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M/T Daghild
Updated June 25-2011

To Daghild on the "Ships starting with D" page.

Crew List

Source for both pictures: Historical Department, MAN B&W Diesel, Copenhagen.

Owner: A/S Ocean
Manager: John P. Pedersen & Søn, Oslo
9272 gt, 5557 net, 14 495 tdwt.
Call Sign: LCGU

Built by Burmeister & Wain's Maskin & Skibsbyggeri A/S, Copenhagen in 1927.

Captain: Olaf K. Egidius, replaced for a short while by Captain T. Bernt.

From Apr.-1940 until she was torpedoed the first time Daghild had transported 270 000 tons oil for the Allies.

Related item on this website:
Warsailor Stories - Edward Driscoll's story (he served on Daghild at some point during the war).

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From July-1941 to Febr.-1943:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Errors may exist and several voyages are missing.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1941 July 7 Cartagena, Col Halifax July 18 Independent A. Hague says:
Previously traded N & S America.
Earlier voyages:
Page 1 & Page 2
July 19 Halifax New York City July 23 Independent
Sept. 2 New York City Halifax Sept. 5 Independent
Sept. 10 Halifax Liverpool Sept. 25 HX 149 Missing movements, Page 2
Oct. 2 Liverpool ON 22 For New York City.
Dispersed Oct. 15
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Oct. 15 Dispersed from ON 22 New York City Oct. 19 Independent
Nov. 20 New York City Baytown Nov. 28 Independent
Nov. 29 Baytown Houston Nov. 29 Independent
Dec. 1 Houston Halifax Dec. 12 Independent
Dec. 15 Halifax Belfast Lough Dec. 28 HX 165
Dec. 29 Belfast Lough Swansea Dec. 30 BB 117 Convoy available at BB 117
(external link)
1942 Jan. 4 Swansea Milford Haven Jan. 4 Independent
Jan. 5 Milford Haven ON 54 For Port Arthur
(via Belfast Lough - Page 2).
Dispersed Jan. 17
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Jan. 17 Dispersed from ON 54 Houston Febr. 2 Independent
Febr. 5 Houston Halifax Febr. 18 Independent A. Hague says:
To repair weather damage at Halifax
Apr. 14 Halifax Halifax Apr. 18 HX 185 Returned
Apr. 23 Halifax Clyde May 10 SC 81 Again, see also Page 2
May 15 Liverpool* Cape Cod Canal May 29 ON 95 *From Clyde
(Page 2).
For Beaumont.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
May 29 Cape Cod Canal New York City May 30 Independent
June 1 New York City Hampton Roads Independent
June 4 Hampton Roads KS 507 Detached June 9.
Convoy available at KS 507
(external link)
June 9 Detached from KS 507 Galveston June 12 Independent
July 5 Galveston Corpus Christi July 6 Independent
July 9 Corpus Christi Galveston July 10 Independent
July 11 Galveston Key West July 18 Independent
July 24 Key West Hampton Roads July 29 KN 123 Convoy available at KN 123
(external link)
July 30 Hampton Roads New York City Aug. 1 Independent
Aug. 3 New York City Cape Cod Bay Aug. 5 Independent
Aug. 5 Cape Cod Bay Halifax Aug. 7 BX 32 Convoy available at BX 32
(external link)
Aug. 11 Halifax Loch Ewe Aug. 26 SC 96
Aug. 27 Loch Ewe Scapa Flow Aug. 28 WN 328 Convoy available at WN 328
(external link)
Sept. 2 Lyness Loch Ewe Sept. 3 EN 131 Convoy available at EN 131
(external link)
Sept. 4 Loch Ewe ON 127 (Stop at Loch Ewe not mentioned, Page 3, but see narrative below).
Torpedoed - see narrative.
Detached, damaged, Sept. 15
Sept. 15 Detached from ON 127 St. John's, N.F. Sept. 16 Independent
Sept. 20 St. John's, N.F. Sydney, C.B. Sept. 22 CL 58 Via New York?
(Page 3).
Convoy available at CL 58
(external link)
Sept. 27 Sydney, C.B. Halifax Sept. 29 SH 48 Convoy available at SH 48
(external link)
Oct. 4 Halifax New York City Oct. 7 HF 5 A. Hague says:
For New York via Cape Cod Canal.
Convoy available at HF 5
(external link)
1943 Jan. 12 New York City St. John's, N.F. Jan. 23 SC 117 Returned.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in SC convoys
Jan. 30 St. John's, N.F. SC 118 Convoy will be added.
See link bove
Sunk - See "Final Fate" below

 Summary of the Captain's Report: 
(Source has been given at the bottom of this page).

