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D/S Borgfred
Updated Febr. 5-2013

To Borgfred on the "Ships starting with B" page.

This shows the ship post war when she had the name Tarva (ref. post war details below) - received from Graham Moore.

When named Bitten (see Post War details) - Source: Bjørn Milde's postcard collection.

Another picture of this ship is available on this external page (click in it to enlarge).

Manager: G. Gabrielsen, Farsund
2183 (2193?) gt

Delivered in July-1920 from Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Sunderland, UK (109) as cargo vessel Krosfond to Svithun-Linjen A/S (Sigval Bergesen), Stavanger. Steel hull, 295.3'/285.4'(lpp) x 41.5' x 20.2', 2193 gt, 3560 dwt (tonnage conflicts slightly with what is found in "The World's Merchant Fleets 1939", 2183 gt). Triple Expansion (Swan, Hunter & Wigham) 259nhp, 9 knots. In service to Liverpool / Swansea. From Apr.-1923 owned by Breifonds D/S A/S (Sigval Bergesen), Stavanger. Sold in May-1931 to Skips-A/S Rønnes (Chr. Daae), Grimstad, renamed Rønnes. Sold in Febr.-1932 to D/S A/S Winroth (Anton Salvesen), Oslo, renamed Winroth. Sold in Jan.-1934 to Skips-A/S Borgholm (G. Gabrielsen), Farsund, renamed Borgfred.

Captain: Thomas Torgersen.

Related items on this website:
A Guestbook message from the son of someone who served as radio operator on this ship during the war.
Another message from Richard Goold, who served on her post war, when she had the name Sandli.
See also:
This message

