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D/S Germa
Updated Sept. 14-2011

To Germa on the "Ships starting with G" page.

Pictures are available on this external page (click in them to make them larger).

Owner: Skibs-A/S Germa
Manager: Johan Gerrard jr., Kristiansand
5282 gt

Built by Harland & Wolff, Ltd., Belfast, delivered in July-1920 as Boswell to Liverpool Brazil & River Plate Steam Navigation Co. (Lamport & Holt), Liverpool. Renamed Adderstone in 1934 for White Shipping Co., Newcastle. Sold in 1937 to Skibs-A/S Germa (Johan Gerrard jr.), Kristiansand and renamed Germa.

Captain: Olaf J. Gerrard.

Related item on this website:
Guestbook message from the granddaughter of the captain.

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4 | Page 5

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From March-1940 to July-1945:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each (please be aware that many of the external convoy listings are incomplete).

Errors may exist, and some voyages are missing.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1940 March 27 Calcutta Hong Kong Apr. 11 Independent
Apr. 22 Hong Kong Rangoon Independent Page 1 gives arrival May 2.
May 7 Rangoon Calcutta May 10 Independent
May 21 Calcutta Colombo May 27 Independent
June 17 Colombo Bombay June 23 Independent
July 17 Bombay Suez Aug. 6 BN 2 Convoy available at BN convoys
(external link)
Aug. 24 Port Said Alexandria Aug. 25 Independent
Sept. 6 Alexandria Port Said Sept. 7 Independent
Sept. 20 Suez BS 5 For Colombo.
Dispersed off Aden, Sept. 28.
Convoy available at BS 5
(external link)
Sept. 28 Dispersed from BS 5 Colombo Oct. 8 Independent
Oct. 8 Colombo Singapore Oct. 16 Independent
Oct. 16 Singapore Hong Kong Oct. 24 Independent
Oct. 24 Hong Kong Kobe Nov. 1 Independent (Page 1 indicates voyage to Bangkok).
Nov. 4 Kobe Hong Kong Nov. 14 Independent
Nov. 28 Hong Kong Miri Dec. 3 Independent
Dec. 3 Miri Singapore Dec. 6 Independent
Dec. 7 Singapore Calcutta Dec. 14 Independent
Dec. 23 Calcutta Capetown Jan. 18-1941 Independent
1941 Jan. 18 Capetown Trinidad Febr. 9 Independent
Febr. 10 Trinidad Halifax Independent Page 1 gives arrival Febr. 20.
Febr. 23 Halifax New York City Febr. 25 Independent
March 4 New York City Baltimore March 6 Independent
March 9 Baltimore New York City March 10 Independent
March 28 New York City Halifax March 30 Independent
Apr. 5 Halifax Capetown May 8 Independent
May 14 Capetown Aden May 31 Independent
June 3 Aden Suez June 9 Independent Missing voyages, Page 1
June 28 Suez Aden July 4 Independent
* June 29 Calcutta Colombo Aug. 5 Independent
* Departure date is incorrect; should be July 29 and voyage belongs below (inserted there).
July 4 Aden Calcutta July 19 Independent
* July 29 Calcutta Colombo Aug. 5 Independent
* Voyage taken from above and date corrected - see also Page 1 above
Aug. 22 Colombo Calcutta Aug. 27 Independent
Sept. 2 Calcutta Colombo Sept. 9 Independent
Sept. 13 Colombo Moulmein Sept. 18 Independent
Sept. 30 Moulmein Bombay Oct. 10 Independent
Oct. 14 Bombay Calcutta Nov. 3 Independent
Nov. 17 Calcutta Colombo Nov. 22 Independent
Dec. 2 Colombo Calcutta Dec. 7 Independent
Dec. 17 Calcutta Calcutta Dec. 17 Independent A. Hague says:
Put back after collision
(not included, Page 2).
Dec. 24 Calcutta Colombo Dec. 29 Independent
1942 Jan. 7 Colombo Calcutta Jan. 13 Independent
Jan. 22 Calcutta Colombo Jan. 28 Independent
March 27 Colombo Madras March 30 Independent
Apr. 6 Madras Bombay Apr. 15 Independent
May 25 Bombay Fremantle June 17 Independent
June 17 Fremantle Melbourne June 25 Independent
June 30 Melbourne Sydney, N.S.W. July 3 OC 7 Convoy available at OC convoys
