further details; the Commodore's notes and/or narrative are also available for some of them and several Norwegian ships took part.

From Page 1 of the archive documents we learn that Morgenen was on her way from Abadan to Norway when war broke out there on Apr. 9-1940, but was diverted to Southampton. Via Suez and Port Said, she proceeded to Gibraltar and from there she joined Convoy HG 28 on Apr. 29, cargo of gas oil, kerosene and benzine, station 73, and arrived Southampton on May 8; it'll be noticed that her captain's name is given as S. Isaksen (the only other Norwegian ship in this convoy was Sandar). Morgenen is subsequently listed in Convoy OA 152, which left Southend on May 20 and dispersed on the 22nd - see the external link provided in the Voyage Record. Her destination is not given, but according to the archive document, she arrived Port Arthur on June 8, having started out from Falmouth on May 21. From Port Arthur, she proceeded to Bermuda 2 days later, remaining there for a month. She was scheduled for the Bermuda portion of Convoy HX 52 on June 20, but did not sail. She shows up again in the Bermuda section of Convoy HX 59 on July 18, bound for Clyde with a cargo of aviation spirits (the original Advance Sailing Telegram says "Clyde to lay up"). She arrived Greenock on Aug. 3, and later appears to have spent quite a long time in Manchester, where she had arrived from Stanlow on Sept. 12; departure is given as Oct. 20. We now find her in Convoy OB 233, leaving Liverpool on Oct. 23, dispersed Oct. 27, Morgenen arriving Table Bay on Nov. 24, continuing to Abadan on the 26th. Carmelfjell, Leka and Sophocles are also listed in this convoy; again, ref. link in the table above.

With Belita, Belinda, Bur (damaged - follow link for info), Fernlane, Senta and Polartank, she went back to the U.K. again in Convoy SL 65, which left Freetown on Febr. 10-1941 and arrived Liverpool on March 8 (link in Voyage Record); Morgenen, however, stopped at Belfast Lough on March 5 (according to A. Hague, she had become a straggler), later proceeding to Avonmouth, with arrival there on March 9. A. Hague now has her, together with Emma Bakke, Garonne and Sveve, in Convoy OB 299, which originated in Liverpool on March 19 and dispersed on the 25th, Morgenen arriving New York on Apr. 7 (she had joined from Milford Haven). Having made a voyage to Baltimore and on to Halifax (Page 1), she headed back to the U.K. on May 10 in Convoy HX 126, in which M/T John P. Pedersen and several other ships were sunk. Follow the links for a lot more details; several reports are available. Morgenen, sailing in station 82, had a cargo of gasoline and her destination is given as Barry Roads, where she arrived on May 29, before proceeding to Avonmouth. The following month she's listed, with destination Curacao, in Convoy OB 334, which originated in Liverpool on June 11 and arrived Halifax on the 25th; Morgenen arrived Curacao on July 3, having started out from Milford Haven on June 10 - A. Hague says she had been detached from the convoy on June 20. He has also included Bur, Chr. Th. Boe, Nova, Petter, President de Vogue, Stigstad and Vardefjell (again, ref. link provided in the Voyage Record).

Tony Cooper, a visitor to my website (who has provided a lot of the convoy information on this site) has told me that Morgenen was in station 124 of Convoy HX 142* in Aug.-1941, together with the Norwegian Siljestad (76), Kristianiafjord (86) and Nyholt (56). A. Hague has also included Sama. Corvus was also initially in this convoy but was sent to join up with Convoy SC 39* because she was too slow for HX 142. The HX convoy departed Halifax on Aug. 1 and arrived Liverpool on the 18th (Morgenen stopped at Belfast Lough on the 17th, see Page 1, later arriving Barrow on Aug. 20 - Page 2). According to Tony's information 63 ships sailed from Halifax in this convoy, while 8 sailed from Sydney, C.B. Kirkpool and Scottish Musician had engine defects and were sent back to Halifax. Like Corvus, the Dutch Hercules was also sent to join SC 39 because of her slow speed. Rotterdam, Murena, Hjelmaren and Narragansett went missing in the fog (from HX 142). Empire Sailor did not join HX 142 till Aug. 6. Perth was the rescue ship for this convoy.

The following comes from the Commodore's notes:
Delayed in sailing by fog which persisted during the whole convoy. First count was on August 4th when four ships were missing. On Aug. 5 Sydney portion of 8 ships and SC 39 of 27 ships joined HX 142. SC 39 parted company with HX 142 on Aug. 13. (For info, the slow convoy had also left Halifax on Aug. 1, arrived Liverpool on the 19th).