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4 | Page 5 | Page 6

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From Febr.-1941 to Dec.-1945:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Errors may exist, and as can be seen, there are several gaps in the record.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1941 Febr. 8 Halifax Halifax Febr. 11 SC 22 Earlier voyages, Page 1
See also narrative below.
Febr. 28 Halifax Loch Ewe March 19 SC 24 (See also narrative)
March 20 Loch Ewe Methil March 22 WN 101 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
March 23 Methil Southend March 25 FS 444 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
See also Page 1
Apr. 4 Southend Sunderland Apr. 5 FN 449 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Apr. 15 Sunderland Loch Ewe Apr. 18 EC 7 Convoy available at EC convoys
(external link)
Apr. 20 Loch Ewe OB 312 Detached Apr. 22, arrived Reykjavik Apr. 24.
Convoy available at OB 312
(external link)
May 6 Reykjavik Independent Joined OB 318, May 7
May 7 Joined OB 318 OB 318 Dispersed in 60 12N 34 30W, May 10
(see also narrative below)
May 10 Dispersed from OB 318 Sydney, C.B. May 18 Independent Missing voyages, Page 1
June 10 Sydney, C.B. Belfast Lough June 29 SC 34 Missing movements, Page 1
July 26 Liverpool ON 1 For Sydney, C.B.
Dispersed in 42 29N 45 45W, Aug. 9.
Aug. 9 Dispersed From ON 1 Sydney, C.B. Aug. 10 Independent Missing voyages:
Page 1 & Page 2
Sept. 11 Sydney, C.B. Loch Ewe Sept. 27 SC 44 Convoy will be added.
See ships in SC convoys
Sept. 28 Loch Ewe Methil Sept. 30 WN 186 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
Oct. 1 Methil Humber Oct. 2 FS 609 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
Arrived Grimsby Oct. 3
(Page 2 - also, missing movements).
Nov. 21 Tyne Methil Nov. 22 FN 557 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Nov. 22 Methil Kirkwall Nov. 24 EN 10 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
Dec. 3 Kirkwall Oban Dec. 5 EN 14 Convoy available at link above
Dec. 20 Oban Clyde Dec. 20 Independent
1942 Jan. 11 Clyde Gibraltar Jan. 24 OG 78 Convoy will be added.
See ships in OG convoys
On to Melilla Febr. 6.
See also narrative below & Page 2
Febr. 11 Gibraltar Belfast Lough Febr. 22 HG 78A
Febr. 25 Belfast Lough Swansea Febr. 26 BB 142 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
Missing movements, Page 2
March 10 Belfast Lough Halifax March 25 ON 74 For Boston.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
March 27 Halifax Boston March 29 XB 5 Convoy available at XB convoys
(external link)
On to Halifax Apr. 25
(Page 2).
Apr. 30 Halifax Loch Ewe May 15 SC 82
May 15 Loch Ewe Methil May 17 WN 283 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
May 18 Methil Middlesbrough May 19 FS 806 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
May 24 Middlesbrough Methil May 25 FN 715 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
May 30 Methil Loch Ewe June 1 EN 91 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
June 2 Liverpool* Halifax(?) June 19 ON 100 *From Loch Ewe.
Arrived Hantsport June 20
on to St. John July 2
(Page 3).
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
July 8 St. John, N.B. Halifax July 10 BX 28F Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
July 10 Halifax Sydney, C.B. July 12 HS 25 Convoy available at HS convoys
(external link)
July 17 Sydney, C.B. Belfast Lough July 30 SC 92 Missing movements, Page 3
Aug. 8 Clyde Halifax Aug. 27 ON 120 For Halifax.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Aug. 28 Halifax Sydney, C.B. Aug. 30 HS 45 Convoy available at HS convoys
(external link)
Missing voyages, Page 3
Sept. 23 Sydney, C.B. Belfast Lough Oct. 5 SC 102 Convoy will be added.
See ships in SC convoys
Oct. 6 Belfast Lough Swansea Oct. 7 BB 227 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
Left Swansea Oct 27
(Page 3).
Nov. 6 Milford Haven Halifax Nov. 25 ON 144 For Halifax.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Missing voyages, Page 3
1943 Jan. 7 New York City Gitmo Jan. 14 NG 335 Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
Jan. 14 Gitmo Trinidad Jan. 20 GAT 37 Convoy available at GAT convoys
(external link)
Missing voyages:
Page 3 & Page 4
May 24 Trinidad Gitmo May 29 TAG 62 Convoy available at TAG convoys
(external link)
May 29 Gitmo New York City June 6 GN 62 Convoy available at GN convoys
(external link)
July 21 New York City Charleston, S.C. July 25 NG 375 Convoy available at NG convoys
(external link)
On to Key West & Guantanamo July 25
(Page 4).
Aug. 1 Gitmo Cristobal Aug. 5 Missing voyages, Page 4
Oct. 5 Sydney, N.S.W. Brisbane Oct. 8 GP 72 (1) Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Oct. 9 Caloundra Townsville Oct. 12 QL 19 (From Brisbane).
Convoy available via link above
Oct. 14 Townsville Port Moresby Oct. 18 TN 168 Convoy available at TN convoys
(external link)
Oct. 28 Port Moresby Milne Bay Oct. 31 Independent
Nov. 6 Milne Bay Oro Bay Nov. 7 Independent
Nov. 10 Oro Bay Milne Bay Nov. 11 Independent
Dec. 3 Milne Bay Lae Dec. 5 Independent
Dec. 8 Lae Milne Bay Dec. 9 Independent
Dec. 10 Milne Bay Townsville Dec. 13 MV 47 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Dec. 14 Townsville Sydney, N.S.W. Dec. 19 Independent
1944 Jan. 14 Sydney, N.S.W. Newcastle, N.S.W. Jan. 15 Independent
Jan. 17 Newcastle, N.S.W. Townsville Jan. 24 Independent
Jan. 26 Townsville Milne Bay Febr. 4 Independent
Febr. 6 Milne Bay Oro Bay Febr. 7 Independent
Febr. 17 Oro Bay Buna Febr. 17 Independent
Febr. 18 Buna Langemak Bay Febr. 19 BG 39 Convoy available at BG convoys
(external link)
March 12 Langemak Bay Milne Bay March 14 GB 55 Page 4 gives arrival Oro Bay March 13.
Convoy available via this page
(external link)
March 14 Oro Bay Lae March 14 Independent
March 19 Lae Goodenough Island March 20 Independent Via Oro Bay
(Page 4)
March 22 Goodenough Island Milne Bay March 23 Independent
March 26 Milne Bay Buna March 27 Independent Notional sailing date
March 29 Buna Lae March 29 BG 70 Convoy available at BG convoys
(external link)
Apr. 6 Lae Milne Bay Apr. 8 GB 75 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Apr. 16 Milne Bay Oro Bay Apr. 17 Independent
Apr. 20 Oro Bay Langemak Bay Apr. 21* BG 87 *Page 5 gives arrival Apr. 28 (error?).
Convoy available at BG convoys
(external link)
May 4 Langemak Bay Oro Bay May 5 Independent
May 6 Oro Bay Milne Bay May 7 Independent
May 16 Milne Bay Oro Bay May 17 Independent
May 30 Oro Bay Sydney, N.S.W. June 11 Independent
June 12 Sydney, N.S.W. Melbourne June 21* Independent
* This seems like an awfully long time to get from Sydney to Melbourne (perhaps she had made some other voyages in between, then back to Melbourne?). Having said that, the information does agree with Page 5.
Aug. 4 Melbourne Sydney, N.S.W. Aug. 7 Independent
Aug. 9 Sydney, N.S.W. Langemak Bay Aug. 19 Independent Notional sailing date
(Page 5 gives Aug. 10)
Aug. 21 Langemak Bay Milne Bay Aug. 23 Independent
Nov. 16 Milne Bay Langemak Bay Nov. 17 Independent
Nov. 30 Langemak Bay Madang Dec. 1 Independent
Dec. 9 Madang Milne Bay Dec. 11 Independent
Dec. 18 Milne Bay Goodenough Island Dec. 19 Independent
Dec. 21 Goodenough Island Milne Bay Dec. 22 Independent
1945 Jan. 3 Milne Bay Sydney, N.S.W. Jan. 14 Independent
March 3 Sydney, N.S.W. Melbourne March 8 Independent
March 12 Melbourne Fremantle March 21 Independent
March 24 Fremantle Calcutta Apr. 17 Independent
May 1 Calcutta Aden May 21 Independent
May 21 Aden Suez May 28 Independent
May 29 Port Said Boulogne June 16 Independent See also Page 5
June 22 Boulogne Swansea June 24 Independent
June 27 Swansea New York City July 13 Independent
Sept. 29 New York City Havre* Oct. 6 Independent Page 5 gives port as Havana
Oct. 17 Havre* Baltimore Oct. 29 Independent Via Moa Bay Oct. 20/23
*Dep. port should probably be Havana
Nov. 1 Baltimore Philadelphia Nov. 2 Independent
Nov. 3 Philadelphia Dingwall, N.S. Nov. 8 Independent Notional sailing date
(this stop at Philadelphia not mentioned, Page 5).
Nov. 10 Dingwall, N.S. New York City Nov. 13 Independent
Nov. 14 New York City Philadelphia Nov. 16 Independent
Nov. 17 Philadelphia St. John's, N.F. Nov. 23 Independent
Nov. 28 St. John's, N.F. Sydney, C.B. Nov. 30 Independent
Dec. 6 Sydney, C.B. Botwood Dec. 9 Independent
Dec. 18 Botwood Hampton Roads Dec. 26 Independent See also Page 6

