Site Map | Search |Merchant Fleet Main Page | Home 

M/T Europe
Updated July 24-2011

To Europe on the "Ships starting with E" page.

A picture is available on this external page (click in the photo to make it larger).

Manager: The Texas Company (Norway) A/S, Oslo. This company was controlled by The Texas Co., US, and its ships managed by Haakon Chr. Mathiesen, Oslo.
8371 gt

Delivered on Nov. 30-1934 from Odense Staalskibsværft, Odense (53) as Europe to The Texas Company (Norway) A/S, Oslo. 8371 gt, 12 835 tdwt, 471.3' x 62.3' x 34.3', 6 cyl. 4T single acting DM (B & W, Copenhagen), 3150 bhp.

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From Sept.-1939 to Aug.-1945:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Errors may exist, and several voyages are missing.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1939 Sept. 28 Port Arthur Downs Oct. 16 Independent
Oct. 25 Downs Ymuiden Oct. 26 Independent
Nov. 2 Ymuiden Downs Nov. 3 Independent
Nov. 4 Downs New Orleans Independent
Nov. 27 New Orleans Bordeaux Dec. 14 Independent
Dec. 19 Verdon New York City Jan. 2-1940 Independent
1940 Jan. 7 New York City Kingston Jan. 19 Independent A. Hague says:
Probably via an oil loading port
Jan. 20 Kingston Halifax Independent
Jan. 28 Halifax HXF 18 Straggled Febr. 2.
Febr. 2 Straggled from HXF 18 Bordeaux Febr. 10 Independent
Febr. 15 Verdon Kingston March 7 Independent Via an oil loading port
March 7 Kingston Halifax Independent
March 18 Halifax HX 28 For Bordeaux.
Detached March 31.
March 31 Detached from HX 28 Bordeaux Apr. 2 Independent Left Bordeaux Apr. 5
(Page 1).
Apr. 7 Verdon Casablanca Apr. 13 46 XS Convoy available at 46 XS
(external link)
Apr. 23 Casablanca Gibraltar Apr. 24 Independent
Apr. 24 Gibraltar Barranquilla Independent
May 1 Barranquilla Kingston May 8 Independent A. Hague says:
Notional sailing port and date
(stop at Barranquilla not mentioned Page 1).
May 9 Kingston Bermuda May 18 Independent Missing movements?
(see Page 1).
May 19 Bermuda BHX 44 See HX 44 below
May 25 Bermuda portion joined main convoy HX 44 For Bordeaux.
Detached June 2
June 2 Detached from HX 44 Bordeaux June 6 Independent Left Bordeaux June 8
(Page 1).
June 12 Verdon Casablanca June 19 64 X Convoy available at 64 X
(external link)
June 20 Casablanca Covenas Independent
Oct. 1 Covenas Galveston Oct. 7 Independent
Oct. 22 Galveston Port Arthur Oct. 22 Independent
Oct. 24 Port Arthur Cristobal Oct. 30 Independent
Oct. 31 Balboa Los Angeles Nov. 10 Independent
Nov. 16 Los Angeles Shanghai Dec. 12 Independent
Dec. 14 Shanghai Manila Dec. 19 Independent
Dec. 24 Manila Singapore Dec. 28 Independent
Dec. 29 Singapore Bahrein Jan. 10-1941 Independent A. Hague says:
Indian Ocean oil trade to end 1941
(See Page 1).
1941 Dec. 9 Aden Bahrein Independent
Dec. 17 Bahrein Capetown Jan. 6-1942 Independent
1942 Jan. 11 Capetown Bombay Jan. 30 Independent
?* Febr. 13 Abadan Bandar Abbas Independent
* The above voyage seems a bit out of place, and I believe it belongs under 1943 (I've inserted it there) - See also Page 2
March 31 Bombay Bahrein Apr. 5 Independent
Apr. 7 Bahrein Bombay Apr. 12 Independent
Apr. 19 Bombay Bahrein Apr. 24 Independent
Apr. 25 Bahrein Lourenço Marques May 12 Independent
May 13 Lourenço Marques Durban May 14 Independent
May 18 Durban Bahrein June 3 Independent
June 4 Bahrein Durban June 22 Independent
July 8 Durban Lourenço Marques July 9 Independent
July 11 Lourenço Marques Bahrein July 26 Independent
July 28 Bahrein Capetown Aug. 23 Independent
Aug. 27 Capetown Abadan Independent
Sept. 20 Abadan Durban Oct. 12 Independent
Oct. 17 Durban Durban Oct. 20 Independent Put back
Dec. 22 Durban DN 8 Dispersed Dec. 24.
Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Dec. 23(?) Dispersed from DN 8 Abadan Jan. 12-1943 Independent
1943 Jan. 13 Abadan Bandar Abbas Independent
Jan. 17 Bandar Abbas Bombay Jan. 23 PB 22 Convoy available via link above
Febr. 3 Bombay Bandar Abbas Febr. 9 BP 67A Convoy available via link above
Febr. 9 Bandar Abbas Abadan Febr. 10 Independent See also Page 2
* Febr. 13 Abadan Bandar Abbas Independent
* This voyage has been taken from 1942 entries above.
Febr. 18 Bandar Abbas Bombay Febr. 25 PB 27 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
