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D/S Biscaya
Updated Apr. 4-2011

To Biscaya on the "Ships starting with B" page.

Picture received from Sverre Johansen, Norway.
Another picture is available on this external page (click in the little thumbnail to enlarge).

Manager: Fearnley & Eger, Oslo
1323 gt

Built by Kaldnes mek. Verksted, Tønsberg in 1939.

Captain: Olaf Brennvik.

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 4 | Page 5 | Page 6 | Page 7

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From Febr.-1942 to July-1945:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each (where the "Convoy" column is left blank, it means that convoy is not known).

Errors may exist, and several voyages are missing.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1942 Febr. 21 Ivigtut St. John's, N.F. Febr. 27 Independent Earlier voyages:
Page 1 & Page 2
March 1 St. John's, N.F. Halifax March 4 CL 3 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
March 7 Halifax Philadelphia March 12
Apr. 18 Philadelphia New York City Apr. 18 Independent
Apr. 29 New York City Argentia May 12
May 14 Argentia Ivigtut May 20 Independent
June 13 Ivigtut Boston Independent Page 3 gives arrival June 20
June 25 Boston New York City June 26 Independent
July 9 Boston Halifax July 11 BX 28 See also Page 3.
Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
July 12 Halifax St. John's, N.F. July 15 HJ 8 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
July 20 St. John's, N.F. Sydney, C.B. July 22 CL 47 Convoy available via link above
July 23 Sydney, C.B. Halifax July 24 SH 26 Convoy available at SH convoys
(external link)
July 26 Halifax Liverpool N.S. July 28* XB 31 *Page 3 gives arrival July 26.
Convoy available at XB convoys
(external link)
Aug. 2 Liverpool N.S. Boston Aug. 4 XB 32 Convoy available at link above
Aug. 4 Boston New York City Aug. 5 Independent Stop in Boston not mentioned, Page 3
Aug. 10 New York City Cape Cod Bay Independent
Aug. 13 Cape Cod Bay Halifax Aug. 16 BX 33 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
Aug. 18 Halifax Sydney, C.B. Aug. 20 HS 42 Convoy available at HS convoys
(external link)
Aug. 25 Sydney, C.B. Greenland Sept. 8 SG 6S Page 3 gives arrival Ivigtut (via Bluie Bay?) Sept. 12.
Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Sept. 17 Ivigtut Sydney, C.B. Sept. 24 GS 8 Convoy available via link above
Sept. 27 Sydney, C.B. Halifax Sept. 29 SH 47 Convoy available at SH convoys
(external link)
Oct. 1 Halifax New York City Oct. 4 ON 131 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Nov. 19 New York City St. John's, N.F. Nov. 24 HX 216 For St. John's, N.F.
(see also narrative below)
Dec. 1 St. John's, N.F. Greenland SG 14 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Dec. 21 Kungnait Bay St. John's, N.F. Dec. 27 GS 16 Convoy available via link above
Dec. 29 St. John's, N.F. ON 155 Straggled
1943 Jan. 3 Straggled from ON 155 New York City Jan. 6 Independent
Jan. 22 New York City St. John's, N.F. Jan. 28 HX 224 For St. John's, N.F.
(see also narrative)
Jan. 29 St. John's, N.F. Greenland Febr. 4 SG 19 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Again, see also narrative
March 18 Greenland St. John's, N.F. March 23 GS 21 Convoy available via link above
