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M/T Hallanger
Updated Oct. 1-2011

To Hallanger on the "Ships starting with H" page.

Crew List

Picture received from Gustav Onarheim, Norway, whose father Michael Onarheim served on board before the war.
He also sent this picture, as well as this one, and his father's story from his days at sea.

From Bjørn Milde's postcard collection. has another picture (external link).

Manager: Westfal-Larsen & Co. A/S, Bergen
9551 gt, 5714 net, 14 530 tdwt
Call Sign: LFWA

Delivered in Apr.-1928 from Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Mij., Amsterdam, 473.6' x 64.3' x 36.6', 4T Werkspon. engine 4000 ihp, 10.5 knots.

Captain: ? Eriksen (first name unknown), later Karl Bjerring Hansen.

In Admiralty service.

Related items on this website:
Michael Onarheim's story
Tormod Gjertsen's story - Norwegian text.

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From Aug.-1939 to March-1943:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Errors may exist, and some voyages are missing.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1939 Aug. 24 New Waterway Fayal Sept. 1 Independent
Oct. 19 Fayal Houston Nov. 3 Independent
Nov. 6 Houston Quebec Nov. 19 Independent
Nov. 27 Quebec Curacao Independent
Dec. 12 Curacao Buenos Aires Jan. 2-1940 Independent
1940 Jan. 6 Buenos Aires Lobitos Independent
Febr. 3 Lobitos Los Angeles Febr. 17 Independent
Febr. 25 Los Angeles Yokohama Independent
March 24* Yokohama Los Angeles Apr. 18 Independent *Page 1 gives departure March 29
Apr. 30 Los Angeles Balboa May 13 Independent
May 14 Cristobal Bermuda May 22 Independent
May 23 Bermuda BHX 45 See link to HX 45
May 29 Bermuda portion joined main convoy Swansea June 7 HX 45
June 16 Swansea Milford Haven June 16 Independent
June 18 Milford Haven OB 169 Dispersed 46N 20 40W, June 22
June 22 Dispersed from OB 169 Kingston July 6 Independent
July 24 Kingston Curacao July 27 Independent
July 29 Curacao Bermuda Aug. 5 Independent
Aug. 6 Bermuda Halifax Aug. 10 Independent Missing voyage - Page 1
Nov. 10 Halifax Clyde Nov. 26 HX 86 See also narrative below.
Also, missing movements, Page 1.
1941 Jan. 1 Liverpool* OB 268 *From Clyde
(Page 1).
Dispersed Jan. 4.
Convoy available at OB 268
(external link)
Jan. 4 Dispersed from OB 268 New York City Jan. 20 Independent
May 21 New York City Halifax May 25 Independent
June 1 Halifax Clyde June 20 HX 130
June 25 Clyde OG 66 Detached June 30.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in OG convoys
June 30 Detached from OG 66 Curacao July 17 Independent Detachment date estimated
July 19 Curacao Halifax July 29 Independent
Aug. 10 Halifax Oban Aug. 28 HX 144
* Aug. 29 Oban Rosyth Sept. 1 WN 174 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
*Compare w/Page 1
* Sept. 18 Southend Oban Sept. 24 EC 75 Convoy available at EC convoys
(external link)
*Compare w/Page 2
Sept. 28* Liverpool* ON 21 *From Oban Sept. 29
(Page 2).
For Trinidad.
Dispersed 45 05N 52 37W, Oct. 14.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Oct. 14 Detached from ON 21 Trinidad Oct. 24 Independent
Oct. 26 Trinidad Sydney, C.B. Nov. 8 Independent See also Page 2
Nov. 22 Sydney, C.B. Clyde Dec. 9 SC 56 See also narrative below.
Also, missing movements, Page 2
Dec. 23 Clyde Bathurst* Jan. 13* OS 15 For Trinidad.
Convoy available at OS 15
(external link)
* Convoy OS 15 did arrive Bathurst on Jan. 13-1942, but as can be seen from the next entry, Hallanger had parted company with the convoy in order to proceed to Trinidad.
Dec. 31 Detached from OS 15 Trinidad Jan. 13-1942 Independent
1942 Jan. 16 Trinidad Halifax Jan. 26 Independent
Jan. 30 Halifax Clyde* Febr. 14 SC 67 *See also Page 2
March 23 Clyde New York City Apr. 7 ON 79 For Trinidad.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Apr. 12 New York City Halifax Apr. 16 Independent
Apr. 17 Halifax Loch Ewe May 3 SC 80
May 3 Loch Ewe Scapa Flow May 4 WN 278 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
* May 9 Methil Oban May 11 EN 82 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
*Compare w/Page 2.
May 13 Oban Oban May 13 OS 28 Returned, engine defects.
Convoy available at OS 28
(external link)
Not included, Page 2
May 23 Oban OS 29 Detached May 31.
Convoy available at OS 29
(external link)
May 31 Detached from OS 29 Trinidad June 14 Independent Detachment date estimated
June 19 Trinidad Puerto la Cruz June 20 TO 8 For Puerto la Cruz.
Convoy available at TO 8
(external link)
June 23 Puerto la Cruz Curacao June 24 Independent
July 7 Curacao Trinidad July 9 WAT 1 Curacao to Trinidad.
Convoy available at WAT convoys
(external link)
Compare w/Page 2
July 9 Trinidad Gibraltar July 29 Independent Harbour tanker for Operation Pedestal
(see also narrative below)
Aug. 29 Gibraltar Clyde Sept. 8 HG 88 To repair machinery defects
Oct. 18 Clyde New York City Nov. 7 ON 140 Machinery, later collision, repairs.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Dec. 13 New York City Clyde Jan. 1-1943 SC 113 Missing movements, Page 2
Convoy will be added.
See ships in SC convoys
1943 Jan. 11 Clyde New York City Febr. 4 ON 160
March 4 New York City Oran March 23 UGS 6 Convoy available at UGS 6
(external link)
March 25 Oran Algiers March 27 TE ??? TE convoys are available via this page
(external link)
March 30 Algiers ET 16 Sunk on passage to Oran for USA.
See "Final Fate" below.
Convoy available at ET 16
(external link)