 Misc. Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the convoy links provided for further info; the Commodore's notes and/or narrative are also available for some of them and several Norwegian ships took part.

Judging from the information found on Page 1 of the archive documents, Borgfred was on her way from New New York to Norway when war broke out on Apr. 9-1940. She stopped at St. John's, N.F. on Apr. 18 remaining there until May 8. She also had quite a long stay at Corner Brook that summer and it looks like she subsequently made a voyage to Greenland, but arrival/departure Ivigtut is not given. It'll also be noticed that she spent several weeks in New York that fall, before proceeding to Sydney, C.B., were she remained for over a month. From there, she made a voyage to Clarke City, then returned to Sydney, C.B., arriving Dec. 7, and with a cargo of pulp for Ellesmere Port, she was scheduled for the slow Convoy SC 15 on Dec. 8, but did not sail. As can be seen on the archive document, she was still at Sydney, C.B. on Dec. 25.

She's said to have arrived Halifax from Clarke City and Seven Islands on Jan. 17-1941 (again, see Page 1), and was scheduled for Convoy SC 20 on Jan. 22 (still with paper pulp for Ellesmere Port), but did not sail. On Febr. 8, she left Halifax in Convoy SC 22 (her destination is now given as Gravesend), but returned to Halifax on the 11th for engine and dynamo repairs. She was now scheduled for Convoy SC 23 from Halifax on Febr. 18, but instead joined Convoy SC 24 on Febr. 28. She arrived Loch Ewe on March 19, departing again the next day, arriving Imperial Wharf, Gravesend on March 28.

The following month, Arnold Hague has included her, with the Norwegian Boreas, in Convoy OB 312, which originated in Liverpool on Apr. 18. She was detached from the convoy on Apr. 22 and arrived Reykjavik on Apr. 24, having started out from Loch Ewe on the 19th, according Page 1. From Reykjavik, she later joined Convoy OB 318 on May 7. This convoy, in which the Norwegian Eastern Star was sunk (follow the link for details), had originated in Liverpool on May 2 and dispersed on the 10th. Borgfred was placed at the back of the starboard column and was appointed as rescue ship, rescuing 22 survivors from the British Esmond and a total of 16 from Bengore Head (1 died after rescue) - both ships having been torpedoed on May 9 by U-110 (Lemp), which was shortly thereafter captured (according to a statement by Borgfred's West Indian messboy, Alfred Mendel, 1st Mate Sabo was near the 4" gun when U 110 surfaced nearby. He immediately gave orders to fire, but the gun jammed and the U-boat was surrounded by the escorts not long afterwards). As it turned out this was a very important event in the history of the war; read about Kapitänleutnant Fritz-Julius Lemp and also the account on the "secret capture" of U-110 via the external links provided at the end of this page.