1939 - 1940: 

In Aug.-1939 Daghild, on charter to Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey, was en route from Aruba to Hamburg and Bremerhaven with a cargo of 5000 tons diesel oil and 9000 tons fuel oil when they learnt that England and Germany were at war. Shortly thereafter they were ordered to Ponta Delgada, the Azores, but already the next day that order was changed to Glasgow, Scotland. She arrived Horta 3 days later, to find several other neutral ships there, including Norwegian ones. After a few days there they received a telegram from the shipping company telling them to continue to Ponta Delgada to unload the cargo. Having done so, they proceeded in ballast to Caripito where a cargo of crude oil was loaded for Aruba, from there she headed to Las Piedras and took onboard fuel oil for Baltimore. Having discharged cargo there, she was docked for minor repairs, and after 5 days she again headed for Aruba where a cargo of fuel oil was loaded for Chile. From there she went to Talara and loaded crude oil for Campana. With the exception of a voyage to Halifax and one to Montevideo in between, these voyages continued until Norway was invaded on Apr. 9-1940, at which time Daghild was en route from Buenos Aires to Caripito, and at hearing the news the captain decided to head for Port of Spain, arriving Apr. 19(?), continuing to Guiria the following evening, having obtained the necessary insurances and permissions. About 50 ships were at Port of Spain at that time, but only a couple were allowed to leave. Daghild arrived Guiria an hour after midnight of Apr. 21, waited for orders for 3 days, then loaded a cargo for New York, where she again had a brief stay in dock before heading to Caripito. (Note that some of this does not quite match up with what is found on Page 1 of the documents received from the National Archives of Norway. Her 1941 voyages also start on that document).

1941 - 1943: 
Follow the convoy links provided for further info; several Norwegian ships took part.

She now continued in the South America service (except for a single voyage to Halifax), until arrival New York in Aug.(?)-1941 (according to Page 2 she arrived New York on July 23), at which time degaussing was installed, as well as the necessary protection around the bridge and installation of foundations for armament, before loading 14 000 tons crude oil from Thorshøvdi, which had to unload this cargo in order to go in for repairs following a collision in convoy. Daghild then continued to Halifax where a gun was installed aft; they also received 4 machine guns. She subsequently joined a convoy for Liverpool. No dates are mentioned in the captain's report, but Daghild can be found in station 63 of Convoy HX 149 from Halifax on Sept. 10.

Having unloaded her cargo in Liverpool, Daghild headed back to New York with the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 22*, which left Liverpool on Oct. 2-1941 and dispersed on the 15th, Daghild arriving New York independently on Oct. 19. The Norwegian Bello, Bernhard, Gefion, Helgøy, James Hawson, Kollbjørg, Lise, Nueva Granada, Orwell, Slemmestad, Solstad, Thorsholm and Vivi also took part, and Eglantine is named among the escorts (see ON convoy escorts). While in New York, a steam turbine was installed to insure that they had enough electricity for the degaussing cable. From New York she went to Corpus Christi (this according to the captain), then on to Halifax for convoy and back across the Atlantic to Swansea (A. Hague has included her in Convoy HX 165 from Halifax on Dec. 15-1941. Page 2 gives her arrival Swansea as Dec. 30).

She later returned to the U.S. (Houston) and again to Halifax. She had arrived Houston independently on Febr. 2-1942, having sailed in Convoy ON 54*, which had been dispersed on Jan. 17, having originated in Liverpool on Jan. 6 and also included the Norwegian Brant County, Fenja, Gallia, Haakon Hauan, Leiesten (returned) and Lise. In Houston Captain Egidius took a vacation and was replaced meanwhile by Captain T. Bernt. While at Halifax, where she had arrived from Houston on Febr. 18, she experienced some technical problems which resulted in her having to stay there for 2 months while repairing (A. Hague calls it weather damage), and when she could finally leave, she lost touch with the convoy she was in (Convoy HX 185) and had to return to Halifax to wait for the next one, joining the slow Convoy SC 81 a few days later (departure Halifax Apr. 23).

