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M/T Brasil
Updated March 2-2013

To Brasil on the "Ships starting with B" page.

A picture is available on this external page (click in it to enlarge).

Manager: The Texas Company (Norway) A/S, Oslo. This company was controlled by The Texas Co., US, and its ships managed by Haakon Chr. Mathiesen, Oslo.
8130 gt, 4667 net, 12 400 tdwt.
Dimensions: 461' x 59.7' x 34'.
Machinery: Two 6 cyl. 4T single acting DM (A/B Götaverken, Gothenburg), 4100 bhp.

Delivered from Nakskov Skibsværft, Nakskov, Denmark (64) on May 7-1935 as Brasil to The Texas Company (Norway) A/S, Oslo.

Captain: Lauritz Bigseth.

Related item on this website:
Guestbook message (Norwegian Guestbook) from someone whose father served on this ship.

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4 | Page 5 | Page 6

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From Apr.-1940 to - Dec.-1945:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Errors may exist, and some voyages are missing.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1940 Apr. 23 New York City Halifax Apr. 25 Independent See also Page 1
Apr. 26 Halifax HX 38 Straggled Apr. 28.
Apr. 28 Straggled from HX 38 Verdon May 13 Independent See also Page 1
May 21 Verdon 59 X Dispersed.
Convoy available at 59 X
(external link)
May 24 Dispersed from 59 X Fort de France June 5 Independent
June 5 Fort de France Covenas Independent
June 10 Covenas New York City June 18 Independent Via Hampton Roads
(Page 1).
June 22 New York City Montreal June 29 Independent (See also Page 1).
June 30 Montreal New York City July 5 Independent (Again, see also Page 1).
Aug. 22 New York City Port Arthur Aug. 29 Independent On to Houston Sept. 7
(Page 1).
Sept. 10 Houston Montreal Sept. 24 Independent
Sept. 28 Montreal Halifax Oct. 1 Independent
Oct. 5 Halifax New York City Oct. 8 Independent
Nov. 1 New York City Port Arthur Nov. 9 Independent
Nov. 12 Port Arthur Bermuda Nov. 20 Independent
Nov. 23 Bermuda BHX 91 See link to HX 91
Nov. 28* Bermuda portion joined main convoy Belfast Lough Dec. 8 HX 91 See also narrative below.
*Nov. 29? See Commodore's notes
Dec. 8 Belfast Lough Dublin Dec. 9 Independent
Dec. 14* Dublin Belfast Lough Dec. 17 Independent *Dec. 16?
(see Page 1).
Dec. 24 Belfast OB 263 Dispersed Dec. 27.
Convoy available at OB 263
(external link)
Dec. 26(?) Dispersed from OB 263 Galveston Febr. 3-1941 Independent To Port Arthur, Febr. 5
(Page 1)
This seems like an awfully long time to get to Galveston from dispersal date - are some voyages missing here? See also narrative below.
1941 Febr. 7 Port Arthur Bermuda Febr. 14 Independent
Febr. 17 Bermuda BHX 110
Febr. 23 Bermuda portion joined main convoy Belfast Lough March 10 HX 110 Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
March 18 Belfast Lough Avonmouth March 22 Independent A. Hague says:
Possibly a very early BB convoy
(available at BB convoys).
March 27 Avonmouth Milford Haven March 28 Independent (See also Page 1).
March 29 Milford Haven OB 304 Dispersed in 62 20N 20 15W, Apr. 4.
Convoy available at OB 304
(external link).
See also narrative below.
Apr. 4 Dispersed from OB 304 New York City Apr. 13 Independent
May 8 New York City Halifax May 11 Independent
May 16 Halifax Avonmouth June 2 HX 127 See also Page 2
June 9 Avonmouth Milford Haven Independent
June 13 Milford Haven OG 65 Detached June 23.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in OG convoys
June 23 Detached from OG 65 Port Arthur July 7 Independent
July 9 Port Arthur Halifax July 18 Independent
July 22 Halifax Belfast Lough Aug. 5 HX 140
Aug. 7 Belfast Lough Dublin Aug. 7 BB 58 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
Aug. 12 Dublin Belfast Aug. 14 Independent
Aug. 17 Belfast Lough ON 8 For New York City.
Dispersed in 56 09N 44 32W, Aug. 25.
Aug. 25 Dispersed from ON 8 New York City Sept. 1 Independent
Sept. 5 New York City Halifax Sept. 7 Independent