March 30 St. John's, N.F. Halifax Apr. 3 JH 45 Convoy available via link above
Apr. 4 Halifax Boston Apr. 7 XB 42 Convoy available at XB convoys
(external link)
May 26 Boston Halifax May 28 BX 54 Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
May 29 Halifax Sydney, C.B. May 31 HS 88 Convoy available at HS convoys
(external link)
June 1 Sydney, C.B. Humbermouth June 3 SH 84 Convoy available at SH convoys
(external link)
June 11 Humbermouth Sydney, C.B. June 12 BSC 47 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
June 12 Sydney, C.B. Halifax June 13 SH 86 Convoy available at SH convoys
(external link)
June 15 Halifax Cape Cod Canal June 17 XB 58 Convoy available at XB convoys
(external link)
June 17 Cape Cod Canal New York City June 18 Independent
June 19 New York City Hampton Roads June 20 Independent
July 3 Hampton Roads Wilmington July 5
July 18 Wilmington New York City July 20
July 30 New York City Loch Ewe* Aug. 12 HX 250 For Iceland
*See Page 4
Aug. 26 Reykjavik Loch Ewe Aug. 30 RU 87
Sept. 2 Loch Ewe St. John's, N.F. Sept. 13 ON 200 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Sept. 19 St. John's, N.F. Sydney, C.B. Sept. 22 WB 55 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
Sept. 24 Sydney, C.B. Halifax Sept. 26 SH 104 Convoy available at SH convoys
(external link)
Sept. 29 Halifax Cape Cod Canal Oct. 1 XB 76 Convoy available at XB convoys
(external link)
Oct. 1 Cape Cod Canal New York City Oct. 2 Independent
Oct. 28 New York City Havana Nov. 4 NK 574 A. Hague says:
Onward to Havana from Key West.
Convoy available at NK convoys
(external link)
Nov. 7 Havana Tana, Cuba Nov. 9 Independent
Nov. 12 Tanamo Tybee Roads Nov. 16
Nov. 27 Tybee Roads Caibarien Nov. 30
Dec. 2 Caibarien Tybee Roads Dec. 5
Dec. 9 Tybee Roads Cayo Frances Dec. 12
Dec. 12 Cayo Frances Caibarien Dec. 12
Dec. 13 Caibarien Savannah Dec. 16
Dec. 22 Savannah Caibarien Dec. 25
Dec. 26 Caibarien New Orleans Dec. 30 A. Hague says:
Possibly via Key West & a KH convoy
(see KH convoys
external link).
1944 Jan. 12 S W Passage Key West Jan. 14 HK 179 Convoy available at HK convoys
(external link)
Jan. 15 Key West Gitmo Jan. 18 KG 682 Convoy available at KG convoys
(external link)
Jan. 24 Gitmo Cristobal Jan. 28 GZ 57 Convoy available at GZ convoys
(external link)
Febr. 8 Cristobal Gitmo Febr. 12 ZG 58 Convoy available at ZG convoys
(external link)
Febr. 14 Gitmo Key West Febr. 17 GK 788 Convoy available at GK convoys
(external link)
Febr. 17 Key West Pilottown Febr. 19 KH 491 Convoy available at KH convoys
(external link)
Febr. 26 New Orleans Havana Febr. 28
March 2 Havana Caibarien March 3
March 4 Caibarien Tybee Roads March 7
March 10 Tybee Roads Caibarien March 13 Independent
March 15 Caibarien New Orleans March 19
March 26 Pilottown Key West March 29 HK 209 Convoy available at HK convoys
(external link)
March 29 Key West Gitmo Apr. 1 KG 697 Convoy available at KG convoys
(external link)
Apr. 2 Gitmo San Juan, P.R. Apr. 6 GAT 127 Convoy available at GAT convoys
(external link)
Apr. 11 San Juan, P.R. Gitmo Apr. 14
Apr. 14 Gitmo Key West Apr. 17 GK 800 Convoy available at GK convoys
(external link)
Apr. 17 Key West Pilottown Apr. 19 KH 515 Convoy available at KH convoys
(external link)