 Some Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the convoy links provided for more details on them; the Commodore's notes and/or narrative are also available for some of them and several Norwegian ships took part.

According to Page 1 of the archive documents, Hallanger was on her way from Yokohama to Los Angeles when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940. From Los Angeles, she later proceeded to Balboa and Bermuda, and with a cargo of diesel oil, she's listed among the ships in the Bermuda portion of Convoy HX 45 on May 23. She arrived Swansea on June 7 and later that month, she joined Convoy OB 169. She arrived Kingston, Jamaica on July 6, the convoy having been dispersed June 22. From Kingston, she later proceeded to Curacao and from there to Bermuda, with arrival Aug. 5, and was scheduled for the Bermuda portion of Convoy HX 64 shortly thereafter, but did not sail; there's a note in the original document for this convoy saying "to be held at Halifax"*, and she does not show up again until Convoy HX 86 from Halifax on Nov. 10, bound for Clyde with fuel oil, station 43. She arrived Clyde on Nov. 26, Bowling on Nov. 30.

* Going back to the archive document, we learn that she had sailed from Bermuda to Halifax on Aug. 6, arriving Aug. 10, and the document indicates she left Halifax again on Nov. 5, but put back to Sydney, C.B. on Nov. 9. If this were the case though, it would seem likely that she would have been in the Sydney portion of HX 86, but even the archive document states she sailed from Halifax on the 10th.

