Site Map | Search |Merchant Fleet Main Page | Home 

M/T Bello
Updated March 19-2011

To Bello on the "Ships starting with B" page.

Survivors & Casualties

A picture is available on this external page (click in it to enlarge).

Owner: Skibs-A/S Oiltank
Manager: Hans H. Torgersen & Co. A/S, Tønsberg
6125 gt, 9870 tdwt.
Call Sign: LDOH

Built by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Wallsend, Sunderland in 1930.
According to the external page that I've linked to above, she was delivered in June-1930 to Skibs A/S Oiltank (Berg, Torgersen A/S), Tønsberg. Managed by Hans H. Torgersen & Co.,Tønsberg from 1934 (same owners).

Captain: Einar Trygve Bernt (had been on board for a year and half when Bello was torpedoed).

Her voyages are listed on these original images from the Norwegian National Archives:
Page 1 | Page 2 | Page 3

Please compare the above voyages with Arnold Hague's Voyage Record below.

Voyage Record
From May-1940 to Dec.-1942:

(Received from Don Kindell - His source: The late Arnold Hague's database).

Follow the convoy links provided for more information on each.

Errors may exist and some voyages are missing.

Departure From To Arrival Convoy Remarks
1940 May 6 Liverpool OB 143 See also Page 1
A. Hague says:
Possibly this convoy,
detached May 7, arrived Portland May 8.
Convoy available at OB 143
(external link)
May 29 Portland Falmouth May 29 Independent
June 3 Falmouth OA 159 Dispersed approx. June 4.
Convoy available at OA 159
(external link)
Approx. June 4 Dispersed from OA 159 New York City June 16 Independent
June 28 New York City New Orleans July 4 Independent
July 21 New Orleans New York City July 27 Independent (See also narrative below)
Oct. 23 New York City Halifax Oct. 27 Independent
Dec. 3 Halifax Halifax Dec. 5 HX 93 Returned
Dec. 5 Halifax Sydney, C.B. Dec. 7 Independent
Dec. 8 Sydney, C.B. Clyde Dec. 23 SC 15 Missing movements, Page 1
1941 Jan. 4 Clyde Newport Jan. 7 Independent
* Febr. 10 Galveston Baytown Febr. 10 Independent
* This voyage is out of place; it belongs under Febr.-1942 and has been inserted there.
Febr. 16 Newport Swansea Febr. 17 Independent
Febr. 18 Swansea Clyde Febr. 20 Independent
March 8 Clyde OG 55 Detached March 14.
Detachment date estimated.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in OG convoys
March 14 Detached from OG 55 Aruba March 29 Independent
Apr. 1 Aruba Hampton Roads Apr. 9 Independent
Apr. 9 Hampton Roads New York City Apr. 11 Independent (See also narrative below)
June 11 New York City Halifax June 13 Independent
June 16 Halifax Barry Island July 3 HX 133 A. Hague says:
Possibly via BB 41
(available at BB convoys
external link)
July 4 Barry Roads Avonmouth July 4 Independent
July 9 Avonmouth Milford Haven July 9 Independent
July 10 Milford Haven Belfast Lough July 11 Independent
July 12 Belfast Lough OB 345 Detached July 24.
Detachment date estimated.
Convoy available at OB 345
(external link)
July 24 Detached from OB 345 New York City July 27 Independent
Aug. 23 New York City Halifax Aug. 26 Independent
Aug. 29 Halifax Belfast Lough Sept. 12 HX 147
* Sept. 13 Belfast Lough Milford Haven Sept. 15 BB 75 Convoy available at BB convoys
(external link)
* Sept. 14 Milford Haven Southampton Sept. 17 WP 35 Convoy available at WP convoys
(external link)
* Sept. 22 Southampton Milford Haven Sept. 25 PW 39 Convoy available at PW convoys
(external link)
* Compare with Page 2
Sept. 27 Milford Haven Oban Sept. 30 ON 21 Returned.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Oct. 3 Oban ON 22 For Baton Rouge.
Convoy will be added.
See link above
Oct. 12 Straggled from ON 22 Miami Oct. 22 Independent
Oct. 22 Miami New Orleans Oct. 26 Independent