She subsequently joined the westbound Convoy ON 95*, originating in Liverpool on May 15-1942. Daghild sailed from Clyde that day and arrived New York on May 30, via Cape Cod Canal (according to A. Hague). She had again been in in the company of several other Norwegian ships, namely Abraham Lincoln, Fernwood, Hardanger, Helgøy, Morgenen, N.T. Nielsen Alonso, Norbryn, Solstad, Stigstad and Trondheim. Captain Egidius now took over again and stayed on board until she was sunk. From New York she went to Galveston where she again had to be docked for misc. repairs before heading to Corpus Christi again, then back to Galveston. Having departed Galveston a couple of days later, the captain says they were ordered into Port Arthur due to the U-boat danger. She was able to leave the next day, but had to make stops at New Orleans and Mobile at night time (these movements are not mentioned on Page 2). She then joined a convoy at Key West, but had to wait a week before she could continue to New York, via Norfolk and Delaware. From New York they proceeded to Halifax (via Long Island Sound) in order to join Convoy SC 96 to Loch Ewe on Aug. 11, and from there in a new convoy to Scapa Flow where her cargo was unloaded (see also Voyage Record above and Page 3). Back to Loch Ewe for convoy which was to join a Liverpool convoy on Sept. 2(?)-1942.

While in this convoy (ON 127 - see also A. Hague's listing), Daghild was torpedoed by U-404 (von Bülow) on Sept. 12-1942, 49 02N 33 30W. According to the captain's account, the torpedo made a 50 x 54 ft. hole beneath No. 7 tank on the starboard side, as well as 20 holes on the opposite side, so that it was possible to see straight through the ship. (He gives the date as Sept. 7, which might simply be an error in the typed copy, or a mix up with the Febr. 7-'43 incident mentioned further down on this page?). 13 U-boats took part in the attack on Convoy ON 127 which consisted of 32 ships (number varies according to source). One source says 7 merchant ships, 1 trawler and 1 destroyer were lost, and 4 ships damaged, whereas Captain Egidius' account says 16 ships were torpedoed during 5 days, Daghild being the last one to be hit (though the battle for ON 127 did last for 5 days, I believe this is a memory mix up with the 1943 incident, when Daghild was indeed the last one). Several other Norwegian ships were torpedoed in this convoy battle, namely M/T Sveve, D/T Marit II (also by U-404), M/S Hindanger and M/T Fjordaas. The external website that I've linked to at the end of this page has more on this battle - again, see also my own page about ON 127. Daghild managed to continue to St. John's for temporary repairs, before proceeding to New York for further repairs, via Sydney, C.B. and Halifax for degaussing (see also Page 3).

For info, U-404 had also been responsible for the attacks on Nordal (Panamanian flag) and Moldanger - follow the links for details.

I've received some details from a visitor to my website who has access to British records, saying she left Lyness on Sept. 2-1942, arrived Loch Ewe on the 3rd. Left Loch Ewe the next day in Convoy ON 127. Torpedoed Sept. 12 at 04:30 GCT while on passage to New York-Corpus Christi-Curacao. Arrived St. John's N. F. on Sept. 16. Left St. John's Sept 20, arrived Sydney N. S. Sept. 22. Left Sydney on the 27th and arrived Halifax on the 29th. Left Halifax Oct. 4, arrived New York Oct. 7 for repairs. Left New York for Clyde on Jan. 12-1943 after repairs. Arrived St John's N.F. Jan. 23 after being separated from the convoy (more on this below - this was Convoy SC 117). As can be seen, this agrees with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record above.

* All the ON convoys mentioned here will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section; in the meantime, the ships sailing in them are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys. Here are the escorts for the ON convoys.

More information on all the other Norwegian ships named on this page can be found via the alphabet index below, or go to the Master Ship Index.

Captain's Account of her Final Fate: 

After having been repaired, which took 2 months, she was fitted with an extra deck for carrying aircraft. She was not ready to go out again until Jan.-1943, at which time she headed for New York(? this is strange; she was already in New York - see also Page 3) to take on board a cargo of 13 000 tons diesel oil for the U.K. En route to Carterett, where the cargo was to be loaded, it was immediately discovered that she was extremely diffcult to maneuver after the new deck had been added. They continued to Hoboken for a deck cargo of landing craft, barges and some aircraft. On their way out on Jan. 11, even the pilot expressed his doubts that she would be able to keep her place in the convoy, saying he had never seen anything like it. She had a tendency to want to go to the right, but in spite of that she was able to keep her post. However, due to heavy snow and high seas from Jan. 16, most of the ships were scattered and on Jan. 19 it was decided to take Daghild to St. John's, N.F. after having searched for the convoy in vain for a whole day, arriving there around Jan. 27 according to the captain, but as per British records and the archive document referred to above, she arrived on Jan. 23 - yet another report gives the arrival date as Jan. 21. The convoy she had been in was SC 117*, which left New York on Jan. 12 and also included Geisha (Commodore Vessel), Petter II (returned), Rena, Sevilla, Solstad and Sommerstad (put back).