March 1 Bombay Colombo March 5 BM 43 Convoy available at BM convoys
(external link)
March 10 Colombo Bombay March 15 MB 28 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
March 30 Bombay Bahrein Apr. 5 BP 74 Convoy available via link above
Apr. 8 Bahrein Bandar Abbas Independent
Apr. 10 Bandar Abbas PB 35 For Capetown.
Detached Apr. 12.
Convoy available via link above
Apr. 12 Detached From PB 35 Port Elizabeth May 3 Independent
May 9 Port Elizabeth Capetown May 11 DC 22 Convoy available via link above
May 14 Capetown Durban May 18 CD 18 Convoy available via link above
May 22 Durban DN 41 Dispersed May 24.
Convoy available via link above
May 24 Dispersed from DN 41 Abadan June 11 Independent
June 12 Abadan Bahrein June 14 Independent
June 14 Bahrein Bandar Abbas Independent
June 20 Bandar Abbas Bombay June 26 PB 45 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
(this stop at Bandar Abbas not mentioned, Page 2).
July 5 Bombay Bandar Abbas July 10 BP 86 Convoy available via link above
July 10 Bandar Abbas Abadan July 12 Independent (Again, see also Page 2).
July 13 Abadan Bandar Abbas Independent
July 21 Bandar Abbas Aden July 30 PA 46 Convoy available via link above
Aug. 8 Aden Abadan Aug. 15 AP 39 A. Hague says:
Independent from Bandar Abbas.
Convoy available at AP 39
(external link)
Aug. 17 Abadan Bahrein Aug. 18 Independent
Aug. 18 Bahrein Bandar Abbas Independent
Aug. 24 Bandar Abbas Bombay Aug. 30 PB 53 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
See also Page 2
Sept. 8 Bombay Bandar Abbas Sept. 13 BP 94 Convoy available via link above
Sept. 13 Bandar Abbas Abadan Sept. 15 Independent See also Page 3
Sept. 16 Abadan Bahrein Sept. 17 Independent
Sept. 18 Bahrein Bandar Abbas Independent
Sept. 24 Bandar Abbas PA 54 Detached Sept. 26.
Sept. 26 Detached from PA 54 Durban Oct. 16 Independent
1944 Jan. 25 Durban Abadan Febr. 16 Independent Again, see also Page 3.
Left Abadan, Febr. 20.
March 1 Bandar Abbas Aden March 9 PA 71 Convoy available at PA 71
(external link)
March 9 Aden Suez March 14 Independent Left Suez March 15
(Page 3).
March 20 Port Said Malta March 26 MKS 44 For Malta.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in MKS convoys
Apr. 1 Malta Port Said Apr. 6 KMS 45 Malta to Port Said
(left Port Said Apr. 6).
Convoy will be added.
See ships in KMS convoys
Apr. 7 Suez Aden Apr. 12 Independent
Apr. 20 Aden Bandar Abbas Apr. 26 AP 69 Convoy available at AP 69
(external link)
Apr. 26 Bandar Abbas Abadan Apr. 27 Independent Compare w/Page 3
Apr. 29 Abadan Colombo May 9 Independent
May 14 Colombo Abadan May 24 Independent
May 27 Abadan Khasab Bay May 31 Independent
June 1 Khasab Bay Fremantle June 21 Independent Notional sailing date
June 26 Fremantle Abadan July 20 Independent
July 22 Abadan Bombay July 29 Independent
July 31 Bombay Colombo Aug. 5 BM 98 Convoy available at BM convoys
(external link)
Aug. 7 Colombo Abadan Aug. 17 Independent
Aug. 19 Abadan Addu Independent
Sept. 3 Addu Fremantle Sept. 19 Escorted (Compare w/Page 3).
Sept. 21 Fremantle Sydney, N.S.W. Sept. 30 Independent
Oct. 1 Sydney, N.S.W. Brisbane Oct. 4 Independent
Oct. 6 Brisbane Sydney, N.S.W. Oct. 8 Independent
Dec. 21 Sydney, N.S.W. Bahrein Jan. 24-1945 Independent
1945 Jan. 28 Abadan* Colombo Febr. 8 Independent *From Bahrein
Febr. 14 Colombo Abadan Febr. 22 Independent See also Page 3
Febr. 28 Abadan Aden March 9 Independent
March 13 Aden Abadan March 21 Independent Also, Page 3
March 21 Abadan Colombo March 31 Independent
Apr. 4 Colombo Abadan Apr. 12 Independent See also Page 3 & Page 4
Apr. 14 Abadan Colombo Apr. 23 Independent
Apr. 28 Colombo Abadan May 6 Independent
May 8 Abadan Colombo May 17 Independent
May 20 Colombo Abadan May 28 Independent
May 29 Abadan Colombo June 8 Independent
June 12 Colombo Bombay June 15 Independent
June 17 Bombay Abadan June 23 Independent
June 26 Abadan Fremantle July 10* Independent *Page 4 gives arrival July 18
July 21 Fremantle Brisbane July 31 Independent
Aug. 4 Brisbane Sydney, N.S.W. Aug. 6 Independent Subsequent voyages, Page 4

 Misc. Convoy Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those discussed here, please go to the archive documents and/or Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the convoy links provided for more details, other Norwegian ships also took part.