Nov. 9 New Orleans Galveston Bar Nov. 10 Independent
Nov. 11 Galveston Baytown Nov. 12 Independent
Nov. 13 Baytown Halifax Nov. 23 Independent
Nov. 27 Halifax Loch Ewe Dec. 10 HX 162
Dec. 10 Loch Ewe Methil Dec. 12 WN 216 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
Dec. 14 Methil Southend Dec. 16 FS 673 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
See also Page 2
Dec. 25 Southend Methil Dec. 27 FN 588 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Dec. 28 Methil Loch Ewe Dec. 30 EN 25 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
Dec. 31 Loch Ewe ON 52 For Galveston.
Dispersed Jan. 11-1942.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
1942 Jan. 11 Dispersed from ON 52 Galveston Jan. 30 Independent
Febr. 10 Galveston Baytown Febr. 10 Independent Inserted from Febr.-1941 above
Febr. 12 Baytown Halifax Febr. 26 Independent
March 3 Halifax Loch Ewe March 16 HX 178
March 16 Loch Ewe Methil March 18 WN 258 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
March 19 Methil Southend March 21 FS 754 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
See also Page 2
(and narrative below)
March 29 Southend Tyne March 31 FN 668 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Apr. 26 Tyne Methil Apr. 27 FN 691 Convoy available at link above
Apr. 27 Methil Loch Ewe Apr. 29 EN 77 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
May 1 Loch Ewe ON 91 Dispersed in 42 18N 69 15W May 15.
Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
May 15 Dispersed from ON 91 New York City May 16 Independent
May 17 New York City Hampton Roads Independent
May 23 Hampton Roads KS 503 Detached May 28.
Convoy available at KS convoys
(external link)
May 28 Detached from KS 503 New Orleans June 1 Independent
June 5 New Orleans Key West June 10 Independent
June 11 Key West Hampton Roads June 16 KN 109 Convoy available at KN convoys
(external link)
June 18 Hampton Roads New York City June 19 Independent
June 21 New York City New York City June 26 Independent Returned after grounding
(see narrative below)
Left New York Aug. 24
(Page 3).
Aug. 28 Cape Cod Bay Halifax Aug. 30 BX 35B Convoy available at BX convoys
(external link)
Aug. 30 Halifax Loch Ewe Sept. 10 HX 205
Sept. 11 Loch Ewe Methil Sept. 12 WN 335 Convoy available at WN convoys
(external link)
Sept. 13 Methil Southend Sept. 15 FS 907 Convoy available at FS convoys
(external link)
Again, see also Page 3
Sept. 20 Southend Methil Sept. 22 FN 818 Convoy available at FN convoys
(external link)
Sept. 23 Methil Loch Ewe Sept. 25 EN 141 Convoy available at EN convoys
(external link)
Sept. 25 Loch Ewe New York City Oct. 11 ON 133 Convoy will be added.
See ships in ON convoys
Oct. 13 New York City Key West Oct. 20 NK 506 Convoy available at NK convoys
(external link)
Oct. 20 Key West Galveston Bar Oct. 24 KH 412 Convoy available at KH convoys
(external link)
Missing movements?
(see Page 3)
Nov. 5 Galveston Bar Key West Nov. 10 HK 116 Convoy available at HK convoys
(external link)
Nov. 10 Key West New York City Nov. 16 KN 208 Convoy available at KN convoys
(external link)
Nov. 19 New York City Clyde Dec. 4 HX 216 Missing movements, Page 3
Dec. 11 Clyde ON 153 Sunk - See "Final Fate" below

 Misc. Convoy Voyages – 1940-1942: 
For information on voyages made in between those mentioned here, please see the documents received from the National Archives of Norway and A. Hague's Voyage Record above. Follow the convoy links provided for more details on them; some also include the Commodore's narrative and/or reports and several Norwegian ships took part.

It'll be noticed, when going to Page 1 of the archive documents, that Bello appears to have spent quite a long time in Liverpool in the spring of 1940.