Sept. 10 Halifax HX 149
Sept. 24 From HX 149, joined BB 80 Swansea Sept. 26 BB 80 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
Oct. 6 Swansea Milford Haven Oct. 6 Independent
Oct. 7 Milford Haven ON 24 For New York City.
Dispersed in 58N 28W, Oct. 15.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Oct. 15 Dispersed from ON 24 New York City Oct. 25 Independent
Oct. 27 New York City Philadelphia Oct. 28 Independent
Nov. 7 Philadelphia New York City Nov. 11 Independent On to Halifax Nov. 17
(Page 2).
Nov. 21 Halifax Loch Ewe Dec. 6 HX 161
Dec. 6 Loch Ewe Methil Dec. 9 WN 215 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
Dec. 11 Methil Southend Dec. 13 FS 670 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
See also Page 2
Dec. 23 Southend Methil Dec. 25 FN 586 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Dec. 28 Methil Loch Ewe Dec. 30 EN 25 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
Dec. 31 Loch Ewe ON 52 Dispersed Jan. 11-1942.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
1942 Jan. 11 Dispersed from ON 52 Baytown Jan. 26 Independent
Jan. 29 Baytown Halifax Febr. 8 Independent
Febr. 13 Halifax Liverpool Febr. 26 HX 175 Missing movements, Page 2
March 10 Liverpool ON 75 For Houston.
Dispersed in 42N 46W, March 19.
Convoy will be added.
See link above
March 19 Dispersed from ON 75 Houston Apr. 1 Independent
Apr. 5 Houston Freetown Apr. 30* Independent *Page 3 gives arrival Apr. 28
May 4 Freetown SL 109 Convoy available at SL 109
(external link)
Detached to SL 109F, May 19.
May 19 Detached from SL 109 Liverpool May 26 SL 109F Convoy available at SL 109F
(external link)
Missing movements, Page 3.
June 5 Liverpool Cape Cod Canal June 18 ON 101 For Boston
(again, see Page 3).
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
June 18 Cape Cod Canal New York City June 19 Independent
July 8 Hampton Roads Key West July 14 KS 518 Convoy available at KS convoys
(external link)
July 14 Key West Houston July 17 Independent (Stop at Key West not mentioned, Page 3).
July 20 Baytown Port Arthur July 21 Independent
July 23 Port Arthur Key West July 27 Independent
July 31 Key West New York City Aug. 6 KN 125 Convoy available at KN convoys
(external link)
Aug. 8 New York City Cape Cod Bay Independent
Aug. 13 Cape Cod Bay Halifax Aug. 15 BX 33B Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
Aug. 16 Halifax Liverpool Aug. 28 HX 203 Missing movements, Page 3
Sept. 18 Liverpool New York City Oct. 4 ON 131 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Oct. 13 New York City Key West Oct. 20 NK 506 Convoy available at NK convoys
(external link)
Oct. 20 Key West Galveston Bar Oct. 24 KH 412 Convoy available at KH convoys
(external link)
Oct. 28 Galveston Bar Key West Nov. 1 HK 114 Convoy available at HK convoys
(external link)
Nov. 1 Key West New York City Nov. 7 KN 207 Convoy available at KN convoys
(external link)
Nov. 11 New York City Liverpool Nov. 26 HX 215 Missing movements, Page 3
Dec. 3 Liverpool ON 151 Via Belfast Lough
(Page 3).
For New York City.
Detached Dec. 15.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Dec. 15 Detached from ON 151 Corpus Christi Dec. 30 Independent
1943 Jan. 1 Corpus Christi New York City Jan. 9 Independent
Jan. 14 New York City Belfast Lough Febr. 1 HX 223
Febr. 1 Belfast Lough Heysham Febr. 2 Independent
Febr. 5 Heysham Clyde Febr. 6 Independent
Febr. 11 Clyde New York City March 3 ON 166
Apr. 6 New York City Belfast Lough Apr. 21 HX 233
Apr. 21 Belfast Lough Swansea Apr. 22 BB 281 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
Apr. 27 Swansea Milford Haven Apr. 28 Independent See also Page 4
Apr. 29 Milford Haven New York City May 17 ON 181 See also
Commodore's narrative &
Keppel's report
May 28 New York City UGS 9 For Oran.
Convoy available at UGS convoys
(external link)
Joined KMS 16, June 16.
June 16 From UGS 9 Oran June 17 KMS 16 Convoy will be added.
See ships in KMS convoys