At the beginning of the new year, she's listed in Convoy OB 268, which originated in Liverpool on Jan. 1-1941 and dispersed on the 4th, Hallanger arriving New York Jan. 20 (she had joined from Clyde - see external link provided within the above table for more convoy information; Brisk, Egda, Facto, Nesttun and Senta are also named). She subsequently spent a long time there; departure New York is given as May 21, at which time she proceeded to Halifax, and from there, she joined Convoy HX 130 on June 1. Cruising order/Commodores notes are also available for this convoy. Hallanger, cargo of fuel oil, arrived Bowling on June 19/20, according to Page 1. A few days later, she headed to Curacao, having joined Convoy OG 66*, which originated in Liverpool on June 24 and arrived Gibraltar July 8. Hallanger, however, did not go to Gibraltar, but detached from the convoy around June 30 in order to proceed to her destination, where she arrived July 17. She proceeded to Halifax on the 19th, subsequently joining Convoy HX 144 on Aug. 10, together with the Norwegian Suderøy, Polartank, Orwell, Eidanger, Havprins, Grena, Evanger, Norse King, Vinland and Sommerstad. A. Hague has also included Ranja in this convoy.

The following month Hallanger, with destination Trinidad, joined the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 21*. Note that the first external website that I've linked to at the end of this page lists her as bound for Trinidad in Convoy OS 7 that month (left a few days before ON 21) - it's possible she had started out in this convoy, but returned to port and later joined ON 21 instead(?). ON 21 originated in Liverpool on Sept. 28 and dispersed Oct. 14; according to Page 2, Hallanger sailed from Oban on Sept. 29 and arrived Trinidad Oct. 24. She was scheduled to return to the U.K. with the slow Convoy SC 54 from Sydney, C.B. on Nov. 10, but did not sail (Eglantine and Montbretia are named among the escorts). She was also cancelled from SC 55, but eventually got away with Convoy SC 56 on Nov. 22, and arrived Clyde on Dec. 9, Bowling on Dec. 11. We now find her in station 86 of Convoy OS 15 later that month, voyaging from Clyde to Trinidad in ballast. She arrived there on Jan. 13-1942, having parted company with the convoy on Dec. 31 (OS 15 had originated in Liverpool on Dec. 23 and also included Dagfred, Estrella and Fernbank - see the external link provided in the Voyage Record. It'll be noticed that A. Hague has also named Dageid, but this appears to be an error, follow the link for an explanation).

She headed back to the U.K. again on Jan. 30-1942 in Convoy SC 67 from Halifax (in which Heina was sunk; follow the link for more info). Hallanger arrived Bowling on Febr. 16. The following month, she made a voyage to New York, having joined the westbound Convoy ON 79*. Her final destination is given as Trinidad, but as can be seen when going back to Page 2, it looks like she did not go to Trinidad until June that year. She arrived New York on Apr. 7, having sailed from Clyde on March 23 (ON 79 originated in Liverpool March 23 and arrived Halifax Apr. 7). From New York, she later proceeded to Halifax in order to join Convoy SC 80 back to the U.K. on Apr. 17. The company's Spinanger also sailed in this convoy, as did Empire Kittiwake which was to become the Norwegian Norfalk just a few days after arrival U.K.

She's now listed in Convoy OS 29 (originated in Liverpool on May 22), voyaging from Oban to Trinidad in ballast. Note that she's also listed in station 85 of the previous convoy, OS 28, but according to A. Hague, she had returned to port with engine defects on that occasion. She arrived Trinidad on June 14, having parted company with OS 29 around May 31. Both these convoys also had other Norwegian ships - ref. links in the table above.