A. Hague has included her in Convoy OB 143 in May that year, with a note attached saying "possibly this convoy". It left Liverpool on May 6 and joined up with Convoy OA 143 on the 9th, the combined convoy forming the Gibraltar bound Convoy OG 29 (see my page naming ships in all OG convoys). Bello, however, was not bound for that part of the world; she's said to have arrived Portland on May 8 (in other words, she did not take part in the OG convoy - she subsequently remained in Portland for 3 weeks). She's also listed, together with Corvus and Thorstrand, in Convoy OA 159, originating in Southend on June 1, dispersed June 4. This time she was bound for New York, cargo of whale oil, station 42. She arrived New York on June 16, having started out from Falmouth June 3. See the external links provided within the table above for more on the OA and OB convoys.

She was scheduled to return to the U.K. with the Bermuda portion of the Halifax-U.K. Convoy HX 60 on July 22, but did not sail - as will be seen, when going back to Page 1, she did not go to Bermuda in this time period; she was on her way from New Orleans to New York when this convoy sailed from Bermuda, arriving New York on July 27. She subsequently remained there for a long time (reason not known); departure is given as Oct. 23, when she proceeded to Halifax, where she also had quite a long stay. She left Halifax again on Dec. 3, joining Convoy HX 93 (see also escort's report), but she was unable to keep up with the convoy speed and was sent back to Halifax, then proceeded to Sydney, C.B. in order to join the slow Convoy SC 15 from there on Dec. 8, arriving Clyde Dec. 23.

At the beginning of 1941, she spent several weeks in Newport (Page 1). In March, she's listed in Convoy OG 55 (again, see ships in all OG convoys). This convoy originated in Liverpool on March 7 and arrived Gibraltar on the 21st, but Bello had detached from the convoy to proceed to Aruba, where she arrived on March 29. From there she headed to the U.S. a few days later. She was scheduled for Convoy HX 120 from Halifax on Apr. 10, but is crossed out on the form; as can be seen when going back to the archive document, she had arrived Hampton Roads from Aruba on Apr. 9, continuing to New York that same day, with arrival Apr. 11, and again had a long stay there (reason unknown), before proceeding to Halifax on June 11 in order to join Convoy HX 133 on the 16th. Soløy and Vigrid and others were sunk, and Kongsgaard was torpedoed and damaged (follow the links for details). Bello's destination is given as Avonmouth, and she arrived there on July 4.

About a week later, she's listed in Convoy OB 345 and arrived New York on July 27 after having detached from the convoy (which originated in Liverpool on July 11 and arrived Halifax on the 26th). Belita, Geisha, Havprins, James Hawson, Marit, Salamis, Selvik, Solsten, Tanafjord, Vigsnes and Ørnefjell are also named (link in the table above). Having remained in New York for about a month, Bello proceeded to Halifax (Page 1), and on Aug. 29 we find her in station 114 of Convoy HX 147, along with the Norwegian Nueva Granada (station 104), Bralanta (102), Solør (54), Sandanger (station 103, which means she was the 3rd ship in the 10th column, right behind Bralanta and in front of Nueva Granada), Slemmestad (95), Strinda (63), G. C. Brøvig (44), and O. A. Knudsen (112). Bello stopped at Belfast Lough on Sept. 11, before continuing to Milford Haven on the 13th - see Page 2.

Later that month, she joined the westbound North Atlantic Convoy ON 21* (convoy left Liverpool Sept. 28; Bello had sailed from Milford Haven on Sept. 27), but she went into Oban on Sept. 30, subsequently joining ON 22* from there. This convoy originated in Liverpool on Oct. 2 and dispersed on the 15th. Her destination was Baton Rouge, station 75 - she arrived New Orleans, via Miami, on Oct. 26, having sailed from Oban Oct. 3; according to A. Hague, she had become a straggler from the convoy on Oct. 12. Both these convoys also had other Norwegian ships, namely Brisk, Hallanger, Kolsdal, Lyra, Nueva Granada (returned) and Taborfjell in ON 21, and Bernhard, Daghild, Gefion, Helgøy, James Hawson, Kollbjørg, Lise, Nueva Granada, Orwell, Slemmestad, Solstad, Thorsholm and Vivi in ON 22, Eglantine was among the escorts for a while - see ON convoy escorts.