May 1 Pilottown Key West May 4 HK 223 Convoy available at HK convoys
(external link)
May 4 Key West San Juan, P.R. May 8 _ A. Hague says:
Possibly in KG 704.
Convoy available at KG convoys
(external link)
May 18 San Juan, P.R. Gitmo May 20 See also narrative below
May 24 Gitmo Key West May 27 GK 808 Convoy available at GK convoys
(external link)
May 27 Key West Pilottown May 29 KH 531 Convoy available at KH convoys
(external link)
June 9 New Orleans Havana June 11 Independent
June 17 Havana Caibarien June 18 Independent
June 20 Caibarien Key West June 21
June 22 Key West New York City June 27 KN 321 A. Hague says:
Onward to Boston, arr. June 28
(stop at New York not mentioned, Page 5).
Convoy available at KN convoys
(external link)
July 3 Boston Windsor, N.S. July 5 Independent
July 6 Windsor, N.S. New York City July 9 Independent
July 14 New York City Boston July 15 Independent
July 26 Argentia Greenland Aug. 1 SG 46 Convoy available via this page
(external link)
See also Page 5
Sept. 9 Greenland St. John's, N.F. Sept. 13 GS 53 Convoy available via link above
Sept. 14 St. John's, N.F. Halifax Sept. 16 JHF 32 Convoy available via link above
(stop at Halifax not mentioned, Page 5).
Sept. 18 Halifax Boston Sept. 19 XB 126 A. Hague says:
Possibly this convoy.
Available at XB convoys
(external link)
Sept. 20 Boston New York City Sept. 22 Independent
Sept. 22 New York City Philadelphia Sept. 23 Independent
Sept. 28 Cape Henry St. John, N.B. Oct. 2 Independent
Oct. 4 St. John, N.B. Walton Independent
Oct. 6 Walton New York City Oct. 9 Independent
Oct. 15 New York City Havana Oct. 22 Independent
Oct. 29 Havana Mobile Nov. 1 Independent
Nov. 9 Mobile Puerto Barrios Nov. 13 Independent
Nov. 14 Puerto Barrios Mobile Nov. 18 Independent
Nov. 20 Mobile Puerto Cortes Nov. 24 Independent
Nov. 25 Puerto Cortes Mobile Nov. 29 Independent
Dec. 2 Mobile Puerto Cortes Independent Page 5 gives arrival Dec. 6
Dec. 7 Puerto Cortes Mobile Dec. 11 Independent
Dec. 12 Mobile Tela Dec. 16 Independent
Dec. 17 Tela Mobile Dec. 21 Independent
Dec. 22 Mobile Puerto Barrios Dec. 27 Independent
Dec. 29 Puerto Barrios Mobile Jan. 2-1945 Independent
1945 Jan. 6 Mobile Tela Independent
Jan. 11 Tela Mobile Jan. 15 Independent
Jan. 16 Mobile Puerto Barrios Jan. 20 Independent
Jan. 21 Puerto Barrios Mobile Jan. 25 Independent
Jan. 26 Mobile Tela Jan. 31 Independent
Jan. 31 Tela Mobile Febr. 4 Independent
Febr. 10 Mobile Caibarien Febr. 13 Independent
Febr. 15 Caibarien Philadelphia Febr. 20 Independent
March 4 Philadelphia New York City March 5 Independent
March 9 New York City St. John's, N.F. March 16 HX 343 Returned.
Convoy will be added
See ships in HX convoys
March 19 St. John's, N.F. Belfast Lough March 31 SC 170 Convoy will be added
See ships in SC convoys
Apr. 2 Belfast Lough Preston Apr. 4 Independent
Apr. 11 Preston Liverpool Apr. 11 Independent Missing movements, Page 6
June 16 Liverpool Methil June 19 Independent Compare w/Page 6
June 20 Methil Oslo, Norway Independent
July 6 Oslo Copenhagen July 7 Independent
July 7 Copenhagen Kotka Independent
July 16 Kotka Copenhagen July 20 Independent
July 20 Copenhagen Kristiansand, Norway Independent
July 22 Kristiansand Methil July 24 Independent Subsequent voyages:
Page 6 & Page 7

