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M/S Kronprinsessen
Updated Dec. 6-2011

To Kronprinsessen on the "Ships starting with K" page.

A picture is available on this external page (or is this Kronprinsen? Click in it to make it larger).

("Kronprinsessen" means "the Crown Princess").
Most of the "Empire"-named ships that were transferred from the British to the Norwegian flag during the war years were given the prefix "Nor" and some were named after members of the exiled Norwegian Royal Family.

Manager: Nortraship
7244 gt

Tramp ship, built as Empire Latimer by William Doxford & Sons Ltd., Pallion, Sunderland, 443 ft (oa), 429 ft. x 56.5 ft. Launched Aug. 14-1941, completed in Dec. that same year (Ministry of War Transport - Dodd, Thomson & Co. managers).

One of 19 ships transferred to Nortraship in 1942. My list of Empire Ships has the names of the other 18. Kronprinsessen was taken over in New York on July 28.

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3

Together with Page 3 above, I also found this list of voyages on the DVD received from the archives, as well as this list, but no ship's name is given, so I'm not sure which one, if any(?), belongs to Kronprinsessen. See also the note at the end of this page.

As mentioned, Kronprinsessen was taken over in New York on July 28-1942; the voyages on Page 1 above start in Apr.-1942, and upon investigating further I've found that the listing up to her arrival New York on July 24-1942 shows her voyages when she still had the name Empire Latimer. Kronprinsessen left New York for Trinidad on Aug. 12-1942.