Bello headed back to the U.K. with Convoy HX 162 from Halifax on Nov. 27, together with Astrell, Brant County, Katy, Sama, Skandinavia, Beth (returned) and Høegh Scout. The Panamanian Norvinn (Norwegian managers and, therefore, included under the N's on this website) was also scheduled to be in this convoy but did not sail. Bello's last Trans-Atlantic voyage that year was made in Convoy ON 52*, which originated in Liverpool on Dec. 31 and dispersed Jan. 11-1942, Bello arriving Galveston Jan. 30-1942 (Page 2). She had again been in the company of several other Norwegian ships, namely Brasil, Kaia Knudsen, Katy, Morgenen, Mosli, Nyholt, Solsten, Stigstad, Thorshøvdi, Tungsha and Vanja. This time, Montbretia and Rose are named among the escorts.

She's also listed among the ships leaving Halifax in Convoy HX 178 on March 3-1942. A visitor to my website has told me that Bello was in a collision in convoy with the British Dundee in March-1942 - not sure which convoy this was, but it might have been while in HX 178? Or, it could have been while in Convoy FS 754 (external link), in which they're both listed. It'll be noticed, when going back to Page 2, that she later spent quite a long time at Tyne, where she had arrived March 31, perhaps some repairs had been necessary? At the beginning of May that year, we find her in station 23 of the westbound Convoy ON 91*, which started out in Liverpool on May 1 and dispersed on May 15, Bello arriving New York on May 16. Geisha, Heranger, Kronprinsen, Laurits Swenson, Salamis, Skaraas and Rio Novo are also listed in this convoy. Bello's voyages in this period are shown on Page 3 - convoy info for some of her subsequent movements can be found in the table above.

An article in "Krigsseileren" No. 2 for 1992, written by 2nd mate Ragnar Kristian Pedersen, says Bello ran aground in heavy fog when on a voyage from New York via Long Island Sound and the Cape Cod channel to Boston (Boston, Lincs., or Boston U.S.?) in the spring of 1942 - she had a pilot on board at the time. According to A. Hague, however, this took place in June. When the fog cleared they could see the Little Gull Island lighthouse just a couple of hundred meters ahead and on the starboard side, an equal distance away, was one of the U.S. Coast Guard stations. The radio operator was unable to get in touch with New York, so the captain had to use a lifeboat to row in to the Coast Guard station in order to make a call from there. Salvage vessels and barges came out and she was later towed to New York where the damages were found to be so extensive she had to stay in dock for 5 weeks. Going back to Page 3, we learn that she had left New York on June 21, put back to New York on June 26 and did not leave again until Aug. 24, when she proceeded to Halifax in order to join Convoy HX 205 on Aug. 30, cargo of lub. oil for Loch Ewe, where she arrived Sept. 10, later proceeding to London. Acanthus, Eglantine, Montbretia and Potentilla are named among the escorts.

Together with Anna Knudsen, Athos, Brimanger, Emma Bakke, Garonne, Grey County, Kosmos II, Minerva, Molda, Noreg, Nueva Granada, Petter II (returned), Polarsol, Polartank, Sandanger, Skandinavia, Thorshavet, Thorshov and the Panamanian Norbris (Norwegian managers), she returned across the Atlantic a couple of weeks later with Convoy ON 133* (originated in Liverpool on Sept. 25, arrived New York Oct. 11). Having made some voyages around the U.S. (Page 3 - convoy info in Voyage Record), she later went back to the U.K. with Convoy HX 216, which departed New York City on Nov. 19 and arrived Liverpool on Dec. 6. Bello's destination is given as Bowling, where she arrived Dec. 5, cargo of gasoline and oil, station 84. This turned out to be her last eastbound North Atlantic convoy voyage, because on her return voyage she was sunk.