(external link)
July 10 Sydney, N.S.W. Newcastle, N.S.W. July 10 Independent
July 13 Newcastle, N.S.W. Sydney, N.S.W. July 14 Independent
July 18 Sydney, N.S.W. Fremantle July 29 Independent
Aug. 12 Fremantle Bunbury Aug. 13 Independent
Aug. 18 Bunbury Capetown Sept. 15 Independent
Sept. 16 Capetown Freetown Oct. 2 Independent
Oct. 16 Freetown Oban Nov. 8 SL 125 Convoy available at SL 125
(external link)
Nov. 8 Oban Loch Ewe Nov. 9 Independent
Nov. 12 Loch Ewe Methil Nov. 14 WN 360 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
Nov. 15 Methil Tyne Nov. 16 FS 961 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
1943 March 10 Tyne Methil March 11 FN 964 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
March 16 Methil Methil March 17 EN 205 A. Hague says:
Put back, boiler defects.
Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
March 27 Methil Tyne March 28 FS 1074 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
Apr. 29 Tyne Methil Apr. 29 FN 1006 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
May 2 Methil Loch Ewe May 4 EN 223 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
May 6 Loch Ewe New York City May 21 ON 182 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
May 23 New York City Baltimore May 24 Independent
June 2 Baltimore Hampton Roads June 3 Independent
June 7 Hampton Roads New York City June 8 Independent
June 9 New York City Boston Independent Page 2 gives arrival June 11.
June 12 Boston Halifax June 14 BX 57 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
June 16 Halifax Loch Ewe June 30 SC 134 See also narrative below
July 1 Loch Ewe Methil July 3 WN 449 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
July 3 Methil Southend July 5 FS 1158 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
See also Page 3
July 21 Southend FN 1079 Joined EN 259, July 22.
Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
July 22 From FN 1079 Loch Ewe July 24 EN 259 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
July 24 Loch Ewe Boston Aug. 6 ON 194 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Aug. 23 Boston Halifax Aug. 26 BX 70 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
Sept. 3 Halifax Loch Ewe Sept. 16 SC 141 6 Passengers
Sept. 17 Loch Ewe Methil Sept. 19 WN 481 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
Sept. 19 Methil Hull Sept. 21 FS 1225 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
Oct. 4 Hull Methil Oct. 6 FN 1143 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Oct. 6 Methil Clyde Oct. 9 EN 291 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
See also Page 3
Oct. 27 Clyde OS 57/KMS 31 For Italy.
Convoy split Nov. 9.
Available at OS 57/KMS 31
(external link)
Nov. 9 Convoy split Passed Gibraltar Nov. 10 KMS 31G For Italy.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in KMS convoys
Nov. 10 Passed Gibraltar Augusta Nov. 16 KMS 31 For Augusta.
Convoy will be added.
See link above
Nov. 17 Augusta Brindisi Nov. 19 AH 9 Convoy available at AH convoys
(external link)
Dec. 3 Brindisi Taranto
Dec. 4 Taranto Augusta Dec. 5* HA 10A Convoy available at HA convoys
(external link)
*Page 3 gives arrival Dec. 8.
Dec. 8 Augusta Bizerta Jan. 6-1944 A. Hague says:
Voyage data unknown, collision Jan. 6-1944
(Page 3 indicates voyage to Palermo).
1944 Jan. 17 Bizerta Algiers Jan. 19 MKS 37 Bizerta to Algiers
Jan. 30 Algiers Passed Gibraltar Febr. 1 MKS 38 From Algiers.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in MKS convoys
Febr. 1 Passed Gibraltar MKS 38G Rendezvoused w/SL 147, Febr. 2.
Convoy will be added.
See link above