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From Aug.-1942 to Aug.-1945:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Errors may exist, and some voyages may be missing.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1942 Aug. 12 New York City Hampton Roads Independent
Aug. 15 Hampton Roads Key West Aug. 22 KS 531 Convoy available at KS convoys
(external link)
Aug. 26 Key West WAT 17 Convoy available at WAT convoys
(external link)
Joined GAT 1, Aug. 31
Aug. 31 Gitmo Trinidad Sept. 7 GAT 1 Convoy available at GAT convoys
(external link)
Sept. 17 Trinidad Capetown Oct. 13 Independent
Oct. 16 Capetown Bombay Nov. 7 Independent
Dec. 12 Bombay Colombo Dec. 17 BM 34 Convoy available at BM convoys
(external link)
Dec. 17 Colombo Calcutta Dec. 24 Independent
1943 Jan. 19 Calcutta Trincomalee Jan. 25 Independent
Jan. 25 Trincomalee Colombo Jan. 27 Independent
Febr. 7 Colombo Capetown Febr. 26 Independent See also narrative below.
March 4 Capetown CN 11 Dispersed March 6.
Convoy available via this page
(external link)
March 6 Dispersed from CN 11 Tristan da Cunha Independent Again, see narrative.
March 13 Tristan da Cunha Falklands March 24 Independent
March 24 Falklands Punta Arenas March 26 Independent
March 27 Punta Arenas Valparaiso Apr. 2 Independent
Apr. 3 Valparaiso Balboa Apr. 13 Independent
Apr. 14 Cristobal Gitmo Apr. 18 ZG 28 Convoy available at ZG convoys
(external link)
Apr. 19 Gitmo New York City Apr. 26 GN 54 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
Apr. 27 New York City St. John, N.B. Apr. 30 Independent
May 23 St. John, N.B. Halifax May 25 FH 56 Convoy available at FH convoys
(external link)
May 27 Halifax Liverpool June 10 HX 241 Missing movements:
Page 1 & Page 2
July 1 Liverpool New York City July 15 ON 191 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
July 30 New York City Liverpool Aug. 12 HX 250
Aug. 26 Liverpool Philadelphia Sept. 10 ON 199 Convoy will be added.
See link above
Sept. 19 Philadelphia Hampton Roads Sept. 19 Independent
Sept. 25 Hampton Roads Port Said Oct. 22 UGS 19 For Port Said.
Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
On to Suez Oct. 23
(Page 2).
Oct. 27 Suez Aden Nov. 1 Independent
Nov. 2 Aden Bandar Abbas Nov. 10 AP 51 See also Page 2 above.
Convoy available at AP convoys
(external link)
Nov. 10 Bandar Abbas Basra Nov. 11 Independent
Nov. 18 Basra Abadan Nov. 18 Independent
Nov. 21* Abadan Bandar Abbas Independent *Page 2 gives departure Nov. 27.
Dec. 5 Bandar Abbas Karachi Dec. 8 PB 66 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Dec. 13 Karachi Bombay Dec. 15 Independent
Dec. 23 Bombay Karachi Independent Page 2 gives arrival Dec. 25.
Dec. 27 Karachi Aden Jan. 2-1944 Independent
1944 Jan. 2 Aden Suez Jan. 7 Independent
Jan. 15 Port Said Baltimore Febr. 16 GUS 28 Port Said to USA
(via Hampton Roads - Page 2).
Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
Febr. 19 Baltimore Philadelphia Febr. 19 Independent
March 8 Philadelphia Hampton Roads Apr. 9* Independent *March 9
March 14 Hampton Roads Port Said Apr. 9 UGS 36 For Port Said.
Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
See also narrative.
Apr. 11 Suez Aden Apr. 16 Independent
Apr. 19 Aden Bandar Abbas* Apr. 26 AP 69 Convoy available at AP convoys
(external link)
Apr. 26 Bandar Abbas* Abadan Apr. 29 Independent *Again, see Page 2
May 5 Abadan Basra May 5 Independent
May 14 Basra Abadan May 14 Independent Notional dates
May 15 Abadan Basra May 15 Independent
May 16 Basra Karachi May 20 Independent (See also Page 2).
May 25 Karachi Fremantle June 13 Independent
June 14 Fremantle Port Pirie June 19 Independent
June 22 Port Pirie Melbourne June 25 Independent
July 1 Melbourne Balboa Independent
Aug. 3 Cristobal New York City Aug. 12 Independent
Aug. 17 New York City Liverpool Sept. 1 HX 304
Sept. 13 Liverpool ON 253 For Sydney, C.B.
Detached Sept. 27.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Sept. 22(?) Detached from ON 253 Sorel Sept. 28 Independent
Oct. 2 Sorel Quebec Oct. 3 Independent
Oct. 3 Red Islet Sydney, C.B. Oct. 6 QS 95 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Oct. 8 Sydney, C.B. Liverpool Oct. 21 HX 312
Nov. 4 Liverpool Sydney, C.B. Nov. 18 ON 264 For Sydney, C.B.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Nov. 19 Sydney, C.B. Father Point Nov. 21 SQ 106 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Arr. Montreal, Nov. 22 - See Page 3
Nov. 28 Quebec City Sydney, C.B. Dec. 2 QS 106 Convoy available via link above
Dec. 2 Sydney, C.B. Avonmouth Dec. 14 HX 323
Dec. 23 Avonmouth Milford Haven Dec. 24 Independent
Dec. 25 Milford Haven Halifax Jan. 6-1945 ON 274 For Halifax.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
1945 Jan. 20 Halifax Downs Febr. 2 HX 333 Again, see Page 3
(some missing movements)
Febr. 16 Southend Halifax March 2 ON 285 For Halifax.
Convoy will be added.
See link above
Apr. 5 Halifax St. John, N.B. Apr. 7 HF 168 Convoy available at HF convoys
(external link)
Apr. 23 St. John, N.B. New York City Apr. 25 Independent
Apr. 27 New York City UGS 89 Dispersed May 12.
Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
May 12 Dispersed from UGS 89 Alexandria May 19 Independent
May 19 Alexandria Haifa May 20 Independent
May 27 Haifa Port Said May 28 Independent
May 29 Port Said Montevideo June 25 Independent
June 29 Montevideo Buenos Aires June 29 Independent
July 15 Buenos Aires Santos July 17 Independent
July 26 Santos Dakar Aug. 7* Independent *Page 3 gives arrival Aug. 4.
Aug. 8 Dakar Oslo Aug. 23 Independent Via Kirkwall.
Subsequent voyages, Page 3 above.
See also this note

 Some Convoy Voyages & Misc.: 
For information on voyages made prior to and in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the Norwegian archives and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the convoy links provided for more details on them, several Norwegian ships took part.