She also picked up 12 survivors from the British Gregalia, torpedoed and sunk by U-201. Borgfred's crew had rescued all the survivors they could see and had already started to speed up again, when someone spotted a young man in the water. While the ship was still moving, 3 men, among them Boatswain Per Strøm, lowered a lifeboat and picked him up, but in spite of attempts to save him he died from the exhaustion. This was Bengore Head's Assistant Steward William John McGabe, ref. this message in my Guestbook. He was buried in the sea with 3 captains as witnesses; Borgfred's own and the 2 they had rescued. She made it safely to Sydney, C.B. on May 18 with her 49 passengers.

Other Norwgian ships in OB 318 were M/S Høyanger and M/T Sommerstad (both made it to Sydney, C.B.). According to Arnold Hague, the Norwegian Iron Baron also took part, while the source for the information on my page about OB 318 states this was the British Iron Baron. The first external link at the end of this page has a description of the battle.

NOTES on Bengore Head, Esmond and Gregalia
Bengore Head, Captain Maurice Kennedy, on a voyage from Belfast to Montreal with cargo of coal and binder twine, was hit amidships on the starboard side and broke in 2. She had a crew of 41 (all British). The 3rd Engineer and assistant steward died, the latter after rescue, as mentioned. In addition to the 16 picked up by Borgfred, the remaining 24 were picked up by an escorting corvette (HMS Aubretia).
S/S Esmond, Captain James B. MacCafferty was on a voyage from Loch Ewe/Newcastle to Sydney N.S. in ballast with a complement of 50 (1 Irish). In addition to the 22 rescued by Borgfred, some were picked up by S/S Aelybryn and 1 by Aubretia, no casualties.
S/S Gregalia, Captain Alexander Bankier, on a voyage from Glasgow to Buenos Aires in ballast had a complement of 64 (all British). There were no casualties and in addition to the 12 picked up by Borgfred, 52 were rescued by Aelybryn. The latter was also torpedoed and according to Jürgen Rohwer, reached Reykjavik in damaged condition on May. 17. Again, see also my page about OB 318.

Borgfred now made a voyage to Clarke City again, before returning to Sydney, C.B. in order to join Convoy SC 34 back to the U.K. on June 10-1941, cargo of wood pulp. According to Page 1, she arrived Liverpool, via Belfast Lough, on June 30. About a month later, she joined the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 1, leaving Liverpool on July 26, dispersed Aug. 9, Borgfred arriving Sydney, C.B. the next day. From there, she made a voyage to Hantsport, then went back to Sydney, C.B. and Arnold Hague now has her in the slow Convoy SC 44*, departing on Sept. 11. She had a cargo of lumber, sailing in station 25 of the convoy, which also included the Norwegian Ada, Barbro (sunk, along with several others - follow the link for details), Bollsta, Borgfred, Carrier, Cetus, Gudvin, Hjalmar Wessel, Iron Baron, Lago, Marita, Rolf Jarl, Sirehei, Sneland I, South Africa and Spero. Borgfred's subsequent movements are shown on Page 2, while convoy info for some of them can be found in the Voyage Record above (as can be seen, she spent several weeks at Tyne that fall).

Skipping now to the beginning of 1942. Borgfred left Clyde on Jan. 11 and joined Convoy OG 78 (will be added, in the meantime, see the page listings ships in all OG convoys - Askeladden is also named). She arrived Gibraltar on Jan. 24, then left again on Febr. 6 for Melilla, departing Melilla on Febr. 8 for Gibraltar with arrival there the same day, leaving again on the 11th for Belfast Lough in Convoy HG 78A, arriving Febr. 22. Left Belfast Lough on Febr. 25 for Swansea, where she arrived the next day (later proceeding to Milford Haven and back to Belfast Lough).