July 3 Oran Philippeville July 3 KMS 17 Oran to Philipville
July 22 Philippeville Malta July 23* *July 28?
(Page 4)
July 29 Malta Port Said Aug. 4 GTX 4 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Aug. 7 Port Said Haifa Aug. 8 Independent
Aug. 12 Haifa Port Said Aug. 13 Independent
Aug. 13 Port Said Alexandria Aug. 14 Independent
Aug. 15 Alexandria Malta Aug. 20 MKS 22
Sept. 3 Malta Bizerta Sept. 5 GUS 14 Convoy available at GUS convoys
(external link)
Oct. 25 Bizerta Alexandria Oct. 30 KMS 29 Convoy will be added.
See ships in KMS convoys
Nov. 1 Alexandria Port Said Nov. 2 Independent On to Suez Nov. 3
(Page 4).
Nov. 5 Suez Massawa Nov. 9 Independent
Nov. 23 Massawa Aden Nov. 25 Independent
Nov. 26 Aden Bandar Abbas Dec. 3 AP 54 Convoy available at AP convoys
(external link)
Dec. 3 Bandar Abbas Abadan Dec. 5 Independent
Dec. 6 Abadan Bandar Abbas Independent
Dec. 11 Bandar Abbas PA 64 Detached Dec. 13.
Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Dec. 13 Detached from PA 64 Fremantle Jan. 2-1944 Independent
1944 Jan. 7 Fremantle Balboa Febr. 11 Independent
Febr. 13 Cristobal Cartagena, Col Febr. 14 Independent
Febr. 16 Cartagena, Col New York City Febr. 25 Independent
May 27 New York City Londonderry June 8 HX 293 Escort Oiler
(see also narrative below)
June 8 Londonderry Belfast Lough June 10 Independent (Also, Page 4).
June 18 Belfast Lough New York City July 2 ON 241 Escort Oiler, 60 spare depth charges.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
July 11 New York City Clyde July 23 HX 299 Escort Oiler, 60 depth charges
(see also Page 4).
Aug. 2 Clyde New York City Aug. 15 ON 247 Convoy will be added.
See link above.
Aug. 17 New York City Loch Ewe Aug. 31 HX 304 Escort Oiler, spare depth charges
Sept. 1 Loch Ewe Methil Sept. 2 WN 628 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
Sept. 3 Methil Southend Sept. 5 FS 1564 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
See also Page 5
Sept. 10 Southend Methil Sept. 12 FN 1476 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Sept. 14 Methil Loch Ewe Sept. 16 EN 435 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
Sept. 16 Loch Ewe New York City Oct. 5 ON 254 Escort Oiler.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Oct. 10 New York City Liverpool Oct. 24 HX 313 Escort Oiler
(Missing movements, Page 5)
Nov. 4 Liverpool New York City Nov. 21 ON 264 Escort Oiler.
Convoy will be added.
See link above.
Dec. 4 New York City Liverpool Dec. 19 HX 324 Escort Oiler, 60 depth charges
(Missing movements, Page 5)
1945 Jan. 27 Liverpool New York City Febr. 12 ON 281 Convoy will be added.
See link above.
Febr. 18 New York City Liverpool March 4 HX 339 60 depth charges
(More missing movements, Page 5)
March 8 Liverpool Philadelphia March 26 ON 289 Escort Oiler.
Convoy will be added.
See link above.
March 27 Philadelphia New York City March 28 Independent
March 29 New York City Liverpool Apr. 14 HX 347 Escort Oiler, 60 depth charges.
See also Page 5
Convoy will be added.
See ships in HX convoys
Apr. 17 Liverpool New York City May 2 ON 297 Escort Oiler.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Left New York June 8
(Page 5)
June 9 Hampton Roads Marseilles June 27 Independent Again, see Page 5
June 29 Marseilles Port Said July 5 Independent
July 14 Suez Aden July 19 Independent
July 19 Aden Karachi July 27 Independent
July 27 Karachi Abadan Aug. 1 Independent Via Bahrein
(see Page 6)
Aug. 2 Abadan Colombo Aug. 12 Independent
Aug. 14 Colombo Abadan Aug. 23 Independent
Aug. 26 Abadan Cochin Sept. 4 Independent
Sept. 12 Cochin Abadan Sept. 19 Independent
Sept. 21 Abadan Colombo Independent Page 6 gives arrival Oct. 2.
Oct. 2 Colombo Abadan Oct. 10 Independent
Oct. 12 Abadan Fremantle Independent Page 6 gives arrival Nov. 3.
Nov. 7 Fremantle Abadan Nov. 26 Independent
Nov. 29 Abadan Bombay Dec. 6 Independent
Dec. 10 Bombay Abadan Independent
Dec. 17 Abadan Suez Dec. 29 Independent Further voyages, Page 6