* The ON convoys will be added to individual pages in my Convoys section in due course, with more information on each - in the meantime, the ships sailing in them (and escorts) are named in the section listing ships in all ON convoys.

More information on all the Norwegian ships mentioned here can be found via the alphabet index at the end of this page, or go to the Master Ship Index.

 Final Fate - 1942: 

Bello had left Clyde on Dec. 11-1942 in ballast for New York, taking station 104 of Convoy ON 153. At 05:20 (ship's time) on December 16 she was hit by two torpedoes within a few seconds of each other. The torpedoes had come from U-610* (von Freyberg-Eisenberg-Allmendingen), the 1st one hitting in the engine room on the starboard side, and the 2nd a little further forward. Her after part was practically submerged in less than 30 seconds after the last torpedo struck, so it was believed that none of the men who were in that section of the ship could have managed to get out of their cabins. For the same reason the gunners who were on duty on the platform were also lost. No distress signals were sent. As there was no time to properly launch the lifeboats the captain ordered the crew to the rafts. 3 rafts came clear before the ship sank (51 45N 23 50W); some men were on the overturned port lifeboat, some in liferings.

* "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, claims Bello was torpedoed by U-356. This U-boat was there, but did not sink any ships (ref. link to Convoy ON 153 at the end of this page).

After about an hour the 7 survivors, including the captain, were picked up by the corvette HMS Pink (K 137) which unsuccessfully searched for more survivors until daylight, then rejoined the convoy. The survivors were landed in St. John's on Dec. 29. Convoy ON 153 arrived New York on the 31st.

28 Norwegian and 5 British seamen died, they are all named further down on this page. The Norwegians are commemorated at the Stavern Memorial for Seamen, link below, while Billy McGee, England has told me that the following 5 young men are commemorated at Tower Hill, Panel 16:

Galley Boy Frederick Arthur Bull from Southall, Middlesex (age 19), Mess Room Boy Leslie J. Gatehouse from Highbury, London (age 17), 4th Engineer Officer Robert Goodwin (age 29), Mess Room Boy Anthony Michael Noy (age 18), and Saloon Boy Michael Alexander Peetz (age 16).

The official report on the sinking of Bello states she was chartered to British Tanker Co. at the time of loss and says a 3rd torpedo was also fired, but missed and was believed to have struck the British Regent Lion*, sailing on Bello's port side (this ship is listed in station 83 on the convoy document, Bello was in station 104. Regent Lion was damaged by U-610, later salvaged and in the U.K. at the time the report was written, Febr. 6-1943). The time of attack is given as 07:20 GMT in this report, and position 53 N 27W, 550 - 575 miles west of Cape Clear, in stormy weather with heavy seas. The report adds that Bello had a complement of 40, 33 of whom were missing. "Nortraships flåte" agrees with the time 05:20 given in the 2nd mate's account below, which appears to be ship's time.

The maritime hearings were held in St. John's on Dec. 31-1942. The following were present: Captain Bernt, 1st Mate Moen, Able Seaman/Gunner Wick (at the wheel when Bello was torpedoed; he was rescued from the capsized lifeboat), and Able Seaman Wisnes (on lookout - rescued while holding on to a door, being the first one to be picked up by the corvette).

The Belgian Emile Francqui was also sunk in this convoy (U-664) with the loss of 46 lives, and U-211 sank HMS Firedrake. The report mentioned above claims that the British Tortuguero was damaged (Dec. 16) as was the British Otina (Dec. 20). Otina was sunk by U-621 on Dec. 20, with the loss of all 60 on board. Jürgen Rohwer does not name a convoy in connection with this ship, probably because she was straggling at the time, and he does not mention an attack on Tortuguero at all (note that, like Bello, Otina had also previously arrived the U.K. with Convoy HX 216, while the others, including Regent Lion, had arrived with HX 215).

* For info, Regent Lion was torpedoed again on Febr. 17-1945 by U-300, Convoy UGS 72 (external link), towed to Tangier but declared a total loss (info from "Axis Submarine Successes of World War Two").