Europe, bound for Bordeaux, is listed in the fast, eastbound North Atlantic Convoy HXF 18, departing Halifax on Jan. 28-1940 (there's a note in the original document for this convoy indicating she had originally been scheduled for Convoy HX 18). According to A. Hague, she became a straggler on Febr. 2, but arrived Bordeaux safely on Febr. 10. She subsequently made an independent voyage to Kingston, arriving March 7, and later that month she's listed as bound for Bordeaux with a cargo of crude oil in Convoy HX 28 from Halifax, together with the Norwegian Stiklestad, Annik, Boreas, Varanger and Mathilda. Europe arrived Bordeaux on Apr. 2, having been detached from the convoy on March 31, according to A. Hague. She now sailed to Casablanca with Convoy 46 XS, departing Verdon on Apr. 7, arriving Casablanca on the 13th (ref. link provided within the Voyage Record), then headed back to Kingston again, arriving May 8 (see Page 1). From there, she later proceeded to Bermuda, in order to join the Bermuda portion of Convoy HX 44 on May 19, together with Charles Racine and Polarsol. Europe was again bound for Bordeaux with a cargo of crude oil, arriving there on June 6. With the Norwegian Inger Lise, Oria and Vigør, she then made another voyage to Casablanca, Convoy 64 X, which left Verdon on June 12 and arrived Casablanca on the 19th - again, see the external link provided within the table above. She left Casablanca again on June 20, thereby narrowly avoiding the fate of 26 other Norwegian ships, which were interned in the French colonies following the fall of France shortly thereafter (including Oria and Vigør).

She later made several independent voyages, to Port Arthur, Cristobal, Los Angeles, Shanghai, Manila, Singapore, Bahrein, Bombay, Capetown, Lourenço Marques, Durban, among other ports (again, see Page 1, as well as Page 2), until she in Dec.-1942 started sailing in convoys again, with some independent voyages in between.

Skipping now to Sept.-1943, when I have her in Convoy PA 54/PB 57, together with the Norwegian Torborg, Norfjell, Norfold, Havkong and Ima. No destination is given for Europe, but she arrived Durban on Oct. 16, having left Bandar Abbas on Sept. 24. Page 3 shows her voyages in this period. It'll be noticed that she subsequently remained in Durban for a long time; departure is given as Jan. 25-1944, when she proceeded to Abadan.

A. Hague now has her, along with Grena, Havfru and Suderholm, in Convoy PA 71, which left Bandar Abbas on March 1-1944 and arrived Aden March 9. Europe continued to Suez that same day then on to Port Said, and is subsequently listed, together with Boreas, Lidvard, Norsol, Star and Toulouse, in Convoy MKS 44, which departed Port Said on March 20 and arrived Gibraltar on Apr. 1; Europe's destination, however, is given as Malta, where she arrived on March 26. From there, she later returned to Port Said in Convoy KMS 45 (from Gibraltar March 27, to Port Said Apr. 6; Europe sailed from Malta on Apr. 1). Buccinum, Facto, Hjalmar Wessel and Roald Amundsen are also listed. Both these convoys will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section; in the meantime, the ships sailing in them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all MKS convoys and ships in all KMS convoys. With Kronprinsessen, she's also listed in Convoy AP 69, which left Aden on Apr. 20 and arrived Bandar Abbas on the 26th - it looks like she was bound for Abadan on that occasion, arriving there on Apr. 27 - again, see Page 3 of the archive documents, which also has some of her 1945 voyages, while the rest are listed on Page 4.

For more information on all the other Norwegian ships mentioned on this page, please see the alphabet index below, or go to the Master Ship Index.


Sold in 1954 to Skibs-A/S Adour (K. Salvesen & Sønner), Kragerø, Norway and renamed Adour. Converted to bulk carrier at Kiel. Sold in 1959 to Panama Nav. Corp., Panama and renamed Oremar. Sold in 1967 to Navemar S/A de Nav., Buenos Aires. Arrived Hamburg in tow on Sept. 15-1969 for breaking up.

Back to Europe on the "Ships starting with E" page.

Another Europe was delivered to this company in Nov.-1956. Renamed Texaco Europe in 1960. Sold in 1969 to Monrovia and renamed Akti, then Star in 1976. Sold for breaking up 2003.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, E-mails from Roger W. Jordan - and misc.


 Site Map | Search |Merchant Fleet Main Page | Home