In March-1942 she's listed, together with Arosa, Beth, Elg, Sirehei, Thorsholm, Titanian, Tortugas and Tungsha, in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 74*, originating in Liverpool on March 9, arriving Halifax on March 25, Borgfred continuing to her destination Boston, where she arrived on March 30, according to Page 2 (she had sailed from Belfast Lough on March 10). She subsequently remained in Boston for almost a month before returning to Halifax in order to join the slow Convoy SC 82 on Apr. 30. Her destination is given as Middlesbrough (cargo of timber), and she arrived there (via Loch Ewe and Methil Roads) on May 18/19. In June, she joined the westbound Convoy ON 100*, departing Liverpool on June 2; Borgfred sailed from Loch Ewe that day and arrived Hantsport June 20 - see Page 3. Kirsten B (joined from Halifax), Rio Branco (returned) and Tore Jarl are also listed in this convoy, which lost several ships (ref. external link at the end of this page). With a cargo of timber, Borgfred went back to the U.K. in the middle of July with Convoy SC 92 from Sydney, C.B., returning across the Atlantic the following month with Convoy ON 120*, which originated in Liverpool on Aug. 8 and included the Norwegian Aun, Fjordheim, Måkefjell, Solitaire and Suderøy. Borgfred arrived Halifax on Aug. 27 having sailed from Clyde on the 8th.

According to Arnold Hague, she later went back to the U.K. in the Sydney, C.B. portion of Convoy SC 102*, which had originated in New York on Sept. 19-1942; Borgfred, cargo of lumber, sailed from Sydney, C.B. on Sept. 23 and stopped at Belfast Lough Oct. 5/6, before proceeding to Swansea, where she stayed for 3 weeks (Page 3). Aun, Aragon (to Halifax only), Bestik, Fjordheim, Nea, Norvarg, Orwell, Solitaire and Solsten are also included in SC 102 (though Nea and Solitaire returned to port). Borgfred's last Trans-Atlantic convoy voyage was made in Convoy ON 144*, which originated in Liverpool on Nov. 7 and arrived New York on Nov. 27. Borgfred, however, was bound for Halifax, where she arrived on Nov. 25, having started out from Milford haven on the 6th. Other Norwegian ships in this convoy were Bencas (joined from Halifax), Bestik, Cetus, Ingertre, Minister Wedel, Norlom, Orwell, Suderøy and Titanian, while Eglantine, Montbretia (sunk - follow the link for details), Potentilla and Rose were among the escorts for a while (see ON escorts). My page about Monbretia has more details on the passage of this convoy, which lost several ships.

The rest of Borgfred's voyages are shown on Page 3, Page 4 (she was chartered by US Army Transport from July-1943 and put into service to New Guinea and other islands in the area. She also transported troops), Page 5 and Page 6 (to Apr.-1946). It'll be noticed, that she occasionally had long stays in port. A. Hague's Voyage Record above has some convoy information.

*The ON convoys will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section; in the meantime, the ships sailing in them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys. The entire SC series will also be updated and completed, including the already existing convoys (some have already been updated), but for now, see ships in all SC convoys.

More information on all the other Norwegian ships named here can be found via the alphabet index at the end of this page, or go to the Master Ship Index.


Sold in Nov.-1947 to Skips-AS Tautra (Br. Torkildsen), Trondheim, handed over in Oskarshamn, Sweden and renamed Tarva, used in the North Sea. Sold in Nov.-1955 to Skips-AS Sandbo (M. B. Johansen), Skien, renamed Sandli. The company went bankrupt and the ship was taken over by Skiensfjordens Kreditbank A/S, Skien (bank) in Oct.-1959. Sold in Dec.-1959 to Skips-IS Bitten (Knut E. Møinichen), Oslo, renamed Bitten. Sold in Sept.-1962 to Assuncion Cia de Nav y Commercio SA, Beirut, Lebanon (Ditta Jacomino Onofrie, Napoli, Italy), renamed Immy. Sold in March-1967 to Cantieri Navale del Golfo SpA, La Spezia, Italy for breaking up, work commencing on March 29.

Related external links:
OB-318, 7-10 May 1941 - Some of the info here is slightly different from my own.
Fritz-Julius Lemp | The secret capture of U-110

Military History on line - battle of the Atlantic - has info on the Enigma and Ultra, raiders, U-boats, the convoy system, and all aspects of the battle.

Ships hit from Convoy ON(S) 100

Back to Borgfred on the "Ships starting with B" page.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, E-mail from Tony Cooper, England, and misc. - (ref. My sources). Pre war and post war details were received from T. Eriksen, Norway - His sources: Article about Torkildsens Rederi in "Skipet" 2.2003 by Dag Bakka Jr., and article about Sigvald Bergesen in "Skipet" 3.87 by John Magne Gramstad, Hans Pedersen and Per H. Kjærvik.


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