Febr. 2 SL 147 & MKS 38 joined up Milford Haven Febr. 13 SL 147/MKS 38 Convoy available at SL 147/MKS 38
(external link)
Febr. 13 Milford Haven Southampton Febr. 16 WP 477 Convoy available at WP convoys
(external link)
Left Southampton Febr. 26
(Page 3).
Febr. 27 Solent Falmouth Febr. 28 PW 483 Convoy available at PW 483
(external link - incomplete)
Apr. 25 Falmouth Barry Apr. 26 PW 512 Convoy available at PW 512
(external link - incomplete)
Apr. 28 Barry Belfast Lough Apr. 29 Independent
May 4 Belfast Lough New York City May 18 ON 235 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
May 21 New York City NG 436 Detached May 28.
Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
May 28 Detached from NG 436 Macoris May 30 Independent
June 10 Macoris Gitmo Independent
June 12 Gitmo New York City June 19 GN 138 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
June 24 New York City Loch Ewe July 10 HX 297
July 11 Loch Ewe Methil July 13 WN 606 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
July 19 Methil Southend July 21 FS 1518 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
See also Page 4
July 31 Southend Middlesbrough Aug. 1 FN 1435 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Aug. 22 Middlesbrough Methil Aug. 23 FN 1456 Convoy available at link above
Aug. 27 Methil Loch Ewe Aug. 29 EN 427 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
Aug. 29 Loch Ewe Belfast Lough Aug. 30 Independent
Sept. 1 Belfast Lough New York City Sept. 19 ON 251 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Oct. 3 New York City NG 463 Detached Oct. 8.
Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
Oct. 8 Detached from NG 463 San Juan, P.R. Oct. 10 Independent
Oct. 17 San Juan, P.R. La Romana Oct. 18 Independent On to Macoris Oct. 21
(Page 4).
Oct. 23 Macoris Gitmo Oct. 24 Independent
Oct. 25 Gitmo New York City Nov. 1 GN 165 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
Nov. 5 New York City Boston Independent
Nov. 7 Boston Halifax Nov. 9 BX 132 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
Nov. 17 Halifax Liverpool Dec. 5 SC 161 1000 Mails
Dec. 21 Liverpool Belfast Lough Dec. 22 Independent
Dec. 28 Belfast Lough ONS 39 For NYC.
Joined XB 142, Jan. 13.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ONS convoys
1945 Jan. 12 From ONS 39 Cape Cod Canal Jan. 14 XB 142 Convoy available at XB convoys
(external link)
Jan. 14 Cape Cod Canal New York City Jan. 16 Independent
Jan. 26 New York City San Juan, P.R. Febr. 1 Independent
Febr. 7 Ponce Jucaro Febr. 11 Independent
Febr. 20 Jucaro New York City Febr. 28 Independent
March 1 New York City Boston March 2 Independent
March 3 Boston Halifax March 5 BX 148 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
March 7 Halifax Mumbles March 21 SC 169 Convoy will be added.
See ships in SC convoys
March 22 Mumbles Southend March 25 BTC 105 Convoy available at BTC convoys
(external link)
See also Page 4
Apr. 25 Southend Milford Haven Apr. 28 TBC 139 Convoy available at TBC convoys
(external link)
Apr. 28 Milford Haven Belfast Lough Apr. 30 MH 97/2 Convoy available at MH 97
(external link)
May 3 Belfast Lough ONS 49 For St. John's, N.F.
Detached May 15.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ONS convoys
May 15 Detached from ONS 49 Corner Brook May 18 Independent
May 25 Corner Brook Sydney, C.B. May 26 Independent
May 27 Sydney, C.B. Liverpool June 8 SC 177 From Sydney, C.B.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in SC convoys
June 17 Liverpool Quebec July 1 Independent See also Page 5
July 4 Quebec Montreal July 4 Independent
July 17 Montreal Stavanger, Norway Independent Via Kirkwall.
Subsequent voyages, Page 5 above