 Misc. Voyages: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the convoy links provided for more details; the Commodore's notes and/or narrative are also available for some of them and several Norwegian ships took part.

The Swedish steamship Gustaf Adolf had been torpedoed and sunk by U-34 (Rollman) on Oct. 20-1939; the following was received from Jan-Olof, Sweden:
"D/S Biscaya was stopped (two shots from the deck gun) by the German submarine which had sunk the Swedish steamer Gustaf Adolf and was ordered to take aboard the crew from the Swedish vessel. The sub had taken the lifeboats in tow initially. The crew were landed at Moss, Norway by the Biscaya". The external website that I've linked to at the end of this page has more info.

On March 6-1940, Biscaya is said to have received damages to 2 plates following a collision with a warship when leaving Gibraltar for Nice - no further info is available.

According to Page 1 of the archive documents, she was in Marseilles when war broke out in Norway on Apr. 9-1940. Her 1941 voyags also start on this document and continue on Page 2 (it'll be noticed, that she had quite a long stay in St. John's, N.F. at the end of that year, before proceeding to Greenland in Jan.-1942). Page 3 shows a long stay in Philadelphia in the spring of 1942 and again in Greenland later on.

Together with the Norwegian Belinda, Havmøy and Sevilla, she's mentioned in connection with the Halifax-U.K. Convoy HX 198 in July-1942. Please note, however, that she was not en route to the U.K. at the time, in fact, she was not even part of this convoy. From Page 3, we learn that she did leave Halifax on the same date as HX 198, July 12, but is listed in Convoy HJ 8 to St. John's, N.F., as are Sevilla and Havmøy (external link). My information for HX 198 is based on a diary, and it's possible that the person who saw Biscaya leave port at the same time as the other ships simply assumed that she was also intended for this convoy. She arrived St. John's on July 15. The following month, she made another voyage to Greenland (convoy info in the table above).

In Oct.-1942 she's listed in the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 131*, which originated in Liverpool on Sept. 18 and arrived New York on Oct. 4. Biscaya, however, was not present from the U.K., but joined the convoy from Halifax, having left on Oct. 1. Other Norwegian ships listed in this convoy are Abraham Lincoln (Commodore Vessel), Brasil, Ferncourt, Helgøy, Høegh Scout, Katy, Thorshøvdi and Vardefjell. Biscaya now remained in New York for several weeks - again, see Page 3. She's listed, with final destination Greenland, in the original Advance Sailing Telegram for Convoy HX 215 from New York on Nov. 11, but it looks like she did not sail, or returned to port, because she shows up again in the next convoy on Nov. 19, HX 216. According to the Commodore's notes, she left the convoy in the morning of Nov. 24 in order to go to St. John's, where she arrived that same day (carrying Army stores and general cargo). As can be seen in the Voyage Record, she subsequently joined a convoy from there to Greenland at the beginning of Dec.-1942, returning to St. John's later that month, arriving Dec. 27. She left St. John's again on Dec. 29, joining Convoy ON 155, which had originated in Liverpool on Dec.-19. Eglantine and Acanthus are named among the escorts. According to the Commodore's narrative for ON 155, Biscaya joined at 08:00 on Dec. 31; she arrived New York independently on Jan. 6-1943, having straggled from the convoy on the 3rd.

Biscaya is also listed in Convoy HX 223 from New York on Jan. 14-1943 (Nortind and Kollbjørg were sunk - follow the links for details), but either did not join or returned to port, because she shows up again in Convoy HX 224, departing New York on Jan. 22 (Page 3). Her final destination is again given as Greenland, and she left the convoy for St. John's in the afternoon of Jan. 27, in order to join Convoy SG 19 for Greenland on the 29th (external link). She later had a narrow escape when U-223 (Wächter) attacked this convoy about 150 miles west of Cape Farewell, Greenland (59 22N 48 42W) with five single shots at 04:52 hours on Feb 3-1943. Two of them hit the Dorchester and sank her with the loss of 673 lives (ref. link at the end of this page). The other torpedoes missed Biscaya and the Norwegian D/S Lutz (Lutz and Dorchester had also been in HX 224 from New York, and left the convoy for St. John's on Jan. 27 together with Biscaya and Alcedo).

Robert Cressman, "The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II" (see link to "Hyperwar" at the end of this page) has an entry for Febr. 3-1943 where he says Convoy SG 19, bound for Greenland, was escorted by Coast Guard cutters Tampa (WPG-48), Escanaba (WPG-77), and Comanche (WPG-76), adding that Dorchester was chartered by the War Department. Casualties are given as 675 men, including 15 of the 24 Armed Guard sailors. He adds "four Army chaplains, representing four different faiths, bravely give up their lifebelts to soldiers who have none; all four perish with the ship". He also says that Biscaya was damaged in this attack.

Her subsequent voyages are shown on Page 3 (showing a long stay in Boston in the spring of 1943) and Page 4, with convoy information in the Voyage Record above.