According to "Nortraships flåte" Hallanger was one of 2 oilers for the "Pedestal" convoy (Convoy WS-21S) in Aug.-1942. The external links at the end of this page provide more information on this convoy. Captain at that time was Captain Eriksen. The oilers had their own escort consisting of 4 corvettes and were to wait in the western part of the convoy route to supply the convoy escort if necessary. On August 10, the aircraft carrier HMS Eagle was supplied from Hallanger. The oilers then cruised back and forth until dark at which time they returned to Gibraltar, where they were later told that Eagle had been torpedoed (Aug. 11, U-73/Helmut Rosenbaum - ref. link at the end of this page). On Aug. 29, we find Hallanger in Convoy HG 88 from Gibraltar, bound for Clyde in ballast, with arrival Sept. 8. She now remained there for quite a long time; departure Clyde is given as Oct. 18. According to A. Hague, this long stay was due to her requiring machinery repairs.

She subsequently proceeded to New York, having joined the westbound Convoy ON 140*, which originated in Liverpool on Oct. 17-1942 and arrived New York on Nov. 7 (as already mentioned, Hallanger had sailed from Clyde on Oct. 18). Extracts of a crew member's diary mentions these dates in connection with the first voyage he made with Hallanger after having joined her on Oct. 14 (this was Able Seaman Thorleif Hansen, previously of the torpedoed Tankexpress). He adds that they remained in New York for quite some time while her engine was undergoing repairs, following a collision, before joining a return convoy to the U.K., arriving Gourock on Jan. 1-1943, Bowling on Jan. 4. This voyage had been made in Convoy SC 113*, which left New York on Dec. 12. This convoy is not yet available among the SC convoys included in my Convoys section, but will be added. Hallanger had a cargo of FFO and had station 103. I have no further info on when the collision had taken place, but A. Hague mentions that the British Fort Lamy was involved in a collision while in Convoy ON 140, and had to return to port in tow - perhaps this is the ship Hallanger had collided with?

We now find her in the westbound Convoy ON 160 to New York. Tormund Gjertsen (or Tormod, as I knew him), whose story can be found on this page (Norwegian text), mentions an episode when his ship Hallanger was en route to the U.S. in a horrendous storm. He says he has never forgotten it, because they saw an SOS signal from a ship in the convoy and signalled her that they would assist. However, just then Hallanger herself experienced engine problems which forced her to stop, and they were never able to rescue any men from the sinking ship. I believe this must have been while they were in ON 160, and the ship in difficulty must have been the Commodore Ship, Ville de Tamatave, which went down with all on board. For several hours it looked bad for Hallanger as well, but they were eventually able to fix their problems and continued to New York; according to Page 2, she arrived there on Febr. 5-1943, having started out from Clyde on Jan. 11.

Tormod told me that after this voyage they proceeded directly from the U.S. to North Africa. From various statements in his story, and also those in the diary mentioned above, my guess was that they were in Convoy UGS 6 for this voyage, and this has since been confirmed - ref. link within the table above. It departed Hampton Roads on March 4-1943 and arrived Oran on March 22 - Hallanger started out from New York on the 4th. The French Wyoming, and the American Benjamin Harrison, Molly Pitcher and Keystone were torpedoed - ref. external links provided at the end of this page for further details. Hallanger had 10 aircraft on deck, and the forward hold was full of petrol in barrels, so it was rather a tense voyage with that kind of cargo. The majority of the ships in the convoy fired back at the attacking U-boats, so that the ocean was completely lit up by the tracers etc., and the bullets "rained" around Hallanger. Her original destination had been Algiers, but they were ordered to Oran instead, and while they were waiting to go into harbour in the very early morning hours of the 23rd, they witnessed Garonne from Convoy KMF 11(?) receiving an air torpedo (Garonne had also arrived from the U.S. in UGS 6).

Hallanger left Oran again in the morning of March 25-1943 (see Page 3), proceeding in convoy to Algiers (possibly a TE convoy, according to A. Hague) where cargo was discharged, having arrived there in the afternoon of the 26th (archive doc gives arrival March 27). While there, they endured a massive air attack. According to T. Hansen's diary, 700 shots were fired from Hallanger, and he adds that in this attack an aircraft fell down in the water not far from them. The attack is also mentioned in Tormod Gjertsen's story, which I've linked to above. As the fallen aircraft's bombs exploded it felt as if Hallanger was lifted clear out of the water, and 2 of her crew members were injured when they were thrown against the "wall" by the air pressure. The unloading was completed on March 29 (including the 10 aircraft she had had on deck), and the next morning she started on her return voyage to New York, but she did not get very far, as will be seen from the next paragraph.