After having unloaded her cargo, Morgenen joined the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 10, which left Liverpool on Aug. 27-1941 and dispersed on Sept. 11, Morgenen arriving Halifax on the 13th (see Page 2), returning to the U.K. with Convoy HX 151 (station 93) along with the Norwegian Sama, San Andres, Meline, Dagrun, Belinda, Thorshøvdi, Sophocles, Tigre, Hardanger, Leiv Eiriksson and Laurits Swenson. This convoy left Halifax on Sept. 22 and arrived Liverpool on Oct. 7; Morgenen stopped at Belfast Lough on Oct. 5, later proceeding to Avonmouth, where she arrrived Oct. 9. Later that month she joined the westbound Convoy ON 28*, which originated in Liverpool Oct. 20 and dispersed Nov. 3 and also included Beth, Brant County, Grena, Laurits Swenson, Polartank and Ringstad. Morgenen arrived New York Nov. 6, having started out from Milford Haven on Oct. 19. She headed back in the other direction again on Nov. 21 in Convoy HX 161 from Halifax, and together with Bello, Brasil, Kaia Knudsen, Katy, Mosli, Nyholt, Solsten, Stigstad, Thorshøvdi, Tungsha and Vanja, she later joined the westbound Convoy ON 52* (originated in Liverpool Dec. 31, dispersed Jan. 11-1942). Morgenen arrived New York Jan. 21-1942, having started out from Loch Ewe on Dec. 31. Montbretia and Rose are named among the escorts (see ON convoy escorts).

She now had a long stay in New York, before proceeding to Halifax on March 20-1942, with arrival March 23. She was scheduled for Convoy HX 182 on March 27, but instead joined the next convoy on Apr. 2, HX 183, and arrived Liverpool on the 15th, proceeding to Manchester a few days later. In May she's listed, along with Abraham Lincoln, Daghild, Fernwood, Hardanger, Helgøy, N.T. Nielsen Alonso, Norbryn, Solstad, Stigstad and Trondheim, in the westbound Convoy ON 95*, departing Liverpool May 15. Morgenen was bound for Port Arthur, where she arrived, via New York and Hampton Roads, on June 17. She now made some voyages around the U.S. (Page 2), before proceeding to Halifax in order to join Convoy HX 200 from there on July 27, arriving Liverpool on Aug. 7, later continuing to Eastham and Manchester; Acanthus, Montbretia and Potentilla are named among the escorts. Morgenen went back across the Atlantic again on Aug. 21 in Convoy ON 123, and arrived New York Sept. 6. According to the Commodore's notes for this convoy (follow link), she experienced problems with smoke on this voyage. Page 3 shows her subsequent voyages; convoy information for some of these can be found in the Voyage Record above.

She was scheduled for Convoy HX 212 from New York on Oct. 18-1942, in which Kosmos II was sunk and Frontenac damaged (follow the links for details), but joined the next convoy on Oct. 26, HX 213, cargo of gasoline for Grangemouth, station 21, arriving her destination on Nov. 12. Later that month we find her, together with Evita, Høyanger, N. T. Nielsen Alonso, Vanja and Vinga, as well as the Panamanian Norlys (Norwegian managers and included under the N's of this website), in the westbound Convoy ON 149*, which originated in Liverpool on Nov. 26 and arrived New York on Dec. 12; Morgenen, however, was bound for Curacao, where she arrived, via Guantanamo Bay, on Dec. 22. According to A. Hague, she had been detached from the ON convoy on Dec. 2 and arrived Guantanamo Bay on the 16th. From there, he has included her in Convoy GAT 30 on Dec. 18 for her last leg on her voyage to Curacao. She left Curacao again on Dec. 26, and A. Hague has her, voyage Curacao to Gitmo, in Convoy TAG 31, which had started out in Trinidad on Christmas Eve and arrived Guantanamo on the 28th. From Guantanamo, she now continued to New York that same day in Convoy GN 31, and arrived New York on Jan. 4-1943 - all 3 links are external (it'll be noticed that other Norwegian ships are also named). Again, see also Page 3.

