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M/T Krossfonn
Updated Oct. 14-2009

To Krossfonn on the "Ships starting with K" page.

A picture (when Ringfjell post war) is available on this external page (click in it to make it larger).

Owner: Skibs-A/S Dalfonn
Manager: Sigval Bergesen, Stavanger
9323 gt

Delivered in Aug.-1935 as Krossfonn from Odense Staalskibsværft, Odense (56) to Skibs-A/S Dalfonn (Sigval Bergesen), Stavanger, 9323 gt, 5550 net, 14 225 tdwt, 480.5' x 65' x 35.6', two 7 cyl. 4T EV DM (B & W, Copenhagen), 4700 bhp.

Captain: Simon Svendsen. He had been on board since the fall of 1938, and later wrote a book about his 50 years at sea, entitled "Femti år under Neptuns scepter" (Fifty years under Neptune's scepter). 20 pages from this book were kindly scanned and sent to me by Johnny Haugen, Norway and some of the information has been used in my narrative below.

Related item on this website:
Norwegian Victims of Widder (with crew list)

Her voyages are listed on this original image received from the National Archives of Norway.

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From March-1940 to June-1940:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1940 March 23 Port de Bouc Kingston Apr. 14 Independent
Apr. 24 Kingston Galveston Apr. 29 Independent
May 13 Galveston Bermuda May 21 Independent
May 23 Bermuda BHX 45 For Donges.
See link to HX 45 below
May 29 Bermuda portion joined main convoy Brest June 8 HX 45 For Donges
See also narrative below.
Missing movements, archive document
* June 13 Brest Casablanca June 19 50 BF *Compare w/archive doc.
Convoy available at 50 BF
(external link)
June 19 Casablanca Independent Taken in prize by Widder
See narrative below & Victims of Widder

 WW II: 

According to Captain Svendsen's book, mentioned further up on this page, Krossfonn departed Bahrein Island for Teneriffe 2 days before war broke out in Sept.-1939. They stopped at Dakar for bunkers and remained there for 6 days, before they proceeded to Teneriffe, and from there to La Libertad, Equador, in order to load a cargo for France. He says that from the time the war started until May-1940, they never sailed in convoy, nor did they have sailing orders or any other instructions. They took a southerly route between France and Peru or Equador, and between Martinique and Dominica, on their westward as well as their eastward voyages.

The captain says that when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940, Krossfonn was outside the coast of Florida (from the archive document, we learn that she had sailed from Port de Bouc on March 23). They were destined for Galveston in order to go into drydock, but on receiving the news they proceeded to the closest British port, which was Kingston, Jamaica, arriving there on Apr. 14 (see my page about Nortraship for information on these early days of war). The captain says there was talk of sending them to Halifax to equip her with guns, but this did not come to pass, and on Apr. 24, she proceeded to Galveston, arriving Apr. 29. According to the captain, they loaded a cargo in Houston after they came out of the dock in Galveston, then headed to Bermuda - the archive document says she left Galveston on May 13, arriving Bermuda May 21, and 2 days later we find her in the Bermuda portion of the eastbound North Atlantic Convoy HX 45 - several Norwegian ships took part, as can be seen when following the link. She's said to have arrived Brest on June 12(?)-1940, departing for Casablanca the following day. The archive document states she arrived off Brest from Bermuda at 8 am on June 7, continuing to St. Nazaire that same day, departing again on June 12 for Donges (arrival not given), then on to Casablanca, with arrival June 17. According to Arnold Hague, the voyage to Casablanca was made in Convoy 50 BF (external link), which originated in Brest on June 13 and arrived Casablanca on June 19. (As will be seen, the Norwegian Stiklestad is also included in this convoy).

The captain says that Krossfonn was intended for Panama for orders (from France) and he wanted to make this voyage independently, but the ship could not be insured unless he agreed to sail in a convoy. On arrival Casablanca, orders were received from London that Norwegian ships were to avoid French ports and instead go to British ports (again, see my page "Nortraship" above). He also mentions Duala, which had received orders for Dakar. To him, this sounded "fishy", as he had heard rumours that France was about to capitulate and he advised Duala's captain to head to Gibraltar instead. But Duala did go to Dakar - please see my page about this ship for information on her subsequent fate. Captain Svendsen says that if they had received this message from London a little earlier, they would have headed directly to the Panama Canal without going into Casablanca. It was dark when they went in; the convoy had proceeded in before them and only Krossfonn and Stiklestad were left. They expected to get sailing instructions from the French navy the following day, but they were not received until evening, and on June 17 they headed out to sea. Stiklestad had some problems with her supplies so did not get out until the next day. (Again, note that the archive document gives departure Casablanca Roads as June 19 for Krossfonn - destination Cristobal via Fort de France).

As mentioned, Krossfonn is said to have left Casablanca alone on June 19 in ballast for Fort de France, but never reached her destination. She was captured on June 26 by the German auxiliary cruiser Widder (von Ruckteschell) off the West Indies, camouflaged as the Swedish Narvik for the occasion. Please continue to my page Norwegian Victims of Widder for more details on this (includes a crew list).

Following capture, Krossfonn was sent to France, arriving Lorient on July 7. She was in service under the German flag with the name Spichern; bombed and badly damaged by allied aircraft at Brest on Aug. 9-1944, scuttled as blockship on Aug. 31.


Raised in two parts in 1947, towed to Kieler Howaldtswerke A/G, Kiel and repaired. Entered service in May-1949 as Ringfjell for Ringdals Rederi A/S (Olav Ringdal), Oslo, 9640 gt. Converted to bulk carrier in Rouen in 1955, 9789 gt. Sold in 1961 to Sameiet Ringsaker (Elisabeth Bruun & Co.), Tønsberg, renamed Ringsaker. Sold to German breakers in Febr.-1964.

Back to Krossfonn on the "Ships starting with K" page.

This company later had another Krossfonn, originally delivered in 1979 as Normand Ross for Johs. Solstad, Skudeneshavn, sold to Sig. Bergesen in 1984 and renamed Krossfonn. Later had misc. owners and names (Kongsbu 1985, Krossfonn 1986, Scan Partner 1986) until she was lost in 1988 when Iraqian aircraft sank the tanker Barcelona.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, and misc. as named.


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