 Some Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the convoy links provided for more details on them; several Norwegian ships took part.

When war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940, Germa was on her way from Calcutta to Hong Kong, see Page 1 of the archive documents. The page also has some 1941 voyages, while the rest are shown on Page 2, which also lists her 1942 voyages. Convoy info for a few of them can be found in the Voyage Record above.

As can be seen when going to Page 2, it looks like she spent quite a long time in Colombo at the beginning of 1942. She had arrived there from Calcutta on Jan. 28 and departure is given as March 27, when she proceeded to Madras. A. Hague mentions a collision in Dec.-1941 (I have no further details on this); perhaps she had been damaged and was in for repairs in Colombo? There's another long gap later on. She had arrived Bombay on Apr. 15-1942, and did not leave again until May 25.

Germa experienced the battle of Convoy SL 125 in Oct.-1942 (ref. external link at the end of this page), but escaped unharmed. 12 ships were sunk, Alaska was damaged (follow the link to my page about this ship for more info, see also the external link provided in the Voyage Record, Belnor is also listed). Germa arrived Oban on Nov. 8, having sailed from Freetown on Oct. 16. There's now another long gap in her voyages. She arrived Tyne on Nov. 16-1942, and Page 2 shows departure as March 10-1943, and another month appears to have been spent at Tyne from March 28 to Apr. 28 that year (A. Hague mentions her having boiler defects).

The following month, she's listed in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 182*, which originated in Liverpool on May 6-1943 and arrived New York on the 22nd (the archive document gives Germa's arrival New York as May 21; she had joined from Loch Ewe). Dageid, Fernwood, Gallia, Hiram, Ivaran, Oregon Epress, Skiensfjord, Thorshov, Thorshøvdi and Villanger are also listed. She was scheduled to return to the U.K. in Convoy HX 243 from New York on June 7, but instead joined the slow Convoy SC 134 from Halifax on June 16 (Page 2). With Anna Odland, Belinda, Brimanger, Dagrun, Fernmoor, G. C. Brøvig, Heimvard, Kaia Knudsen, Lista, Morgenen, Noreg, Norheim and Skandinavia, she later returned with Convoy ON 194*, which sailed from Liverpool on July 24 and arrived New York Aug. 7; Germa arrived Boston Aug. 6, having started out from Loch Ewe on July 24. Acanthus, Potentilla and Rose are named among the escorts for this convoy - see ON convoy escorts. On Sept. 3, we find her in station 64 of the Halifax-U.K. Convoy SC 141, cargo of grain and general for Hull, where she arrived Sept. 21 - her voyages in this period are shown on Page 3.

She later made a voyage to Augusta, having joined Convoy OS 57/KMS 31, which originated in Liverpool on Oct. 27-1943 and split up on Nov. 9, the Gibraltar bound ships arriving there on Nov. 10, while the OS convoy continued to Freetown, with arrival Nov. 19. Germa joined from Clyde, and had a cargo of ether, vehicles and stores. She was in the Gibraltar portion of the convoy (KMS 31*), and arrived Augusta on Nov. 16. Again, follow the link within the table above for more convoy info, Askeladden, Jenny, Lido, Norlom and Somerville are also named. See also the external link at the end of this page.

On Jan. 17-1944, she made a voyage from Bizerta to Algiers in Convoy MKS 37 (she had previously arrived Bizerta on Jan. 6, and according to A. Hague's record, she was involved in a collision on that date - I have no further info on this). She arrived Algiers on Jan. 19, leaving again on Jan. 30, joining Convoy MKS 38*, which joined up with the Freetown Convoy SL 147 off Gibraltar on Febr. 2, before proceeding to the U.K. as Convoy SL 147/MKS 38 (link in Voyage Record; Helgøy, Jenny, Norefjord, Norelg and Sirehei are also included). Germa arrived Milford Haven on Febr. 13, proceeding to Southampton the next day. As will be seen when going back to Page 3 of the archive documents, she later spent quite a long time in Falmouth, from arriving there from Southampton on Febr. 28, to departing again for Barry on Apr. 25.