2 days later (Jan. 6-1943) she was scheduled for Convoy HX 222 from New York, but did not sail (Vestfold was sunk - follow the link for details). She was also cancelled from HX 223, in which Kollbjørg and Nortind were lost, but eventually got away with HX 224 on Jan. 22. Via Liverpool and Eastham, she arrived Manchester on Febr. 10/11, subsequently heading back to New York with Convoy ON 168*, which left Liverpool on Febr. 21 and dispersed on March 12, Morgenen arriving New York on the 15th. She had again been in the company of several other Norwegian ships, namely Brajara, Brimanger, Egda, Gallia, Heranger, Lynghaug, Maud (returned), Meline, Reinholt, Slemmestad and Tigre. Having made voyages to Baltimore (where she stayed for several weeks) and Philadelphia, she returned to New York, and on May 7 she can be found in station 41 of Convoy HX 238, bound for Manchester with lub. oil, arriving there on May 24 (Page 3). About a week later she joined Convoy ON 187*, which left Liverpool on June 1 and arrived New York on the 15th; Morgenen arrived Philadelphia the next day (Page 4). Annik, Athos, Braga, Bralanta, Elisabeth Bakke, Fagerfjell, Frontenac, Helgøy, Kronprinsen, Lista, Norbryn, Norefjord, O. B. Sørensen, President de Vogue, Toledo and Vanja are also named in this convoy, as is the Panamanian Norvinn (Norwegian managers). Some of these ships, including Morgenen, headed back across the Atlantic in Convoy HX 245 from New York on June 23. Morgenen's destination is given as Stanlow, cargo of oil; according to the archive document, she arrived Manchester on July 8/9. A. Hague says she carried 60 depth charges on this voyage (and on several other eastbound voyages, as can be seen in his record above).

She later joined Convoy ON 194*, bound for Philadelphia. This convoy, which also included Anna Odland, Belinda, Brimanger, Dagrun, Fernmoor, G. C. Brøvig, Germa, Heimvard, Kaia Knudsen, Lista, Noreg, Norheim and Skandinavia, left Liverpool on July 24 and arrived New York on Aug. 7 and had Acanthus, Potentilla and Rose as escorts for a while (again, see ON convoy escorts). Morgenen proceeded from New York to her destination on Aug. 9, with arrival the next day, returning to New York a few days later (Page 4), and was scheduled for Convoy HX 252 on Aug. 14 (in which Santos was lost, follow the links for more info), but instead joined the next convoy on Aug. 20, HX 253 (station 44). She arrived Manchester, via Liverpool and Eastham, on Sept. 7, then headed back to the U.S. on Sept. 15 with Convoy ON 202 (ONS 18), in which Oregon Express and Skjelbred and several others were sunk - please follow the links for much more info on these events; the Commodore's report and several other reports are included. Morgenen arrived Baltimore on Oct. 2, remaining there for over a month before proceeding to Philadelphia then on to New York, and according to Arnold Hague, she subsequently joined Convoy HX 266*, which left New York on Nov. 13 and arrived Liverpool on the 27th; Morgenen, cargo of lub. oil (also, spare depth charges), station 113, arrived Avonmouth the next day. Brimanger (Commodore Vessel), Fernwood, Idefjord, Mosli and Thorhild are also listed. Just a few days later Morgenen appears, along with Geisha, Kristianiafjord, Montevideo, Sørvard and Thorhild, in the westbound Convoy ON 214* (originated in Liverpool Dec. 2, arrived New York Dec. 20), and rounded off that year by sailing to the U.K. with Convoy HX 273 from New York on Dec. 29, spending the last day of 1943 at sea. She arrived Liverpool on Jan. 14-1944, continuing to Eastham and Manchester, arriving Jan. 17.

She's now listed, together with Kaldfonn, Spinanger (returned) and Villanger, in the westbound Convoy ON 221*, which left Liverpool on Jan. 24-1944 and arrived New York on Febr. 11 (Acanthus is again named among the escorts). Early in March we find her in Convoy HX 282 from New York (Page 4), returning at the end of that month with Convoy ON 230* which also had Duala, Pan Scandia and Villanger in its ranks (convoy left Liverpool March 30, arrived New York Apr. 17; Morgenen arrived Philadelphia that day). On Apr. 27 she joined Convoy HX 289 in order to go back to the U.K. Her voyages in this period are shown on Page 5; she arrived her destination Manchester on May 16/17. With Bralanta (Commodore Vessel), Fernwood, Jotunfjell, Skotaas and Thorsholm, she now joined the westbound Convoy ON 238*, which left Liverpool on May 26 and arrived New York on June 9; Morgenen arrived Philadelphia June 10, proceeding to New York 2 days later. On June 19 she can be found among the ships in Convoy HX 296, bound for Avonmouth and Mersey, returning across the Atlantic in July with Convoy ON 244*, together with Buenos Aires, Herbrand and Thorsholm (departure Liverpool July 10, arrival New York July 23; Morgenen arrived Philadelphia that day).