The voyages found on Page 1 start in Apr.-1942; as mentioned, the listing up to her arrival New York on July 24-1942 shows her voyages when she still had the name Empire Latimer. Kronprinsessen was taken over in New York on July 28-1942 and left New York for Trinidad on Aug. 12. Convoy information for her subsequent voyages can be found in the Voyage Record above.

At the beginning of 1943 she was in Calcutta (having arrived there on Dec. 26-1942). She left Calcutta on Jan. 19 via Trincomalee to Colombo for cargo, departing Colombo again on Febr. 7 for Capetown. About half way between Colombo and Capetown an aircraft was spotted on the horizon ordering them to alter course westward, continuing to circle around and repeating the order, but did not reply to their signals with the proper code. After a while a cruiser appeared which in morse code ordered them to stop or they would be fired upon. They stopped while at the same time sending out a distress call to Capetown, whereupon the cruiser turned and disappeared (it was believed to be Japanese). Kronprinsessen then continued on her way to Capetown at full speed, arriving Febr. 26.

She took on board some British naval personnel and equipment bound for Tristan da Cunha and the Falklands where the British had radio stations, then left Capetown on March 2 (Page 1 gives departure date as March 4) for Walvis Bay to join a convoy, then departed in a convoy the following day (see CN 11 in Voyage Record), though left the convoy after 3 days to continue south to Tristan da Cunha alone (the convoy was bound for the Caribbean) where some of the passengers were disembarked, before continuing to the Falklands the same day, March 13, arriving Port Stanley on March 23 where the rest of the passengers were disembarked the next day. Left for Punta Arenas, Argentina on March 24, from there to Valparaiso on March 27, with arrival Apr. 2.

Later that month she headed to New York, then on to St. John, N.B. and Halifax, joining Convoy HX 241, which had originated in New York on May 25-1943. Kronprinsessen joined the convoy from Halifax on May 29, taking station 84. She was bound for Manchester with general cargo, and was the only Norwegian ship joining from Halifax, but others had joined in New York. She arrived Manchester on June 13 (Page 1), later returning across the Atlantic in Convoy ON 191*, which left Liverpool on July 1 and arrived New York on the 15th. At the end of that month we find her in Convoy HX 250 from New York, general cargo for Liverpool, where she arrived Aug. 12. According to the Commodore's notes for this convoy, she was one of several ships of 10 1/2 knots and over that had been detached at 11:00 on Aug. 11 in order to proceed independently to Mersey. She subsequently joined the westbound Convoy ON 199*, departing Liverpool on Aug. 26, arriving New York Sept. 9; Kronprinsessen, however, was bound for Philadelphia, where she arrived on the 10th, according to Page 2 of the archive documents. From there, she proceeded to Hampton Roads and on to Port Said (Convoy UGS 19 - ref. external link provided in the table above).

Having returned to the U.S. in Febr.-1944 (Convoy GUS 28), she joined Convoy UGS 36 in March in order to go back to Port Said. The convoy onsisted of 72 (79? 83?) merchant ships and 18 landing crafts, escorted by 11 American destroyers. In Gibraltar the British cruiser (anti aircraft) Colombo was added, while 2 Dutch and 4 British ships were 6 n. miles ahead of the convoy on look-out for U-boats. The convoy was attacked on Apr. 1 (in the Mediterranean) by 20 two-motor Do-217's, 3 of which were shot down, 1 ship was damaged, according to "Nortraships flåte" (this was probably the American Jared Ingersoll). UGS 36 had departed Hampton Roads on March 14 and arrived Port Said on Apr. 9 (again, ref. external link in Voyage Record - see also link at the end of this page, which includes the Commodore's report).