 Misc. Convoy Voyages – 1940-1945 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's record above. Follow the convoy links provided for more details on them. Some include the Commodore's notes and/or various reports and several Norwegian ships took part.

According to Page 1 of the archive documents, Brasil was on her way from Malmö to New York when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940. Later that month, she's listed in Convoy HX 38, which left Halifax on Apr. 26. According to Arnold Hague, she became a straggler 2 days after departure, but arrived Verdon safely on May 13. It'll also be noticed that she had a long stay in New York that summer, and again in Oct.-1940.

In Nov.-1940 we find her in the Bermuda portion of Convoy HX 91 (having been cancelled from the Bermuda section of the previous convoy, HX 90). See also the cruising order/Commodore's notes. She was bound for Dublin, where she arrived on Dec. 9. She's later listed in Convoy OB 263, originating in Liverpool on Dec. 23, dispersed on the 27th. Her destination is given as Bahrein, but there's no mention in the Voyage Record of her arriving there. As will be seen when following the link provided in the table above, A. Hague has also included the Norwegian Garonne, Hjalmar Wessel, Leikanger and Primero in this convoy, while another section of the same site also has Cetus (but does not mention Leikanger), adding that Karlander, Egda and Sneland I were scheduled, but did not sail.

Going back to Page 1, we see that she was in Galveston in Febr.-1941. From there, she proceeded to Port Arthur then on to Bermuda, where she joined Convoy BHX 110 on Febr. 17, bound for Clyde with petroleum products. On Febr. 23, the convoy joined up with the main convoy from Halifax, HX 110, which had sailed from Halifax on Febr. 19 (will be added - see ships in all HX convoys). Other Norwegian ships were Cetus, Charles Racine, Drammensfjord, Ferncourt, Leiv Eiriksson, Skiensfjord, Stigstad and Torvanger, some of which joined with the Bermuda portion.

On Apr. 4-1941, Brasil reported being attacked by a U-boat in 56 15N 27 50W, when en route from Avonmouth via Milford Haven to New York, having departed Avonmouth in ballast on March 27, Milford Haven on March 29 (Page 1). In fact, she's listed, together with Astra, Mathilda and O. A. Knudsen, in Convoy OB 304, which originated in Liverpool on March 30 and dispersed Apr. 4. At the time she had a crew of 32, 29 of whom were Norwegian, 1 Canadian, 1 Polish and 1 Danish. Her radio message was acknowledged by Valentia Radio. The torpedo was seen breaking the surface between two waves on the ship's port quarters. She was swung 90 degrees to starboard and proceeded at utmost speed. The torpedo allegedly passed astern by 10 feet. There's no German report of such an attack, perhaps they had mistaken a wave for a torpedo? (O. A. Knudsen and the Dutch Tiba were seen about 8 miles to the southeast of her, then changed course to port and steered away). Brasil arrived New York independently on Apr. 13, remaining there till May 8, when she proceeded to Halifax. At the time of this incident she had 2 Hotchkiss machine guns on board, and a 3 in. gun was installed in Halifax before she again headed east with Convoy HX 127 on May 16. According to Page 2, she arrived Avonmouth on June 2.