On Aug. 4 she's listed in Convoy HX 302 from New York, her destination is given as Mersey and Manchester. According to Page 5, she arrived Manchester on Aug. 21, remaining there until Oct. 5. Tony has told me that she on Oct. 7 that year sustained damage during heavy weather while on passage from Liverpool to Philadelphia; 7 shell plates were damaged. This must have been while in Convoy ON 258*, in which she's listed, together with Havkong, Idefjord, Pan Scandia, Vanja and the Panamanian Norlys (convoy left Liverpool Oct. 6, arrived New York Oct. 24 - Morgenen arrived Philadelphia Oct. 25). In the middle of the following month she shows up in the slow Halifax-U.K. Convoy SC 161. Her destination is again given as Manchester, where she arrived Dec. 9, returning with Convoy ON 273*, which left Liverpool on Dec. 18 and arrived New York on Jan. 4-1945 - Morgenen arrived Philadelphia the next day. Fridtjof Nansen, Glarona, Kaia Knudsen, Reinholt (returned), Skotaas and Sverre Helmersen are also listed in this convoy.

On the night of Jan. 21/22-1945, Morgenen was in collision with the American steamer M. J. Tracy (should this be M. & J. Tracy?) in New York harbour and grounded on Liberty Flats. At the time of the collision she was leaving Pier 54 North River harbour on passage from Philadelphia and New York to the U.K., loaded - going back to Page 5, we see that she had arrived New York from Philadelphia on Jan. 14. It appears her damages were not very serious, because on Jan. 31 we find her, with destination Mersey and Stanlow, in the slow Convoy SC 166 from Halifax - she had arrived there from New York, via Boston, on Jan. 29. According to Page 6, she arrived Stanlow on Febr. 18, and just 3 days later she's listed in the westbound Convoy ON 286*, which left Liverpool on Febr. 21, arrived New York on March 9 and also included Anna Knudsen, Anna Odland, Reinholt and Strinda.

From New York, she later sailed to Boston then on to Halifax, and with Arosa (returned), Evanger, Grey County, Henrik Ibsen, Ima, Norsktank, Norvarg and Vinga, A. Hague now has her in station 63 of Convoy SC 171*, carrying lub. oil and aircraft, as well as 60 depth charges. This convoy left Halifax March 27 and arrived Liverpool Apr. 10. Morgenen proceeded to Eastham and Manchester, with arrival Apr. 13. Her last Trans-Atlantic convoy voyage was made in the westbound Convoy ON 298*, together with Dalfonn, Fenris, Marit II, Reinholt (Commodore Vessel), Thorsholm and the Panamanian Norlys (departure Liverpool Apr. 21, arrival New York May 7). On May 16 a survey was done in Brooklyn N.Y. in respect to the damages from the above mentioned incidents. The port and starboard bilge keels for 50 to 100 ft respectively were renewed as well as 9 plates. Morgenen headed back to Liverpool on June 17, but this time, no convoy was necessary.

As can be seen when going back to Page 6, she got to go home to Norway in the fall of 1945.

*The ON convoys will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section; in the meantime, the ships sailing in them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys. Note also that the entire SC series and the HX series will eventually be updated and completed, including the already existing convoys (some have already been updated); but for now, see ships in all SC convoys and ships in all HX convoys.

More details on the other Norwegian ships mentioned on this page can be found with the help of the alphabet index below, or go to the Master Ship Index


Morgenen left Harstad, Norway in ballast for New York for orders on Aug. 27-1945. On the 30th she lost the propeller and tailshaft in position 60 57N 5 19W, and was taken in tow by a British tug on Sept. 1, arriving Longhope "Lyness" Orkney Islands the following day, continuing in tow to Greenock for repairs on Sept. 3, arriving the Clyde Anchorage on Sept. 5. Arrived Greenock on Sept. 12 (again, see also Page 6).
She was renamed Esperance in 1951 (Bjarne Ruud-Pedersen, Oslo), Titanian in 1955 (Hilmar Reksten, Bergen). Bow and cargo section incorporated into Fabian in 1961, converted to dry cargo. Stern/machinery broken up at Burcht in Nov.-1961.

Related external link:
Stavern Memorial commemoration - Seaman Einar Emil Grandstrøm is commemorated. Cause is not given at this memorial, though under the heading "wrecked" is the date Aug. 24-1940. The book "Våre falne", which names Norwegians who died in WW II, says he died during an air attack in London on Aug. 28-1941 - no ship is mentioned in this book. (According to Page 2 of the archive documents, Morgenen was on her way from Barrow to Halifax on this date - it's possible he had served on her at some point?).

Back to Morgenen on the "Ships starting with M" page.

Norway had a barque (seal catcher) by this name back in the late 1800's, built Norway 1871, 292 gt - became British S/S Morning in 1900.


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