 Eye witness account: 

According to an article found in "Krigsseileren" No. 4 for 1992 (also written by 2nd Mate R. K. Pedersen), the torpedo hit in the engine room at 05:20 while he was asleep. He ran up on deck where he found the 1st mate, the captain and a few others attempting to launch the lifeboat amidships. This boat had gotten stuck so they were all ordered to the rafts, but he was knocked overboard by the seas, though was able to get himself to the surface and on to a nearby raft, together with the captain (he says they were the only 2 on this raft).

He says that a heavy storm lasting for several days resulted in Pink starting to run out of bunkers while waiting for the weather to improve, so she had to head for the nearest port, Ponta del Gada, the Azores, arriving there on Dec. 22 (again, see my page about Convoy ON 153), before continuing west to St. John's, N.F., landing Bello's survivors there on Dec. 29. Pedersen says the reason Bello sank so quickly was the fact that she had a lot of ballast due to the storm forecasts. He does not mention a 2nd torpedo, nor does he give details on whether any other survivors joined the 2 on the raft later.

Crew List
Norwegian, unless otherwise noted

2nd Mate R. Pedersen had previously served on Alar. After the loss of Bello, he joined Rio Blanco (should this be Rio Branco?), later Kaia Knudsen (see this external page).

Einar Trygve Bernt
1st Mate
Olav Moen
2nd Mate
Ragnar Pedersen
Radio Operator
James S. Icholl
Able Seaman
Oscar Wisnes
Trygve Pihl
Able Seaman/Gunner
Kristoffer Wick

3rd Mate
Leif Øksnedal

Hans A. Hansen

Karl Blomberge

Able Seaman
Johan Pettersen

Able Seaman
Sverre Olsen

Able Seaman
Kristen Døvik

Able Seaman
Jan Fløysvik

Able Seaman
Konrad Haug

Able Seaman
Karl G. P. Hauge

Ordinary Seaman
Johannes Nilsen

Ordinary Seaman
Johan M. Juliussen

1st Engineer
Magnus E. Haraldsen

2nd Engineer
Thor Nilsen

3rd Engineer
Ernst Paulsen

4th Engineer
Robert Goodwin*

Trygve Larsen

Ole Eidsaa

Roald Alsterborg

Hans Johansen

Bernhard Brudvik

Karl Olsen

Pump Man
Wilhelm Heggø

Gunnar Nilsen

Ole Jørgen Olsen

Karl Waldemar Jørgensen

Isak Svendsen Holte

Galley Boy
Frederick A. Bull*

Mess Boy
Leslie J. Gatehouse*

Mess Boy
Anthony M. Noy*

Saloon Boy
Michael A. Peetz*

Haakon Eriksen

Thorleif Jensen

Teis Teisen

The men denoted * are commemorated at Tower Hill. More information on them can be found on The Commonwealth War Graves website by entering each name in the relevant search field, using WW II and 1942 in the other search fields to narrow the search.

* What follows can be found at Lillesand Sjømannsforening - external link
Isak S. Holte had previously survived the attacks on Belmoira and Havtor.
Gunner Teisen had previously served on Carmefjell until Sept.-1942 and had been on Bello since Nov. 18-1942 - in other words, he must have signed on in New York (see Page 3).
Karl W. Jørgensen had previously served on Patria and Benwood.

Related external links:
Stavern Memorial commemorations - Norwegians only are commemorated here. Some of these names are spelt a little differently from those in my list above.

ON-153, 15-21 Dec 1942

Operations information for U-610

Back to Bello on the "Ships starting with B" page.

The text on this page was compiled with the help of: "Nortraships flåte", J. R. Hegland, "Sjøforklaringer fra 2. verdenskrig", Norwegian Maritime Museum, Volume I, articles in "Krigsseileren" No. 2, 1992 and No. 4, 1992, official report on the sinking (based on captain's statements), from British archives, received from a visitor to my website, and misc. others for cross checking info - ref My sources.


 Site Map | Search |Merchant Fleet Main Page | Home