She now shows up in Convoy OG 65, which originated in Liverpool on June 14-1941. This convoy will be added to my Convoys section; in the meantime, please go to OG 65 on the page listing ships in all OG convoys - Kos I, Lysaker V, Selbo, Titanian and Trolla are also included. OG 65 was a Gibraltar bound convoy, arriving there on June 28; Brasil, however, was bound for Port Arthur, where she arrived independently on July 7, having detached from the convoy on June 23, according to A. Hague. From Port Arthur, she proceeded to Halifax 2 days later in order to join Convoy HX 140 on July 22, bound for Belfast with petroleum products. She arrived Belfast Lough on Aug. 5, later continuing to Dublin. On Aug. 17 we find her, with destination New York, in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 8. Going back to Page 2, we see that she joined from Belfast Lough; she arrived New York independently on Sept. 1, the convoy having dispersed on Aug. 25. With a cargo of petrol, she headed back to the U.K. on Sept. 10 with Convoy HX 149 from Halifax (station 83), along with Abraham Lincoln (station 97), Aristophanes (43), Daghild (63), Thorsholm (33), Innerøy (35), Thorshov (64), Somerville (66?), Glittre (24), Lise (44), Harpefjell (86), Norvik (Panamanian flag, Norwegian managers, in station 84, behind Brasil), Brant County (87), Kollbjørg (73), President de Vogue (46) and Ringstad (93). Brasil arrived Swansea on Sept. 26.

Many of the above mentioned ships, including Brasil (destination New York), subsequently headed back across the Atlantic with Convoy ON 24*, which originated in Liverpool on Oct. 8 and dispersed on the 15th, Brasil arriving her destination independently on Oct. 25. Abraham Lincoln, Aristophanes, Glittre, Grey County, Herbrand, Idefjord, Innerøy, Petter, Solfonn, Thorshavet, Thorshov, Topdalsfjord and Norvik are listed. From New York, Brasil now went to Philadelphia, then back to New York and on to Halifax (Page 2), and according to A. Hague, she returned to the U.K. with a cargo of lub. oil in Convoy HX 161 on Nov. 21. She arrived Loch Ewe on Dec. 6, and at the end of that month he has included her in the westbound Convoy ON 52*, which originated in Liverpool on Dec. 31 and dispersed on Jan. 11-1942, Brasil arriving Baytown independently on Jan. 26. She had again been in the company of several other Norwegian ships, namely Bello, Kaia Knudsen, Katy, Morgenen, Mosli, Nyholt, Solsten, Stigstad, Thorshøvdi, Tungsha and Vanja. Montbretia and Rose were among the escorts for a while - see ON convoy escorts.

She again reported having seen a U-boat in the Hatteras area on Febr. 5-1942, but was not attacked. According to Page 2 she was en route from Baytown to Halifax on that date, joining Convoy HX 175 on the 13th. She arrived Liverpool on Febr. 26, later proceeding to Stanlow and Manchester, before returning across the Atlantic with Convoy ON 75*, which left Liverpool on March 10, dispersed on the 19th and included Brand, Evita, Norfjell and Vanja. Brasil's destination is given as Houston, where she arrived on Apr. 1. From Houston she's said to have made an independent voyage to Freetown. A. Hague gives her arrival there as Apr. 30, while Page 3 gives the date as Apr. 28, adding that her final destination was the U.K. This corresponds with the fact that she's listed in Convoy SL 109, which departed Freetown on May 4. Her destination is given as Clyde, cargo of 11 290 tons lub. oil, station 52; voyage information is given as Houston (Apr. 5) - Birkenhead, then Manchester Ship Canal, then Clyde for onward voyage. According to A. Hague, she detached to the fast section (SLF) on May 19 and arrived Liverpool on May 26, agreeing with the archive document, which adds that she later arrived Manchester on May 30. The external website that I've linked to within the table above has more details on this convoy; Ingria and Jenny also took part (Thorshavet was present for a couple of days only).

A few days later she's listed as bound for Boston, together with Egda, in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 101*, departing Liverpool on June 5-1942, arriving Boston on the 18th. Montbretia and Rose are again named among the escorts, as are Acanthus and Potentilla. Brasil continued to New York that same day; her subsequent voyages are shown on Page 3, with convoy information for some of them in the table above. On Aug. 16 we find her in Convoy HX 203 from Halifax, cargo of lub. oil for Manchester, where she arrived Aug. 30. The following month, she joined the westbound Convoy ON 131*, departing Liverpool Sept. 18, arriving New York, Brasil's destination, on Oct. 4. Other Norwegian ships in this convoy were Abraham Lincoln (Commodore Vessel), Biscaya (from Halifax), Ferncourt, Helgøy, Høegh Scout, Katy, Thorshøvdi and Vardefjell.