German bombers, stationed in the south of France, posed a more serious threat to allied shipping in the Mediterranean than the U-boats did at this time, their primary goal being the large UGS convoys from the U.S. carrying supplies to the allied forces in Italy. On the other hand, the convoys' anti aircraft defence system was very strong, with aircraft patrolling night and day. Additionally, the merchant ships' own armament played a part in the defence, as did the squadrons stationed in North Africa and the special anti aircraft cruisers which often joined the escorts from Gibraltar, as well as the radar installations in the escorts which could detect the aircraft early and thereby give the convoys time to prepare for attack.

Skipping now to Aug. 17-1944, when I have her in Convoy HX 304 from New York, for which the Norwegian Emma Bakke served as the Vice Commodore's ship. Kronprinsessen was bound for Liverpool with a cargo of sugar, arriving there on Sept. 1, returning with Convoy ON 253*, which left Liverpool on Sept. 13 and arrived New York on the 28th. Her destination is given as Sydney, C.B.; according to Page 3, she arrived Sorel on Sept. 28, proceeding to Quebec Oct. 2. About a week later, she shows up in the Sydney, C.B. portion of Convoy HX 312, bound for Liverpool with a cargo of grain. She subsequently joined the westbound Convoy ON 264*, departing Southend Nov. 3, arriving New York Nov. 21, but Kronprinsessen was bound for Sydney, C.B., where she arrived on Nov. 18, continuing to Montreal and Quebec the next day. She later went back to the U.K. in Convoy HX 323, bound for Avonmouth with grain, arriving there on Dec. 14, again having joined the convoy from Sydney, C.B. Samuel Bakke served as Commodore Ship for HX 323, while the Vice Commodore was in Laurits swenson. Kronprinsessen's last Trans-Atlantic voyage that year was made in Convoy ON 274*, which left Southend on Dec. 23 and arrived New York Jan. 8-1945; this time, she was bound for Halifax, where she arrived on Jan. 6, having started out from Milford Haven on Dec. 25. (Commodore was again in Samuel Bakke).

With a cargo of grain for London, she returned to the U.K. later that month (Jan.-1945) in the Halifax portion of the New York-U.K. Convoy HX 333, and her last westbound North Atlantic convoy voyage was made in Convoy ON 285*, which departed Southend on Febr. 16 and arrived New York March 5; Kronprinsessen stopped at Halifax on March 2. Acanthus is named among the escorts, as is Buttercup (which came under the Norwegian flag following the loss of Tunsberg Castle) - see ON convoy escorts. Kronprinsessen now remained in Halifax for over a month, later heading to Alexandria and Haifa; again, see the Voyage Record above and Page 3. From the same document, we learn that she got to go home to Norway in Aug.-1945.

Among the documents for Kronprinsessen received from the National Archives of Norway, I also found this list of voyages, as well as this list. Unfortunately, no name is written on them so I'm not sure which ship they belong with, but as will be seen on Page 3, she's said to have left Trondheim, Norway for Hampton Roads on Sept. 15, and the 2nd document does mention Hampton Roads. The documents were arranged in alphabetical order, and the ship before her was Kronprinsen, the next ship was Kronviken. Kronviken was in a different part of the world in 1945, but it'll be noticed, when going to Kronprinsen's voyages in this period, that some of the voyages in the 1st document are the same; does it belong to Kronprinsen, or is it just a coincidence that the movements are the same?

* The ON convoys will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section in due course, along with further details on each. In the meantime, the ships sailing in them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys. As will be seen, they all had several Norwegian ships.


In Aug.-1945 Kronprinsessen arrived Oslo and Bergen from South America (again, see also Page 3). Sailed as Polytrader for E. Rasmussen, Norway from 1946, Flora M for Marenviadio Cia. Nav. (L. G. Matsas, Greece) from 1962. Came under Liberian flag 1965. Arrived Mihara on Dec. 27-1968 for breaking up.

Related external link:
The Empire Ships - Empire Latimer can be found on this page. (Details on her post war history are a little different here - not sure which is correct).

Convoy UGS 36

Back to Kronprinsessen on the "Ships starting with K" page.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, some info received from Barbara Mumford (her source: Mitchell & Sawyer's "Empire Ships"), "Krigsseileren", Issue No. 4 for 1997, and misc. (ref. My sources).


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