At the end of July-1943 she made a voyage from New York to Iceland with Convoy HX 250, arriving Reykjavik on Aug. 11 (having been detached from the convoy in the morning of Aug. 7, see the Commodore's notes), later travelling from there to Loch Ewe in Convoy RU 87 on Aug. 26 (the original convoy document gives her final destination as New York, as does the archive document). She now headed back across the Atlantic in the westbound Convoy ON 200*, which originated in Liverpool on Sept. 2 and arrived New York on the 18th; according to the archive document, she arrived St. John's, N.F. on Sept. 12, having sailed from Loch Ewe Sept. 2. She had again been in the company of several Norwegian ships, namely Bralanta, Buenos Aires, Emma Bakke, Fagerfjell, Haakon Hauan, Herbrand, Ivaran, Laurits Swenson, Norden, Norheim, O. B. Sørensen and Reinholt, as well as the Panamanian Norbris, which had Norwegian managers and is, therefore, included under the N's on this website. As can be seen in her Voyage Record (and Page 4), Biscaya did travel to New York later on, where she took on board a general cargo for Havana, Cuba, arriving Havana on Nov. 4. Again, see the archive document for info on her subsequent voyages; her 1944 voyages also start on this document and continue on Page 5 (convoy information in Voyage Record).

That year she very nearly collided with a convoy, a voyage which could easily have been her last, considering the fact that she had bombs in all her holds as well as 400 tons mustard gas in 20 liters containers. She was on charter to the American Army and in service between the various bases in the Caribbean and New Orleans at this time, and had departed San Juan on May 18-1944 for New Orleans, travelling alone (her cargo being far too dangerous for her to be in a convoy). Radio Operator/Mate Ola Johansen (formerly of M/S Heimvard and D/S Hardanger) was on night duty, and upon seeing the frantic light signals in morse code ahead in the dark, "Convoy ahead, get out of the way", he managed to order the necessary maneuvers to steer clear of the convoy before it was too late. Biscaya arrived Guantanamo on May 20, proceeding to Key West and New Orleans 4 days later (Page 5 - this document also shows another voyage to Greenland that fall - convoy info in Voyage Record above).

Skipping now to March-1945, when A. Hague has included her, with a cargo of timber, in the eastbound North Atlantic Convoy HX 343*, departing New York on March 9. She was bound for Liverpool, but went into St. John's on March 16, later joining the slow Convoy SC 170* from there a few days later - her voyages in this period are shown on Page 6. Other Norwegian ships in the HX convoy were Brimanger, Katy, Noreg, Skaraas, Skotaas and Tai Shan, while Askepot, Brønnøy, Brush, Chr. Th. Boe, Frontenac, Geisha (Commodore Vessel), Romulus, Tercero and Titanian are listed in the SC convoy, which had originated in Halifax on March 17 and arrived Liverpool on the 31st; Biscaya stopped at Belfast Lough that day, having sailed from St. John's on March 19. Judging from the information on the archive document, it looks like she later spent a long time in Manchester.

She got to go home to Norway already in June-1945, making several voyages home before that year was over, and again at the beginning of 1946 (Page 6 and Page 7).

* The ON convoys will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section; in the meantime, the ships sailing in them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys. The entire HX series and SC series will also be updated and completed, including the already existing convoys (some have already been updated), but for now, see ships in all HX convoys and ships in all SC convoys.

For more information on all the other Norwegian ships named on this page, please see the alphabet index below, or go to the Master Ship Index.


Sold in 1955 to Finska-Nordamerika Line, Helsinki, and renamed Tammerfors. Sold in 1958 to Finska Fiskeri A/B (manager A/B R Nordstrom & Co O/Y, Lovisa, Finland) and renamed Maria. Sold in 1964 to Maria Compania Naviera de Vapores SA, Panama (Greek flag). Sold in 1968 to Brodospas, and on May 17 sailed from Piraeus in tow for Split, Yugoslavia, to be broken up. Compare with the information found on this external page.

Related external links:
The sinking of Gustaf Adolf

List of Greenland Convoys - SG 19 is included. Here's the the main page. See also the links to A. Hague's listings provided within the Voyage Record above.

Hyperwar - Linked directly to Robert Cressman's book entries for 1943, scroll down to Febr. 3.

The attack on Dorchester

Astrup Fearnley - the Fearnley company today.

Back to Biscaya on the "Ships starting with B" page.

Here's another Biscaya (external link), lost in 1896. There was also a German ship named Biscaya, owned by John T. Essberger. Captured in the North Atlantic in Oct.-1939 by Northern Patrol vessels and sailed for the Ministry of War Transport from 1940 as Empire Unity ("The World's Merchant Fleets 1939").

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, "Krigsseileren" No. 3 and No. 4 for 1985, E-mail from Tony Cooper, England and misc. - ref My sources.


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