Having made some voyages around the U.S. (see Page 3 - convoy details in the Voyage Record above), Brasil headed back to the U.K. again on Nov. 11, when she joined Convoy HX 215 from New York City. She arrived Liverpool on Nov. 26, Stanlow the next day, later returning with Convoy ON 151*, which left Liverpool on Dec. 3 and arrived New York City on the 23rd; Brasil, however, arrived Corpus Christi independently on Dec. 30, having detached from the convoy on Dec. 15 (according to A. Hague). Atlantic, Brimanger, Gefion, Geisha (Commodore Vessel), Kaia Knudsen, Molda, Skandinavia, Stigstad and Thorshov are also named in this convoy.

She went back to the U.K. again in Jan.-1943 in Convoy HX 223 (from New York), in which Kollbjørg and Nortind were lost (follow the links for details - the Norwegian Villanger, Brimanger and Egda also took part), then returned the following month with Convoy ON 166, in which several ships were sunk, including the Norwegian Stigstad, Ingria, N. T. Nielsen-Alonso and Glittre (again, follow the links for more info). Other Norwegian ships sailing in this convoy were Molda, Skandinavia, Tropic Star and Tai Shan. ON 166 arrived New York on March 3, and Brasil now remained there for about a month before joining Convoy HX 233 on Apr. 6. She arrived Swansea, via Belfast Lough, on Apr. 22, then went back to New York with Convoy ON 181 at the end of that month, station 34, arriving New York on May 17 - see Page 4. The Commodore's narrative and escort's report are also available for this convoy.

She now made a voyage from the U.S. to North Africa; again, please see the archive document referred to above as well as A. Hague's Voyage Record. She arrived Oran on June 17, having sailed in Convoy KMS 16 for one day (according to A. Hague, she had joined this convoy directly from Convoy UGS 9, in which she had sailed from New York). She's also mentioned in Convoy KMS 17 at the beginning of July - scroll down to the second table on that page. She was bound from Oran to Philippeville, with arrival July 3 (for info, though Brasil was not present, this convoy had started out from Liverpool on June 16 as the combined Convoy OS 50/KMS 17, but split up on June 27, KMS 17 ships heading to Gibraltar, while the OS convoy continued to Freetown - KMS 17 ships then proceeded to their various destinations in the area, others, including Brasil, having joined on the way). In Aug.-1943 she made a voyage from Alexandria to Malta with Convoy MKS 22 (again, scroll down to the second table on the page), arriving Malta on Aug. 20, having sailed from Alexandria on the 15th. She's also listed in Convoy KMS 29 in Oct.-1943, voyage from Bizerta (where she had spent several weeks) to Alexandria, with arrival Oct. 30. KMS 16 and KMS 29 will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section; in the meantime, see this list of ships in all KMS convoys.

Please refer to Page 4 and A. Hague's record above for information on the rest of her 1943 voyages and early 1944 voyages. As can be seen, she was back in New York again on Febr. 25-1944, subsequently remaining there for a long time. The reason for this long stay is unknown, but it'll be noticed that A. Hague mentions her serving as Escort Oiler for several subsequent convoys, also carrying depth charges on board - perhaps she was being fitted out for such service in New York in this period?

She was scheduled for Convoy HX 292 from New York on May 19-1944, but instead joined the next convoy on May 27, HX 293, bound for Londonderry, where she arrived on June 8, having served as Escort Oiler (Commodore was in Samuel Bakke). Together with Drammensfjord, Egda, Evita, Fosna, Lista, Minerva, Solfonn and Spinanger, as well as the Panamanian Norbris and Norlys (both had Norwegian managers), she later joined the westbound Convoy ON 241*, again serving as Escort Oiler, also carrying 60 spare depth charges (convoy originated in Liverpool June 18, arrived New York July 2), returning to the U.K. with Convoy HX 299 (Escort Oiler, 60 depth charges), which left New York on July 11 (Commodore in Laurits Swenson, Vice Commodore in Høyanger) - see also Page 4. At the beginning of the following month, we find her in Convoy ON 247*, which originated in Liverpool on Aug. 2 and arrived New York on the 15th and also had Belinda, Fosna, Heranger, Høegh Scout, Slemmestad, Spinanger, Vanja and Vinga in its ranks. Brasil headed back to the U.K. again just 2 days later in Convoy HX 304 (Escort Oiler, spare depth charges - Vice Commodore in Emma Bakke). Brasil's destination is given as Thameshaven, and she arrived there on Sept. 5, according to Page 5.