She left St. John's again on the 30th, joining Convoy SC 118* for the U.K. Other Norwegian ships in this convoy were Annik, Bestik, Cetus, Glarona, Grey County, Maud, Norbryn, Petter II and Sommerstad. On the night leading up to Febr. 7, Daghild was torpedoed by U-402 (Forstner), in 55 25N 26 12W. The torpedo struck on the starborad side foredeck; she immediately developed a list and started to sink. SOS signals were sent out 3 times. All 39 had survived and stayed near Daghild through the night in 3 lifeboats. At dawn she was still afloat, though listing heavily with her foredeck in the water, and again the captain wanted to see if she could be saved so he sent 1st Mate A. Bygnes back on board. While he was on board a U-boat** suddenly came up on the starboard side and he tried to get rid of it with the help of the Oerlikon, but soon realized that the boat was preparing to send off a torpedo so he jumped overboard on the other side and was picked up by a lifeboat, which then rowed away. Shortly thereafter 2 detonations were heard. Her list increased and the deck cargo slid into the water.

* Convoys SC 117 and SC 118 will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section, but for now, please see ships in all SC convoys. Convoy SC 118 originated in New York on Jan.-24-1943 according to Arnold Hague's "The Allied Convoy System". However, Daghild joined from St. John's after she had lost the previous convoy as already stated. The text under the link provided at the end of this page, "Loss of the Rescue Ship Toward", a report based on an interview with Toward's Chief Officer, Mr. G.L. Campbell on Febr. 23-1943, says "we left Halifax on the 27th January at 1445 as rescue ship in Convoy SC 118 joining up with the New York section at 1000 the following day". Campbell's report also says the convoy consisted of 59 ships, as opposed to the 61 listed by Arnold Hague in "The Allied Convoy System". In his other book, "Convoy Rescue Ships 1940-1945" he agrees that the Halifax portion left there on Jan. 27. He further states that Toward transferred a sick man from the Norwegian M/S Norbryn on Febr. 2. This was, in fact, 2nd Engineer Anders Gundersen, who lost his life when Toward was sunk on the 7th. Due to the swell the lifeboats capsized and eventually only 16 out of a crew of 72 and two medical cases were saved by the corvette HMS Mignonette. Hague adds that one of the rescued patients was from Celtic Star, and claims the other was the sick man from Norbryn, but according to "Nortraships flåte" he died. Campbell's report states that 26 survivors were picked up in all. He adds that Afrika was torpedoed about 10 minutes after Toward was hit and a little later Robert E. Hopkins was struck, while Arnold Hague says the latter was hit by the same salvo (from U-402) as Toward. Several Norwegian sources mention that the convoy was initially spotted because one of Annik's crew members was fingering with the Snowflake equipment and accidentally released Snowflakes, thereby lighting up the convoy.

**Could this have been U-614? I've seen claims in Norwegian sources that Daghild was hit by 3 torpedoes. Arnold Hague also lists U-402, U-614 and U-608. However, Jürgen Rohwer says in a footnote that an attack by U-614 on Daghild cannot be confirmed. He also states that a corvette failed to sink Daghild after rescuing the crew and she was sent to the bottom with LCT-2335 on board the next morning, Febr. 8, by a coup de grâce from U-608 (Struckmeier). A report presented at the subsequent maritime hearings states that after the survivors had been picked up by Lobelia, this vessel circled around the ship until she had sunk.

U-402 was also responsible for the attack on Grado later that year.

Continuing with the summary of the captain's account:
Daghild's men were picked up from their lifeboats that same afternoon by the French corvette Lobelia and taken to Greenock on Febr. 12, though not entirely without incident. On the way they encountered a Greek ship which had been rammed by a destroyer, and rescued 11 men (according to, this was Adamas, also from Convoy SC 118). Captain Egidius says, "we could probably have rescued the rest too, had they heeded our advice to stay on board till daylight, but they were too nervous and many jumped overboard and died in the cold water. We managed to pick up two men and revive them". Not long afterwards they encountered a wreck drifting around upside down, and were ordered to sink it, but after several attempts the only thing they had accomplished was getting their engine damaged and could only do 2 knots; quite a dangerous situation. 5 ship crews from various ships, many injured, were on board the corvette and the U-boat danger was ever present. ( suggests that the drifting wreck they encountered may have been Daghild, but surely, the captain would have recognized his own ship? However, as mentioned above, J. Rohwer does say that a corvette failed to sink Daghild after rescuing her crew).