* The ON convoys will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section in due course - in the meantime, the ships sailing in them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys. The OG convoys will also be added, but for now, please see the page listing ships in all OG convoys. The ships sailing in Convoy SC 113 are listed in the section for ships in all SC convoys.

 Final Fate - 1943: 

Captain Karl Bjerring Hansen. Hallanger was on a voyage in ballast (except for 1000 tons fuel oil) from Algiers for New York via Gibraltar in station 52 of Convoy ET 16 on March 30-1943 when she was hit by a total of 3 torpedoes from U-596 (Jahn), immediately following the attack on the British Fort a la Corne (station 41). The Norwegian Torfinn Jarl is also listed in this convoy.

1 torpedo hit at 19:10 in No. 8 tank port side, 1 at 19:12 in No. 6 tank and 1 at 19:20 in the aft bunkers, also port side. She listed heavily, which made it difficult to get the lifeboats launched. The 40 crew had managed to get in the aft lifeboats and clear of the ship just before the 3rd torpedo struck.

At dawn the next morning the motorboat took the other boat in tow and headed towards land. The boats had encountered the British minesweeper Albacore (J 101) and returned to the scene with her to see if the ship could be taken in tow, but upon seeing that heavy firing was taking place near Hallanger, they withdrew. About an hour later Albacore announced that both torpedoed ships had sunk - 36 55N 01 39E. "The World's Merchant Fleets 1939" by Roger W. Jordan gives the position as 36 52N 01 47E. This position is also given for Fort a la Corne on the website covering the Fort ships. See also's account on the attack on Fort a la Corne (both are external links). As already mentioned, both ships were sunk around the same time.

Hallanger's lifeboats reached land at Dupleix later that morning, where 2 of the deck crew, who had been injured, were taken care of by a doctor. They were all given food and lodgings by private families overnight, then sent to Algiers with U.S. Army trucks the following morning, Apr. 1. There, they were taken to a British Army camp where they slept in tents that first night, before staying for a while at a British military school.

The hearings were held in Algiers on Apr. 3-1943 with Captain Bjerring Hansen (on the bridge when torpedo struck), the 1st mate (on the bridge), the 1st engineer (on deck, ran down to engine room to stop engines) and Able Seaman Egset (at the wheel) appearing. It looks like most of them were subsequently sent to the U.K. on Apr. 5, while 3 others did not leave for England until Apr. 24 on board the British troop transport Franconia. The convoy she was in was attacked by German aircraft en route, but no ships were hit, and they arrived Liverpool in the afternoon of May 2, where the Norwegians got lodgings at the Norwegian Seamen's Home. This information fits in with the fact that Franconia is listed in Convoy MKF 13 (external link), which left Algiers on Apr. 24; she arrived Liverpool on May 2.

For info, U-596 (but with a different commander), was also responsible for the attack on Marit later that year.

Crew List - No Casualties:
* As mentioned, Tormod Gjertsen's Story is available in Norwegian in my Warsailor Stories section. He went to sea at age 17, and had previously served on Kong Sigurd, Anatina and Ivaran, and after the loss of Hallanger he joined Chr. Th. Boe, later Karsten Wang.
** Mess Boy James Higgins and Tormod Gjersten were very good friends; James, who was from Greenock, was only 14 when he joined the ship, and Tormod was like a big brother to him. They lost touch after the sinking of Hallanger, and Tormod attempted to find him again several years later, only to learn that he had died in 1978. At that time he was leading fireman with the local brigade in Greenock. Sadly, Tormod also died on Dec. 11-2007, shortly after I had had the immense pleasure of meeting him. We had corresponded for several years prior to this, and it was like meeting an old friend.