She now headed to the U.S. again, joining Convoy ON 235*, which started out in Liverpool on May 4-1944 and also had Gallia, Ivaran, Katy, Marit II and Reinholt (Commodore Vessel) in its ranks. Germa joined from Belfast Lough and arrived New York on May 18. From New York, she made a voyage to Macoris, then returned to New York, and on June 24, we find her in Convoy HX 297, for which the Norwegian Brimanger served as Commodore Vessel. Germa was bound for Methil and London with a cargo of sugar - see also Page 4. She later returned across the Atlantic with Convoy ON 251*, which originated in Liverpool on Sept. 1 and in which Fjordheim was sunk, follow the link for details. Bernhard, Elg, Evanger, Ferncliff (returned), Grey County, Heimgar, Henrik Ibsen, Rutenfjell, Snar, Thorhild, Tungsha (Commodore Vessel), Veni and Vera, as well as the Panamaian Norbris (Norwegian managers) are also listed. Germa again joined from Belfast Lough and arrived New York Sept. 19. Her next Trans-Atlantic voyage commenced on Nov. 17, when she joined the slow Halifax-U.K. Convoy SC 161, carrying sugar and general for Liverpool, where she arrived Dec. 5. New Years Eve that year was celebrated in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ONS 39*, originating in Liverpool on Dec. 28, arriving Halifax Jan. 13-1945; Germa, however, was bound for New York, where she arrived Jan. 16, having started out from Belfast Lough again. She had again been in the company of other Norwegian ships, namely Annik, Cetus, Ferncliff, Mui Hock, Novasli and Tercero.

According to Arnold Hague, she later returned to the U.K. in Convoy SC 169*, departing Halifax on March 7-1945. She had a cargo of sugar, sailing in station 71. Sommerstad and Velma are also listed, and Acanthus and Buttercup were among the escorts for a while - see SC convoy escorts. Her last westbound convoy voyage was made in ONS 49*, originating in Liverpool on May 2, arriving Halifax May 18; Germa had sailed from Belfast Lough on May 3 and arrived Corner Brook on May 18, having detached from the convoy on the 15th. In other words, VE Day was celebrated at sea. Askepot, Brush, Evanger, Grey County, Henrik Ibsen, Iron Baron, Maud, Orwell and Velox are also named in this convoy. On the 25th, Germa proceeded to Sydney, C.B. (Page 4), and from there, she joined Convoy SC 177*, which had started out in Halifax on May 26 and also included Geisha, Hardanger, Heimgar, Lago, Orwell, Sir James Clark Ross, Slemmestad, Sommerstad, Strix and Velma. Germa had a cargo of paper and took station 23 of the convoy, arriving Liverpool on June 8 - see Page 5. From that page, we also learn that she got to head home to Norway already in July-1945, making another voyage home before that year was over.

* The ON and ONS convoys will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section in due course, with more details on each; in the meantime, the ships sailing in them are named in the section for ships in all ON convoys (with escorts) and on the page for ships in all ONS convoys. The entire SC series will also be updated and completed, but for now, please go to ships in all SC convoys. See also ships in all KMS convoys and ships in all MKS convoys, where Germa is listed in KMS 31 and MKS 38, as mentioned; these will also be added to individual pages.

More information on all the Norwegian ships mentioned on this page is available via the alphabet index below, or go to the Master Ship Index.


Owned in 1951 by Wallem & Co, Panama. Renamed Norway Maru in 1951 for Dai-ichi Kisen K.K., Kobe. Owned from 1960 by Dai-ichi Chuo K.K, Kobe, and from 1965 by Fujita Kaiji Kogyo K.K, Osaka. Scrapped at Sakai in 1970.

Related external links:
Convoy SL 125
- Info on the battle and list of ships sunk.

Attack on KMS 31

Back to Germa on the "Ships starting with G" page.

Norway had another Germa post war, originally delivered as Olav Ringdal in 1965 and managed by Olav Ringdal, Oslo. Sold to Arendal in 1970 and renamed Claro, then renamed Germa in June-1974 for A/S Gerrards Rederi, Kristiansand. Later sailed as Al Tajdar for owners in Monrovia from 1979, broken up in 1985.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: E-mails from Roger W. Jordan - and misc.


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