The next morning the Admiralty sent a destroyer to assist, and Lobelia was taken in tow, until that evening when the destroyer was ordered to go and look for a lifeboat with 15 men in it, which had been located by aircraft. The destroyer returned the following morning, without having found the lifeboat, and by that time Lobelia was able to do 8 knots on her own and was ordered to proceed alone, as the destroyer, having about 140 shipwrecked people on board had to go to port. Captain Egidius doesn't seem too pleased at the fact that they were left to fend for themselves without escort, but they arrived Greenock with no further incidents. 2 crew members were admitted to a hospital (minor injuries), namely Able Seaman Georg Lillelid and the British Galley Boy Alexander Dalziel. The next day (Febr 13) the others travelled to Glasgow where they were given new clothes and lodgings at various places. The maritime hearings were held there on Febr. 17-1943 with the captain, Able Seaman Rusten (lookout), and the 3rd engineer appearing.

The battle for Convoy SC 118 lasted for 5 days, about 20 U-boats had assembled, 11 merchant ships were lost (and around 600 lives). See the external link provided at the end of this page for more on this battle.

Some ships lost in Convoy SC 118: The Greek Adamas (no casualties, collision with Samuel Huntington) and Kalliopi (4 died), the British Afrika (23 died), Harmala (53 died), Newton Ash (32 died) and Toward (rescue vessel, 58 died?), as well as the American Robert E. Hopkins (no casualties) and Henry R. Mallory. The latter had 383 passengers (troops) on board and lost 272 people (these numbers vary according to source). Also sunk were the stragglers West Portal (American) and Polyktor (Greek). Rohwer also lists the Polish Zagloba as a possible victim.

Crew List - No casualties:

Olaf K. Egidius
1st Mate
Alf M. Bygnes
2nd Mate
Sverre Aursland
3rd Mate
Ingolf Thornquist
Radio Operator
Andrew Hogart
Martin Gundersen
Sverre Sonesen
Able Seaman
Trygve Skinnaren
Able Seaman
Thor Lauritsen
Able Seaman
Edvard Eilertsen
Able Seaman
Emanuel Edvardsen
Able Seaman
Johan Rusten
Able Seaman
Gran Bergsli
Able Seaman
Georg Lillelid
Able Seaman
Nils O. Nilsen
Able Seaman
Rolf Simensen
Able Seaman
Thomas Lappin
Able Seaman
Karsten Andersen
1st Engineer
Fredrik Henriksen
2nd Engineer
Fritjof Larsen
3rd Engineer
Haakon Heggland
Thor Hansen
Øivin Moe
Asbjørn Lindkvist
Ivar Andersen
Thorbjørn Thoresen
Georg Bohnhorst
Rolf Tillgren
Einar Åsland
Ragnar Vinje
Pump Man
Fredrik Jørgensen
Johannes Harkestad
Ole Håtuft
Albert Myklevold
Galley Boy
Alexander Dalziel
Mess Boy
Archibald Murray
Arnt Olafsen
Odd Larsen
Nils Økland

External links related to the text on this page:
ON-127, 9 -14 Sept 1942
U-404 | Otto von Bülow

Loss of the Rescue ship Toward - A section of Joining the War At Sea.

SC-118, 4 - 8 Feb 1943 - ( In the account of the battle here it says "Unfortunately a merchant ship fires accidentally a snow flake and gives the position of the convoy away to U-187". As mentioned, this merchant ship was the Norwegian D/S Annik. The site also has information on LCT 2335, as well as Lobelia.
U-402 | Baron Siegfried von Forstner
U-608 | Rolf Struckmeier

Back to Daghild on the "Ships starting with D" page.

This company had previously had another Daghild, delivered as such in Nov.-1916 to The Shipping Controller, London, 7978 gt. Taken over in 1919 by A/S Daghild (John P. Pedersen & Søn, for whom the ship had originally been ordered), Oslo. Sold to London in 1923, and had various owners before she struck a mine in June-1942 as German Katharina Dorothea Fritzen. Lillesand Sjømannsforening's website (external link) also has information on other ships by this name.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, "The Allied Convoy System", Arnold Hague, "19 Oslo-skips historie under verdenskrigen, fra April 1940 til krigens slutt i 1945" ("The Story of 19 Oslo ships during the World War, from April 1940 until the End of the War in 1945") Harald Nicolaisen - based on the ship's logs and diaries, as well as the captain's report, and "Sjøforklaringer fra 2. verdenskrig", Volume I - ref. My sources.


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