*Waldemar Larsen's other ships are listed on this external page.

Thorleif Hansen had also experienced the loss of Tankexpress and Edvard Lilleheil is included in the crew list for Norland.

Others who had served as gunners on Hallanger (but paid off in 1942) were Einar Pedersen and Hans A. Lasken, while Olaf Terjesen, Lars. R. Slotsvik (and possibly Reidar Andresen?) had paid off in 1943, prior to the loss of the ship.

Karl Bjerring Hansen
1st Mate
Ragnar Sande
2nd Mate
Finn Wilhelmsen
3rd Mate
Sigmund Malkenes
Radio Operator
Ole Magnus Dreng
Karl Nordlie
Ragnvald Henriksen
Able Seaman
Øivind Egset
Able Seaman
Aage Nilsen
Able Seaman
Christian F. Larsen
Able Seaman
Asbjørn K. Gjersøe
Able Seaman
Hans Hornsten
Able Seaman
Erik Lindström
Able Seaman
Thorleif Hansen
Able Seaman
Asbjørn Engeli
Able Seaman/Gunner
Emil Pettersen
Able Seaman/Gunner
John L. Stensen
Able Seaman/Gunner
Tormod Gjertsen*
Able Seaman/Gunner
Rolf Sigurd Gjeltsen
1st Engineer
Hagbart Bernhard Drægebø
2nd Engineer
Nils Madsen
3rd Engineer
Jacques Andersen
Andreas Nilsen Dreng
Waldemar Larsen*
Georg A. Karlsen
Frimann Mathisen
Arne Haavaldsen
Knut Jensen
Edvard Lilleheil
Arne Larsen
Pump Man
Oscar Nodland
Edvard Johnsen
Karl Brandtzeg
Manuel Castro
Vivian? Campbell
Viktor Jelsin
Mess Boy
James McDonald
Mess Boy
James Higgins**
Mess Boy
Alexander Graham
Saloon Boy
William Barton

Related external links:
OS/KMS Convoys - As can be seen, Hallanger is mentioned in Convoy OS 7.

Convoy WS 21S - Based on Arnold Hague's database, as section of the above website.

Operation Pedestal and SS Ohio save Malta - A section of the USMM website.
Operation Pedestal - August 1942 - 3 pages - from The Second World War Experience Centre.
Photo's of Operation Pedestal

The attack on HMS Eagle

There's a book entitled "Pedestal - The Malta convoy of August, 1942" by Peter Charles Smith, availble from misc. Internet bookstores. Several other books have also been written on the subject.

Back to Hallanger on the "Ships starting with H" page.

Other ships by this name: Westfal-Larsen had another Hallanger later on - originally delivered as Mechanicsvill from Kaiser Co. Inc., Portland to United States War Administration in Oct.-1943, 10 448 gt. Purchased by Westfal-Larsen in Jan.-1948, renamed Hallanger. Sold in Oct.-1959 to Harald A. Møller, Oslo, renamed Asato. Sold in 1961 to Union Marine Corp., Panama, converted to bulk carrier, renamed Ally. Sold in 1966 to Victoria Ocean Transport, Monrovia, renamed Victoria Faith, renamed Grand Trust in 1967. Sold in 1975 to Concord Panama S.A., Panama. Broken up in Taiwan in 1978. In June-1960 another Hallanger was delivered to Westfal-Larsen from Rosenberg Mek. Verksted, Stavanger, 20 416 gt. Sold to Compania Velventos de Navigacion, Piræus in July-1973, renamed Rodosto. (Info from Westfal-Larsen fleet list).

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: Misc. sources, incl. "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, "Sjøforklaringer fra 2. verdenskrig", Volume I (Norwegian Maritime Museum) and misc. for cross checking - ref. My sources.


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