On Sept. 16, she's listed in the westbound Convoy ON 254* (Escort Oiler), which arrived New York on Oct. 5 - Emma Bakke (Commodore Vessel), Ferncliff, James Hawson, Norefjord, Norse Lady, Sommerstad and Stirlingville are also listed. A few days later, Brasil can be found among the ships in Convoy HX 313 from New York (Escort Oiler - Commodore in Troubadour). She arrived her destination Stanlow on Oct. 26, later joining Convoy ON 264* (Escort Oiler), together with Egerø, Ferncourt, Kronprinsessen, Lista, Nueva Granada, Solfonn, Stiklestad and Thorsholm (left Liverpool Nov. 4, arrived New York Nov. 21). Her last Trans-Atlantic voyage that year commenced on Dec. 4 in Convoy HX 324 from New York, bound for Mersey and Manchester (Escort Oiler, 60 depth charges). Other Norwegian ships were Fagerfjell, Lista, Solør and California Express. According to the Memorial for Seamen in Stavern, Norway (ref. link at the end of this page), Brasil lost a crew member at the end of that year. Motorman Peder Heimdal is listed as having died in an accident while at sea on Dec. 31-1944. From Page 5, we learn that Brasil left Ellesmere Port for Eastham on that date. Lillesand Sjømannsforening (external link) says he had previously served on Egerø and Granville.

She now joined Convoy ON 281*, leaving Liverpool on Jan. 27-1945, arriving New York on Febr. 12. This time, Cypria, Havprins, Tai Shan and Thorhild had been in company, as had the Panamanian Norlys. On Febr. 18 Brasil is listed, with destination Manchester, in the New York-U.K. Convoy HX 339 (fuel oil, aircraft and 60 depth charges), and in March we find her in the westbound Convoy ON 289* (Escort Oiler), with Dalfonn, Havprins, Høyanger, John Bakke, Molda and Polarsol, and again the Panamanian Norlys, as well as Norvinn. (Brasil had left Liverpool on March 8 and arrived Delaware Capes on the 26th, proceeding to New York the next day - again, see Page 5). According to A. Hague, she subsequently joined Convoy HX 347 (Escort Oiler, 60 depth charges), which left New York on March 29 and arrived Liverpool on Apr. 14 - this convoy is not yet available among the HX convoys included on my site, but will be added - the ships sailing in it are named at ships in all HX convoys; Buenos Aires, Dalfonn, Fenris, Lektor Garbo, Marit II, Roald Amundsen, Sophocles (Commodore Vessel), Sverre Helmersen and Thorsholm are also listed, as is the Panamanian Norlys. Already on Apr. 17, Brasil shows up in the westbound Convoy ON 297* (Escort Oiler), which arrived New York on May 2 and included Abraham Lincoln, Brimanger, Emma Bakke (Commodore Vessel), Fernwood, Geisha, Norsktank and Topdalsfjord. Brasil subsequently remained in New York for over a month.

The rest of her 1945 voyages are shown on Page 5 and Page 6 (to Apr.-1946).

* All the ON convoys mentioned here will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section in due course, with more information on each; in the meantime, the ships sailing in them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys.

For more information on all the other Norwegian ships named on this page, please see the alphabet index below, or go to the Master Ship Index.


Sold in Jan.-1952 to Falkland Shipowners Ltd. (Hvalfangerselskapet Antarctic A/S, Tønsberg), London and renamed Antarctic Tanker. Broken up in 1954(?)

Related external link:
Stavern Memorial commemoration - Motorman Peder Heimdal is listed as having died in an accident while at sea on Dec. 31-1944.

Back to Brasil on the "Ships starting with B" page.

This company also had another Brasil post war, delivered as such in Aug.-1952, renamed Texaco Brasil in 1960. Later names: Texaco Veraguas (Panama) 1971, Grand Alliance (Panama) 1974, sold for breaking up around 1977. Norway (Fred. Olsen & Co., Oslo) had also had a ship named Brazil (spelt with the z), delivered in 1915, 2366 gt. Later names: Rio from 1929, Brazil again from 1933 (for owners in Buenos Aires), sank following a collision with Am. Middlesex in Apr.-1942, voyage Baltimore-Buenos Aires.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, and misc., including A. Hague's convoy database (ref. My sources).


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